|United States Ambassador to Malta|
August 31, 2009 – May 31, 2011
|Preceded by||Molly H. Bordonaro|
|Succeeded by||Gina Abercrombie-Winstanley|
|United States Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Legal Counsel|
George H.W. Bush
|Preceded by||Charles J. Cooper|
|Succeeded by||William P. Barr|
|United States Deputy Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Legal Counsel|
|Preceded by||Samuel A. Alito Jr.|
|Succeeded by||J. Michael Luttig|
|Born||September 24, 1951|
|Alma mater||Northwestern University
University of Southern California
Douglas W. Kmiec (pronounced kih-MECK) (born September 24, 1951) is an American legal scholar, author, and former U.S. ambassador. He is the Caruso Family Chair and Professor of Constitutional Law at Pepperdine University School of Law. Kmiec came to prominence during the United States presidential election, 2008 when, although a Republican, he endorsed Democrat Barack Obama. In July 2009, he was nominated by President Obama to serve as U.S. Ambassador to Malta. He was confirmed by the Senate and served for close to two years as ambassador to Malta. He resigned his post effective May 31, 2011.
Education and career
Kmiec received his undergraduate degree with honors from Northwestern University in 1973 and his Juris Doctor (J.D.) from the University of Southern California in 1976. He was a member of the school's law review and was awarded the Legion Lex Commencement Prize for Legal Writing.
Kmiec was a member of the faculty at Valparaiso University School of Law, then taught at Notre Dame Law School from 1980 to 1999, with several leaves to serve in the Office of Legal Counsel for Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush. At Notre Dame, he directed the Thomas White Center on Law & Government and founded the Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics & Public Policy. From 2001 to 2003, Kmiec was the Dean and St. Thomas More Professor of the law school at the Catholic University of America. Following his Catholic University of America deanship, Kmiec assumed the endowed chair in constitutional law at Pepperdine University School of Law. Kmiec also teaches at the Pepperdine University School of Public Policy.
Scholarship and legal thought
Kmiec has been a White House Fellow and a Distinguished Fulbright Scholar on the Constitution in Asia. His published works include The Attorney General's Lawyer (1992), three books on the American Constitution, a two-volume legal treatise, related books, and hundreds of published articles and essays. He is a frequent guest in the media on programs such as PBS's NewsHour, Meet the Press, and NPR, analyzing constitutional questions. He writes the Faith and Precedent column for the Catholic News Service.
When asked what it "mean[s] to teach within a Catholic framework", Kmiec responded:
Just consider the first year course in contracts. The Catholic emphasis of the study of this course explores not just how contracts are formed or what remedies exist for breach, but also the justice of keeping one’s promises and paying a just or family wage, for example. By contrast, most law schools have become entirely utilitarian and consequentialist – believing that ends justify means – and they’ve cast aside first principles, the most prominent of which is the belief that moral reality can be known and understood by men and women. Although our students are not all Catholic, they all have a sincere desire to explore the relationship of faith and law, and to be of service through the legal profession.
Days before the arguments in front of the Supreme Court of California on Proposition 8, the amendment to the state constitution which recognizes marriage the union of man and woman, Kmiec and his colleague Shelley Ross Saxer, co-wrote an editorial in the San Francisco Chronicle. They opened by explaining "One of us (Saxer) opposed Prop. 8 for civil rights reasons; Kmiec supported it for reasons of religious liberty. Today, both of us believe the arguments in support of Prop. 8 fail each of these interests." They offer two reasons for "resisting" Proposition 8: 1) it could be read too broadly; 2) it ignores the different religious practices of the citizenry. "Marriage", they argue, "is of religious origin; it should remain there." Therefore, in order to retain the separation of church and state, they suggest that the state use consistent terminology for all couples, gay and straight, extending the same bundle of secular rights. If a couple wanted "marriage," Proposition 8 should prevent the state from dealing with the topic, which means it could again become the sole province of religious bodies. Of this view, Time wrote: "The Pepperdine idea puts into a play a new way of thinking — and whether it's part of the court's decision in the Prop 8 case or whether it makes its way into a new referendum, the idea of getting governments out of the marriage business offers a creative way of thinking about a problem that is otherwise likely to be around for a long, long time.
2008 U.S. presidential election and aftermath
Although he initially supported Republican Mitt Romney, Kmiec "caused a stir" when he endorsed Democrat Barack Obama in the 2008 presidential election in a piece on Slate. As he explained in an interview with the Chicago Tribune, "One of the things I kept discovering...was that Obama was sounding more Catholic than most Catholics I know." The issues that drew Kmiec's attention were wages, health care, and the cost of the Iraq War. To those fellow Catholics and pro-life advocates who were surprised at his position, he argued that Obama's desire to "alleviate social conditions that correlate with abortion", such as poverty, was convincing. In the endorsement itself, Kmiec explained his disagreements with Obama, especially over the issue of abortion, but indicated that it was time to find common ground on this and other topics. Kmiec opened his piece by praising Obama's "integrity, intelligence, and genuine good will".
As a result of endorsing the pro-choice Obama, Kmiec was denied Communion in May 2008 at a Red Mass for Catholic business people in California. Kmiec confirmed the incident with Nina Totenberg, NPR's legal correspondent and E. J. Dionne of The Washington Post wrote a column noting how John Kerry and other Catholic public officials had been threatened with communion denial in 2004 because of their pro-choice position, but the first actual denial was experienced by Kmiec, a Catholic layman. After review, Cardinal Roger Mahony of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles called the action "shameful and indefensible" and asked the priest to write a letter of apology to Kmiec.
In the midst of the election, Kmiec proceeded to write Can A Catholic Support Him?: Asking the Big Question About Barack Obama (2008) to explain his support for Senator Obama in light of Catholic principles. The book's introduction was written by West Wing actor Martin Sheen. Sheen and Kmiec did a series of radio and video commentaries for the Matthew 25 network in support of Obama. Kmiec also campaigned for the candidate as part of his "Faith, Family and Values Tour".
Obama was invited to speak at Notre Dame's commencement, which stirred controversy due to his pro-choice stance. Kmiec supported Obama speaking at the university and suggested to the administration that they use the speech as an opportunity to discuss the issues on which both sides of the abortion debate already agree: "we both respect life, we both view abortion as a moral tragedy".
After David Souter retired from the Supreme Court, Kmiec authored a lead article in the National Catholic weekly, America, making the case for "empathy" as a necessary value in the selection of a nominees for the high court.
U.S. Ambassador to Malta
On July 2, 2009, President Obama nominated Kmiec as Ambassador to Malta. He was confirmed by the Senate. In April 2011, he was criticized by the Inspector General of the State Department for spending too much time on what the OIG reported as unofficial (religious) duties, which Kmiec saw as integral to his ambassadorial role. Joshua DuBois, special assistant to the president for faith-based initiatives, described the Kmiec nomination and appointment in precisely these terms, however, referring to a mandate (seemingly not considered by the OIG) as "the special presidential logic" of the appointment and its core mission. By contrast, the Inspector General saw the religious writing as "not directly related to his mission," writes Tiffany Stanley of The New Republic. Continues Stanley: "in the annals of diplomatic misbehavior, Kmiec's is rather an unusual case. Even the critical OIG report notes that embassy morale was good, he was respected by the Maltese and his staff, and had 'achieved some policy successes'. The problem, it seems, was that Kmiec may have taken the job a little too seriously." Columnist Tim Rutten of the Los Angeles Times writes: "Over the last few years, Kmiec has emerged as one of this country's most important witnesses to the proposition that religious conviction and political civility need not be at odds; that reasonable people of determined good conscience, whatever their faith or lack thereof, can find ways to cooperate in the common good. Though Kmiec has not sought their intervention, the president and the secretary of State ought to deal with the bureaucrats seeking to silence a voice whose only offense is to speak in the vocabulary of our own better angels." Kmiec did not ask the president to intervene, but instead expressing his continued confidence in the president's leadership, resigned effective May 31, 2011.
Kmiec was married to Carolyn Keenan in 1973 and together they had five adult children. The couple separated in 2011 and amicably divorced in 2013.
- Republican and conservative support for Barack Obama in 2008
- List of U.S. political appointments that crossed party lines
- Neil A. Lewis, "Legal Scholar Is Considered for Court," New York Times, December 10, 2002.
- "Doug Kmiec likely to support Obama for president in 2012". Catholic News Agency. June 1, 2011.
- "Pepperdine University profile of Douglas W. Kmiec". Pepperdine University School of Law. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- "A New Administrative Team". CUA Lawyer 19 (1). Winter 2002. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
- Douglas W. Kmiec, J.D., Pepperdine University.
- Kmiec, Douglas W.; Shelley Ross Saxer (March 2, 2009). "Equality in substance and in name". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
- Lindenberger, Michael A. (2009-03-16). "A Gay-Marriage Solution: End Marriage?". Time. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- Bazelon, Emily (2007-11-26) On the Advice of Counsel, Slate.com
- Decker, Cathleen (November 9, 2008). "Religious voters helped Obama to victory". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
- Schmich, Mary (October 8, 2008). "GOP Catholic backs Obama". Chicago Tribune (Access World News (subscription required)).
- Kmiec, Douglas W. (2008-03-23). "Endorsing Obama". Slate.com. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- Dionne, Jr., E. J. (June 3, 2008). "For an 'Obamacon,' Communion Denied". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
- Totenberg, Nina (2008-06-02). "Priest Snubs Lawyer over Obama Endorsement". NPR. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- Hancock, David; David Paul Kuhn (April 6, 2004). "Kerry’s Communion Controversy: Candidate's Pro-Choice Stance Riles Catholic Leadership". CBS. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
- Zapor, Patricia (June 5, 2008). "Pro-life law professor stunned by priest's refusal of Communion". Catholic News Service. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- Kmiec, Douglas W. Kmiec (2008). Can A Catholic Support Him?: Asking the Big Question About Barack Obama. New York: Penguin. ISBN 978-1-59020-204-3.
- Lampman, Jane (October 29, 2008). "Can antiabortion Catholics support Obama? Some do.". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2009-05-26.
- "Conversations on Faith and Politics with Martin Sheen and Doug Kmiec". The Matthew 25 Network. Retrieved 2009-05-22.[dead link]
- Kisken, Tom (January 18, 2009). "Change comes … even for a conservative". Ventura County Star (Access World News (subscription required)).
- AP foreign (May 28, 2009). "Obama Notre Dame invite stirs Catholic debate". The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
- Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (May 14, 2009). "On Abortion, Obama Is Drawn Into Debate He Hoped to Avoid". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
- Kmiec, Douglas W. (May 11 2009). "The Case for Empathy". America 200 (15). Retrieved 2009-05-22.
- "Douglas Kmiec nominated to become U.S. Ambassador to Malta", Catholic News Agency, July 3, 2009.
- James Oliphant writes in The American Lawyer: "at Kmiec's swearing-in ceremoney in 2009, Joshua DuBois, Obama's director of religious outreach, said that Kmiec "is an invaluable and irreplaceable voice in matters of faith and public policy to this administration." Oliphant, "The Maltese Fall Guy," The American Lawyer, pg.20, Vol.33, No. 6
- Tiffany Stanley, "Doug Out," The New Republic, June 9. 2011, pg.7-9, quoting Deputy Inspector General Henry Geisel, who refers to Kmiec "as a good guy . . . but if you take Uncle Sam's buck, you play by Uncle Sam's rules."
- Stanley, pg. 8
-  Retrieved 2011-06-24
- Catholic News, " Retrieved 2011-06-24
- Ben Smith, Kmiec Resigns, Politico Retrieved 2011-06-24; see also, Paul Richter, "U.S. Envoy to Malta Quits over Criticism, Los Angeles Times, Pg. A6, Sunday April 17, 2011 Retrieved 2011-06-27 from Nexis, reporting the resignation followed "criticism from the State Department's inspector general that he was devoting too much time to promoting better relations between religions."