Douglas Cochrane, 12th Earl of Dundonald

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The Earl of Dundonald
12th Earl of Dundonald.jpg
The Earl of Dundonald in 1904
Born (1852-10-29)29 October 1852
Banff, Scotland
Died 12 April 1935(1935-04-12) (aged 82)
Wimbledon, England
Buried at Achnaba Churchyard, Ardchattan
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1870–?
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held General Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada
2nd Regiment of Life Guards
Battles/wars Mahdist War
Second Boer War
First World War
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
Mentioned in Despatches (7)

Lieutenant General Douglas Mackinnon Baillie Hamilton Cochrane, 12th Earl of Dundonald KCBKCVO (29 October 1852 – 12 April 1935), styled Lord Cochrane between 1860 and 1885, was a Scottish representative peer and a British Army general.

Early life[edit]

Cochrane was the second but eldest surviving son of Thomas Cochrane, 11th Earl of Dundonald, by Louisa Harriet Mackinnon, daughter of William Alexander Mackinnon. Thomas Cochrane, 1st Baron Cochrane of Cults, was his younger brother.[1] He was educated at Eton College.[2]

Military career[edit]

Cochrane was commissioned into the Life Guards in July 1870,[3] and was promoted to lieutenant the following year and captain in 1878.[4] He served in the Nile Expedition,[3] the Desert March and the Relief of Khartoum in 1885.[5] He was appointed Commanding Officer of 2nd Life Guards in 1895.[3]

He served in the Second Boer War and in November 1899 he was appointed Commander of the Mounted Brigade, part of the South Natal Field Force.[3] He took part in the Relief of Ladysmith in February 1900,[3] although his South African troops, unimpressed by his leadership, referred to him as “Dundoodle”.[6] He was appointed General Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada in April 1902,[4] serving as such for two years.[3] He served in the First World War as Chairman of the Admiralty Committee on Smoke Screens in 1915.[3]

Lord Dundonald was appointed a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) in December 1901,[7] and in June 1907 knighted as a Knight Commander (KCVO) of the order. Dundonald Park, in Centretown, Ottawa, is named after him.

Family[edit]

Lord Dundonald married Winifred Bamford-Hesketh, daughter of Robert Bamford-Hesketh, in 1878. They had two sons and three daughters. The family lived for many years at Gwrych Castle in North Wales, the seat of the Bamford-Hesketh family. The Countess of Dundonald died in January 1924. Lord Dundonald died at his home in Wimbledon in April 1935, aged 82, and was succeeded in the earldom by his eldest son, Thomas.[1] He is buried in Achnaba Churchyard, Ardchattan near Benderloch, Lorne, Argyll & Bute.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b [thepeerage.com Lt.-Gen. Douglas Mackinnon Baillie Hamilton Cochrane, 12th Earl of Dundonald]
  2. ^ Dundee Courier. 13 April 1935. p. 7. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "King's College London Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives entry". Retrieved 3 May 2006. 
  4. ^ a b "The Command of the Canadian Militia" The Times (London). Wednesday, 9 April 1902. (36737), p. 6.
  5. ^ The Peerage.com
  6. ^ Farrar-Hockley 1974, p43
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27390. p. 9061. 24 December 1901.

Books Used for Citations[edit]

  • Farrar-Hockley, General Sir Anthony (1975). Goughie. London: Granada. ISBN -0246640596. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Richard O'Grady Haly
General Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada
1902–1904
Succeeded by
Sir Percy Lake
(as Chief of the General Staff (Canada))
Preceded by
The Lord Grenfell
Colonel of the 2nd Regiment of Life Guards
1907–1919
Succeeded by
Sir Cecil Bingham
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Thomas Barnes Cochrane
Earl of Dundonald
1885–1935
Succeeded by
Thomas Hesketh Douglas Blair Cochrane