Douglas City, California

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Douglas City
census-designated place
Douglas City is located in California
Douglas City
Douglas City
Position in California.
Coordinates: 40°38′42″N 122°55′39″W / 40.64500°N 122.92750°W / 40.64500; -122.92750Coordinates: 40°38′42″N 122°55′39″W / 40.64500°N 122.92750°W / 40.64500; -122.92750
Country  United States
State  California
County Trinity
Area[1]
 • Total 25.056 sq mi (64.892 km2)
 • Land 25.043 sq mi (64.86 km2)
 • Water 0.013 sq mi (0.032 km2)  0.05%
Elevation[2] 2,152 ft (656 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 713
 • Density 28/sq mi (11/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 96024
Area code(s) 530
GNIS feature ID 2582999
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Douglas City, California

Douglas City is a census-designated place (CDP) in Trinity County, California[2] first settled during the California Gold Rush. Douglas City sits at an elevation of 2,152 feet (656 m).[2] The ZIP Code is 96024. The community is inside area code 530. The 2010 United States census reported Douglas City's population was 713. The Whiskeytown–Shasta–Trinity National Recreation Area is nearby.

History[edit]

The prehistoric residents of the area were Wintun people; from North Fork to Douglas City the group was called Tien-Tien which means "friends". The Karuk called the same people the Kashahara.[3] Local people suffered loss of population beginning with the epidemic of 1842.[4][5] The explorer Jedediah Smith and his party came through the Hayfork area in 1828, killing several local people to intimidate the others and permit their passage.[6] The Tien-Tien population was further reduced during the gold rush along the Trinity River.[7]

In 1848, Pierson B. Reading found gold along the Trinity; the bar he worked is at Reading's Creek just south of the Douglas City bridge.[8] Reading took out over $80,000 dollars of gold on his first trip.[6]:117 Douglas Bar was active before 1856.[8] Settlers arrived quickly, workings began on other bars in the area and towns formed at places along the trails for housing and supply.[8] In just two years, every bar along the Trinity and its tributary streams was being worked and agriculture had started in some of the valleys.[8]

Douglas City was settled by Europeans and Americans around 1850 as a mining and supply town. It was named after Stephen Douglas of Illinois,[9] who became well known after the Lincoln–Douglas debates of 1858. The Arkansas Dam,[6][10] built by a group of Canadian miners who later settled in Humboldt County, California,[11] was 12 miles (19 km) downstream from Douglas City.[8]

A natural bridge near Douglas City was the site of the Bridge Gulch Massacre in March 1852. A war party of whites intent on avenging the murder of a popular bartender at a saloon in Weaverville killed about a hundred Wintun at the natural bridge.[12]

The streams and hillsides of the area suffered during the Great Flood of 1862.[13] Gold panning and hydraulic mining continued. By 1864, the river bars around Douglas City had produced over $1,000,000 of gold, an enormous sum in 1864 dollars.[14]:328 The first Post Office in Douglas City started in 1867.[15]

Until 1857 all transport to and from Douglas City was by foot, mule or horse.[13]:282 When a private road was built through the area, four-horse stagecoachs ran from Weaverville through Douglas City to Redding Creek, Brown's Creek and Hayfork Valley.[13]:285 In 1863 locals formed the Douglas City Rifles to combat the Wintun; none of their raids caused bloodshed.[13]:303-308 In 1859, Theodore Eldon Jones (later the first Trinity County Superior Court Judge) started the short-lived Douglas City Gazette newspaper.[13]:296 Renamed Trinity Gazette, it stopped publishing in 1861 as people left the area for the American Civil War and new gold diggings in Idaho.

The Douglas City Library was founded on September 27, 1916 by Maude Marshall who maintained it in her home for both the public and students at the Douglas City school district.[16]

Geography[edit]

Nearby towns and cities include Lewiston, Junction City, Weaverville, Hayfork, Big Bar, Whiskeytown, French Gulch, and Igo.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 25.1 square miles (65 km2), 99.95% of it land and 0.05% of it water.

Pleistocene deposits near Douglas City have Mammoth, Ground sloth and deer fossil bones.[17]

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Douglas City has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[18]

Demographics[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[19] reported that Douglas City had a population of 713. The population density was 28.5 people per square mile (11.0/km²). The racial makeup of Douglas City was 639 (89.6%) White, 0 (0.0%) African American, 22 (3.1%) Native American, 8 (1.1%) Asian, 2 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 13 (1.8%) from other races, and 29 (4.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 47 persons (6.6%).

The Census reported that 669 people (93.8% of the population) lived in households, 44 (6.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 308 households, out of which 55 (17.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 151 (49.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 20 (6.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 17 (5.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 27 (8.8%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 5 (1.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 91 households (29.5%) were made up of individuals and 39 (12.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17. There were 188 families (61.0% of all households); the average family size was 2.65.

The population was spread out with 109 people (15.3%) under the age of 18, 40 people (5.6%) aged 18 to 24, 129 people (18.1%) aged 25 to 44, 283 people (39.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 152 people (21.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50.8 years. For every 100 females there were 110.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.7 males.

There were 415 housing units at an average density of 16.6 per square mile (6.4/km²), of which 239 (77.6%) were owner-occupied, and 69 (22.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 15.7%. 514 people (72.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 155 people (21.7%) lived in rental housing units.

Education[edit]

In 1994, the Douglas City Elementary School had 141 pupils.[20] In 2010, the enrollment for the K-8 school was 114; spending was about $12,000 per student.[21]

Infrastructure[edit]

California State Route 299 and California State Route 3 junction across the Trinity River from Douglas City and continue co-joined through the town on the way to Weaverville. Steiner Flat Road continues from Douglas City downstream along the Trinity.

Government[edit]

In the state legislature, Douglas City is in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Noreen Evans,[22] and the 2nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Wesley Chesbro.[23]

Federally, Douglas City is in California's 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Douglas City, California
  3. ^ Congressional Serial Set. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1906. pp. 660–. 
  4. ^ Stephen Powers (November 1976). Tribes of California. University of California Press. pp. 230–232. ISBN 978-0-520-03172-2. 
  5. ^ Alfred Louis Kroeber (1925). Handbook of the Indians of California. Courier Dover Publications. pp. 356–. ISBN 978-0-486-23368-0. 
  6. ^ a b c James K. Agee (2007). Steward's Fork: A Sustainable Future for the Klamath Mountains. University of California Press. pp. 116–117. ISBN 978-0-520-93379-8. :116
  7. ^ Dennis Lewon (2001). Hiking California's Trinity Alps Wilderness. Globe Pequot Press. pp. 18–. ISBN 978-1-56044-713-9. 
  8. ^ a b c d e Historic Spots in California, Third Edition (1978). Historic Spots in California, Third Edition. Stanford University Press. pp. 554–. ISBN 978-0-8047-4020-3. 
  9. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 108. 
  10. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1967). California A Guide to the Golden State. US History Publishers. pp. 557–. ISBN 978-1-60354-005-6. 
  11. ^ Leigh Hadley Irvine (1915). History of Humboldt County, California: With Biographical Sketches of the Leading Men and Women of the County who Have Been Identified with Its Growth and Development from the Early Days to the Present. Historic Record Company. 
  12. ^ Charles A. Stansfield (1 July 2009). Haunted Northern California: Ghosts and Strange Phenomena of the Golden State. Stackpole Books. pp. 67–68. ISBN 978-0-8117-4308-2. 
  13. ^ a b c d e John Carr (1891). Pioneer Days in California. Times Publishing Company. pp. 284–. 
  14. ^ William Henry Brewer (1 January 2003). Up and Down California in 1860-1864: The Journal of William H. Brewer. University of California Press. p. 326-329. ISBN 978-0-520-23865-7. 
  15. ^ Nancy Capace; Somerset Publishers, Incorporated (June 1, 1999). Encyclopedia of California. North American Book Dist LLC. pp. 229–. ISBN 978-0-403-09318-2. 
  16. ^ NNCL, News Notes of California Libraries. California State Library. 1922. pp. 774–. 
  17. ^ David Rains Wallace (1983). The Klamath Knot: Explorations of Myth and Evolution. University of California Press. pp. 26–. ISBN 978-0-520-23659-2. 
  18. ^ Climate Summary for Douglas City, California
  19. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Douglas City CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  20. ^ California Department of Education Staff (1 January 1994). California Public School Directory, 1994. California Department of Education. p. 587. ISBN 978-0-8011-1091-7. 
  21. ^ "Douglas City Elementary School District". World Media Group. 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  22. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 10, 2013. 
  23. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 2, 2013. 
  24. ^ "California's 2nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013.