Dow Corning

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Dow Corning Corp.
Joint Venture
Industry Manufacturing
Founded 1943
Headquarters Midland, Michigan
Key people
Robert Hansen, CEO & President
Products Speciality Chemicals, silicon derived polymers
Revenue $6.12 billion (2012)[1]
Number of employees
12,000 [2]
Slogan We Help You Invent the Future
Website www.dowcorning.com

Dow Corning is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan, USA, and is an equally owned joint venture of Dow Chemical and Corning formed in 1943. Dow Corning specializes in silicone and silicon-based technology, and is the largest silicone product producer in the world.[3]

History[edit]

Dow Corning was formally established in in 1943 to explore the potential of silicone and was a manufacturer of products for use by the U.S. military in World War II. The company began operating its first plant, in Midland, MI, in 1945. Dr. E. C. Sullivan was named president, and Dr. William R. Collings was named general manager in 1943. Dr. Collings later became president from 1954 until 1962.[4] It expanded into Canada and Europe in 1948, and into South America and Japan in 1961.[4]

A large, majority-owned subsidiary of Dow Corning Corporation is the Hemlock Semiconductor Corporation.[3] It is one of the world's largest producers of high-purity polycrystalline silicon, which is sold in varying purity grades for use in both semiconductor silicon wafer manufacture and photovoltaics applications as solar cells.[4]

In 2002, the company created the Xiameter brand as an online-only distributor. As of 2011, Xiameter offers 2,100 of Dow Corning’s 7,000 products

On November 13, 2014, Dow Chemical's CEO Andrew N. Liveris revealed in a presentation to investors that Corning Incorporated intended to exit the joint venture of 71 years, citing other priorities.[5]

Products[edit]

Dow Corning markets over 7000 products include various sealants, adhesives, rubbers, lubricants, silicon oils and solvents. Around 2,100 of these are available through the online-only distributor Xiameter, including fluids, gels, resins. The range of industries targeted by Dow Corning products spans from electronics and automotive to construction, healthcare and others. In recent years, the company has expanded production of solar cells, particularly through its majority stake in Hemlock, which accounts for a polysilicon franchise worth over $1 billion.[6] In 2011, then-CTO Gregg Zank explained that the company tries to focus its product development on societal “megatrends” (e.g. energy scarcity and urbanization).[7]

Breast implants[edit]

Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, class-action lawsuits[8] claimed that Dow Corning's silicone breast implants caused systemic health problems. The claims first centered around breast cancer and then migrated to a range of autoimmune diseases, including lupus, rheumatoid arthritis and various neurological problems. This led to numerous lawsuits beginning in 1984 and culminating in a 1998 multibillion-dollar class action settlement. As a result, Dow Corning was in bankruptcy protection for nine years, ending in June 2004[9] during which time it largely withdrew from clinical markets.[10]

A number of large, independent reviews of the scientific literature, including the Institute of Medicine in the United States, have subsequently found that silicone breast implants do not cause breast cancers or any identifiable systemic disease.[11][12][13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dow Corning fast facts (June 13, 2013)
  2. ^ "Five things to know about Michigan-based Dow Corning Corp.". 
  3. ^ a b Robert Westervelt (June 24, 2011). "Dow Corning". Chemical Week. Retrieved 2015-02-10. Dow Corning, a 50–50 jv between Dow Chemical and Corning, is the world’s largest silicones producer and has a controlling 62.5% stake in Hemlock Semiconductor (Hemlock, MI), the world’s leading producer of polysilicon used in semiconductor and solar wafer production. ... 
  4. ^ a b c "Michigan-based Dow Corning: Timeline of a global success story". Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  5. ^ "Dow Says Corning Wants to Exit 71-Year-Old Venture". bloomberg.com. bloomberg.com. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  6. ^ "Dow Corning: Solar, Sustainability Drive Turnaround". IHS Chemical Week Magazine. Retrieved 14 May 2015. 
  7. ^ "Innovation in chemicals: An interview with Dow Corning’s CEO and CTO". McKinsey’s & Company. Retrieved 14 May 2015. 
  8. ^ independent.co.uk – $2.4bn breast-implant offer, 1997-08-26
  9. ^ Reisch, M. (2004). "Out of the Woods". Chemical & Engineering News 82 (15): 5. doi:10.1021/cen-v082n015.p005.  edit
  10. ^ Reisch, M. S. (1993). "Dow Corning Moving Back on Track Following Breast Implant Controversy". Chemical & Engineering News 71 (2): 13. doi:10.1021/cen-v071n002.p013.  edit
  11. ^ Gina Kolata (June 21, 1999). "Panel Confirms No Major Illness Tied to Implants". New York Times. Retrieved 2015-02-10. An independent panel of 13 scientists convened by the Institute of Medicine at the request of Congress has concluded that silicone breast implants do not cause any major diseases. 
  12. ^ Chronology of silicone breast implants. Frontline
  13. ^ Colas, André; Curtis, Jim (2004). Biomaterials Science, Second Edition: An Introduction to Materials in Medicine (PDF). Elsevier, Academic Press. ISBN 978-0-12-582463-7. 

External links[edit]