Dorothy Buxton

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Dorothy Frances Buxton, née Jebb (3 March 1881 - 8 April 1963) was an English humanitarian, social activist and commentator on Germany.

Life[edit]

Dorothy Frances Jebb was born 3 March 1881 in Ellesmere, Shropshire, the youngest of three sisters born to Arthur Trevor Jebb (1839–1894) and Eglantyne Louisa Jebb. Her mother's brother was the Cambridge classicist Richard Claverhouse Jebb, and Dorothy was educated at Newnham College, Cambridge.[1]

In 1904 she married Charles Roden Buxton, at that time a Liberal politician, and the pair were active in the Liberal Party. In 1915 she joined the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. In 1917 she and her husband left the Liberal Party for the Labour Party, and joined the Society of Friends.[2] During World War I she compiled 'Notes from the Foreign Press' for the Cambridge Magazine. Her writing inspired the Fight the Famine Council, founded in 1918 as an effort to alleviate starvation of civilians in Germany and Austria-Hungary during the Allied blockade of Germany in World War I, which led to the Save the Children Fund, which she and her sister Eglantyne Jebb founded in 1919.[2]

In 1935, increasingly concerned at Nazi treatment of Christians in Germany, she visited Germany to see for herself.[3] She secured an interview with Hermann Göring to raise the issue of treatment of civilians.[2] On her return she informed George Bell, Bishop of Chicester, that German Christians whom she had met "seemed oppressed and bound with the apparent necessity of extreme caution".[4] Though her husband campaigned for appeasement of Germany, Dorothy Buxton became convinced that war was necessary against the Nazis.[3]

During World War II she campaigned for refugees from Nazi Germany, as well as for the welfare of German prisoners of war.[2]

She died 8 April 1963 in Peaslake, near Guildford.[1] Papers relating to her and her husband are held at the London School of Economics.[5]

Works[edit]

  • (with Charles Roden Buxton) The world after the war, London: G. Allen & Unwin Ltd. [1920]. Translated into German by Rudolf Berger as Die Welt nach dem Weltkriege, 1921.
  • The war for coal and iron', London : The Labour Party, [1921].
  • Upper Silesia and the European crisis, London : Fight the Famine Council, [1921].
  • The challenge of bolshevism; a new social ideal, London: G. Allen & Unwin, 1928.
  • (ed.) Save the child: a posthumous essay by Eglantyne Jebb. London : The Weardale Press, 1929.
  • (with Edward Fuller) The white flame: the story of the Save the children fund, London, New York: Longmans, Green and Co.; London: The Weardale Press, Ltd., 1931.
  • (as 'An English Protestant') The Church Struggle in Germany: A Survey of Four Years, March 1933-July 1937, London, 1937.
  • The Religious Crisis in Germany, Kulturkampf Association: London, [1938.]
  • (ed. and tr.) I Was In Prison: letters from German pastors, Student Christian Movement Press: London, 1938
  • The economics of the refugee problem, [London]: Focus Publishing Co., [1938].
  • (with Norman Angell) You and the refugee: the moral and economics of the problem, Harmondsworth : Penguin Books Ltd., 1939. Translated into Spanish by F. Fernández de la Madroñera as El crimen de nuestro tiempo: la raza blanca en peligro, 1943.
  • (ed. with a foreword) Christendom on trial : documents of the German church struggle, 1938-39, London: Friends of Europe, [1939]
  • (ed. and completed) Prophets of heaven & hell: Virgil, Dante, Milton, Goethe by Charles Roden Buxton. Cambridge: The University Press, 1945

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Dorothy Frances Jebb (I23268)
  2. ^ a b c d Clare Mulley, The Woman who Saved the Children, Oxford: Oneworld, 2009, p. xix-xx.
  3. ^ a b 'Church and Politics: Dorothy Buxton and the German Church Struggle', in History, religion, and identity in modern Britain, Continuum International Publishing Group, 1993, pp.183-194
  4. ^ R. C. D. Jasper, George Bell, Bishop of Chicester, p. 205. Cited in Robbins, p. 184
  5. ^ Buxton; Dorothy Frances (1881-1963); nee Jebb, humanitarian and social activist