Douglas Cloudster II
|National origin||United States of America|
|Manufacturer||Douglas Aircraft Company|
|First flight||March 12, 1947|
The Douglas Cloudster II was an American prototype five-seat light aircraft of the late 1940s. It was of unusual layout, with two buried piston engines driving a single pusher propeller. Only a single example was built, which flew only twice, as it proved too expensive to be commercially viable.
Design and development
During the early 1940s, Douglas Aircraft Corporation developed a configuration for high-performance twin-engined aircraft, in which the engines were buried in the fuselage, driving propellers mounted behind a conventional tailplane, in order to reduce drag by eliminating drag inducing objects such as engines from the wing. This layout was first demonstrated in the Douglas XB-42 Mixmaster bomber, which first flew in 1944, showing a 30% reduction in drag compared with a conventional twin-engined layout, while eliminating handling problems due to asymmetric thrust when flying on one engine.
Owing to the initial success of the XB-42, Douglas adopted this promising new layout for a medium range airliner, the DC-8 and a five-seat light aircraft suitable for executive or air charter use, the Model 1015 or Cloudster II.
The Cloudster II was a low-winged monoplane with a retractable nosewheel undercarriage. The pilot and four passengers sat in an enclosed cabin well ahead of the unswept, laminar flow wing. Two air-cooled piston engines were buried in the rear fuselage, driving a single eight foot diameter twin-bladed propeller, mounted behind the empennage via driveshafts taken from P-39 fighters. Two air intakes forward of the wing directed cooling air to the engines, which then exhausted beneath the fuselage.
The Cloudster II made its maiden flight on March 12, 1947. Although the aircraft's performance and handling were good, it suffered from excessive vibration, and overheated when it was on the ground. Further development was abandoned late in 1947, with the prototype having flown only twice, as the post-war civil flying market had not developed as hoped, while the selling price had risen from an originally planned $30,000 to $68,000, rendering the aircraft commercially unviable.
Data from McDonnell Douglas Aircraft since 1920
- Crew: one
- Capacity: four passengers
- Length: 39 ft 10 in (12.13 m)
- Wingspan: 35 ft 4 in (10.78 m)
- Height: 12 ft 0 in (3.66 m)
- Empty weight: 3,200 lb (1,451 kg)
- Gross weight: 5,085 lb (2,307 kg)
- Powerplant: 2 × Continental E250 six-cylinder air-cooled piston engine, 250 hp (190 kW) each [nb 1]
- Maximum speed: 229 mph (369 km/h; 199 kn) at 1,200 ft (365 m)
- Cruise speed: 200 mph (174 kn; 322 km/h)
- Range: 950 mi (826 nmi; 1,529 km)
- Ferry range: 1,175 mi (1,021 nmi; 1,891 km)
- Service ceiling: 22,200 ft (6,767 m)
- Rate of climb: 1,500 ft/min (7.6 m/s)
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Francillon 1979, pp. 372–377.
- Francillon 1979, pp. 432–434.
- Francillon 1979, pp. 714–715.
- "Tail-Pusher Plane Cruises 200 M.P.H." Popular Mechanics, March 1947, p. 103.
- "Douglas numeric, and A thru C." Aerofiles. Retrieved: November 18, 2010.
- "Here and There: Abandoned." Flight, August 28, 1947, p. 220.
- Francillon, René J. McDonnell Douglas Aircraft since 1920. London: Putnam, 1979. ISBN 0-370-00050-1.
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