|— Golfer —|
Campbell in 1909
|Full name||Dorothy Campbell Hurd Howe|
March 24, 1883|
North Berwick, Scotland
|Died||March 20, 1945
Yemassee, South Carolina
|Spouse||Jack V. Hurd
(m. 1913–1923; divorced)
(m. 1937–1943; divorced)
|Achievements and awards|
|World Golf Hall of Fame||1978 (member page)|
Dorothy Iona Campbell (March 24, 1883 – March 20, 1945) was the first internationally dominant female golfer. Campbell was the first woman to win the American, British and Canadian Women's Amateurs.
She was born into a golfing family in North Berwick, Midlothian, Scotland to William Spink Campbell (1833–1900) and Emily Mary Tipper (1834–1923). She began swinging golf clubs when she was just 18 months old. Within a few years she was competing with her sisters. She was a short but straight hitter of the ball who used an unorthodox hooker's grip. Later in her career she would adopt the standard "Vardon grip".
Her father died on April 30, 1900 when she was 17 and by 1904 she was living with her mother at Inchgarry House, Links Road, North Berwick, where the Campbell family had enjoyed a number of summer holidays. In 1896, at age 13, she joined the North Berwick Ladies Golf Club and had no difficulty holding her own against adult members. She was a pupil of golf professional Ben Sayers and learned to play the game over the North Berwick West Links.
1909 British Ladies Amateur
In the British championship, contested at Royal Birkdale in 1909, Campbell forgot to report the result of her third round match—which she won on the 11th green—to the LGU officials who met to discuss whether she would be disqualified. She was allowed to continue in the championship which she won, beating Ireland's Florence Hezlet 4 and 3. That victory earned her an invitation to play in America and changed the course of her life. Subsequently, she returned to Britain only as a visitor. She moved to Canada in 1910 and three years later moved to the United States permanently and became an American citizen.
Golf career accomplishments
Over the course of her career, she won 11 national amateur crowns between Great Britain, the United States, Canada, and Scotland, the last of which came in 1924 at the age of 41. She won over 700 first prizes during her golf career. Her short game, according to golf writer Colin Farquharson, was "out of this world".
Mabel Stringer wrote of her short game, "Dorothy's best stroke was a run-up shot that she used from distances of up to 50 feet. She used her goose-necked mashie, which she nicknamed "Thomas", closing the small clubface and hitting the ball on the downswing. At Augusta Country Club in 1926, she holed two chip shots and ended up having a record low of 19 putts for 18 holes, lowering Walter Travis's record by two strokes for putts in one round. In the final of the (US) North and South championship she beat her opponent by twice holing out from 40 yards."
Marriages and children
She married Jack V. Hurd in Wentworth, Ontario, Canada on February 11, 1913. Hurd was a steel magnate living in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania and a member of Oakmont Country Club. She won many of her titles as Mrs. J. V. Hurd, but she and Hurd were divorced in 1923. She married Edward Howe in 1937 and divorced again in 1943. She had a son, Sigourney V. Hurd (1913–1986), with Jack Hurd.
She died in a railway accident, falling off a platform and into the path of an oncoming train.Her death certificate shows her full name to be Dorothy Lee Howe. The principal causes of death were a skull fracture and avulsion of her right arm.
- 1905 Scottish Ladies Championship
- 1906 Scottish Ladies Championship
- 1908 Scottish Ladies Championship
- 1909 U.S. Women's Amateur, British Ladies Amateur
- 1910 U.S. Women's Amateur, Canadian Women's Amateur
- 1911 British Ladies Amateur, Canadian Women's Amateur
- 1912 Canadian Women's Amateur
- 1918 North and South Women's Amateur
- 1920 North and South Women's Amateur
- 1921 North and South Women's Amateur
- 1924 U.S. Women's Amateur
- 1938 U.S. Women's Senior Championship
- "Dorothy Campbell profile". World Golf Hall of Fame. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- "Dorothy Campbell Ancestry". Ancestry.com. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- Farquharson, Colin. "Dorothy Campbell, North Berwick's first famous golfing daughter". Ancestry.com.
- Kelley, Brent. "Dorothy Campbell". About.com. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
- The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Golf, Toronto, 1999.