Dorrance, Kansas

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Dorrance, Kansas
City
Location within Russell County (left) and Kansas (right)
Location within Russell County (left) and Kansas (right)
Coordinates: 38°50′49″N 98°35′18″W / 38.84694°N 98.58833°W / 38.84694; -98.58833Coordinates: 38°50′49″N 98°35′18″W / 38.84694°N 98.58833°W / 38.84694; -98.58833
Country United States
State Kansas
County Russell
Incorporated 1910
Area[1]
 • Total 0.34 sq mi (0.88 km2)
 • Land 0.34 sq mi (0.88 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,729 ft (527 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 185
 • Estimate (2013[3]) 181
 • Density 540/sq mi (210/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67634
Area code(s) 785
FIPS code 20-18325 [4]
GNIS feature ID 0475332 [5]

Dorrance is a city in Russell County, Kansas, United States.[6] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 185.[7]

History[edit]

The Kansas Pacific Railway reached the site of Dorrance in June 1867. German, English, and Irish settlers followed shortly thereafter, forming a small community by 1870.[8] In early 1872, they were joined by a colony of settlers from Pennsylvania.[9] A prairie fire destroyed much of the community's business district in March 1879.[8] The town of Dorrance was formally laid out in 1880, named for Oliver Dorrance, the railroad superintendent.[10][11] The first post office opened in July 1883.[12] Dorrance was incorporated in April 1910 and became a center of goods and services for eastern Russell County.[13][14]

Geography[edit]

Dorrance is located at 38°50′49″N 98°35′18″W / 38.84694°N 98.58833°W / 38.84694; -98.58833 (38.846977, -98.588338)[15] at an elevation of 1,729 feet (527 m).[5] The city is located in north-central Kansas 102 miles (164 km) northwest of Wichita and 214 miles (344 km) west of Kansas City.[16] Located 1/2 mile (0.8 km) south of Interstate 70, it is roughly 15 miles (24 km) east-southeast of Russell, the county seat.[17]

Dorrance lies in the Smoky Hills region of the Great Plains approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) north of the Smoky Hill River and 6 miles (9.7 km) south of Wilson Lake.[6][17]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.34 square miles (0.88 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Dorrance has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[18]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 281
1920 299 6.4%
1930 325 8.7%
1940 414 27.4%
1950 385 −7.0%
1960 331 −14.0%
1970 234 −29.3%
1980 220 −6.0%
1990 195 −11.4%
2000 205 5.1%
2010 185 −9.8%
Est. 2013 181 −2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 census, there were 185 people, 85 households, and 51 families residing in the city. The population density was 616.7 people per square mile (238.1/km²). There were 113 housing units at an average density of 376.7 per square mile (125.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.8% White, 2.7% American Indian, and 0.5% Asian. Hispanics and Latinos of any race were 0.5% of the population.[7]

There were 85 households of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 2.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 36.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18, and the average family size was 2.84.[7]

In the city, the population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 22.6% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 22.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.8 males age 18 and over.[7]

The median income for a household in the city was $36,250, and the median income for a family was $36,000. Males had a median income of $43,438 versus $37,708 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,126. 8.3% of families and 20.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.8% of those under the age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.[7]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 205 people, 94 households, and 56 families residing in the city. The population density was 611.1 people per square mile (232.8/km²). There were 118 housing units at an average density of 351.8 per square mile (134.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.51% White and 0.49% Asian. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.49% of the population.

There were 94 households out of which 22.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.4% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.0% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 29.3% from 45 to 64, and 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 89.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males.

Economy[edit]

As of 2012, 64.8% of the population over the age of 16 was in the labor force. 0.0% was in the armed forces, and 64.8% was in the civilian labor force with 55.7% being employed and 9.0% unemployed. The composition, by occupation, of the employed civilian labor force was: 35.3% in management, business, science, and arts; 22.1% in sales and office occupations; 16.2% in service occupations; 13.2% in natural resources, construction, and maintenance; and 13.2% in production, transportation, and material moving. The three industries employing the largest percentages of the working civilian labor force were: agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining (27.9%); educational services, and health care and social assistance (26.5%); and manufacturing (14.7%).[7]

The cost of living in Dorrance is relatively low; compared to a U.S. average of 100, the cost of living index for the community is 79.2.[19] As of 2012, the median home value in the city was $51,300, and the median selected monthly owner cost was $656 for housing units with a mortgage and $304 for those without.[7]

Government[edit]

Dorrance is a city of the third class with a mayor-council form of government. The city council consists of five members, and it meets on the second Saturday of each month.[20]

Dorrance lies within Kansas's 1st U.S. Congressional District. For the purposes of representation in the Kansas Legislature, the city is located in the 36th district of the Kansas Senate and the 109th district of the Kansas House of Representatives.[20]

Education[edit]

Dorrance lies within Unified School District (USD) 328, based in Lorraine, Kansas.[21] Local public school students attend school in nearby Wilson.[22]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Interstate 70 and U.S. Route 40 run concurrently east-west less than a mile north of the city. The old alignment of U.S. 40 runs southeast-northwest through Dorrance, intersecting 200th Boulevard, a paved county road formerly designated K-231, which runs north-south along the city's eastern edge.[6][17][23]

Union Pacific Railroad operates a freight rail line, its Kansas Pacific (KP) line, through Dorrance. The line runs southeast-northwest through the community, parallel to the old alignment of U.S. 40.[24]

Utilities[edit]

Western Electric provides electricity to local residents. H & B Communications provides landline telephone service and offers cable television and internet access.[25] Most residents use natural gas for heating fuel; service is provided by Midwest Energy, Inc.[19][25]

Media[edit]

Dorrance is in the Wichita-Hutchinson, Kansas television market.[26]

Culture[edit]

Points of interest[edit]

The Dorrance Historical Society Museum, located downtown, exhibits artifacts from the community's history.[8][27]

In popular culture and the arts[edit]

Dorrance was among the filming locations for the 1973 film Paper Moon.[28]

Toss Back, the company which invented and first produced the "Snap Back" rim used in NBA basketball, was located in Dorrance.[29]

In the Action Comics #822 story titled 'Repo Man; part one', Dorrance is designated as the location of Smallville, Superman's childhood home.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-09-10. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b c "2003-2004 Official Transportation Map". Kansas Department of Transportation. 2003. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "American FactFinder 2". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-09-10. 
  8. ^ a b c "Area Attractions". Russell Area Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2011-08-28. 
  9. ^ Cutler, William G. (1883). "Russell County, Part 2". History of the State of Kansas. Chicago: A. T. Andreas. Retrieved 2011-08-28. 
  10. ^ "Homesteading in Russell County - Dorrance". Kansas Heritage Project. Fort Hays State University. Retrieved 2011-08-28. 
  11. ^ The Biographical Directory of the Railway Officials of America for 1887. Chicago: The Railway Age Publishing Co. 1887. p. 89. Retrieved 2011-08-28. 
  12. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  13. ^ "Dorrance State Bank - Dorrance, Kansas". Register of Historic Kansas Places Registration Form. Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 2011-08-28. 
  14. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc.. Standard Publishing Company. p. 534. 
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  16. ^ "City Distance Tool". Geobytes. Retrieved 2010-10-23. 
  17. ^ a b c "General Highway Map - Russell County, Kansas". Kansas Department of Transportation. 2010-10-01. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  18. ^ Climate Summary for Dorrance, Kansas
  19. ^ a b "Dorrance, Kansas". City-Data.com. Retrieved 2014-09-10. 
  20. ^ a b "Dorrance". Directory of Kansas Public Officials. The League of Kansas Municipalities. Retrieved 2011-08-28. 
  21. ^ "Kansas Unified School Districts (map)". Kansas State Department of Education. Retrieved 2011-08-28. 
  22. ^ "New District Map". USD 328. Retrieved 2011-08-28. 
  23. ^ "Official 1960-61 Kansas Highway Map". Kansas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  24. ^ "UPRR Common Line Names". Union Pacific Railroad. Retrieved 2010-10-23. 
  25. ^ a b "Utilities". Russell County, Kansas Economic Development & CVB. Retrieved 2014-09-10. 
  26. ^ "Kansas". TV Market Maps. EchoStar Knowledge Base. Retrieved 2014-09-10. 
  27. ^ "Russell County". Blue Skyways. State Library of Kansas. Retrieved 2011-08-28. 
  28. ^ "Paper Moon". Moviediva. Nov 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-06. 
  29. ^ Bickel, Amy (2008-04-05). "Still in the game". The Hutchinson News. Retrieved 2011-03-06. 

External links[edit]

City
Schools
Maps