Dorothea Rockburne (born c.1932 in Montreal, Canada) is an abstract painter drawing inspiration primarily from her deep interest in mathematics and astronomy. Rockburne's attraction to Mannerism has also influenced her work. In 1950 she moved to the United States to attend Black Mountain College, where she studied with mathematician Max Dehn, a lifelong influence on her work. In addition to Dehn, she studied with Franz Kline, Philip Guston, John Cage, and Merce Cunningham. She also met fellow student Robert Rauschenberg.
In 1955, Rockburne moved to New York City where she met many of the leading artists and poets of the time. Rockburne is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters and the National Academy of Design.
- 2013 Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY
- 2011 Parrish Art Museum, Southampton, NY
- 2010 New York Studio School 
- 2000 Greenberg Van Doren Gallery, New York City, NY
- 1999 Art in General, New York City, NY
- 1989 The Rose Art Museum, Waltham, MA
- 1987 Recent Paintings and Drawings - Arts Club of Chicago, Chicago, IL
- 1982 Recent Watercolors and Drawings - Margo Leavin Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
- 1981 Locus - MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY 
- 1971 Bykert Gallery