Laura Schlessinger

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Laura Schlessinger
DrLauraSchlessingerByPhilKonstantin.jpg
Schlessinger in 2007
Born Laura Catherine Schlessinger
(1947-01-16) January 16, 1947 (age 67)
Brooklyn, New York, United States
Residence Southern California
Other names Dr. Laura
Ethnicity Jewish (father), Italian (mother);[1][2] (Schlessinger formally converted to Judaism)
Citizenship American
Education Physiologist, Marriage and Family Therapist
Alma mater Stony Brook University, B.S.
Columbia University, Ph.D
Occupation Radio talk show host
Years active 16 years in national syndication[3]
Known for Advice on relationships, moral and ethical issues
Religion Judaism
Spouse(s) Michael F. Rudolph, (m. 1972, div. 1977)
Lewis G. Bishop (m. 1985)
Children Deryk Schlessinger (b. 1985)
Parents Monty (d. 1990, cancer)[2]
Yolanda (d. 2002, heart disease)
Awards Marconi Award, Genii, National Heritage, National Religious Broadcasters, Office of the Secretary of Defense for Exceptional Public Service [4]
Website
Dr. Laura

Laura Catherine Schlessinger (born January 16, 1947) is an American talk radio host, socially conservative commentator and author.[5] Her radio program consists mainly of her responses to callers' requests for personal advice and has occasionally featured her short monologues on social and political topics. Her website says that her show "preaches, teaches, and nags about morals, values and ethics".[6]

Previously, Schlessinger combined a local radio career with a private practice as a marriage and family counselor, but after going into national syndication she concentrated her efforts on the daily The Dr. Laura Program, and on authoring self-help books. The books Ten Stupid Things Women Do to Mess Up Their Lives, and The Proper Care and Feeding of Husbands are among her bestselling works. A short-lived television talk show hosted by Schlessinger was launched in 2000. In August 2010, she announced that she would end her syndicated radio show in December 2010.[7][8]

Her show moved to Sirius XM Radio's Sirius XM Stars on January 3, 2011. Schlessinger announced a "multi-year" deal to be on satellite radio.[9][10]

Early life and education[edit]

Schlessinger was born in Brooklyn, New York, and raised in Brooklyn and on Long Island.[11] Her parents were Monroe "Monty" Schlessinger, a civil engineer who was Jewish, and Yolanda (Ceccovini) Schlessinger, an Italian Catholic war bride.[1][2][12] Schlessinger has said her father was charming and her mother beautiful as a young woman.[1][13] She has a sister, Cindy, who is 11 years her junior.[14] Schlessinger has described her childhood environment as unloving and unpleasant, and her family as dysfunctional. She has ascribed some of the difficulty to extended family rejection of her parents' mixed faith Jewish-Catholic marriage.[1] Schlessinger said her father was "petty, insensitive, mean, thoughtless, demeaning and downright unloving". She described her mother as a person with "pathological pride", who "was never grateful", who "would always find something to criticize," and who "constantly expressed disdain for men, sex and love".[1][13] She credited her father with giving her the drive to succeed.[1]

Schlessinger attended Westbury High School and Jericho High School where she showed an interest in science.[15] She received a bachelor's degree from Stony Brook University.[16] Moving to Columbia University for graduate studies,[17] she earned a master's and Ph.D. in physiology in 1974. Her doctoral thesis was on insulin's effects on laboratory rats.[18][19] After she began dispensing personal advice on the radio, she obtained training and certification in marriage and family counseling from the University of Southern California, and a therapist's license from the State of California. In addition, she opened up a part-time practice as a marriage and family counselor.[20][21]

Radio career[edit]

Schlessinger with Nikki Hornsby in 2009. Schlessinger used Hornsby's song "Hot Talkin' Big Shot" for several years as theme music
Hot Talkin' Big Shot

Schlessinger's first appearance on radio was in 1975 when she called into a KABC show hosted by Bill Ballance. Impressed by her quick wit and sense of humor, Ballance began featuring her in a weekly segment.[22] Schlessinger's stint on Ballance's show led to her own shows on a series of small radio stations. By 1979 she was on the air Sunday evenings from 9:00 to midnight on KWIZ in Santa Ana, California. That year, the Los Angeles Times described her show as dealing with all types of emotional problems, "though sex therapy is the show's major focus".[23]

In the late 1980s, Schlessinger was filling in for Barbara De Angelis' noon-time relationship-oriented talk show in Los Angeles on KFI,[2] while working weekends at KGIL in San Fernando. Her big break came when Sally Jessy Raphael began working at ABC Radio, and Maurice Tunick, former Vice-President of Talk Programming for the ABC Radio Networks, needed a regular sub for Raphael's evening personal advice show. Tunick chose Schlessinger to fill in for Raphael.

Ultimately, Schlessinger began broadcasting a daily show on KFI which was nationally syndicated in 1994 by Synergy, a company owned by Schlessinger and her husband. In 1997, Synergy sold its rights to the show to Jacor Communications, Inc., for $71.5 million.[2] Later, Jacor merged with Clear Channel Communications and a company co-owned by Schlessinger, Take On The Day, LLC, acquired the production rights. The show became a joint effort between Take On The Day, which produced it, Talk Radio Network, which syndicated and marketed it to radio stations, and Premiere Radio Networks, (a subsidiary of Clear Channel), which provided satellite facilities and handled advertising sales. As of September 2009, Schlessinger broadcast from her home in Santa Barbara, California with KFWB as her flagship station.[24] Podcasts and live streams of the show have been available on her website for a monthly fee, and the show was also on XM Satellite Radio.

At its peak, The Dr. Laura Program was the second-highest-rated radio show after The Rush Limbaugh Show, and was heard on more than 450 radio stations.[13] Writing in 1998, Leslie Bennett described the popularity of the show:

In an age of moral relativity, Dr. Laura's certitude compels...Schlessinger's fervor is indisputably evangelical, and her listeners believe her to be a paragon, a beacon of hope and rectitude in a dissolute, degraded world.[2]

In May 2002, the show still had an audience of more than 10 million, but had lost several million listeners in the previous two years as it was dropped by WABC and other affiliates, and was moved from day to night in cities such as Seattle and Boston. These losses were attributed in part to Schlessinger's shift from giving relationship advice to lecturing on morality and conservative politics. Pressure from gay rights groups caused dozens of sponsors to drop the radio show as well.[25] In 2006, Schlessinger's show was being aired on approximately 200 stations.[13] As of 2009, it was tied for third place along with The Glenn Beck Program and The Savage Nation.[26]

Schlessinger used "Hot Talkin' Big Shot", a song by country and blues singer and songwriter Nikki Hornsby, for several years as cue music for her radio program and for a national radio commercial advertising for the show.[27]

On August 17, 2010, during an appearance on Larry King Live, Schlessinger announced the end of her radio show saying that her motivation was to "regain her First Amendment rights",[7] and that she wanted to be able to say what is on her mind without "some special interest group deciding this is a time to silence a voice of dissent."[8] Several of her affiliates and major sponsors had dropped her show after her on air use of a racial epithet on August 10.[28][29]

On January 3, 2011, Schlessinger's show moved exclusively to Sirius XM Radio.[30]

Television show[edit]

In 1999, Schlessinger signed a deal with Paramount Domestic Television to produce a syndicated talk show titled Dr. Laura, which was cleared in major markets by CBS' owned and operated stations and in 96% of the nation's markets overall for fall 2000.[31] This was considered somewhat of a coup for Paramount as they felt that a popular personality such as Schlessinger was could be a spark they needed to sell themselves as a daytime syndication powerhouse rivaling King World and Warner Bros. Television, which distributed the popular The Oprah Winfrey Show and The Rosie O'Donnell Show.[31] Paramount's own daytime syndicated offerings, in the meantime, had not done as well; in the 1999-2000 season alone, two comparable series to the aforementioned shows (Leeza, which was more topical in the vein of Oprah, and The Howie Mandel Show, a variety series much like Rosie) that Paramount had syndicated were cancelled.

Leading up to the September 11, 2000 premiere of Dr. Laura, Schlessinger created a significant amount of controversy. In the months before the premiere of her TV show, Schlessinger called homosexuality a "biological error", said that homosexuality was acceptable as long as it was not public, and said that homosexuals should not attempt to adopt children. She regularly compared gay parenting to pedophilia by reiterating her view that "a huge portion of the male homosexual populace is predatory on young boys."[32] Schlessinger was frequently criticized in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transsexual (LGBT) media for these views. Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD), an LGBT media watchdog group, began monitoring Schlessinger's on-air comments about LGBT people, posting transcripts of relevant shows on its website.

In March 2000, a group of gay activists launched StopDrLaura.com, an online campaign with the purpose of convincing Paramount to cancel Dr. Laura prior to its premiere.[33][34][35] The group protested at Paramount studios, stating her views were offensively bigoted. StopDrLaura.com eventually organized protests in 34 cities in the U.S. and Canada,[36][37] and picked up on an advertiser boycott of both the radio and the TV shows started by another grass-roots organization which called itself "Silence Of The Slams" operating its boycott through AOL Hometown.[38]

When Dr. Laura premiered, things went from bad to worse as the show premiered to low ratings and unkind reviews. Critics and viewers complained that the format had been dumbed down and did not stand out from any other daytime talk show. The biting rhetoric that worked well on radio seemed overly harsh for face-to-face discourse, owing to the normal sympathetic nature of most other daytime hosts; the radical change in Schlessinger's demeanor from her radio persona left viewers cold. Ultimately, the television show failed to generate the energy and interest of Schlessinger's radio show.[39]

The credibility of Schlessinger's television program also suffered during its first month when the New York Post reported that Schlessinger had used show staff to falsely pose as guests on the show. A September 25, 2000, episode named "Readin', Writin', and Cheatin'" featured a so-called college student who specialized in professional note-taking. On the next day's show, "Getting to the Altar," the same guest appeared in different hair and makeup and said she was a woman living with her boyfriend. In fact, the woman was San-D Duchas, a researcher for the show whose name appeared in the closing credits of the shows on which she posed as a guest.[40] Apparently, Schlessinger was unaware of this incident until it was disclosed by the Post, and immediately put a stop to any further use of this practice.

By November 2000, advertisers that had originally committed to Schlessinger's show had pulled their support due to plummeting ratings.[41] CBS was displeased enough with the ratings that it began looking to either drop the series or move it to late night slots on its stations within two months of its premiere.[42] Other stations outside of CBS did the same thing, while others moved it to weaker sister stations. Dr. Laura aired its last first-run episode on March 30, 2001 on the stations that continued to air it, with reruns continuing until September 2001.

In 2004, Schlessinger said that although there is more money and celebrity in television, it is not as meaningful or intimate as radio, and for her television was a "terrible experience".[41]

Publications[edit]

Columns[edit]

For several years, Schlessinger wrote a weekly column syndicated by Universal Press Syndicate that was carried in many newspapers, as well as Jewish World Review. She discontinued the column in July 2000, citing lack of time due to her upcoming television show.[43] She wrote a monthly column for WorldNetDaily between 2002 and 2004, with one entry in 2006.[44] In 2006, Schlessinger joined the Santa Barbara News-Press, writing bi-weekly columns dealing with Santa Barbara news, as well as general news and cultural issues discussed on her radio show. She suspended the column in mid 2007, resumed writing it later, then discontinued it in December 2008.[45][46] She currently writes columns on her blog, on a variety of topics.[47]

Books[edit]

Schlessinger has written thirteen books for adults and four for children. Several follow the mold of her successful Ten Stupid Things Women Do to Mess Up Their Lives, with similarly named books giving advice for men, couples, and parents, while others are more moral in orientation.

Magazine[edit]

For several years, Schlessinger published a monthly magazine, Dr. Laura Perspective. She was the editor, her husband a contributing photographer, and her son the creative consultant.[48] The magazine has since gone out of publication.

Website[edit]

Schlessinger has a website which contains hints for stay-at-home parents, her blog, a reading list, and streaming audio of her shows (by subscription only). When it was started, 310,000 people tried to access it simultaneously and it crashed.[2] Certain aspects of feminism are often discussed on her website; she was a self-proclaimed feminist in the 1970s, but is now opposed to feminism.[2][49]

Charitable work[edit]

Schlessinger created the Laura Schlessinger Foundation to help abused and neglected children in 1998. Schlessinger regularly asked her on-air audience to donate items for My Stuff bags, which go to children in need. All other donations came from other people or groups, usually in the form of donated items for the bags. Per the foundation's reports, money not used for operations was directed toward pro-life organizations, such as crisis pregnancy centers. In September 2004, Schlessinger announced that she was closing down the foundation because it had become too difficult and costly for her and her husband to underwrite, and they wished to devote their "energies and resources to other pressing needs".[50]

In 2007, Schlessinger began fundraising for Operation Family Fund, an organization which aids the families of fallen or seriously injured veterans of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. In 2008, she helped raise more than $1 million for the organization.[51]

Awards[edit]

Schlessinger has received numerous awards from both media and conservative organizations. She was the first woman to win the Marconi Award for Network/Syndicated Personality of the Year (1997).[52] In 1998 she received the American Women in Radio & Television's Genii Award. She was on the Forbes top 100 list of celebrities in 2000 with estimated earnings of $13 million.[53] In September 2002, the industry magazine Talkers named Schlessinger as the seventh-greatest radio talk show host of all time.[54] In 2005[55] and 2008,[56] she was nominated for induction into the National Radio Hall of Fame, but was not selected.[57]

Schlessinger received a National Heritage award from the National Council of Young Israel in March 2001.[58] She also received the National Religious Broadcasters Chairman's Award, and has lectured on the national conservative circuit. She was the commencement speaker at Hillsdale College in June 2002, and was awarded an honorary degree as a doctor of tradition and culture.[59]

In 2007, Schlessinger was given an Exceptional Public Service award by the Office of the U.S. Secretary of Defense. In 2008, Talkers Magazine presented her with an award for outstanding community service by a radio talk show host.[51]

Religious beliefs[edit]

Schlessinger was non-religious until she and her son began practicing Conservative Judaism in 1996.[2] In 1998, Schlessinger, Bishop, and their son converted to Orthodox Judaism,[58] and began instruction under Rabbi Reuven P. Bulka of Ottawa, Ontario. During this time, Schlessinger sometimes used Jewish law and examples to advise her callers about their moral dilemmas. She occasionally clarified ethical and moral issues with her local Orthodox Rabbi Moshe D. Bryski, before mentioning them on the air. She was embraced by many in the politically conservative segment of Orthodox Judaism for bringing more awareness of Orthodoxy to her radio show. Some of her expressed views were explicitly religious, and are referenced her 1999 book The Ten Commandments: The Significance of God's Laws in Everyday Life. Although her other books have stressed the importance of morality, they are more secular in nature.

In July 2003, Schlessinger announced on her show that she was no longer an Orthodox Jew, but that she was still Jewish.[60]

Marriage and family life[edit]

Schlessinger met and married Michael F. Rudolph, a dentist, in 1972 while she was attending Columbia University. The couple had a Unitarian ceremony.[61] Separating from Rudolph, Schlessinger moved to Encino, California in 1975 when she obtained a job in the science department at the University of Southern California.[62] Their divorce was finalized in 1977.[63]

In 1975, while working in the labs at USC, she met Lewis G. Bishop, a professor of neurophysiology who was married and the father of three children.[2][64] Bishop separated from his wife and began living with Schlessinger the same year.[65] Schlessinger has vociferously proclaimed her disapproval of unwed couples "shacking up" and having children out of wedlock. According to personal friend, Shelly Herman, "Laura lived with Lew for about nine years before she was married to him."[2] "His divorce was final in 1979.[66] Bishop and Schlessinger married in 1985.[67] Herman says that Schlessinger told her she was pregnant at the time, which Herman recalls as "particularly joyful because of the happy news."[2] Schlessinger's only child, a son named Deryk, was born in November 1985.[68]

Schlessinger was estranged from her sister for years, and many thought she was an only child.[2] She had not spoken to her mother for 18[69] to 20 years before her mother's death in 2002 from heart disease.[13] Her mother's remains were found in her Beverly Hills condo approximately two months after she died,[70][71] and lay unclaimed for some time in the Los Angeles morgue before Schlessinger had them picked up for burial.[72] Concerning the day that she heard about her mother’s death, she said: “Apparently she had no friends and none of her neighbors were close, so nobody even noticed! How sad.”[13][72] In 2006, Schlessinger wrote that she had been attacked in a "vulgar, inhumane manner by media types" because of the circumstances surrounding her mother's death, and that false allegations had been made that she was unfit to dispense advice based on family values. She said that she had not mourned the deaths of either of her parents because she had no emotional bond to them.[1][13]

Controversies[edit]

Libel lawsuit[edit]

In 1998, Schlessinger was in a Costa Mesa surf shop with her son when she began perusing the skateboarding magazine, Big Brother. On her radio program, Schlessinger declared the magazine to be "stealth pornography." When the owner of the store publicly denied that she found pornography in his store, Schlessinger sued him for lying, claiming that his denial had hurt her reputation.[73] When the case went to court, the judge dismissed her suit, but the shop owner's $4 million defamation countersuit lodged for hurting the reputation of his store was allowed to stand.[74][75] The suit has since been settled, but the terms of the settlement have not been revealed.[76]

Internet publication of nude photos[edit]

In 1998, Schlessinger's early radio mentor, Bill Ballance, sold nude photos that he had taken of Schlessinger in the mid-1970s to a company specializing in internet porn. The photos were taken while Schlessinger was involved in a brief affair with then-married Bill Ballance.[77][78] Schlessinger sued after the photos were posted on the internet,[79] claiming invasion of privacy and copyright violation. The court ruled that Schlessinger did not own the rights to the photos; she did not appeal the ruling.[80] She told her radio audience that she was embarrassed, but that the photos were taken when she was going through a divorce and had "no moral authority."[77][81]

Use of racial epithet[edit]

On August 10, 2010, Nita Hanson, a black woman married to a white man, called Schlessinger's show to ask for advice on how to deal with a husband who did not care when she received racist comments by acquaintances. Schlessinger first replied that "some people are hypersensitive" and because of that she'd need at least 2 good examples of racism the caller had received. The caller informed Schlessinger that the acquaintances in question had stated, "How you black people do this? You black people like doing that." Schlessinger responded by telling the caller that her examples weren't racist and that "A lot of blacks only voted for Obama simply because he was half black. Didn't matter what he was going to do in office; it was a black thing. You gotta' know that. That's not a surprise." Schlessinger continued by telling the caller, "chip on your shoulder," "sensitive," "Don't NAACP me," "A lot of what I heard from Jade [caller's pseudonym] is a lot of what I hear from black think and it's really distressing and disturbing," etc.[82]

During the call, Schlessinger also used the word "nigger" eleven times. When Hanson asked, "Is it ever ok to say that word?" Schlessinger responded, "It depends how it’s said. Black guys talking to each other seem to think it’s ok." After the call Schlessinger said, "If you're that hypersensitive about color and don't have a sense of humor, don't marry out of your race."[82] After the call, Schlessinger immediately took herself off the air, and early that evening wrote an apology to Los Angeles Radio People online journalist Don Barrett. A day later, as soon as she was back on the air, Schlessinger apologized.[83] Hanson questioned the motivation and sincerity of Schlessinger's apology, believing it to be result of being "caught".[84] Hanson also said that Schlessinger did not apologize for her comments on interracial marriage.[85]

Schlessinger announced she would end her radio show at the end of 2010:

I have made the decision not to do radio anymore. I want to regain my First Amendment rights. I want to be able to say what is on my mind.[86]

Schlessinger said that she will not retire.[86] In 2011, she began broadcasting on satellite radio with Sirius XM.[30][87] Her program is also available as a podcast at iTunes and from her own website.[88]

Bibliography[edit]

Advice books:

  • Ten Stupid Things Women Do to Mess Up Their Lives. Villard. 1994. p. 232. ISBN 978-0-679-41641-8. 
  • Ten Stupid Things Men Do to Mess Up Their Lives. HarperCollins. 1997. p. 320. ISBN 978-0-06-017308-1. 
  • Damsels, Dragons and Regular Guys (repackaged portions from Ten Stupid Things Men Do...). Andrews McMeel Publishing. 2000. p. 80. ISBN 978-0-7407-0743-8. 
  • Parenthood by Proxy: Don't Have Them if You Won't Raise Them. HarperCollins. 2000. p. 288. ISBN 978-0-06-019125-2. 
  • Stupid Things Parents Do to Mess Up Their Kids (Parenthood by Proxy trade paperback ed.). Harper. 2001. p. 288. ISBN 978-0-06-093379-1. 
  • Ten Stupid Things Couples Do to Mess Up Their Relationships. Cliff Street Books. 2002. p. 288. ISBN 978-0-06-051260-6. 
  • The Proper Care and Feeding of Husbands. HarperCollins. 2004. p. 208. ISBN 978-0-06-052061-8. 
  • Woman Power: Transform Your Man, Your Marriage, Your Life (The Companion to the Proper Care and Feeding of Husbands). HarperCollins. 2004. p. 256. ISBN 978-0-06-075323-8. 
  • Bad Childhood Good Life: How to Blossom and Thrive in Spite of an Unhappy Childhood. HarperCollins. 2006. p. 257. ISBN 978-0-06-057786-5. 
  • The Proper Care and Feeding of Marriage. HarperCollins. 2007. p. 240. ISBN 978-0-06-114284-0. 
  • Stop Whining, Start Living. Harper. 2008. p. 208. ISBN 978-0-06-083833-1. 
  • In Praise of Stay-at-Home Moms. Harper. 2009. p. 224. ISBN 978-0-06-169029-7. 
  • Surviving a Shark Attack (On Land): Overcoming Betrayal and Dealing with Revenge. Harper. 2011. p. 208. ISBN 978-0-06-199212-4. 

Religious books:

  • How Could You Do That?! The Abdication of Character, Courage, and Conscience. HarperCollins. 1996. p. 269. ISBN 978-0-06-017307-4. 
  • Good People and Where You Fit In (repackaged portions from How Could You Do That...). Andrews McMeel Publishing. 2000. p. 80. ISBN 978-0-7407-0741-4. 
  • With Rabbi Stuart Vogel (1998). The Ten Commandments: The Significance of God's Laws in Everyday Life. HarperCollins. p. 352. ISBN 978-0-06-019138-2. 

Children's books

Fictional portrayals[edit]

In January 1992, Schlessinger played herself in the Quantum Leap Season Four episode "Roberto!".[89]

In 1999, Schlessinger was parodied as Dr. Nora on the sitcom Frasier. The character was portrayed as having dogmatic and fundamentalist social views that promoted social conservatism. The character was also shown to have a degree that belies her therapeutic advice and was estranged from her mother.[90][91]

In 2000, in the episode "The Midterms" on The West Wing, the fictional "Dr. Jenna Jacobs" is scolded by President Bartlet, who criticizes her views on homosexuality, and points out she is not a doctor in any field related to morality, ethics, or theology. He quotes from the Bible to point out the inconsistency of condemning certain sins but not others. Show creator Aaron Sorkin admitted to modeling Bartlet's diatribe on an anonymous "Letter to Dr. Laura," which was a popular viral email at the time.[92][93]

Schlessinger is featured as an antagonist in the animated series Queer Duck.[94]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Schlessinger, Laura (April 11, 2006). "How to redeem a bad childhood". World Net Daily. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Bennetts, Leslie (September 1998). "Diagnosing Dr. Laura". Vanity Fair (Conde Nast Publications). ISSN 0733-8899. 
  3. ^ Deitz, Cory; Premiere Radio Press Release (July 20, 2004). "Dr. Laura Celebrates 10 Years of Syndicated Radio". Radio.About.com. 
  4. ^ "America Supports You: Department Honors Radio’s ‘Dr. Laura’". Defense.gov. Retrieved 2013-09-05. 
  5. ^ King, Patricia; Kendall Hamilton (May 27, 1996). "Listen Up, Callers: No Whining Allowed". Newsweek. Retrieved 19 February 2010. 
  6. ^ "The Dr. Laura Program - Top 10 questions". Frequently asked questions. DrLaura.com. Retrieved November 26, 2010. 
  7. ^ a b Jen Chaney; Liz Kelly (August 17, 2010). "Dr. Laura to end her radio career". Washington Post. 
  8. ^ a b RTT Staff Writer (August 18, 2010). "Dr. Laura Resigns After Racist Rant". RTT News. 
  9. ^ Bauder, David (November 26, 2010). "Laura Schlessinger shifts to satellite radio". Yahoo! News. Retrieved 26 November 2010. 
  10. ^ 'Dr. Laura' to Launch Exclusively on SIRIUS XM Radio
  11. ^ Bane, Vickie, pp. 20, 23.
  12. ^ Her parents had met and married in Gorizia during the World War II liberation of Italy, World Net Daily, 4-11-2006.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g Ayers, Chris (April 6, 2006). "Just Ditch Those Difficult Parents". London: The Times. 
  14. ^ Bane, Vickie (2000). Dr. Laura: An Unauthorized Biography. St. Martin's Paperbacks. p. 24. ISBN 978-0-312-97122-9. 
  15. ^ Bane, Vickie pp. 23, 26-28.
  16. ^ Finnegan, Leah (August 19, 2010). "Dr. Laura's Ironic College Journalism: Young Reporter Covered Obscenity Scandal". The Huffington Post. 
  17. ^ Bane, Vickie, pp. 53-55.
  18. ^ Schelssinger, Laura. "The Effects of Insulin on 3-0-Methyglucose Transport in Isolated Rat Adipocytes"."DAI, 36, no. 05B, (1974): 2093
  19. ^ Milam, Lorenzo W (August 23, 1999). "Tell Laura I love her". Salon. 
  20. ^ "About Dr. Laura". DrLaura.com. 2009. 
  21. ^ The California Department of Consumer Affairs' Board of Behavioral Science's Online License / Registration Verification shows that she holds a Marriage And Family Therapist license, issued January 11, 1980, expiration February 28, 2013.
  22. ^ Bane, Vickie p. 63.
  23. ^ Brown, James (December 4, 1979). "Talk of the Town: Open-mike radio shows that encourage you to talk back". Los Angeles Times. p. H9. (free abstract, article available for a fee)
  24. ^ "News KFWB-AM/Los Angeles Readies News/Talk Flip". Radio Online. August 10, 2009. 
  25. ^ Hinckley, David (May 13, 2002). "Mag: Dr. Laura's Star Falling". New York: N.Y. Daily News. 
  26. ^ "The Top Talk Radio Audiences". Talkers Magazine. September 2009. 
  27. ^ "Myspace". Viewmorepics.myspace.com. 2013-08-30. Retrieved 2013-09-04. 
  28. ^ "General Motors ends Dr. Laura sponsorship after N-word flap; host plans to end show this year". MLive.com. 
  29. ^ AP staff reporter (August 18, 2010). "Dr. Laura Plans To End Radio Show At End Of Year". NPR. Associated Press. 
  30. ^ a b Bauder, David (November 26, 2010). "Laura Schlessinger shifts to satellite radio". The Washington Post. Retrieved 26 November 2010. 
  31. ^ a b http://www.commondreams.org/headlines/051900-01.htm
  32. ^ "Words of Dr. Laura". StopDrLaura.com. 2000. 
  33. ^ We Stopped Dr. Laura. StopDrLaura.com, Retrieved on May 3, 2007
  34. ^ Herscher, Elaine (March 4, 2000). "Stop Dr. Laura' Website Receives 1 Million Hits In Just Two Days". San Francisco Chronicle. 
  35. ^ Coile, Zachary (May 8, 2000). "Dr. Laura protest at KPIX: Pro-gay activists object to plans to air her program". San Francisco Chronicle (SFGate.com). p. A 7. 
  36. ^ "Golden Dot Awards For Best Online Issue Advocacy". George Washington University Democracy Online Project. May 20, 2002. 
  37. ^ Aravosis, John (October 23, 2000). "StopDrLaura.com". Wired Strategies Internet consulting. The New Republic. 
  38. ^ "The Silence Of The Slams Historic Perspective". March–May 2000. 
  39. ^ Shales, Tom (September 15, 2000). "A Case of the Creeps: 'Dr. Laura' on UPN Looks Better on Radio". Washington Post. p. C 01. 
  40. ^ ABC News Staff (October 3, 2000). "Dr. Laura Accused of Using Fake Guest". ABC News. 
  41. ^ a b Hinckley, David (November 8, 2004). "Laura's Advice To Self: Skip TV". New York Daily News. 
  42. ^ "CBS shoves Dr. Laura into late night slots, or dumps her". Entertainment TV (CNN). November 7, 2000. 
  43. ^ Schlessinger, Laura (July 21, 2000). "Starting anew". Jewish World Review. 
  44. ^ "Dr. Laura Schlessinger Do the Right Thing Archive". WorldNetDaily Commentary. World Net Daily. May 6, 2002 – April 11, 2006. 
  45. ^ Argetsinger, Amy (May 24, 2007). "Dr. Laura Suspends Calif. Newspaper Column". Style (Washington Post). 
  46. ^ Schlessinger, Laura (December 14, 2008). "From me to you, adieu to Page 2, Final column". Santa Barbara News-Press. p. 2. 
  47. ^ Schlessinger, Laura. "The Dr. Laura Blog". DrLaura.com. 
  48. ^ Wiscombe, Janet (January 18, 1998). "I Don't Do Therapy; Dr. Laura Schlessinger, the Country's Top Female Radio Personality, Calls Herself a Prophet". Cover story (Los Angeles Times Magazine). 
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  50. ^ "Statement by Dr. Laura Regarding The Dr. Laura Schlessinger Foundation Closing". DrLaura.com, reprinted in The Free Republic. September 2004. 
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