Douvrin engine

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ZDJ/ZEJ engine (Peugeot)
J-Type engine (Renault)
Overview
Manufacturer Française de Mécanique
Production
Combustion chamber
Configuration inline-four
Chronology
Successor XU engine (PSA)
F-Type engine (Renault)(petrol)
G-Type engine (Renault)(diesel)


The Douvrin family was an all-aluminum inline-four automobile engine designed in the early 1970s and produced from 1977 to 1996 by Compagnie Française de Mécanique, a joint-venture between PSA and Renault located in the town of Douvrin in northern France. It was produced in the same factory as the PRV V6, which also is sometimes known outside France as the "Douvrin" V6. The Douvrin engine is also referred to as the ZDJ/ZEJ engine by Peugeot, and as the J-type engine by Renault.

Douvrin "Suitcase Engine"[edit]

Main article: PSA X engine

Constructed from aluminium alloy, chain driven overhead camshaft, with gearbox in the sump sharing engine oil for lubrication, typically mounted almost on its side. For this reason it is often nicknamed the "suitcase engine" owing to the way in which the engine has to be split open in order service the transmission. It was available with versions from 954cc to 1360cc.

2.0[edit]

The 2.0 L (1995 cc) was an oversquare design with a single belt driven overhead camshaft, an 88 mm (3.5 in) bore, and an 82 mm (3.2 in) stroke.

Though somewhat dull (with a 6,000 rpm redline only) and slow to throttle response, the normally aspirated 8-valve versions proved extremely reliable. Mileages of over 300,000 km (190,000 mi) without major repairs are not uncommon. The 12-valvers are much livelier and also boast above-average reliability. The turbocharged versions have only average reliability.

Applications[edit]

PSA[edit]

Code Brand Models Power Torque Compression ratio Valves Fuel supply
829 A5 Citroën CX 108 CV @ 5500 rpm 16.9 kg·m @ 3250 rpm 9.2:1 8 Carburettor
ZEJK Peugeot 505 110 CV @ 5250 rpm 17.4 kg·m @ 4000 rpm 9.2:1 8 Bosch K-Jetronic multipoint mechanical fuel injection

Renault[edit]

It was produced in a variety of configurations for Renault:

In the following models:

Others[edit]

2.2[edit]

The 2.2 L (2165 cc) version was derived from the 2.0 L by a simple stroke extension from 82 to 89 mm (3.5 in), making it an undersquare design. Most parts, including the cylinder head, were identical to the 2.0 L's.

This engine proved as reliable as its 2.0 L counterpart. It is often confused with the somewhat similar Simca Type 180, which displaced 2155 cc.

Applications[edit]

PSA[edit]

Code Brand Models Power Torque Compression ratio Valves Fuel supply
J6T A500 Citroën CX 117 CV @ 5600 rpm 18.1 kg·m @ 3250 rpm 9.8:1 8 Carburettor
ZDJK Peugeot 505 8 Bosch K-Jetronic multipoint mechanical fuel injection
ZDJL 851B Peugeot 505 130 CV @ 5750 rpm 19.2 kg·m @ 4250 rpm 9.8:1 8 Bosch LE2-Jetronic multipoint electronic fuel injection
ZDJL 851X Peugeot 505 117 CV @ 5750 rpm 19.2 kg·m @ 4250 rpm 9.8:1 8 Bosch LU2-Jetronic multipoint electronic fuel injection with catalytic converter

Renault[edit]

It was produced in fewer configurations than the smaller version for Renault:

In the following models:

Others[edit]

2.1 Diesel[edit]

The 2.1 L (2068 cc) Diesel version was derived from the 2.0 L petrol version by a bore reduction from 88 to 86 mm (3.4 in) and a stroke extension from 82 to 89 mm (3.5 in). Cast-iron cylinder liners were used to withstand the higher cylinder pressure of Diesel combustion. The cylinder head was of course specific and was a Ricardo-type prechamber design fed by a mechanically controlled fuel pump. This engine was only used by Renault in three versions:

  • normally aspirated 8-valve, 65 PS (48 kW; 64 hp), from 1980 to 1992
  • turbocharged 8-valve, 88 PS (65 kW; 87 hp), from 1982 to 1992
  • turbocharged 8-valve with variable-nozzle turbocharger, 92 PS (68 kW; 91 hp), from 1990 to 1996

Reliability of all Diesel versions has been outstanding, surpassing even that of the 2.0 L petrol version.

Applications:

See also[edit]