Dortmund Hauptbahnhof

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Dortmund Hauptbahnhof
Operations
Category 1
Type Crossing station
Platforms in use 16
Daily entry/exit 130,000 [1]
DS100 code EDO
Station code 1289
Construction and location
Opened 1847
1910 (rebuilt)
1944 (destroyed)
1952 (rebuilt)
Location Dortmund
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Country Germany
Home page www.bahnhof.de
51°31′3″N 7°27′32″E / 51.51750°N 7.45889°E / 51.51750; 7.45889Coordinates: 51°31′3″N 7°27′32″E / 51.51750°N 7.45889°E / 51.51750; 7.45889
Route information
List of railway stations in North Rhine-Westphalia

Dortmund Hauptbahnhof is the main railway station in Dortmund, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The station's origins lie in a joint station of the Köln-Mindener Eisenbahn and Bergisch-Märkische Eisenbahn which was built north of the city centre in 1847. That station was replaced by a new station, erected in 1910 at the current site. It featured raised embankments to allow a better flow of traffic. At the time of its opening, it was one of the largest stations in Germany. It was, however, destroyed in an Allied air raid on 6 October 1944.

The main station hall was rebuilt in the year 1952 in a contemporary style. Its stained glass windows feature then-common professions of Dortmund.

Dortmund Hauptbahnhof is the third largest long distance traffic junction in Germany.

982 trains pass though it each day and make Dortmund Hauptbahnhof the busiest railway station in the Ruhr Area and (excluding the S-Bahn networks) the second busiest in Germany only after Köln Hauptbahnhof.

History[edit]

The original Dortmund station was built north of the city centre by the Cologne-Minden Railway Company (Cöln-Mindener Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft, CME) as part of its trunk line and opened on 15 May 1847. Two years later the Bergisch-Märkische Railway Company (Bergisch-Märkische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft, BME) opened its station as a purely terminating station south of the existing station at the end of its main line to Elberfeld (now Wuppertal), its line to Soest (from 1855) and its Ruhr route to Duisburg and Oberhausen (from 1860).

The original station building, which was built on an island between the tracks with its access from Burgtor, was replaced in 1910 by a new large building at its current location. The new station was opened on 12 December 1910. The tracks had been raised to remove the obstruction of road traffic at level crossings. This second Hauptbahnhof in Dortmund was one of the largest of the former German Empire when it opened. On 6 October 1944, it was destroyed in an Allied bombing raid.

The entrance building of Dortmund Hauptbahnhof was replaced in 1952 by a functionalist building. It is regarded as architecturally insignificant, but it has significant stained glass windows on the theme of the former industrial specialisations of Dortmund. Five large stained glass windows document the Dortmund economy. In the middle one the city is shown, flanked to the left and right by a steelworker, a blast furnace worker, a brewer and a bridge builder. During the reconstruction of the station they were removed and the put on exhibition at the Hattingen Henrichshütte (a former steel works, which is partly used as a museum of industry). They were replaced with exact copies.[2]

Dortmund Hauptbahnhof originally housed a movie theatre. The Live Station discothèque was established in this former cinema in 1986. In April 2009, the nightclub was closed in the course of preparations for the reconstruction.

Reconstruction and rehabilitation[edit]

Dortmund Hauptbahnhof
Dortmund Hauptbahnhof from the RWE Tower
Entrance building during the reconstruction phase, February 2010

The reconstruction of the Dortmund Hauptbahnhof has been under discussion since 1997. The original plan for a residential area in the form of an "oversized UFO" (80,000 square metres of usable space) was rejected. On 7 October 1998 a memorandum of understanding had been signed between Deutsche Bahn, the state of North Rhine-Westphalia and Westdeutsche Immobilien Bank. The Deutsche Mark (DM) 850 million project was to be completed by 2002.[3]

After the plans for the so-called "Dortmund UFO" were dropped, a new investor was found in 2001 in the form of the Portuguese investment group Sonae Imobiliaria. The DM 1.2 billion project was to be completed by 2006 and new designs were commissioned from architectural firms in the first quarter of 2001.[4] The new proposed development was called "3do" (3 Dortmund). € 75 million of federal and € 55 million of state funds were pledged. It was planned to have 36,000 square metres of retail and 26,500 square metres of entertainment space. On 3 February 2006, the Essen branch of the Federal Railway Authority (Eisenbahn-Bundesamt) approved the plans for "3do". On 28 February 2007, Deutsche Bahn announced that the investor was unwilling to commit to the project.

Through plans for the reconstruction of the station have twice failed, Dortmund Hauptbahnhof suffers significantly from neglect. Only the terminating platforms (tracks 2–5) and the platform of S-Bahn lines S1 and S2 (tracks 6 and 7) have a lift. The other platforms only have a freight lift, which can be used only on request. This is not in the pedestrian area of the station.

The reconstruction and rehabilitation of the Dortmund Hauptbahnhof began in summer 2009. In a first phase, the station building and related operational areas were gutted. During construction the ticket office and a restaurant of a fast-food chain were placed in containers outside the station. The federal police station and the Bahnhofsmission (a German charity focussed on railway stations) were also placed in containers on the north side. On 17 June 2011, the first phase was formally completed. Of the total cost of € 23 million, the federal government contributed € 13.3 million, the state € 1.4 million and the Deutsche Bahn € 8.3 million.[5]

In a second phase, which begins in 2014 and will not be completed until 2017,[6] the station tunnels and the entrances to the platforms will be renewed. Dortmund is one of the few big-city stations in Germany where access to the platforms has not yet made accessible for the disabled. In the course of these alterations the eastern access to the tunnel linking the station’s buildings and platforms will also be rebuilt. At the same time it is also intended that there will be improvements to facilitate the introduction of the Rhine-Ruhr Express (a planned upgrade to North Rhine-Westphalia’s Regional-Express network).[7] This will require a comprehensive restructuring of the track layout in Dortmund Hauptbahnhof.

Services[edit]

Long distance trains[edit]

Dortmund Hauptbahnhof is served by Deutsche Bahn Intercity-Express and Intercity services.

Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
ICE 10
towards Munich Hbf
ICE 31
train route splits here and rejoins in Köln Hbf
towards Kiel Hbf
towards Munich Hbf
towards Munich Hbf
ICE 41 Terminus
ICE 42
towards Basel SBB
ICE 43
towards Hannover Hbf
towards Wien Westbf
ICE 91
train route splits here and rejoins in Köln Hbf
Terminus
towards Wien Westbf
towards Cologne Hbf
IC 26
Köln-Hamburg
towards Chur
IC/EC 30
towards Passau Hbf
IC/EC 31
towards Innsbruck Hbf
IC/EC 32
towards Cologne Hbf
IC 51
towards Cologne Hbf
IC 55
towards Leipzig Hbf

Regional trains[edit]

Regional-Express and Regionalbahn services:

Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
toward Aachen Hbf
RE 1
NRW-Express
toward Aachen Hbf
RE 4
Wupper-Express
Terminus
RE 6
Westfalen-Express
toward Minden
RE 11
Rhein-Hellweg-Express
toward Hamm
Terminus RE 57
Dortmund-Sauerland-Express
RB 52
Volmetalbahn
toward Lüdenscheid
RB 53
Ardey-Bahn
toward Iserlohn
Preceding station   eurobahn   Following station
RE 3
Rhein-Emscher-Express
toward Hamm
toward Münster Hbf
RB 50
Der Lüner
Terminus
Terminus RB 59
Hellweg-Bahn
toward Soest
Preceding station   NordWestBahn   Following station
toward Dorsten
RB 43
Emschertal-Bahn
Terminus
Preceding station   Prignitzer   Following station
toward Enschede
RB 51
Westmünsterland-Bahn
Terminus

S-Bahn trains[edit]

Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn services:

Preceding station   Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn   Following station
toward Solingen Hbf
S 1 Terminus
S 2
toward Hagen Hbf
S 5

Light rail[edit]

Underground platforms of Dortmund Stadtbahn

Light rail services are operated by the Dortmund Stadtbahn.

Preceding station   Rhine-Ruhr Stadtbahn   Following station
U41
toward Clarenberg
Terminus U45
U47
toward Aplerbeck
toward Hafen
U49
toward Hacheney

∗ U45 becomes at the station Westfalenhallen the line U46 and continues to Brunnenstraße. On match days of the Borussia Dortmund soccer club the line ends instead of the regular terminus Westfalenhallen at the Westfalenstadion station, which is only open on these occasions. In this case it does not continue as U46.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reisen, Service und Shopping für täglich 125.000 Reisende und Besucher . Information auf bahnhof.de, accessed 13 December 2008
  2. ^ "Alte Bahnhofsfenster wieder neu" (in German). Der Westen. 17 December 2009. Retrieved 20 August 2011. 
  3. ^ "Neuer Hauptbahnhof für Dortmund". Eisenbahn-Revue International (in German) (11/1998): 451. ISSN 1421-2811. 
  4. ^ "Aktuelles in Kürze". Eisenbahn-Revue International (in German) (3/2001): 106. ISSN 1421-2811. 
  5. ^ "Wiedereröffnung Empfangsgebäude Dortmund Hauptbahnhof" (Press release) (in German). DB Mobility Logistics AG. 17 June 2011. Retrieved 20 August 2011. 
  6. ^ "Umbauarbeiten nicht vor 2017 beendet" (in German). Ruhr Nachrichten. 8 October 2010. Retrieved 20 August 2011. 
  7. ^ "Kaum Neues vom RRX" (in German). Der Westen. Novwmber 2009. Retrieved 20 August 2011.