Downtown Gary

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Downtown Gary
Neighborhood
City Hall and the Lake County Superior Courthouse
City Hall and the Lake County Superior Courthouse
Location within the city of Gary
Location within the city of Gary
Coordinates: 41°36′14″N 87°20′14″W / 41.6039°N 87.33717°W / 41.6039; -87.33717Coordinates: 41°36′14″N 87°20′14″W / 41.6039°N 87.33717°W / 41.6039; -87.33717
Country  United States
State  Indiana
County Lake County
City Gary
Founded 1906
Population (2000)[1]
 • Total 8,042
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 46402
Area code(s) 219

Downtown Gary is split by Broadway into two separate neighborhoods in north-central Gary, Indiana. Emerson and Downtown West combine to form what is known as Downtown Gary. It was part of the original plat built by the United States Steel Corporation. It is located East of Grant Street, south of the Grand Calumet River, north of 9th Avenue and west of Interstate 65. Downtown West borders Ambridge Mann to the west and Midtown to the south,[2] but it is separated from the Aetna and Pulaski neighborhoods to the east and south by an industrial corridor.[2]

Governmental[edit]

Gary City Hall and Lake County Superior Courthouse are located at the north end of Downtown Gary. The two domed structures stand across Broadway from each other along 4th Avenue. Further south along Broadway are the Indiana Department of Social Services building and the Gary Housing Authority offices. Along 5th Avenue are the Calumet Township Trustee’s office, the Gary Police Department, and the main branch of the Gary Public Library.

Commercial[edit]

Much of the commercial property along Broadway and Washington Street is now vacant. There is some new development along 5th Avenue. A large area of the downtown neighborhood (including City Methodist) was devastated by fire on October 12, 1997.[3][4] The Genesis Convention Center was built in 1981 in a failed effort to stimulate a rebirth of the downtown. It is located along Broadway and 5th Avenue. It formerly hosted professional basketball, but now hosts only events and concerts. In 2001 the U.S. Steel Yard baseball stadium was built in another effort to stimulate development. Built on what was once a fairly blighted section of housing, its construction was highly controversial. However, it has proven somewhat successful drawing fans from surrounding communities.[5] In September 2009, the one millionth fan walked into the U.S. Steel Yard.[6]

Residential[edit]

The Downtown neighborhood suffers from extensive vacant lots and abandoned buildings.[7] As of 2000, Downtown Gary had a population of 8,042.[1] About 38% of the housing stock is owner-occupied.[8] However, there were 44 new housing units built between 5th and 6th Avenue east of Broadway.[9] A new 123-unit mixed-income apartment development was also built using a HUD Hope VI grant in 2006 just west of Broadway.[10]

Transportation[edit]

The neighborhood is served by the Indiana Toll Road directly to its north, which has exits at Broadway, Grant Street, and 5th Avenue, by Interstate 65 to the east, which has an exit on 5th Avenue, and by US 12/20 also to the north. The Adam Benjamin Metro Center is located just north of 4th Avenue. It is operated by the Gary Public Transportation Corporation and acts as a multimodal hub.[11] Public transportation is provided by the buses of the Gary Public Transportation Corporation, which run along Broadway and 5th Avenue.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b City of Gary 2008, p. 142,145.
  2. ^ a b City of Gary 2008, p. 134.
  3. ^ "Indiana Historic Architecture Editorials". Preserveindiana.com. Retrieved 2012-04-25. 
  4. ^ "Blaze Hits Downtown Gary". Chicago Tribune. October 13, 1997. Retrieved 24 April 2012. 
  5. ^ City of Gary 2008, p. 146.
  6. ^ Steinberg, Neil (2009-09-13). "Gary shows signs of hope, revival". Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
  7. ^ City of Gary 2008, p. 143.
  8. ^ City of Gary 2008, p. 143,145.
  9. ^ City of Gary 2008, p. 145.
  10. ^ FindTheData. "Horace Mann Hope Vi Development Low Income Housing Tax Credits". Retrieved 2013-05-01. 
  11. ^ City of Gary 2008, p. 141.