Národní dům (National House)
|• Mayor||Květuše Szyroká|
|• Total||7.77 km2 (3.00 sq mi)|
|Elevation||235 m (771 ft)|
|• Density||160/km2 (420/sq mi)|
|Postal code||735 33|
Doubrava (help·info) (1920-1924: Dombrová) (Polish: , German: Dombrau) is a village in Karviná District, Moravian-Silesian Region, Czech Republic. It has a population of 1,507 (2006) and lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.
It is not clear when the village was founded. It was first mentioned in the document of Pope Gregory IX issued in 1229 among villages belonging to Benedictine abbey in Tyniec, as Dubrowa. In 1268 it was bestowed by Władysław Opolski to the newly established Benedictine abbey in Orlová.
Politically it belonged then to the Duchy of Opole and Racibórz and Castellany of Cieszyn, which was in 1290 formed in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland and was ruled by a local branch of Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became part of the Habsburg Monarchy.
An important milestone in the history of the village was the discovery of coal in 1822. The digging of small coal mines began, most of which were later abandoned. In 1854–1855 two mines were dug, christened Eleonora and Bettina. The majority of the local population worked in the coal mining industry. The local coal mines were later consolidated into a joint venture, Důl Doubrava (Doubrava Coal Mine). Tower of Bettina coal mine was detonated on 23 October 2006, tower of Eleonora coal mine was detonated on 2 November 2007.
After World War I, fall of Austria-Hungary, Polish–Czechoslovak War and the division of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920, the village became a part of Czechoslovakia. Following the Munich Agreement, in October 1938 together with the Zaolzie region it was annexed by Poland, administratively organised in Frysztat County of Silesian Voivodeship. The village was then annexed by Nazi Germany at the beginning of World War II. After the war it was restored to Czechoslovakia.
In 1974 Doubrava was administratively joined to the town of Orlová. Living conditions in Doubrava deteriorated during the Communist era as a result of extensive coal mining. In 1990 it once again became an independent municipality.
The most important landmarks in the village are the Roman Catholic church devoted to Saint Hedvika, consecrated in 1899, the 1928 Czechoslovak Hussite church, and Národní dům (National House), built in 1903 to serve cultural and sporting purposes.
- Jan Buzek, Polish physician and politician, worked in the village.
- Józef Kiedroń, Polish engineer and politician, worked in the village.
- Hosák et al. 1970, 190-191.
- Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) [Cieszyn Silesia in Middle Ages (until 1528)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 286. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5.
- "Ustawa z dnia 27 października 1938 r. o podziale administracyjnym i tymczasowej organizacji administracji na obszarze Ziem Odzyskanych Śląska Cieszyńskiego". Dziennik Ustaw Śląskich (in Polish) (Katowice). nr 18/1938, poz. 35. 31 September 1938. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
- Chlup, Danuta (2007-09-27). "Wioska powraca do życia". Głos Ludu. p. 1.
- Hosák, Ladislav; Rudolf Šrámek (1970). Místní jména na Moravě a ve Slezsku I, A-L. Praha: Academia.
- "Na Doubravě padne druhá těžní věž". OKD. 2007-11-01.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Doubrava.|
- (Czech) Official website