Today the name Dr. Fritz (given name Adolph Friedrich) is the designation of a spiritual entity, which according to religious belief, incorporates into mediums to perform treatments . He became known worldwide through the mediumship of José Pedro de Freitas (José Arigó), from the end of the 1950s, in Brazil. Several mediums across the country and in Europe said that they manifested the spirit of Dr. Fritz. Born in 1853 (another source says it was in 1876), he made his living as a Medical Doctor and surgeon and assisted the German troops during World War I. According to reports he died before the end of the war from a grenade injury while trying to rescue an injured soldier. He was 65 years (according to other sources he died at the age of 42) old when he died in 1918.
In the 1950s, psychic surgeon Zé Arigó (1918–1971) claimed to be operating as a channel for the spirit of a Dr. Adolf Fritz, a German doctor who had died in World War I. Arigó became famous in Brazil and abroad, and was the subject of documentaries and books. Soon after predicting his own death, he died in an automobile accident.
After Arigó's death in a car accident, two brothers, Oscar and Edivaldo Wilde, claimed to channel the spirit of Dr. Fritz. Their careers were cut short when both died in violent car crashes. More recently medium Aran (given name Kléber) also channels Dr. Fritz.
Following them was Edson Queiroz, a gynecologist. Queiroz treated hundreds of thousands of patients in the guise of Dr. Fritz, while further advancing the techniques of Arigó. He, too, met a violent death at the hand of a knife-wielding assailant.
Several other mediums have been reportedly able to channel Dr. Frtiz' spirit. Most times operations are performed with the tip of the finger, no physical incision necessary, even though in some cases a light scar of the incision as well as of the stitches can be shortly seen. When asked about the improbability of the same spirit being channeled by more than one medium at the same time, some entities have indicated that the spirit does not follow the same rules of time and space that we do and, therefore, wields such an ability.
In a mediunic interview, channeled by Arigó, the spirit of Dr. Fritz said that he had been born in Munich. His father suffered from asthma and a doctor recommended that he move to a place with a better climate, so the family moved to Poland when the boy was only four years old. Forced to work when he was young because of his parent's premature death, Fritz studied medicine on his own. One month before graduating, a general came into his office with his daughter in his arms, and despite his efforts, Fritz could not save her. The officer accused Fritz of her death and had him put in jail, where he suffered all sorts of tortures. He escaped from the jail and fled to Estonia, where he lived from 1914 until his death in 1918.
Exhaustive research has found no mention of a doctor with any of those names in German records. Followers of Arigó have retorted that the name provided by the spirit, as well as the German-like accent of his channels, were probably faked by Dr. Fritz himself, in order to preserve his true identity. Skeptics insist that the psychic surgeons themselves have invented the entity. (one Editor's note: from my recent experience with Dr Fritz's spirit now incorporating also in the medium Aran, he clearly identifies people from Germany even when they speak Portuguese as native Brazilians do. In this case he spontaneously starts speaking German (in one specific case a Brazilian born but German descendent TV reporter was (jockingly) called "false German" by him. Certainly she didn’t react to his German words because she was on duty for a Brazilian TV station. This program can be seen on YT its title there is: "A Liga [HD] 03-06-2014 Cirurgias Espirituais, Igreja dos Metaleiros [Completo]". Although authoritative he is loving towards all persons, and according to the medium Aran its purpose is not only healing the body but recovering the patient's damaged self-esteem).
- Lyn Halper Adventures of a Suburban Mystic: A True Story of Spiritual Transformation and Supernatural Encounters Trafford Publishing, 2001
- William Moreira Dr. Fritz the Phenomenon of the Millenium iUniverse, 2001
- Franz Höllinger Religiöse Kultur in Brasilien: zwischen traditionellem Volksglauben und modernen Erweckungsbewegungen Campus Verlag, 2007