Národní dům (National House)
|• Mayor||Květuše Szyroká|
|• Total||7.77 km2 (3.00 sq mi)|
|Elevation||235 m (771 ft)|
|• Density||160/km2 (420/sq mi)|
|Postal code||735 33|
Doubrava (help·info) (1920-1924: Dombrová) (Polish: , German: Dombrau) is a village in Karviná District, Moravian-Silesian Region, Czech Republic. It has a population of 1,507 (2006) and lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.
It is not clear when the village was founded. It was first mentioned in the document of Pope Gregory IX issued for Benedictine abbey in Tyniec in 1229 as Dubrowa. Politically it belonged then to the Duchy of Opole and Racibórz, and since 1290 to the Duchy of Teschen. During the Middle Ages the village changed hands often. From 1746 to 1901 it belonged to the Mattencloit family, who in 1901 sold it to a member of the Viennese banking family the Rothschilds.
An important milestone in the history of the village was the discovery of coal in 1822. The digging of small coal mines began, most of which were later abandoned. In 1854–1855 two mines were dug, christened Eleonora and Bettina. The majority of the local population worked in the coal mining industry. The local coal mines were later consolidated into a joint venture, Důl Doubrava (Doubrava Coal Mine). Tower of Bettina coal mine was detonated on 23 October 2006, tower of Eleonora coal mine was detonated on 2 November 2007.
After the division of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920, the village became part of Czechoslovakia as Dombrová. Following the Munich Agreement, in October 1938, Doubrava and the whole Zaolzie region were annexed by Poland. The village was then annexed by Nazi Germany at the beginning of World War II. After the war it was restored to Czechoslovakia.
In 1974 Doubrava was administratively joined to the town of Orlová. Living conditions in Doubrava deteriorated during the Communist era as a result of extensive coal mining. In 1990 it once again became an independent municipality.
The most important landmarks in the village are the Roman Catholic church devoted to Saint Hedvika, consecrated in 1899, the 1928 Czechoslovak Hussite church, and Národní dům (National House), built in 1903 to serve cultural and sporting purposes.
- Jan Buzek, Polish physician and politician, worked in the village.
- Józef Kiedroń, Polish engineer and politician, worked in the village.
- Chlup, Danuta (2007-09-27). "Wioska powraca do życia". Głos Ludu. p. 1.
- Hosák, Ladislav; and Rudolf Šrámek (1970). Místní jména na Moravě a ve Slezsku I, A-L. Praha: Academia.
- "Na Doubravě padne druhá těžní věž". OKD. 2007-11-01.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Doubrava.|
- (Czech) Official website