Dorog

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Dorog
Town
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Dorog
Coat of arms
Dorog is located in Hungary
Dorog
Dorog
Location of Dorog in Hungary
Coordinates: 47°43′10″N 18°43′45″E / 47.71944°N 18.72917°E / 47.71944; 18.72917Coordinates: 47°43′10″N 18°43′45″E / 47.71944°N 18.72917°E / 47.71944; 18.72917
Country  Hungary
County Komárom-Esztergom
Area
 • Total 11.55 km2 (4.46 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 12,199
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 2510
Area code(s) 33

Dorog (German: Drostdorf) is a small town in Komárom-Esztergom, Hungary. It lies 38 km (24 mi) north-west from the center of Budapest.

History[edit]

North of Dorog with the power plant
Housing estate

The valley between the Pilis and Gerecse mountains has been inhabited since the New Stone Age. A Roman military road westwards from Aquincum passed by the present-day town of Dorog, where Roman dwellings with floor heating have been found, along with conduits, graves and milestones. When Hungary's kings resided at Esztergom in the 11th and 12th centuries, Dorog was where the cooks of the castle lodged. Roads from all directions met here in the Middle Age, and the Chapter of Esztergom had the right to levy custom duties. The name, which appears in from Durug, Drug and Durugd, is first mentioned in an extant document in 1181.

The medieval settlement, destroyed in the Ottoman invasion, remained uninhabited from 1542 until 1649. German settlers then arrived in three waves, followed by Hungarians again. Dorog in the 18th century became a centre of communications again. Regular 19th-century visitors to the posting inn on the BudaVienna road included philologist Ferenc Kazinczy, statesman István Széchenyi and magnate Ferenc Wesselényi. New houses and streets sprang up round the baroque Roman Catholic church built in 1767–1775.

The first written contact on mining coal at Dorog, dating from 1845, was drawn up between the Capter of Esztergom and the colliery managers Ferenc Wasshuber and József János Jülke. Thereafter, many great engineers became involved in developing the Dorog mines, including Vilmos Zsigmondy, the geologist Miksa Hantken, and the mining engineers Henrik Drasche and Sándor Schmidt, who opened up and directed exploitation of richer and richer seams. Dorog, around the start of the 20th century, was a major mining centre, connected by rail (originally HÉV) with Budapest and by canal with the Danube. In 1906, Dorog's power plant was constructed (which was rebuilt in the 1980s with a 120-metre (390 ft) high chimney). In 1900 Dorog had 1966 inhabitants (1369 Germans, 477 Hungarians, 55 Slovaks).

Budapest's factories and population needed more and more coal in the interwar period, so Dorog developed rapidly. Several housing colonies for the immigrant miners were built in the 1920s and 1930s. So were a large worker's hostel, a new Catholic church, a Reformed church in Transylvanian style (which was constructed by Transylvanian coalminers who moved there after the Treaty of Trianon), two new schools, a kindergarten, a modern hospital, a mine manager's club, mine manager's residences, a town hall, a World War I memorial and a recreation ground. Most of these were designed by the engineer Zoltán Gáthy.

Some 300 men of Dorog lost their lives in the Second World War. A few years after the war, many Germans were expelled. During the socialist era, Dorog became a typical socialist town with prefabricated blocks of flats. The mines gradually closed, so the government planted several factories (Gedeon Richter company, Hungaroton record plant, a machine factory). Dorog became a town in 1984, the industrial park was established in 1999.

Economy[edit]

There are several factories in Dorog, including:

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1850 540 —    
1857 837 +55.0%
1870 1,161 +38.7%
1880 1,163 +0.2%
1890 1,363 +17.2%
1900 1,966 +44.2%
1910 1,949 −0.9%
1920 3,943 +102.3%
1930 5,863 +48.7%
1941 8,182 +39.6%
1949 8,855 +8.2%
1960 9,994 +12.9%
1970 10,744 +7.5%
1980 11,844 +10.2%
1990 12,798 +8.1%
2001 12,609 −1.5%
2011 12,199 −3.3%

Ethnic groups (2001 census):

Religions (2001 census):

Traffic and transport[edit]

Roads 10, 111 and 117 and the BudapestEsztergom suburban railway line (with Siemens Desiro trains), all cross the town. The main street was rebuilt in 2006. Commuter bus no. 800 (with Volvo 7700A buses) connects the town with Árpád híd metro station. It runs every 20 or 30 minutes on a typical weekday.

Notable people from Dorog[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Dorog is twinned with:

References[edit]

External links[edit]