Dover (UK Parliament constituency)

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Dover
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Dover in Kent.
Outline map
Location of Kent within England.
County Kent
Electorate 71,993 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Dover and Deal
Current constituency
Created 1369
Member of Parliament Charlie Elphicke (Conservative)
Number of members 1660 - 1885: Two
1885 - present: One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

Dover is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Boundaries[edit]

Dover constituency consists of the greater part of Dover (district) District comprising the towns of Dover, Deal and Walmer together with surrounding villages. It excludes the northern area around the ancient Cinque Port of Sandwich, which together with surrounding villages is part of the South Thanet constituency. It has been a traditional Tory-Labour marginal, with Conservative-voting rural areas competing against mainly Labour-voting Dover itself, plus some former mining villages in the former Kent coalfield, such as Aylesham. Labour held on very solidly here in 2005, with virtually no swing from the previous general election, but the seat went Conservative in 2010 on a large swing of 10%.

Boundary review[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Kent, the Boundary Commission for England made major changes to the existing constituency boundaries as a consequence of population changes in the county.

The Commission rejected proposals to rename the constituency "Dover and Deal" during the public consultation process. The Commission said with regard to this point:

The Commission noted that whilst these constituencies had undergone some slight changes they were not sufficient to warrant changing their names and they considered that the existing names were still appropriate.

The electoral wards used in the formation of the modified Dover constituency are;

  • Aylesham, Buckland, Capel-le-Ferne, Castle, Eastry, Eythorne and Shepherdswell, Lydden and Temple Ewell, Maxton, Elms Vale and Priory, Middle Deal and Sholden, Mill Hill, North Deal, Ringwould, River, St Margaret’s-at-Cliffe, St Radigunds, Tower Hamlets, Town and Pier, Walmer and Whitfield.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Cinque Port/Parliamentary Borough 1368–1918[edit]

MPs 1368–1660[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1386 John Gyles John Halle I[2]
1388 (Feb) John Gyles John Halle I[2]
1388 (Sep) John Gyles John Monyn[2]
1390 (Jan) John Gyles John Monyn[2]
1390 (Nov)
1391 John Gyles John Strete[2]
1393 John Gyles John Strete[2]
1394
1395 John Gyles John Strete[2]
1397 (Jan) Nicholas Spicer John Monyn[2]
1397 (Sep) John Monyn I[2]
1399 John Gyles John Enebrook[2]
1401
1402 Thomas Gyles John Strete[2]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 Thomas Gyles Henry Merley[2]
1407 John Alkham Henry Merley[2]
1410 Nicholas Spicer Peter Rede[2]
1411 Thomas Monyn[2]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Thomas Monyn John Garton[2]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) Walter Stratton John Garton[2]
1415
1416 (Mar)
1416 (Oct) John Braban[2]
1417 John Braban Thomas atte Crowche[2]
1419 John Braban Walter Stratton[2]
1420 Thomas Arnold Thomas atte Crowche[2]
1421 (May) Thomas Arnold John Braban[2]
1421 (Dec) John Braban Walter Stratton[2]
1439–1444 Sir Thomas Browne
1510 John Warren not known[3]
1512 Nicholas Templeman John Warren[3]
1515 Nicholas Templeman John Warren[3]
1523 Thomas Vaughan Robert Nethersole[3]
1529 Robert Nethersole John Warren[3]
1536 Robert Nethersole John Warren[3]
1539 Thomas Vaughan John Payntor[3]
1542 John Warren William Granger[3]
1545 Edmund Mody John Warren[3]
1547 Joseph Beverley Thomas Warren[3]
1553 (Mar) Henry Crispe Thomas Portway[3]
1553 (Oct) Joseph Beverley John Webbe[3]
1554 (Apr) John Webbe Thomas Colly[3]
1554 (Nov) William Hannington John Webbe[3]
1555 Thomas Warren Sir Edmund Rous[3]
1558 Joseph Beverley John Cheyne[3]
1559 Thomas Warren John Robins[4]
1562/3 John Robins Thomas Warren[4]
1571 Thomas Andrews II John Pinchon[4]
1572 Thomas Andrews II Thomas Warren[4]
1584 Richard Barrey John Moore[4]
1586 Richard Barrey John Moore[4]
1588 Thomas Fane Edward Stephens[4]
1593 Thomas Fane Thomas Elwood[4]
1597 Thomas Fane William Leonard[4]
1601 George Fane George Newman[4]
1604 Sir Thomas Waller George Bing
1614 Sir George Fane Sir Robert Brett
1621 Sir Henry Mainwaring Sir Richard Young
1624 Sir Edward Cecil [5] Sir Richard Young
1625 Sir John Hippisley William Beecher
1626 Sir John Hippisley John Pringle
1628 Sir John Hippisley Edward Nicholas

No parliament called between 1629 and 1640

Parliament First member Second member
1640 (Apr) Sir Edward Boys Sir Peter Heyman
1640 (Nov) Sir Edward Boys Benjamin Weston
1645 John Dixwell Benjamin Weston
1648 John Dixwell Benjamin Weston
1653 Dover not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654 William Cullen one seat only
1656 Thomas Kelsey one seat only
1658 John Dixwell Thomas Kelsey
1659 John Dixwell Benjamin Weston

MPs 1660–1885[edit]

Year First member[6] First party Second member[6] Second party
April 1660 Edward Montagu Arnold Braemes
August 1660 George Montagu
1661 Sir Francis Vincent, Bt
1670 Lord Hinchingbrooke
1673 Admiral Sir Edward Spragge[7]
1674 Thomas Papillon
1679 William Stokes
1685 Arthur Herbert William Chapman
1689 Sir Basil Dixwell, Bt Thomas Papillon
1690 James Chadwick
1695 Sir Basill Dixwell, Bt
1697 Admiral Matthew Aylmer
January 1701 Sir Charles Hedges
November 1701 Philip Papillon
1710 Sir William Hardres, Bt
1715 Admiral Matthew Aylmer[8]
1720 George Berkeley Henry Furnese
1734 David Papillon Thomas Revell
1741 Lord George Sackville
1752 William Cayley
1755 Peter Burrell
1756 Hugh Valence Jones
1759 (Sir) Edward Simpson[9]
1761 Hon. Sir Joseph Yorke
1765 Marquess of Lorne
1766 John Bindley
1768 Viscount Villiers
1770 Sir Thomas Pym Hales, Bt
1773 Thomas Barret
1774 John Henniker John Trevanion
1784 Robert Preston Captain the Hon. James Luttrell
1789 John Trevanion
1790 Charles Small Pybus
1802 John Spencer Smith
1806 John Jackson Charles Jenkinson
1818 Edward Bootle-Wilbraham
1820 Joseph Butterworth
1826 Charles Poulett Thomson[10] Whig
1828 William Henry Trant
1830 Sir John Rae Reid, Bt Tory
1831 Robert Henry Stanhope
1832 Sir John Rae Reid, Bt Conservative
1833 John Halcomb Conservative
1835 John Minet Fector Conservative
1837 Edward Royd Rice Whig
1847 Sir George Clerk, Bt Conservative
1852 Viscount Chelsea Conservative
1857 Ralph Bernal Osborne Whig Sir William Russell, Bt Whig
1859 Sir Henry Leeke Conservative William Nicol Conservative
1865 Alexander George Dickson Conservative Charles Kaye Freshfield Conservative
1868 George Jessel Liberal
1873 Edward William Barnett Conservative
1874 Charles Kaye Freshfield Conservative
1885 Representation reduced to one member

MPs 1885–1918[edit]

Year Member[6] Party
1885 Alexander George Dickson Conservative
1889 George Wyndham Conservative
1913 Viscount Duncannon Conservative
1918 Constituency abolished – name transferred to county constituency

County constituency 1918–present[edit]

Year Member[6] Party
Dover division of Kent
1918 Viscount Duncannon Coalition Conservative
1921 Sir Thomas Polson Independent Parliamentary Group
1922 John Jacob Astor Conservative
1945 John Thomas Labour
1950 John Arbuthnot Conservative
1964 David Ennals Labour
1970 Peter Rees Conservative
Dover and Deal County Constituency
1974 Peter Rees Conservative
Dover County Constituency
1983 Peter Rees Conservative
1987 David Shaw Conservative
1997 Gwyn Prosser Labour
2010 Charlie Elphicke Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Dover[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charlie Elphicke
Labour Clair Hawkins[12]
UKIP David Little[13]
Liberal Democrat Sarah Smith[14]
Green Joylon Trimingham
General Election 2010: Dover[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charlie Elphicke 22,174 44.0 +9.1
Labour Gwyn Prosser 16,900 33.5 -11.8
Liberal Democrat John Brigden 7,962 15.8 +0.0
UKIP Victor Matcham 1,747 3.5 +0.8
BNP Dennis Whiting 1,104 2.2 N/A
English Democrats Mike Walters 216 0.4 N/A
Christian Peoples David Clark 200 0.4 N/A
Independent George Lee-Delisle 82 0.2 N/A
Majority 5,274 10.5
Turnout 50,385 70.1 +2.8
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +10.4

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Dover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gwyn Prosser 21,680 45.3 -3.5
Conservative Paul Watkins 16,739 35.0 -2.2
Liberal Democrat Antony Hook 7,607 15.9 +4.5
UKIP Mike Wiltshire 1,252 2.6 +0.1
Independent Victor Matcham 606 1.3 +1.3
Majority 4,941 10.3
Turnout 47,884 67.6 2.5
Labour hold Swing -0.6
General Election 2001: Dover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gwyn Prosser 21,943 48.8 -5.7
Conservative Paul Watkins 16,744 37.2 +4.4
Liberal Democrat Antony Hook 5,131 11.4 +3.5
UKIP Lee Speakman 1,142 2.5 +1.7
Majority 5,199 11.6
Turnout 44,960 65.1 -13.7
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Dover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gwyn Prosser 29,535 54.5
Conservative David Shaw 17,796 32.8
Liberal Democrat Mark B. Corney 4,302 7.9
Referendum Party Mrs. Susan L. Anderson 2,124 3.9
UKIP C Hyde 443 0.8
Majority 11,739 21.7
Turnout 78.9
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1992: Dover[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Shaw 25,395 44.1 −1.9
Labour Gwyn Prosser 24,562 42.6 +8.5
Liberal Democrat MJ Sole 6,212 10.8 −9.1
Green ACW Sullivan 637 1.1 N/A
Independent Conservative PW Sherred 407 0.7 N/A
Independent Conservative BJ Philp 250 0.4 N/A
Natural Law CF Percy 127 0.2 N/A
Majority 833 1.4 −10.4
Turnout 57,590 83.5 +3.7
Conservative hold Swing −5.2

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Dover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Shaw 25,343 46.01
Labour SSEW Love 18,802 34.13
Social Democratic G Nice 10,942 19.86
Majority 6,541 11.87
Turnout 79.84
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Dover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Rees 25,454 48.31
Labour SSEW Love 16,234 30.81
Social Democratic G Nice 10,601 20.12
Ecology M Potter 404 0.77
Majority 9,220 17.50
Turnout 77.58
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Dover and Deal
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Rees 30,606 50.01
Labour JL Chapman 22,664 37.04
Liberal J Cohen 6,906 11.29
Silly Party J Fox 642 1.05
National Front P Johnson 378 0.62
Majority 7,942 12.98
Turnout 80.65
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Dover and Deal
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Rees 25,647 43.63
Labour LJA Bishop 23,353 39.74
Liberal RS Young 9,767 16.63
Majority 2,294 3.90
Turnout 78.67
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Dover and Deal
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Rees 27,033 43.11
Labour LJA Bishop 22,183 35.37
Liberal RS Young 12,832 20.46
Independent Social Democrat W Stone 661 1.05
Majority 4,850 7.73
Turnout 84.69
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Dover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Rees 30,103 51.41
Labour David Ennals 28,454 48.59
Majority 1,649 2.82
Turnout 80.58
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Dover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Ennals 27,256 49.31
Conservative TCG Stacey 24,040 43.49
Liberal Bernard W Budd 3,981 7.20
Majority 3,216 5.82
Turnout 84.18
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Dover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Ennals 24,115 44.94
Conservative John Arbuthnot 23,697 44.17
Liberal Bernard W Budd 5,843 10.89
Majority 418 0.78
Turnout 82.70
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Dover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Arbuthnot 27,939 53.08
Labour HW Lee 24,698 46.92
Majority 3,241 6.16
Turnout 82.88
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Dover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Arbuthnot 27,316 52.92
Labour HW Lee 24,298 47.08
Majority 3,018 5.85
Turnout 81.84
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Dover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Arbuthnot 28,511 53.29
Labour WJ Owen 24,995 46.71
Majority 3,516 6.57
Turnout 85.74
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Dover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Arbuthnot 25,640 49.01
Labour WJ Owen 23,331 44.59
Liberal Basil E Goldstone 2,873 5.49
Communist R Morrison 474 0.91
Majority 2,309 4.41
Turnout 85.77
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Dover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Thomas 17,373 52.54
Conservative John Arbuthnot 15,691 47.46
Majority 1,682 5.09
Turnout 73.29
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Dover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Jacob Astor 25,884 63.96
Labour WH Bennett 14,588 36.04
Majority 11,296 27.91
Turnout 69.56
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Dover
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Jacob Astor 29,743 75.25
Labour W Moore 9,781 24.75
Majority 19,962 50.51
Turnout 73.05
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  5. ^ Dictionary of National Biography, later editions, and Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
  6. ^ a b c d Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  7. ^ On petition Spragge's election was declared void
  8. ^ Created Baron Aylmer (in the Peerage of Ireland), 1718
  9. ^ Knighted 1761
  10. ^ Thomson was re-elected in 1832 but had also been elected for Manchester, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for Dover
  11. ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/2015guide/dover/
  12. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/dover-2015.html
  13. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/dover-2015.html
  14. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/dover-2015.html
  15. ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/guide/seat-profiles/dover
  16. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

Sources[edit]

  • Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [1]
  • The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949 (Glasgow: Political Reference Publications, 1969)