Dorothea of Saxony

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Dorothea of Saxony
Spouse(s) Henry Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Noble family House of Wettin
Father Augustus, Elector of Saxony
Mother Anne of Denmark, Electress of Saxony
Born (1563-10-04)4 October 1563
Died 13 February 1587(1587-02-13) (aged 23)

Dorothea of Saxony (German: Dorothea von Sachsen; 4 October 1563, Dresden – 13 February 1587, Wolfenbüttel) was a Saxon princess from the House of Wettin and by marriage Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.


Dorothy was a daughter of the Elector Augustus of Saxony (1526-1586) from his marriage to Anna (1532-1585), daughter King of the Christian III of Denmark. Only four of the 15 children from the marriage of her parents, who survived their father; Dorothea was among them.

She married on 26 September 1585 in Wolfenbüttel the later Duke Henry Julius of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1564-1613). Her mother Anna was at that time seriously ill and Dorothea had felt very badly and cried pitifully when she said farewell.[1] In this poem, Henry embodied Henry the Lion.

The marriage would consolidate a Protestant alliance of German princes, led by Count Palatine John Casimir of Simmern, who had married Dorothea's sister Elizabeth in 1570.

Dorothea died in childbirth in 1587. She was only 23 years old.


From her marriage to Henry Julius Dorothea had one daughter:

married in 1605 Rudolf of Anhalt-Zerbst (1576-1621)


References and sources[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.


  1. ^ Karl von Weber: Anna Churfürstin zu Sachsen geboren aus königlichem Stamm zu Dänemark, p. 495