Douglass, Kansas

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Not to be confused with Douglas County, Kansas.
Douglass, Kansas
City
Location within Butler County (left) and Kansas (right)
Location within Butler County (left) and Kansas (right)
Coordinates: 37°31′0″N 97°0′42″W / 37.51667°N 97.01167°W / 37.51667; -97.01167Coordinates: 37°31′0″N 97°0′42″W / 37.51667°N 97.01167°W / 37.51667; -97.01167
Country United States
State Kansas
County Butler
Established 1869
Government
 • Mayor Jason Cathey
Area[1]
 • Total 1.08 sq mi (2.80 km2)
 • Land 1.08 sq mi (2.80 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,211 ft (369 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,700
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,703
 • Density 1,600/sq mi (610/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67039
Area code(s) 316
FIPS code 20-18400 [4]
GNIS feature ID 0481864 [5]
Website CityOfDouglassKS.com

Douglass is a city in Butler County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 1,700.[6]

History[edit]

19th century[edit]

The first settlement was made at Douglass in 1869.[7] Douglass is named for its founder, Joseph W. Douglass, a storeowner who was fatally shot at the town site in 1873 while apprehending a suspected thief.[8][9] Douglass was incorporated as a city of the third class in 1879.[10]

In 1877, the Florence, El Dorado, and Walnut Valley Railroad Company built a branch line from Florence to El Dorado, in 1881 it was extended to Douglass, and later to Arkansas City.[11] The line was leased and operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. The line from Florence to El Dorado was abandoned in 1942.[12] The original branch line connected Florence, Burns, De Graff, El Dorado, Augusta, Douglass, Rock, Akron, Winfield, Arkansas City.

21st century[edit]

In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was constructed about 1.8 miles west of Douglass, north to south through Butler County, with much controversy over tax exemption and environmental concerns (if a leak ever occurs).[13][14]

Geography[edit]

Douglass is located at 37°31′0″N 97°0′42″W / 37.51667°N 97.01167°W / 37.51667; -97.01167 (37.516802, -97.011705).[15] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.08 square miles (2.80 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Douglass has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[16]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 1,058
1970 1,126 6.4%
1980 1,450 28.8%
1990 1,722 18.8%
2000 1,813 5.3%
2010 1,700 −6.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,700 people, 625 households, and 452 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,574.1 inhabitants per square mile (607.8 /km2). There were 689 housing units at an average density of 638.0 per square mile (246.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.6% White, 0.4% African American, 1.1% Native American, 0.5% Asian, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population.

There were 625 households of which 40.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.7% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.18.

The median age in the city was 33.6 years. 29.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.8% were from 25 to 44; 23.1% were from 45 to 64; and 12.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,813 people, 658 households, and 492 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,198.4 people per square mile (853.7/km²). There were 733 housing units at an average density of 888.8 per square mile (345.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.25% White, 0.28% African American, 1.60% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.50% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.65% of the population.

There were 658 households out of which 40.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.1% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.5% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,833, and the median income for a family was $49,875. Males had a median income of $37,000 versus $25,938 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,965. About 4.5% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.7% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  7. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc.. Standard Publishing Company. p. 541. 
  8. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 108. 
  9. ^ Mooney, Vol. P. (1916). History of Butler County Kansas. Standard Publishing Company. p. 119. 
  10. ^ Mooney, Vol. P. (1916). History of Butler County Kansas. Standard Publishing Company. p. 116. 
  11. ^ Marion County Kansas : Past and Present; Sondra Van Meter; MB Publishing House; LCCN 72-92041; 344 pages; 1972.
  12. ^ Railway Abandonment 1942
  13. ^ Keystone Pipeline - Marion County Commission calls out Legislative Leadership on Pipeline Deal; April 18, 2010.
  14. ^ Keystone Pipeline - TransCanada inspecting pipeline; December 10, 2010.
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  16. ^ Climate Summary for Douglass, Kansas

External links[edit]

City
Schools
Maps