|Crew||2 - 4
Maximum crew weight: 285 kg (628 lb)
Cold moulded plywood
|LOA||8.90 m (29.2 ft)|
|LWL||5.66 m (18.6 ft)|
|Beam||1.95 m (6 ft 5 in)|
|Draft||1.20 m (3 ft 11 in)|
|Hull weight||1,700 kg (3,700 lb)|
|Main & Jib area||27.7 m2 (298 sq ft)|
|Mainsail area||16.0 m2 (172 sq ft)|
|Jib / Genoa area||11.7 m2 (126 sq ft)|
|Spinnaker area||23.6 m2 (254 sq ft)|
|Infobox last updated: 10-AUG-2011|
|Vintage Yachting Class|
The International Dragon is a one-design keelboat.
The Dragon was designed by Norwegian Johan Anker in 1929. In 1948 the Dragon became an Olympic Class, a status it retained until the Munich Olympics in 1972. The Dragon's long keel and elegant metre-boat lines remain unchanged, but today Dragons are constructed using the latest technology to make the boat durable and easy to maintain. GRP construction was introduced in 1973 and the rigging has been regularly updated.
The Dragon Class is actively represented in over 26 countries in 5 Continents. There were 1444 boats registered in 2004 and the number of boats built has averaged 45 per year. There are many more which are used for day sailing or cruising. The World Championships are held in every odd year and the European Championships are held annually. The Gold Cup, which can only be held in certain specified European countries, is unique in that all six races count without discard. It is held annually and often attracts over 100 entries, usually starting in one fleet.
A strong Class Association manages the class rules carefully to ensure safety, high quality and uniformity. Spars and sails have a wide range of adjustment during racing, allowing a skillful crew to optimize the boat for any conditions. Crew weight limits, and restrictions on hiking out allow the Dragon to be raced successfully by a range of ages and genders. It is possible to trail the Dragon behind many four-wheel drive vehicles. It is often dry-sailed. It may be raced against boats of other classes, employing a Portsmouth Yardstick handicap of 986 or a D-PN of 89.5.
Since 2008 the Dragon is one of the Vintage Yachting Classes at the Vintage Yachting Games.
International Dragon Association
The International Dragon Association (IDA) was founded on 31 October 1961 with London as its headquarters. The principal objects of the IDA are:
- To further the interests of the International Dragon Class in all countries where Dragons are sailed and to introduce the Class to new countries.
- To be responsible for the administration of the class rules and coordinating proposals for rule amendments for consideration by the International Sailing Federation (ISAF).
- To ensure that the class retains its "International" status by complying with the criteria adopted by the ISAF.
- To co-ordinate and select venues for the following international championships:
- World Championships
- European Championships
- Gold Cups
- To produce regular newsletters containing information about the Class and the activities of the IDA for distribution to all Dragon sailors throughout the world.
- Membership is open to National Dragon Class Associations.
|1961–1965||United Kingdom||Sir Gordon Smith|
|1967–1969||United Kingdom||Sir Gordon Smith|
|1973–1975||United Kingdom||P Dyas|
|1979–1981||United Kingdom||P Dyas|
|1995–1996||United Kingdom||Chris Dicker|
|1997–2000||Portugal||C. R. Ferreira|
|2007–2010||United Kingdom||Rob Campbell|
Wall of Fame
|4||United States (USA)||1||0||2||3|
|7||East Germany (GDR)||0||1||1||2|
|9||Unified Team of Germany (EUA)||0||0||1||1|
|Great Britain (GBR)||0||0||1||1|
|West Germany (FRG)||0||0||1||1|
| Netherlands (NED)
| United Kingdom (GBR)
Miss Gavia Wilkimson-Cox
| Australia (GER)
| Ukraine (UKR)
| Netherlands (NED)
Pim ten Harmsen van der Beek
| Russia (RUS)
|Dates to be decided|
The World Championship is held in alternate years in all areas where Dragons are sailed, and must be one of the most difficult regattas to win in the sailing world. Many of the world's finest sailors have spent years trying to lift this trophy presented by Prince Constantine of Greece.
This event attracts worldwide media attention and a lifetime's respect for the winner. Regional Championships (European, North American, pan-Pacific) are held in the other years, where competition is no less intense.
Entry to the event is by qualification at National level.
In memory of Madame Virginie Hériot and in accordance with her often expressed wish to encourage yachting, the Committee of the Yacht Club de France decided at a meeting on 21 May 1946 to initiate an International Cup and name it the "Coupe Virginie Hériot". The Cup is assigned to the International Dragon Class, but remains the property of the Yacht Club de France. In agreement with the Committee of the International Dragon Association the "Coupe Virginie Hériot" is the main trophy of the European Dragon Championship. The event is now held annually.
The International Dragon Cup was presented in 1937 by members of the Clyde Yacht's Conference with the intention of bringing together as many competitors of different nationalities as possible for yacht racing in Europe in a friendly spirit, in order to perpetuate the good feeling which existed at the first International Clyde Fortnight. The Clyde Yacht Clubs' Conference has been reconstituted as the Clyde Yacht Clubs' Association and the International Dragon Cup has become known as, and is now renamed, the 'Dragon Gold Cup'.
Members of the Clyde Yacht Clubs' Association created specific rules for this competition and donated a perpetual trophy made of pure gold for an annual international race. From the beginning, the Gold Cup was considered a family event for the Dragon Sailors and could be raced by yachts of the International Dragon Class belonging to any country, and for this reason was a very well attended event.
Until 1965, the year of the first Official World Championship, the Gold Cup was considered the unofficial World Cup. The first rules created by the Clyde Yacht Clubs' Association established that the Cup should be sailed annually and that the Cup should be retained by the winner for one year only. It also established that the event should take place in rotation in the following countries: Scotland, France, Sweden, Germany, Holland and Denmark.
With the revision of the rules in 1997, the number of hosting countries was enlarged to eleven: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.
The hosting country and the Organising Authority continue to be selected by the Clyde Yacht Clubs' Association in conjunction with the International Dragon Association and the number of participants was limited to 120.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dragon.|
- Classic Boat's guide to Dragon Class
- International Dragon Class Association WebPage
- Australian Class Link
- US Class LInk
- UK Class LInk
- French Class Link
- Dutch Dragon Class