||This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2013)|
|Original author(s)||Ian Murdock|
|Developer(s)||The dpkg team|
|Stable release||18.104.22.168 / September 7, 2012|
|Preview release||1.16.10 / March 8, 2013|
|Written in||C, C++, Perl|
|Operating system||Unix-like, POSIX|
|Type||Package management system|
|License||GNU General Public License|
dpkg itself is a low level tool; higher level tools, such as APT, are used to fetch packages from remote locations or deal with complex package relations. Tools like aptitude or synaptic are more commonly used than
dpkg on its own, as they have a more sophisticated way of dealing with package relationships and a friendlier interface.
The Debian package "dpkg" provides the
dpkg program, as well as several other programs necessary for run-time functioning of the packaging system, including
update-alternatives. It also includes the programs such as start-stop-daemon and install-info, and the latter is kept mostly due to backwards compatibility (it is developed and distributed separately nowadays). The Debian package "dpkg-dev" includes the numerous build tools described below.
dpkg was originally created by Matt Welsh, Carl Streeter and Ian Murdock, first as a Perl program, and then later the main part was rewritten in C by Ian Jackson in 1993. The name dpkg was originally the short for "Debian package", but the meaning of that phrase has evolved significantly, as dpkg the software is orthogonal to the deb package format as well as the Debian Policy which defines how Debian packages behave.
To install a .deb package:
dpkg -i debFileName
where debFileName is the name of the Debian software package.
The list of installed packages can be obtained with:
dpkg -l [optional pattern]
To remove an installed package:
dpkg -r packagename
dpkg-dev contains a series of development tools required to unpack, build and upload Debian source packages. These include:
- dpkg-source packs and unpacks the source files of a Debian package.
- dpkg-gencontrol reads the information from an unpacked Debian tree source and generates a binary package control package, creating an entry for this in Debian/files.
- dpkg-shlibdeps calculates the dependencies of runs with respect to libraries.
- dpkg-genchanges reads the information from an unpacked Debian tree source that once constructed creates a control file (.changes).
- dpkg-buildpackage is a control script that can be used to construct the package automatically.
- dpkg-distaddfile adds a file input to debian/files.
- dpkg-parsechangelog reads the changes file (changelog) of an unpacked Debian tree source and creates a conveniently prepared output with the information for those changes.
- dpkg-reconfigure reconfigures a package
- Advanced Packaging Tool
- alien (software)
- Debian build toolchain
- dpkg is similar to RPM.
- opkg is a dpkg-inspired package management system for storage-constrained Linux installations.