Dragomir Jovanović

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Dragomir Jovanović
Draža Mihailović i Dragi Jovanović.jpg
Jovanović (right) and Draža Mihailović (left) at their trial in Belgrade.
Mayor of Belgrade
In office
1941–1944
Prime Minister Milan Nedić
Preceded by Miloslav Stojadinović
Succeeded by Mihajlo Ratković
Personal details
Born (1902-07-27)27 July 1902
Požarevac, Kingdom of Serbia
Died 17 July 1946(1946-07-17) (aged 43)
Belgrade, Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia
Nationality Serbian
Children 1
Alma mater University of Belgrade
Occupation Police chief (1930s)
Mayor (1941–44)
Military service
Allegiance  Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Flag of the Government of National Salvation (occupied Yugoslavia).svgGovernment of National Salvation
Years of service 1930–1944
Rank Chief of Police
Commander
Commands Belgrade Police
Serbian State Guard

Dragomir Dragi Jovanović (27 July 1902 – 17 July 1946) was a Serbian politician and Axis collaborator who served as the mayor of Belgrade from 1941 to 1944, during World War II. He was captured by communist forces following the war and tried alongside other Serbian collaborationist leaders in 1946. He was found guilty of collaborating with the Germans and executed in Belgrade.

Early life[edit]

Dragomir (Dragi) Jovanović was born on 27 June 1902 in Požarevac, Kingdom of Serbia to Ljubomir and Vilma Jovanović (neé Draškoci). His father was a Serb and his mother was an ethnic German. Jovanović was married and had one child.[1] He was a Nazi sympathizer before the outbreak of World War II.[2] His links to German intelligence services dated back to the mid-1930s.[3][4]

World War II[edit]

Mayor of Belgrade[edit]

On 17 April 1941, the day Yugoslavia surrendered to the Axis powers, Jovanović left the town of Gornji Milanovac and went to Belgrade. The following day, he was received by Gestapo officers Karl Kraus and Hans Helm. The two suggested that he reorganize the Belgrade police and take control of the city's government. The German field commander in Belgrade, Colonel Ernst Moritz von Kaisenberg, then appointed Jovanović to the position of extraordinary commissar for the city.[5] As mayor, Jovanović proposed that Belgrade be divided into sixteen boroughs and two commissariats and that the local police be used to quell anti-German acts in the city. The Germans accepted this plan. The Belgrade police was organized in mid-May 1941 and grew to a size of 878 police officers and 240 agents by the following month.[5] That summer, Jovanović was appointed chief of Serbian State Security (Serbian: Srpska državna bezbednost, SDB) by SS-Obergruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei (SS-General of Police) August Meyszner. The SDB assumed the administration of the Serbian State Guard (Srpska državna straža, SDS).[6] In early July, the Germans ordered Jovanović to convert the former 18th Infantry army barracks of the Royal Yugoslav Army into the Banjica concentration camp.[7] Banjica held 23,697 inmates throughout the war, 3,849 of whom perished.[8] According to the post-war testimony of the camp's administrator, Svetozar Vujković, Jovanović saved countless Serb civilians from being executed as German hostages by swapping them with Roma prisoners.[9] In his own post-war testimony, Jovanović recounted an incident in which he recognized a wounded Yugoslav prisoner of war as a Jew. He claimed to have singled the officer out and reported him to the Germans, who arrested him and took him to Banjica, where he was shot.[10]

Beginning in mid-1942, Jovanović provided financial aid to the Chetniks of Draža Mihailović from his own personal fund.[11] By late 1943, he was working as a Chetnik agent within the Serbian collaborationist government.[12] In mid-August 1944, Jovanović, Mihailović and Nedić secretly met in the village of Ražana, where Nedić agreed to give one-hundred million dinars for wages and to request from the Germans arms and ammunition for Mihailović.[13]

Escape, capture and death[edit]

Jovanović left Belgrade in early October 1944, alongside other Serbian collaborationist leaders.[14] He was captured following the war and tried as part of the Belgrade Process in 1946. He was found guilty of collaborating with the Germans and was executed in Belgrade on 17 July 1946.[15]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mihailović 1946, p. 506.
  2. ^ Byford 2008, p. 54.
  3. ^ Byford 2011, p. 301.
  4. ^ Cohen 1996, p. 20.
  5. ^ a b Cohen 1996, p. 36.
  6. ^ Cohen 1996, p. 39.
  7. ^ Cohen 1996, p. 48.
  8. ^ Cohen 1996, p. 49.
  9. ^ Antić 2012, p. 30.
  10. ^ Antić 2012, pp. 28–29.
  11. ^ Cohen 1996, p. 40.
  12. ^ Tomasevich 2001, p. 225.
  13. ^ Cohen 1996, p. 57.
  14. ^ Cohen 1996, p. 59.
  15. ^ Tomasevich 1975, pp. 461–462.

References[edit]