Dragaš

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For other uses, see Dragas (disambiguation).
Dragaš
Municipality and city
Dragaš (Драгаш)
Dragash
Sharri
Official seal of Dragaš
Seal
Dragaš municipality within the District of Prizren
Dragaš municipality within the District of Prizren
Dragaš is located in Kosovo
Dragaš
Dragaš
Location of the town of Dragaš in Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°03′N 20°39′E / 42.050°N 20.650°E / 42.050; 20.650
Country Kosovo[a]
District District of Prizren
Area
 • Total 435 km2 (168 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 33,584 (municipality)
 • Density 77.4/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 22000
Area code(s) +381
Car plates 04
Website Municipality of Dragaš

Dragaš, also known as Dragash and Sharri (Albanian: Dragash or Sharri; Bosnian: Dragaš; Serbian: Драгаш/ Dragaš Turkish: Dragaş; Macedonian: Краковишта, Krakovišta), is a town and municipality in the Prizren district of southern Kosovo.[a] The population of the town is approximately 33,584, that of the whole municipality is estimated at 33,584 (2011).[1] It was named after medieval Serbian lord Constantine Dragaš.[2]

History[edit]

From 1929 to 1941, Dragaš was part of the Vardar Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

The Dragaš municipality was created by the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) by merging the two former municipalities of Gora and Opolje.

Geography[edit]

The territory of the Dragaš municipality lies in the northern latitude of 41 52' 30" to 42 09' 03" and longitude of 20 35' 39" to 20 48' 26". The whole territory is surrounded by the Šar Mountains, then Koritnik Mountain, mountain Gjalic and Cylen in the direction of Prizren. Only one part of the territory in Prizren direction is hilly with a relatively slight slope by which this territory is connected with Prizren basin and through Prizren with the world.

Demographics[edit]

The municipality is split into the regions of Opoja and Gora. Most of the Gorani live in Gora, whilst Albanians make a majority in both regions. There also a significant number of Bosniaks in the municipality.

  • 1971 – 13,867 (51.6%) Albanians; 11,076 (41.3%) Gorani and Bosniaks – total 26,850
  • 1981 – 18,623 (53%) Albanians; 15,942 (45.5%) Gorani and Bosniaks – total 35,054
  • 1991 – 22,785 (57.8%) Albanians; 16,129 (40.9%) Gorani and Bosniaks – total 39,435

OSCE estimates say the following:[1]

  • January 1999 – 27,633 (61.3%) Albanians; 17,470 (38.7%) Gorani and Bosniaks – total 45,103
  • March 2000 – 24,856 (78%) Albanians; 9,706 (28.1%) Gorani and Bosniaks – total 34,562
  • January 2006 – 22,800 (55.9%) Albanians; 17,975 (44.1%) Gorani and Bosniaks – total 40,775

According to the census in 2011 there is a significant Bosniak community in Dragaš, numbering around 4,100 people.

Economy[edit]

The main employers in the area are the Municipality, UNMIK police, and private companies as “KUK Commerc”, “Meka” and former state-owned enterprises.[1]

All major local companies were formerly state-run and, as elsewhere in Kosovo, are currently under the responsibility of KTA. The original UNMIK strategy towards these public enterprises consisted of carrying out a process of ‘commercialisation’. This process was believed to be the best way to revive the enterprises, although no foreign investors decided to invest.[1]

Infrastructure[edit]

The municipality is mountainous and therefore has related infrastructural problems (e.g. problematic access to some villages during winter season). Its infrastructure was in a state of serious disrepair before the war, due to a combination of harsh winters and state neglect.[citation needed] Roads, in particular, (Zhur–Dragaš; Dragaš-Brod; Dragaš- Restelica) require urgent improvement for the social-economic development of the area. Bus connections between Dragaš town and the Opoja area continue to improve and the services to Gora are organized by the two OSCE-SIMF buses donated to the municipality. There is a free school bus service provided by the municipality along Gora routes. Taxi services exist but are largely unaffordable for the population. OSCE through SIMF/ ECSF funds supported also the rehabilitation of the Heath House.

Mobile coverage is also improving. Water supply is ensured in all villages.[1]

Symbol[edit]

The emblem of Dragaš includes an image of the Šarplaninac dog.[3]

Annotations[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e OSCE municipal profile of Dragaš PDF, June 2006. Retrieved on 21 February 2008.
  2. ^ Cawley, Charles, Serbia, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved December 2010 ,[better source needed]
  3. ^ Municipal Assembly of Dragaš. – Retrieved on 20 November 2008.

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 42°04′N 20°39′E / 42.067°N 20.650°E / 42.067; 20.650