Dorothea Jordan

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Dorothea Jordan
Dorothy Jordan.jpg
Mrs. Jordan in the Character of Hippolyta, mezzotint by John Jones of London, 1791, after a painting by John Hoppner
Born (1761-11-22)22 November 1761
Died 5 July 1816(1816-07-05) (aged 54)
Children Frances Alsop
Dorothea Maria March
Lady Lucy Hester Hawker
George FitzClarence, 1st Earl of Munster
Henry FitzClarence
Sophia Sidney, Baroness De L'Isle and Dudley
Lady Mary Fox
Lord Frederick FitzClarence
Elizabeth Hay, Countess of Erroll
Lord Adolphus FitzClarence
Lady Augusta Hallyburton
Lord Augustus FitzClarence
Amelia Cary, Viscountess Falkland

Dorothea Jordan (22 November 1761 – 5 July 1816) was an Anglo-Irish actress, courtesan, and the mistress and companion of the future King William IV of the United Kingdom, for 20 years while he was Duke of Clarence. Together they had ten illegitimate children, all of whom took the surname FitzClarence.

Early life[edit]

Dorothea (sometimes called Dorothy or Dora) Bland was born near Waterford, Ireland, on 22 November 1761, and was baptised at St Martin in the Fields, Middlesex, on 5 December of that year.[1] She was the third of six children born from Francis Bland (b. 1736 - d. Dover, 2 January 1778) and his mistress, Grace Phillips (b. ca. 1740 - d. Edinburgh, 1789). Her older siblings are George Bland (b. ca. 1758 - d. at Boston, Massachusetts, 1807; actor and singer) and Hester Bland (bapt. at St Anne Soho, Middlesex, 2 March 1760 - bur. at St David's, as of Trelethin, 8 March 1848), and her younger siblings are Lucy Bland (b. 1763/64 - d. Trelethin, St David's, 1778, aged 14), Francis Bland (fl. 1813; a Captain, unmarried and without issue) and Nathaniel Phillips Bland (b. 1766/67 - buried at St David's, Pembrokeshire, 3 June 1830, aged 63).[1]

Her paternal grandparents are Nathaniel Bland (b. Killarney, co. Kerry, 1695/96 - d. 1760), Vicar General of Ardfert and Aghada, and Judge of the Prerogative Court of Dublin, Ireland, and his second wife Lucy (née Heaton).[1] The reports about Dorothea's maternal ancestry are very sketchy, although is generally stated that Grace Phillips was probably the daughter of a Welsh clergyman (who lived in the early 1750s in Bristol) but he has not been identified with certainty.[1]

Before April 1774, when she was 13, Dorothea's father, who worked as a stagehand, abandoned the family[1] to marry an Irish actress; however he continued to support the family by sending them meagre sums of money; this situation forced Dorothea to work to help her siblings. Her mother, an actress by profession, saw potential in Dorothea and put her on the stage.

Stage life and early relationships[edit]

She became a famous actress of the day and was said to have the most beautiful legs ever seen on the stage. Audiences enjoyed her performances in breeches roles.[2] She assumed the name "Mrs. Jordan", because it was slightly more respectable for a married woman to be on the stage. In fact, there was no "Mr. Jordan" and Dorothea Bland never married. Is believed that the name and title were taken to conceal an early pregnancy. She had an affair with her first boss, Richard Daly, the manager of the Theatre Royal, Cork, who was married, and had an illegitimate child with him:

  • Frances Daly (also called Fanny; b. in Dublin on September 1782).[3]

In England, she had a short lived affair with an army Lieutenant, Charles Doyne, who proposed marriage. But she turned him down and went to work for the theatre company operated by Tate Wilkinson. It was at this point she adopted the name "Mrs. Jordan" – a reference to her escape across the Irish Sea, likened to the River Jordan.[4] She appeared at Wilkinson's York Circuit theatres, including The Theatre, Leeds, where she complained of uncomfortable working conditions.[5]

Shortly after her affair with Wilkinson was over, she began an affair with George Inchbald, the male lead in the Wilkinson company. According to Claire Tomalin, Dorothea's biographer, Dorothea would have married Inchbald, so greatly was she in love with him, but that he never asked. Broken-hearted, she left him in 1786 to begin an affair with Sir Richard Ford, a police magistrate and a lawyer. She moved in with Ford when he promised to marry her. They had three illegitimate children:[6]

  • Dorothea Maria Ford (b. August 1787, married Frederick Edward March in 1809).[7]
  • A son (who d. at birth in October or November 1788).
  • Lucy Hester Ford (b. 1789, married Samuel Hawker -later General and Sir- in 1810).

She left him to begin her affair with the Duke of Clarence, once she realised that Ford was never going to marry her.[8] Jordan's children where placed under the care of her sister Hester, who moved with them to a house in Brompton. By a settlement dated 4 November 1791, Jordan transferred all her savings to Ford and Hester for the maintenance and education of the children; in addition, she allow them an annual payment and granted Hester an allowance for her services.[9][10]

Relationship with William IV[edit]

Pretty, witty and intelligent, Jordan soon came to the attention of wealthy men. She became the mistress of William, Duke of Clarence, later King William IV, in 1791, living with him at Bushy House,[11] and seemed to have not bothered herself with politics or the political intrigues that often went on behind the scenes in royal courts. She continued her acting career, and made public appearances with the Duke when necessary. Together they had at least ten illegitimate children, all of whom took the surname FitzClarence:

Later life[edit]

In 1811, when she and the Duke separated, she was given a yearly stipend by him and custody of their daughters while he retained custody of their sons. Part of her stipend included money for the care of the children with a stipulation stating that in order to continue receiving that money, and retain custody, Dorothea must not return to the stage. In 1814, when a son-in-law became heavily in debt, Dorothea returned to the stage to help pay off that debt. Once the Duke received word of this, he removed their remaining daughters from her care, and took back her yearly stipend. To avoid creditors, she fled to France in 1815 and died at Saint-Cloud, near Paris, in poverty just a year later.

Notable descendants[edit]

Her notable descendants include:

Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Anthony J. Camp: Ancestry of Mrs Jordan [retrieved 4 December 2014].
  2. ^ Denlinger, Elizabeth Campbell (2005), Before Victoria: extraordinary women of the British romantic era, Columbia University Press, ISBN 978-0-231-13630-3 
  3. ^ She changed her name to Frances Bettesworth in 1806 and married Thomas Alsop in 1809. Separated from her husband, she became an actress like her mother and died (probably from an overdose of laudanum) in America in 1821. Philip H. Highfill, Kalman A. Burnim, Edward A. Langhans: A Biographical Dictionary of Actors, Actresses, Musicians, Dancers, Managers and others Stage Personel in London, vol. 8: Hough to Keyse, p. 259.; Wendy C. Nielsen: Women Warriors in Romantic Drama, Chapter IV, p. 112. [retrieved 4 December 2014]; Portrait of Mrs. Frances Bettesworth Alsop, ca. 1817 in: Library of University of Illinois at Urbania-Champaign. [retrieved 5 December 2014].
  4. ^ Information on Bland, Dorothea
  5. ^ Leodis, Discovering Leeds: The Theatre Retrieved 17 December 2013
  6. ^ Philip H. Highfill, Kalman A. Burnim, Edward A. Langhans: A Biographical Dictionary of Actors, Actresses, Musicians, Dancers, Managers and others Stage Personel in London, vol. 8: Hough to Keyse, p. 259. [retrieved 4 December 2014].
  7. ^ According to Anthony Camp, she was a mistress of the Duke of Clarence for some time after her marriage. Anthony J. Camp: Royal Mistresses and Bastards, No. 15-24 [retrieved 5 December 2014].
  8. ^ pg. 90 & 91, Ladies of the Bedchamber, Dennis Friedman
  9. ^ The Encyclopedia of Romantic Literature, p. 693. [retrieved 4 December 2014].
  10. ^ Philip H. Highfill, Kalman A. Burnim, Edward A. Langhans: A Biographical Dictionary of Actors, Actresses, Musicians, Dancers, Managers and others Stage Personel in London, vol. 8: Hough to Keyse, p. 253. [retrieved 4 December 2014].
  11. ^ Google Books The Story of Dorothy Jordan Armstrong, Clare & Jerrold, Bridgman. Ayer Publishing, 1969. ISBN 0-405-08672-5, ISBN 978-0-405-08672-4