Double loop learning
Double-loop learning (DLL) (coined by Chris Argyris) is the modification or rejection of a goal in the light of experience. DLL recognises that the way a problem is defined and solved and can be a source of the problem.
"Single-loop learning" is the repeated attempt at the same problem, with no variation of method and without ever questioning the goal.
- Argyris, C.; Schon, D. (1978). Organizational Learning: A theory of action perspective. Reading MA: Addison-Wesley. ISBN 0-201-00174-8.
- "Teaching Smart People How to Learn," by Chris Argyris, Harvard Business Review, May–June, 1991, pp. 99–109
- "Chris Argyris: theories of action, double-loop learning and organizational learning," by Mark K. Smith 2001, infed
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