Dourados

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Dourados
Municipality
The Municipality of Dourados
View of south side of Dourados
View of south side of Dourados
Flag of Dourados
Flag
Official seal of Dourados
Seal
Nickname(s): Model City
Mercosul Portal
Motto: Terra de Antônio João (inglish: Antônio João Country)
Location in Brazil
Location in Brazil
Dourados is located in Brazil
Dourados
Dourados
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 22°13′15″S 54°48′21″W / 22.22083°S 54.80583°W / -22.22083; -54.80583
Country Brazil
State Mato Grosso do Sul
Founded 1935
Government
 • Mayor Murilo Zauith (PMDB)
Area
 • Municipality 4,086.4 km2 (1,578.4 sq mi)
 • Land 4,086.4 km2 (1,578.4 sq mi)
 • Urban 205.990 km2 (79.533 sq mi)
Elevation 430 m (1,433 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Municipality 250,000
 • Density 50/km2 (100/sq mi)
  IBGE/2013[1]
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Website Dourados Official Website

Coordinates: 22°13′15″S 54°48′21″W / 22.22083°S 54.80583°W / -22.22083; -54.80583 Dourados is a Brazilian city, situated in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, 225 km (140 mi) Southwest of Campo Grande (the state's capital). It has a population of approximately 200,000 inhabitants, and its economy is based mainly in arable agriculture (particularly Soya, Maize and Sugar Cane) and in cattle ranching. Dourados is also the second most populous and important city of this state.

Its media, commerce, and services more than take care of the thirty cities of Mato Grosso do Sul, including a part of Paraguay. For its size and importance, it is an economic and social capital of a region that possesses approximately a million inhabitants (Vestibule of the Mercosul – the Common Market of the South).

Its development was slow until the first half of the 20th century, because of transportation limitations(highways and roads), especially with Campo Grande and the State of São Paulo. From 1950, it increased its development with the construction of roads. With this, it received migrants from other parts of the country (especially Sulistas and São Paulo) and immigrants (mainly Japanese). The city has a close relationship with Paraguay its next door neighbor, which is 120 km (75 mi) away. This is a strong factor in the ethnic and cultural union between the city and the neighboring country. This explains why 30% of the inhabitants of Dourados have some Paraguayan family link.

Fun[edit]

Dourados has a modern shopping mall with 191 stores and 500 parking spaces. This city also offers to its citizens recreational parks and squares.

Dourados is well-served with many other shops, including those selling top Brazilian jeanswear brands such as Forum, Triton and Ellus and the middle-market clothes and homewares store Riachuelo.

There are nightclubs and many restaurants in the city centre which offer a broad range of cuisines including a number of Churrascarias (Churrasco is most commonly beef but also lamb and pork carved at the table from joints on skewers) as well as Pizza parlours and numerous places catering to the substantial Japanese community.

On Saturday night and Sunday morning there is a large open-air market (Feira) [1] offering locally produced fruits and vegetables. Pineapples, water melons and bananas are all good and you'll find a wide range of salad and root vegetables alongside Japanese specialities such as radishes and soy cakes,

At the Feira you will also find restaurants providing Brazilian and Japanese food as well as stalls selling popular local delicacies such as Sugarcane juice (Caldo de Cana), Doce de Leite (a type of caramel made from milk and sugar and cooked until it is either a thick syrup or it can formed into fudge-like pieces) and Cocada (coconut and condensed milk cooked until either sticky or hard).

Many locals make regular trips to the Paraguayan border town of Ponta Porã/Pedro Juan Caballero where they are able to buy relatively low-cost low-duty imported items such as electronic goods, perfumes and designer clothing.

Education[edit]

Dourados has five universities, and more than 200 schools, and is considered an education pole of the state of Mato Grosso do Sul.

  • Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul (UEMS)
  • Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados (UFGD)
  • Centro Universitário da Grande Dourados (UNIGRAN)
  • Faculdades da Anhanguera (UNIDERP)
  • Universidade Paulista (UNIP – Interativa)

Sports[edit]

Clube Recreativo Desportivo 7 de Setembro and Ubiratan Esporte Clube are two football clubs based in the city. Both clubs play at Estadio Fredis Saldivar. Another stadium located in the city is named Estádio Napoleão de Souza.

Transportation[edit]

Dourados is served by Francisco de Matos Pereira Airport located 14 km from downtown Dourados.

People[edit]

Growth of people in Dourados
1940 14.985
1950 22.834
1960 84.955
1970 79.186
1980 106.483
1991 135.984
1996 153.191
2000 164.700
2005 183.096
2010 196.068
2013 207 498

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Estimativa populacional 2013 IBGE". Estimativa populacional 2013. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). 1 July 2013. Retrieved 1 September 2013.