|Queen consort of Bosnia|
|Spouse||Tvrtko II of Bosnia|
|House||House of Kotromanić
House of Garai
|Father||John Garai, Ban of Croatia|
|Mother||Hedwig of Masovia|
Family and engagement
Dorothea was the daughter of the powerful Hungarian nobleman John Garai, who governed Croatia as ban. Through him, she descended from the House of Garai, the most illustrious noble family in the 15th-century Kingdom of Hungary. Dorothea's grandfather was Palatine Nicholas I Garai. Her mother was Hedwig of Masovia, daughter of Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia.
In 1427, King Tvrtko II of Bosnia expressed his wish to marry Dorothy. As Dorothy was a religious Roman Catholic and Tvrtko II's subjects were heretics, the Church gave permission for the marriage only when Tvrtko convinced the Pope that he was a loyal follower of the Church. By marrying Dorothy, Tvrtko wanted to strengthen his relations with Hungary.
Queen Dorothy was opposed to the reforms of the Franciscan Order, which were proposed by James of the Marches. James was sent to Bosnia by Pope Eugene IV to convert the followers of the Church of Bosnia to Roman Catholicism. He failed, but claimed that his failure was due to the lack of help from the King and Queen. He accused Queen Dorothy of trying to kill him on several occasions. Tvrtko and Dorothy became increasingly unpopular among the Franciscans, who referred to the Queen as an evil woman.
It is not clear whether Dorothy had children. Sources do not mention children of Tvrtko II and his queen, so it can be assumed that there weren't any. However, archeologists found a child's grave between the graves of Tvrtko and Dorothy.
Queen Dorothy died in September 1438. She is buried in Bobovac next to her husband.
|Ancestors of Dorothy Garai|
- John Van Antwerp Fine, The Late Medieval Balkans, University of Michigan Press, 1994
- Medieval Lands
- Steven Runciman, The medieval Manichee: a study of the Christian dualist heresy, Cambridge University Press, 1982
- John Van Antwerp Fine, The Bosnian Church: Its Place in State and Society from the Thirteenth to the Fifteenth Century, Saqi in association with The Bosnian Institute, 2007
Title last held byJelena Nelipčić
|Queen consort of Bosnia
Title next held byVojača