Downtown San Antonio
|Downtown San Antonio|
Downtown San Antonio is the central business district of San Antonio, Texas, United States of America. It also serves as the urban core of Greater San Antonio, a metropolitan area with over two million people.
In addition to being encircled by Loops 1604 and 410, Downtown San Antonio is encircled by three Interstate freeways: I-35, I-37, and I-10. Together, the three highways create a rectangular route around the city's urban core: I-35 to the north and west, I-37 to the east, and I-10 to the south. The rectangular loop has a nine-mile circumference and is known as the "Downtown Loop" or "Central Loop."
Downtown is home to many districts including the Alamo District, Alamodome District, Central Business District, Convention Center District, Historic Civic District, Houston Street District, Lavaca District, La Villita District, Market Square District, North Downtown, River North District, San Antonio CO-OP district, River Bend District, King William Historic District, South Flores Warehouse District, SoSo (South of Southtown), Southtown Arts District, Eastbourough, and the University District. The northwestern corner of Downtown is the Medical District.
The Central Business District is home to Rivercenter Mall, anchored by a Macy's, an IMAX theater, and formerly Dillard's. The five-level Art Deco Dillard's, at the corner of Alamo and Commerce streets, opened in 1887 as Joske's. Joske's flagship store was 551,000 square feet (51,200 m2) in floor space until Dillard's bought the Joske's chain in 1987. In August 2008, Dillard's moved out of the historic building as a part of a redevelopment plan for Rivercenter Mall. The Rivercenter Mall was built around St. Joseph Catholic Church after the church refused to move.
Many people travel to visit the Alamo Plaza Historic District, which houses the famous Alamo. Attractions such as the river walk are home to many of the festivities throughout the year including NIOSA A Night in Old San Antonio which celebrates Fiesta, Cinco de Mayo, and numerous parades such as celebrations for their home NBA team the Spurs, Christmas parades and much more.
On the southeastern part of Downtown is the Alamodome, a 65,000 seat arena that hosts many types of events, primarily conventions and football games.
While many companies based in San Antonio are based in other parts of the city, particularly the Northwest Side and Uptown, there are companies based in Downtown San Antonio, such as H-E-B, Eye Care Centers of America, Bromley Originate Change, and Kell Muñoz Architects.
Government and infrastructure
The San Antonio Fire Department (SAFD), the city's fire protection and EMS service, is also based in Downtown.
The San Antonio Post Office and Courthouse, located at 615 East Houston Street, functions as a United States Postal Service post office and as a regional office for federal agencies. In 2009, $61 million were allocated to renovate the Post Office and Courthouse as a part of federal stimulus spending. The six story, neoclassical, Beaux-Arts building opened in 1937.
VIA Metropolitan Transit operates an Information Center at 211 W. Commerce Street, its Main Administrative Office at 800 W. Myrtle, and a Park and Ride with an Information Center at Ellis Alley. It also owns Sunset Station, the city's Amtrak train station. VIA is constructing a new transit facility, the Westside Multimodal Transit Center, in the Cattleman Square District, or the West End, of Downtown San Antonio.
Since Downtown is located at the City's geographical center, Interstate Highways 10, 35, and 37 combine to form a Downtown Circulator, which completely surrounds Downtown San Antonio. IH35 borders Downtown S.A. to the north and west, IH10 to the south and west (overlaps with IH35), and IH37 along the east end.
Primary and secondary schools
Austin Academy, a PreK-8 school, is northwest of Downtown and serves parts of northern Downtown. Bonham Elementary School, an elementary school which will become PreK-8 by 2009, is south of Downtown and serves southern Downtown. Bowden Elementary School, east of Downtown, serves parts of northern Downtown.
Northern Downtown is in the attendance zone of Fox Tech High School in Downtown, while southern parts are zoned to Brackenridge High School, south of Downtown. Navarro High School, a magnet school, is adjacent to Downtown.
Colleges and universities
The University of Texas at San Antonio has its Downtown and HemisFair Park Campuses in Downtown. Trinity University is a private, primarily undergraduate, liberal arts college in midtown San Antonio, approximately 5 miles due north of the downtown area.
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