Downtown Crossing (MBTA station)
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A southbound Orange Line train at Downtown Crossing
|Address||Corner of Summer and Washington or Chauncy Streets
|Platforms||2 side platforms (on each level)|
|Tracks||2 (on each underground level)|
|Opened||November 30, 1908 (Orange Line)
April 4, 1915 (Red Line)
July 24, 2002 (Silver Line)
|Owned by||Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority|
|Formerly||Washington (Red Line)
Winter–Summer (Orange Line)
|Passengers (2009)||22,880 (weekday average boardings)|
Downtown Crossing station of the MBTA is located between the corner of Washington Street and Summer Street, and the corner of Chauncy Street and Summer Street in Boston. It is the main transfer point between the Orange Line and the Red Line, and is named after Downtown Crossing, the shopping area above the station. It is the busiest station in the MBTA network, with an average of 22,880 entries each weekday in 2010.
The current, upper-level Orange Line station was opened on November 30, 1908, along with the rest of the Washington Street Tunnel. Originally, the northbound and southbound platforms had different names; the northbound was named "Summer" and the southbound was named "Winter". The lower level Red Line platforms were added in 1915, and were originally named "Washington".
In order to simplify system maps and decrease confusion, the MBTA renamed the entire station (both Orange and Red Line levels) as "Washington" in 1967. In 1985, the name was changed again, to "Downtown Crossing". Originally, the Orange Line level had an underground concourse with several direct access points to basement entrances of various stores in the district, such as Jordan Marsh (now Macy's) and the former Filene's department store. Both levels of the station were substantially renovated and accessibility was improved in the mid-1980s.
In 1979, the Winter Street Concourse was opened, connecting the upper level of Downtown Crossing station to the upper level of Park Street station two blocks away, utilizing an existing but previously unfinished tunnel.
- Street level connection to the Phase I Silver Line to Dudley
- Street level boarding for local and express buses
- Winter Street Concourse to Park Street, for connection to the Green Line.
- Downtown Crossing Station is fully wheelchair accessible.
A number of MBTA bus routes have Downtown Crossing station as their downtown terminus. These include routes running to Charlestown and the North Shore region as well as express buses which run via the Massachusetts Turnpike.
- 7 City Point - Otis & Summer Streets via Summer Street & South Station
- 11 City Point - Downtown BayView Route
- 92 Assembly Square Marketplace - Downtown via Sullivan Square Station & Haymarket Station
- 93 Sullivan Square Station - Downtown via Haymarket Station
- 448 Marblehead - Downtown Crossing via Paradise Road & Logan Airport Terminal C
- 449 Marblehead - Downtown Crossing via Humphrey Street & Logan Airport Terminal C
- 459 Salem Depot - Downtown via Central Square, Lynn & Logan Airport Terminal C
- 501 Brighton Center - Downtown Boston via Mass Pike
- 504 Watertown Yard or Newton Corner - Downtown via Mass Pike
- 505 Central Square, Waltham - Downtown Boston via Moody Street
- 553 Roberts - Downtown Boston via Newton Corner & Central Square, Waltham
- 554 Waverly Square - Downtown Boston via Newton Corner, Central Square, Waltham & Bentley College
- 556 Waltham Highlands - Downtown Boston via Newton Corner & Central Square, Waltham & Newtonville
- 558 Riverside - Downtown Boston via Newton Corner & Turnpike
All platforms are accessible by elevator. The surface entrance is through the lobby entrance to the 101 Arch Street Building, on Summer Street between Washington Street and Chauncy Street. After business hours, an attendant must be buzzed on an intercom to unlock the door. Signs indicate the way to the elevator down to the fare mezzanine level. There is a similar secured door on the mezzanine level in the middle of the platform, between the fare gate entrance to Orange Line northbound and the Chauncy Street fare gates.
Beyond the Chauncy Street fare gates are two elevators:
There is an elevator between a kiosk on the triangle formed when Franklin Street was relocated to meet Bromfield Street at Washington Street, and the fare gate entrance at the front of the Orange Line northbound platform. The bus stop for destinations north of the station is across Franklin Street.
There is an elevator between Washington Street and the fare gate entrance at the rear of the Orange Line southbound platform.
There is an elevator between the rear of the Orange Line northbound platform and rear of the Outbound (Ashmont/Braintree) Red Line platform.
The Orange Line southbound platform is accessed through the Winter Street Concourse from Park Street station.
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