Doukkala

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This article is about the natural region. For the administrative region, see Doukkala-Abda.
Doukkala
دكالة - idukalen
Natural region
The "Green Mountain", the only visible hill, east of the region
The "Green Mountain", the only visible hill, east of the region
Location of the Doukkala natural region in Morocco
Location of the Doukkala natural region in Morocco
Country Morocco
A "tazota", typical old architecture only found in the region

Doukkala or Idukalen (Arabic: دكالة, Berber: idukalen, ⵉⴷⵓⴽⴰⵍⴻⵏ) is a natural region of Morocco made of fertile plains and forests. It is now part of the province of El Jadida and in the Abda-Doukkala administrative region.

It is a plain stretching from the Atlantic Ocean south of Oum Er-Rbia River up to some 50 km further southward and the same distance eastward.

The main urban centers are Sidi Smail, Sidi Bennour, Had Ouled Frej and Khemis Zemamra. Sidi Bennour is the fastest developing center of the four.

It is mainly an agricultural region, with few tourist attractions.

History[edit]

The name is derived from the Berber adu (under) and akal (land), thus meaning "low land", i.e. 'the plain'. Historically, "Doukkala" (idukalen) referred to a Berber tribe which occupied the territory from Anfa (Casablanca) to Asfi. They revolted against Almohad kings in the 12th century. About 1160, the Almohad ruler Abd al-Mu'min settled Arab bedouin tribes there, a coalition of whom he had defeated earlier in Tunisia.[1]

At the end of the French protectorate (ca 1950), there lived in Doukkala 372,269 Muslims, 2,680 Europeans and 3,933 Jews[2]

Geography[edit]

Doukkala is divided in three sub-regions, parallel to the seacoast.

  • The "Oulja", along the beach, with garden-crops.
  • The "Sahel", some 20 km inside, a stony region, only suiting to sheep breeding.
  • The rich plain, with wheat, sugar beets, and intensive cattle breeding.

The only mountain to be seen is "Jbel Lakhdar", at the border with the plain of Rahamna.

The plain is subject to flooding. "Warar", a temporary natural lake between Sidi Bennour and Arbaa Od Aamran only fills in rainy years. Its largest surface was noted in 1916, 1966 and 2008.

Features of the Doukkala[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Guide bleu Hachette du Maroc, 1978 ed., p. 302.
  2. ^ Guide bleu Hachette du Maroc, 7th ed., 1950, p. 178.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°17′55″N 9°57′14″W / 32.29861°N 9.95389°W / 32.29861; -9.95389