Kazerne Dossin – Memorial
The Kazerne Dossin, a former infantry barracks in Mechelen, Flanders, Belgium, was partially renovated for civil housing and, upon the Flemish Government, the Province of Antwerp and the City of Mechelen's financing the purchase of the ground floor and the basement of the right wing, in 1996 these became the site of the Jewish Museum of Deportation and Resistance. It was renamed Memorial, Museum and Documentation Centre on Holocaust and Human Rights for it has been expanded. Part of the former barracks became a memorial. It was there that the Nazis established the SS-Sammellager Mecheln, an assembly camp run by the Schutzstaffel from where between 1942 and 1944, 25,484 Jews and 352 Gypsies were transported to concentration Holocaust camps in the east. Two thirds were gassed upon arrival. By the time of the liberation, only 1,221 people survived.
The former Jewish Museum covered the following aspects of the Final Solution in Belgium and Europe:
- The rise of the extreme right in Belgium and abroad.
- The antisemitic policies imposed by occupying Germany.
- The Jewish resistance and hiding of children.
- The deportation of the Belgian Jews in convoys.
- The Final Solution.
In 2001, the Flemish Government decided to expand the site by a new museum complex opposite the old barracks. It opened its doors in September 2012 by a new name: Kazerne Dossin – Memorial, Museum and Documentation Centre on Holocaust and Human Rights.
- Mechelen – United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
- Kazerne Dossin – Memorial, Museum and Documentation Centre on Holocaust and Human Rights