Downtown Las Vegas
Downtown Las Vegas is the central business district of Las Vegas, Nevada. It is the original townsite and gambling district of Las Vegas, prior to the Strip, and the area still incorporates downtown gaming. As the urban core of the Las Vegas Valley, it features a variety of hotel and business skyscrapers, cultural centers, historical buildings, and government institutions as well as residential and retail developments. Downtown is located in the center of the Las Vegas Valley and just north of the Las Vegas Strip, centered around Fremont Street, the Fremont Street Experience and Fremont East.
The first non native americans to settle in the area what would become Las Vegas were a group of Mormons who arrived from Utah in 1855. They constructed a fort located in the current downtown area but would abandon it a few years later. Eventually, other settlers would continue to arrive, taking advantage of the nearby springs as a source of water for agriculture. This water made the area an important water stop and was instrumental in the building of a railroad through the area around 1905. On May 15, 1905 , the city of Las Vegas was founded on about 110 acres of land comprising what is now downtown.
Neighborhoods and attractions 
Fremont Street Casino District 
Fremont Street is home to most of downtown's hotels and casinos. These are the original casinos of Las Vegas and existed before the more famous Las Vegas Strip. Featuring several historical hotel casinos in a more urban setting, it offers a more intimate and vintage experience compared to that of the Strip. The Fremont Street Experience is a canopied street of the downtown area where casinos have been connected to the street and to each other in a unique visual manner. With more than 2 million lights and a state-of-the-art sound system, the Fremont Street Experience brings nightly shows through the world's largest audio-video system. The $70 million attraction features the ultimate in multisensory entertainment. It also brings a variety of exciting special events, cuisine, special entertainment and live concerts throughout the year.
Fremont East District 
The property and business owners have been working to redevelop Fremont Street just east of the Fremont Street Experience. In 2002, the city of Las Vegas Redevelopment Agency joined with Fremont East property and business owners to create a business improvement district as well as pay for a $5.5 million streetscape improvement called Fremont East. It features an eclectic mix of bars, clubs and restaurants. Centered around Las Vegas Boulevard on Fremont Street, this three-block renovation included pedestrian-friendly street redesign, landscaping and retro-looking neon signage.
The Arts District 
Also called the 18b Arts District, this area is home to the city's arts scene with its mix of art galleries, studios and stores. Centered around Main Street and Charleston Boulevard, the area hosts the popular First Friday Festival every month featuring art, food, music and other performances.
Symphony Park 
Symphony Park is a mixed use urban district being built on the vacant land to the west of Fremont Street. It will eventually feature a mix of retail, medical, hotel, and residential developments. The city of Las Vegas is undertaking the development on 61 acres (25 ha) located on land purchased from the Union Pacific Railroad. The city acquired the land in 1995. The Symphony Park development will be one of the largest urban redevelopment projects in the United States. This is a major project for the Las Vegas Redevelopment Agency and the city.
Financial District 
Centered around Bonneville Avenue and Casino Center Boulevard, most of this area is filled with office and government buildings. As several court buildings are located here, there are many justice related businesses such as law firms. The financial district is also home to the Las Vegas City Hall building, the Lloyd D. George U.S. Courthouse, and several bank buildings, including Bank of America. The Clark County Marriage Bureau is also located here at the Regional Justice Center.
Art and Culture 
Downtown is a hub for arts and culture in the Metro area. The main venue for performing arts is the $470 million Art Deco inspired Smith Center for the Performing Arts. A number of neon signs from former Las Vegas casinos have been restored and installed on a few streets around downtown. A famous icon of downtown Las Vegas is the Vegas Vic sign. The downtown area also hosts a number of museums.
- Smith Center for the Performing Arts
- Lied Discovery Children's Museum
- Mob Museum
- Neon Museum
- Las Vegas Natural History Museum
Several buildings of architectural significance exist downtown, although being founded in 1905, Las Vegas lacks the amount of historical buildings of more older cities. The Historic 5th Street School built in 1936 is a Mission/Spanish Revival style and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Also listed is the Las Vegas Post Office and Courthouse, one of the few historical Neo-classical buildings in the city. Built in 1930, the Las Vegas Academy of International Studies and Performing Arts is the city's best example of Art Deco architecture. Morelli House built in 1959 is a notable Mid Century modern design. The old City Hall is a notable example 1960s modern architecture.
As Las Vegas boomed, more recent buildings tended to take inspiration from a variety of styles. The Clark County Government Center has an red sandstone exterior invoking a desert motif. The recent Smith Center for the Performing Arts built in 2012 is a more modern example of Art Deco design. In 2009 renowned architect Frank Gehry designed the iconic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health building in deconstructivist style.
- Donald W. Reynolds Symphony Park
- Lewis Avenue Pedestrian Corridor
- Heritage Park
- Old Las Vegas Mormon Fort State Historic Park
- Clark County Government Center Amphitheater
- Cashman Field Center
Downtown serves as a main center for government services in the Las Vegas Valley. The governments of the City of Las Vegas and Clark County are located here as well as the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department and several courts.
Two major freeways—Interstate 15 and Interstate 515/U.S. Route 95—cross in downtown Las Vegas. RTC Transit is a public transportation system providing bus service throughout Las Vegas, including the downtown area.
A bus rapid transit link in Las Vegas called the Strip & Downtown Express (previously ACE Gold Line) with limited stops and frequent service was launched in March 2010, and connects Downtown Las Vegas, the Strip, the Las Vegas Convention Center, and Town Square. It stops at the Bonneville Transit Center. Completed in 2012, the transit terminal serves as a central transfer point for downtown and features 16 vehicle bays for buses and 100 bike racks.
The downtown area is primarily been based on tourism, as is the case in the greater Las Vegas Valley. Although the smaller downtown casinos earn revenues that pale in comparison to the mega resorts of the Las Vegas Strip further south. As of 2012, there have been ongoing renovations of several downtown resorts such as The Plaza, Golden Gate Hotel, and Golden Nugget.
There does exist some corporate offices as well as a World Market Center for trade shows and conventions. Recently, the opening of the Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health and the arrival of the new Zappos headquarters downtown has started to attract new medical and technology oriented businesses to the area.
The downtown area in recent years has played second fiddle to the larger and more famous Las Vegas Strip, which is located a few miles to the south. The city has been working on revitalization efforts to entice more visitors and residents to the downtown area.
World Market Center Las Vegas is another project on which the city concentrated its efforts. In 2002, WMCLV was announced on a lot adjacent to the city of Las Vegas' redevelopment parcel, as an eight-building complex offering 7,500,000 square feet (700,000 m2) in a facility designed by Jon Jerde. Three of the buildings opened in 2011.
The mayor and city have supported efforts to have a sports arena built downtown. In 2009 an exclusive negotiation agreement was signed with developer Cordish Co. of Baltimore to study the feasibility of such a project but nothing has been finalized yet.
In addition, an agreement was finalized for the tech company Zappos to move into the old Las Vegas City Hall to use as its new headquarters by 2013. It is hoped the deal will give the downtown area a new economic anchor to attract new businesses and help revitalize the area.
Film and media history 
- The 1971 James Bond film Diamonds Are Forever featured a chase scene in which James Bond, running from Las Vegas police, side-rolls a car through an alley exiting onto Fremont Street.
- The 1987 music video for the song "I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For" by U2 was filmed on Fremont Street and featured the band members wandering around, while The Edge played an acoustic guitar.
- 1998's Very Bad Things featured Fremont Street in the movie.
- 1992's Honey, I Blew Up the Kid prominently featured Fremont Street in the movie.
- 1992's Cool World showed all the animation coming out of the Plaza hotel and going down Fremont Street.
- In 1994, Glitter Gulch was featured prominently in the TV Miniseries The Stand.
- The 1997 comedy Vegas Vacation includes a few scenes on Fremont Street.
- In the 2004 movie Dodgeball: A True Underdog Story, Steve the Pirate is seen along the Plaza near the Fremont Street Experience.
- In a 2005 release, Panic! at the Disco released a song about cheap motels on Fremont Street called "Build God, Then We'll Talk."
- The 2007 film Next, has Nicolas Cage's character entering the Golden Nugget from the Fremont Street Experience.
- Ice Cube's music video for "Chrome and Paint" took place on Fremont Street, with Ice Cube in a lowrider.
- In the video game, Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six: Vegas, Logan Keller, and his teammates Jung and Michael, infiltrate Fremont Street to find a news van, which they find by going through the maintenance tunnels under the "Stocco Casino."
- Heavily referenced in the Tom Waits song "Mr. Siegal."
- Featured at the beginning of the TV Series CSI season 7 finale episode 24.
- Featured in the opening credits of the TV series Vega$.
- Magician & illusionist Criss Angel has done many demonstrations and TV specials there.
- In Fallout: New Vegas New Vegas (Las Vegas, Nevada) downtown is called Freeside on Fremont Street.
- The reality television series Pawn Stars is filmed at the Gold & Silver Pawn Shop located on Las Vegas Boulevard, which features other prominent members of the downtown community, most notably Jesse Amoroso from Cowtown Guitars who appears as a reoccurring guitar expert on the show.
- Las Vegas Sun, New district is all about old Las Vegas
- "PHOTOS: Fremont East Gets Glamour Treatment". Las Vegas Review-Journal. 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2007-08-27.
- "Third Street has potential to be night life magnet". Las Vegas Review-Journal. 2004-09-18. Retrieved 2007-08-27.
- The Fremont Street Experience
- Symphony Park Las Vegas
- Downtown Las Vegas Revitalization
- First Friday Las Vegas
- Zappos Downtown Revitalization Project