Douglas Reed

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Douglas Launcelot Reed (11 March 1895 – 26 August 1976) was a British journalist, playwright, novelist and author of a number of books of political analysis. His book Insanity Fair (1938) was one of the most influential in publicising the state of Europe and the megalomania of Adolf Hitler before the Second World War. By the time of his death, Reed had been largely forgotten except for various remarks about Jews. Thus, when The Times ran his obituary, it condemned Reed as a "virulent anti-Semite,"[1] although Reed himself claimed that he drew a distinction between opposition to Zionism and anti-Semitism.[2] Reed believed in a long-term Zionist conspiracy to impose a world government on an enslaved humanity.[3] He was also staunchly anti-Communist, and once wrote that National Socialism was a "stooge or stalking horse" meant to further the aims of the "Communist Empire."[4]

Biography[edit]

At the age of 13, Reed began working as an office boy, and at 19 a bank clerk. At the outbreak of the First World War he enlisted in the British Army. He transferred to the Royal Flying Corps, gaining a single kill in aerial combat and severely burning his face in a flying accident. (Insanity Fair, 1938) Around 1921 he began working as a telephonist and clerk for The Times. At the age of 30, he became a sub-editor. In 1927 he became assistant correspondent in Berlin, later transferring to Vienna as chief central European correspondent. He went on to report from various European centres including Warsaw, Moscow, Prague, Athens, Sofia, Bucharest and Budapest.

According to Reed, he resigned his job in protest against the appeasement of Hitler after the Munich Agreement of 1938. In Somewhere South of Suez: a further survey of the grand design of the Twentieth Century (1949), Reed wrote that his resignation came in response to press censorship which prevented him from fully reporting "the facts about Hitler and National Socialism." He believed that by becoming a "journalist without a newspaper," he would be free to write as he chose. Reed spent the duration of the Second World War in England; in 1948, he moved to Durban, South Africa.

Richard Thurlow noted that Reed was one of the first antisemitic writers to deny Hitler's extermination of the Jews.[5] In a review of Reed's Lest We Regret written in 1943, George Orwell compared Reed, with his unheeded early warnings about the Nazis, to the Greek mythological figure Cassandra. Orwell noted Reed dismissed the Nazis' persecution of German Jews, and even the pogroms, as just "propaganda." Reed cited a story in the Daily Herald about Germans in football clothes playing football with 500 Jewish babies in a football stadium near Kieff "bouncing and kicking them around the arena." This story had also been dismissed in the New Statesman as "complete fabrication" and "nonsense."[6] Orwell summed-up Reed's book as: "the dominant notes being back to the land, more emigration, down with the Reds and—above all—down with the Jews." Orwell warned that Reed had an "easy journalistic style", stating he was a "persuasive writer" through which he was "capable of doing a lot of harm among the large public for which he caters." Orwell compared Reed's outlook to that of the anti-Hitlerian Nazi dissident Otto Strasser and the British fascist leader Oswald Mosley.[7]

In the 1960s Reed was outspoken in his opposition to the decolonization of Africa. In his The Battle for Rhodesia (1966) he explicitly compared decolonization to the above-mentioned appeasement of Hitler; he strongly supported Ian Smith's unilateral declaration of independence from the United Kingdom, arguing that Smith's Rhodesia had to be defended as "the last bulwark against the Third World War", just as Czechoslovakia should have been defended against Hitler in 1938.

Works[edit]

  • The Burning of the Reichstag (1934)
  • Insanity Fair: A European Cavalcade (Jonathan Cape, 1938)
  • Disgrace Abounding (do., 1939)
  • Fire and Bomb: A comparison between the burning of the Reichstag and the bomb explosion at Munich (do., 1940)
  • Nemesis? The Story of Otto Strasser (do., 1940)
  • History in My Time by Otto Strasser (translated from the German by Douglas Reed), (do, 1941)
  • A Prophet at Home (do., 1941)
  • All Our Tomorrows (do., 1942)
  • Downfall, play (do., 1942)
  • Lest We Regret (do., 1943)
  • The Next Horizon: Or, Yeomans' Progress, novel (do., 1945)
  • Galanty Show, novel, (do., 1947)
  • From Smoke to Smother (1938–1948): A Sequel to Insanity Fair (do., 1948)
  • Reasons of Health, novel, (do., 1949)
  • Somewhere South of Suez: A further survey of the grand design of the twentieth century (do., 1949)
  • Far and Wide (do., 1951)
  • The Controversy of Zion ( Completed in 1956 but first published in 1978)
  • The Battle for Rhodesia (HAUM, 1966)
  • The Siege of Southern Africa (Macmillan, Johannesburg, 1974), ISBN 0-86954-014-9
  • Behind the Scene (Part 2 of Far and Wide) (Dolphin Press, 1975; Noontide Press, 1976, ISBN 0-911038-41-8)
  • The Grand Design of the 20th Century (Dolphin Press, 1977)
  • Rule of Three, novel
  • Prisoner of Ottawa,
  • The Controversy of Zion (Veritas, 1985)[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michael Billig, Methodology and Scholarship in Understanding Ideological Explanation, in Clive Seale (ed), Social Research Methods: A Reader [1], accessed 27 January 2008.
  2. ^ "Somewhere South of Suez," US edition, page 9
  3. ^ Somewhere South of Suez, US edition, pp. 9–11
  4. ^ "Somewhere South of Suez," US Edition, p. 9.
  5. ^ Social Research Methods: A Reader by Clive Seale; p.16
  6. ^ Reed, Douglas. Lest We Regret. London: Jonathan Cape Ltd. 1943. p.255 and here
  7. ^ Out of Step, The Observer, 7 November 1943. Article reproduced in: Orwell, George. Orwell: The Observer Years. London; Atlantic Books. 2003. ISBN 1843542609. pp.93–94.
  8. ^ "Douglas Reed, 1895–1976". Contemporary Authors Online. Thomson Gale, 2007. 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-28. 
  • Thurlow, Richard; "Anti-Nazi Antisemite: The Case of Douglas Reed", in Patterns of Prejudice (London, vol. 18, no. 1, (January 1984), pp. 23–34.

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