Dragon (keelboat)

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International Dragon
Dragon (keelboat).svg
Dragon insigna.svg
Class Symbol
Current Specifications
Crew 2 - 4
Maximum crew weight: 285 kg (628 lb)
Type Monohull
Design One-Design
Construction Carvel
GRP
Cold moulded plywood
Composite
Rig Bermuda rig
Keel Fixed
LOA 8.90 m (29.2 ft)
LWL 5.66 m (18.6 ft)
Beam 1.95 m (6 ft 5 in)
Draft 1.20 m (3 ft 11 in)
Hull weight 1,700 kg (3,700 lb)
Main & Jib area 27.7 m2 (298 sq ft)
Mainsail area 16.0 m2 (172 sq ft)
Jib / Genoa area 11.7 m2 (126 sq ft)
Spinnaker area 23.6 m2 (254 sq ft)
D-PN 89.5
RYA PN 986
Development
Year 1929
Designer Johan Anker
Location Norway
Infobox last updated: 10-AUG-2011
Vintage Yachting Class
VYG 1 Dragon 2008.JPG
Wooden dragon, built by Abeking & Rasmussen (1954) on the Großer Brombachsee
Magic Dragon (keelboat) used as a bar in Britannia Yacht Club's Dragon pub

The International Dragon is a one-design keelboat.

The Dragon was designed by Norwegian Johan Anker in 1929. In 1948 the Dragon became an Olympic Class, a status it retained until the Munich Olympics in 1972. The Dragon's long keel and elegant metre-boat lines remain unchanged, but today Dragons are constructed using the latest technology to make the boat durable and easy to maintain. GRP construction was introduced in 1973 and the rigging has been regularly updated.

The Dragon Class is actively represented in over 26 countries in 5 Continents. There were 1444 boats registered in 2004 and the number of boats built has averaged 45 per year. There are many more which are used for day sailing or cruising. The World Championships are held in every odd year and the European Championships are held annually. The Gold Cup, which can only be held in certain specified European countries, is unique in that all six races count without discard. It is held annually and often attracts over 100 entries, usually starting in one fleet.

A strong Class Association manages the class rules carefully to ensure safety, high quality and uniformity. Spars and sails have a wide range of adjustment during racing, allowing a skillful crew to optimize the boat for any conditions. Crew weight limits, and restrictions on hiking out allow the Dragon to be raced successfully by a range of ages and genders. It is possible to trail the Dragon behind many four-wheel drive vehicles. It is often dry-sailed. It may be raced against boats of other classes, employing a Portsmouth Yardstick handicap of 986[1] or a D-PN of 89.5.[2]

Since 2008 the Dragon is one of the Vintage Yachting Classes at the Vintage Yachting Games.

International Dragon Association[edit]

The International Dragon Association (IDA) was founded on 31 October 1961 with London as its headquarters. The principal objects of the IDA are:

  • To further the interests of the International Dragon Class in all countries where Dragons are sailed and to introduce the Class to new countries.
  • To be responsible for the administration of the class rules and coordinating proposals for rule amendments for consideration by the International Sailing Federation (ISAF).
  • To ensure that the class retains its "International" status by complying with the criteria adopted by the ISAF.
  • To co-ordinate and select venues for the following international championships:
    • World Championships
    • European Championships
    • Gold Cups
  • To produce regular newsletters containing information about the Class and the activities of the IDA for distribution to all Dragon sailors throughout the world.
  • Membership is open to National Dragon Class Associations.

Class officers[edit]

President[edit]

H.M. King Constantine

Vice-Presidents[edit]

Chairmen[edit]

Period Country Chairman Major achievement
1961–1965  United Kingdom Sir Gordon Smith
1966  France F Thierry-Mieg
1967–1969  United Kingdom Sir Gordon Smith
1970–1972  France F Thierry-Mieg
1973–1975  United Kingdom P Dyas
1976–1978  France P Manset
1979–1981  United Kingdom P Dyas
1982–1984  France P Manset
1985–1988  Ireland C Doyle
1989–1992  Germany N Geissler
1993–1994  Finland T Nurmilaukas
1995–1996  United Kingdom Chris Dicker
1997–2000  Portugal C. R. Ferreira
2001–2004  Sweden Thomas Olrog
2005–2006  Germany Rupert Fischer
2007–2010  United Kingdom Rob Campbell
2011–  Netherlands Richard Blikman

Wall of Fame[edit]

Olympic Games[3][edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Norway (NOR) 2 0 0 2
2  Denmark (DEN) 1 2 1 4
3  Sweden (SWE) 1 2 0 3
4  United States (USA) 1 0 2 3
5  Australia (AUS) 1 0 0 1
 Greece (GRE) 1 0 0 1
7  East Germany (GDR) 0 1 1 2
8  Argentina (ARG) 0 1 0 1
9  Unified Team of Germany (EUA) 0 0 1 1
 Great Britain (GBR) 0 0 1 1
 West Germany (FRG) 0 0 1 1
 Italy (ITA) 0 0 1 1
7 7 7 21
Year Gold Silver Bronze
1948:
Great Britain

details
 Norway (NOR)
Thor Thorvaldsen
Haakon Barfod
Sigve Lie
 Sweden (SWE)
Folke Bohlin
Gösta Brodin
Hugo Johnson
 Denmark (DEN)
William Berntsen
Klaus Baess
Ole Berntsen
1952:
Finland

details
 Norway (NOR)
Thor Thorvaldsen
Haakon Barfod
Sigve Lie
 Sweden (SWE)
Per Gedda
Erland Almqvist
Sidney Boldt-Christmas
 Germany (GER)
Theodor Thomsen
Erich Natusch
Georg Nowka
1956:
Australia

details
 Sweden (SWE)
Folke Bohlin
Bengt Palmquist
Leif Wikström
 Denmark (DEN)
Ole Berntsen
Cyril Andresen
Christian von Bülow
 Great Britain (GBR)
Graham Mann
Ronald Backus
Jonathan Janson
1960:
Italy

details
 Greece (GRE)
HRH Crown Prince Constantine
Odysseus Eskidioglou
Georgios Zaimis
 Argentina (ARG)
Jorge Salas Chávez
Héctor Calegaris
Jorge del Río Sálas
 Italy (ITA)
Antonio Cosentino
Antonio Ciciliano
Giulio De Stefano
1964:
Japan

details
 Denmark (DEN)
Ole Berntsen
Christian von Bulow
Ole Poulsen
 Germany (EUA)
Peter Ahrendt
Wilfried Lorenz
Ulrich Mense
 United States (USA)
Lowell North
Richard Deaver
Charles Rogers
1968:
Mexico

details
 United States (USA)
George Friedrichs
Barton Jahncke
Gerald Schreck
 Denmark (DEN)
Aage Birch
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
Niels Markussen
 East Germany (GDR)
Paul Borowski
Karl-Heinz Thun
Konrad Weichert
1972:
West Germany

details
 Australia (AUS)
John Cuneo
Thomas Anderson
John Shaw
 East Germany (GDR)
Paul Borowski
Karl-Heinz Thun
Konrad Weichert
 United States (USA)
Donald Cohan
Charles Horter
John Marshall

Vintage Yachting Games[4][edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Netherlands 1 1 0 2
2  Ukraine 1 0 0 1
3  United Kingdom 0 1 0 1
4  Australia 0 0 1 1
 Russia 0 0 1 1
Event Gold Silver Bronze
2008
Netherlands
Medemblik
 Netherlands (NED)
Reinier Wissenraet
Gijs Evers
Marc Reijnhoudt
 United Kingdom (GBR)
Miss Gavia Wilkimson-Cox
Ron Rosenberg
Jon Mortimer
 Australia (GER)
Gordon Ingate
David Giles
Keith Musto
2012
Italy
Lake Como
 Ukraine (UKR)
Yevgen Braslavetz
Georgii Leonchuk
Sergey Timokhov
 Netherlands (NED)
Reinier Wissenraet
Pim ten Harmsen van der Beek
Marc Reijnhoudt
 Russia (RUS)
Vasiliy Senatorov
Igor Ivashintsov
Alex Muzichenko
2016
United Kingdom
Weymouth Bay
Dates to be decided

World Championships[5][edit]

European Championships[6][edit]

Coupe Virginie HERIOT.png

In memory of Madame Virginie Hériot and in accordance with her often expressed wish to encourage yachting, the Committee of the Yacht Club de France decided at a meeting on 21 May 1946 to initiate an International Cup and name it the "Coupe Virginie Hériot". The Cup is assigned to the International Dragon Class, but remains the property of the Yacht Club de France. In agreement with the Committee of the International Dragon Association the "Coupe Virginie Hériot" is the main trophy of the European Dragon Championship. The event is now held annually.

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Denmark 9 1 2 12
2  Germany 5 3 2 10
3  Ukraine 3 2 2 7
4  West Germany 3 0 0 3
 Netherlands 3 0 0 3
6  Russia 1 2 2 5
7  Austria 1 0 0 1
 Portugal 1 0 0 1
8  United Kingdom 0 1 0 1
  Switzerland 0 1 0 1
10  Finland 0 0 1 1
 France 0 0 1 1
23 8 8 39
Event Gold Silver Bronze
1978
Belgium
Ostende
 Netherlands (H)
Ed Frech
Jan Bakker
Steven Vis
1979
1980  Austria (OE)
C Scheineker
1981 Not Scheduled
1982  West Germany (G)
Markus Glas
1983 Not Scheduled
1984  Denmark (D)
Börge Börresen
1985 Not Scheduled
1986  West Germany (G)
Markus Glas
1987  West Germany (G)
Markus Glas
1988  Denmark (D)
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
1989 Not Scheduled
1990  Denmark (D)
Lars Hendriksen
1991 Not Scheduled
1992  Denmark (DEN)
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
1993 Not Scheduled
1994  Germany (GER)
M. Erhard
1995  Germany (GER)
H. Erich
1996  Denmark (DEN)
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
1997 Not Scheduled
1998  Netherlands (NED)
Fred Imhoff
1999 Not Scheduled
2000  Denmark (DEN)
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
2001 Not Sailed
2002
Switzerland
Thun
 Germany (GER)
M. Erhard
2003
Republic of Ireland
Kinsale
 Netherlands (NED)
Fred Imhoff
Richard van Rij
Rudy den Outer
  Switzerland (SUI)
Vincent Hoesch
Horro Kniffka
Bernd Faber
 Denmark (DEN)
Frank Berg
Soren Kaestel
Mads Christensen
2004
Estonia
Tallinn
 Germany (GER)
Harm Muller-Spreer
 Denmark (DEN)
Frank Berg
 Germany (GER)
Werner Fritz
2005
France
La Trinité-sur-Mer
 Denmark (DEN)
Claus Hoj Jensen
 United Kingdom (GBR)
Poul Richard Høj Jensen
 France (FRA)
J. Pasturaud
2006
United Kingdom
Cowes
 Denmark (DEN)
Lars Hendriksen
2007
Finland
Hanko
 Germany (GER)
Markus Wieser
Sergei Pughchev
Thomas Auracher
 Germany (GER)
Wolfgang Rappel
Hans Jürgen Benze
Michael Lipp
 Finland (FIN)
Henrik Dahlman
Lars Henriksen
Oscar Dannström
2008
Norway
Oslo
 Russia (RUS)
Maxim Logutenko
Mikhail Sanalorov
Vladimir Krutskih
 Russia (RUS)
Dmitry Berezkin
Igor Goihberg
Alexei Bushhuev
 Germany (GER)
Thomas Müller
Vincent Hoesch
Maximilian Scheibmeyr
2009
France
St. Tropez
 Ukraine (UKR)
Markus Wieser
Sergey Pughchev
Matti Paschen
 Germany (GER)
Markus Glas
Max Glas
Andreas Lohmann
 Ukraine (UKR)
Eugen Braslavets
Sergey Timokov
Michael Hestbek
2010
Hungary
Balatonkenese
 Ukraine (UKR)
Markus Wieser
Sergey Pughchev
Matti Paschen
 Russia (RUS)
Dmitry Berezkin
Anatoly Kudritskiy
Aleksey Bushuev
 Russia (RUS)
Anatoly Logonov
Andrey Kirilyuk
Alexander Shalagin
2011
Germany
Boltenhagen
 Denmark (DEN)
Jens Christensen
Kim Andersen
Anders Bagger
 Ukraine (UKR)
Markus Wieser
Sergey Pughchev
Matti Paschen
 Ukraine (UKR)
Evgeny Braslavetz
Sergey Timokhov
Olexandr Myrchuk
2012
Austria
Attersee
 Ukraine (UKR)
Markus Wieser
Sergey Pughchev
Matti Paschen
 Germany (GER)
Marcus Brennecke
Vincent Hoesch
Michael Lipp
 Russia (RUS)
Victor Fogelson
Oleg Khoperskiy
Vicheslav Kaptyukhin
2013
Portugal
Cascais
 Portugal (POR)
Jose Matoso
Gustavo Lima
Frederico Melo
 Ukraine (UKR)
Markus Wieser
Sergey Pughchev
Georgii Leonchuk
 Denmark (DEN)
Jens Christensen
Kim Andersen
Anders Bagger
2014
Italy
San Remo
25–29 Mar 2014

Gold Cup[7][edit]

Further information: Dragon Gold Cup
The Winners of the 2011 Dragon Gold Cup: Markus Wieser, Sergey Pughchev and Matti Paschen with the Gold Cup.

The International Dragon Cup was presented in 1937 by members of the Clyde Yacht's Conference with the intention of bringing together as many competitors of different nationalities as possible for yacht racing in Europe in a friendly spirit, in order to perpetuate the good feeling which existed at the first International Clyde Fortnight. The Clyde Yacht Clubs' Conference has been reconstituted as the Clyde Yacht Clubs' Association and the International Dragon Cup has become known as, and is now renamed, the 'Dragon Gold Cup'.

Members of the Clyde Yacht Clubs' Association created specific rules for this competition and donated a perpetual trophy made of pure gold for an annual international race. From the beginning, the Gold Cup was considered a family event for the Dragon Sailors and could be raced by yachts of the International Dragon Class belonging to any country, and for this reason was a very well attended event.

Until 1965, the year of the first Official World Championship, the Gold Cup was considered the unofficial World Cup. The first rules created by the Clyde Yacht Clubs' Association established that the Cup should be sailed annually and that the Cup should be retained by the winner for one year only. It also established that the event should take place in rotation in the following countries: Scotland, France, Sweden, Germany, Holland and Denmark.

With the revision of the rules in 1997, the number of hosting countries was enlarged to eleven: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

The hosting country and the Organising Authority continue to be selected by the Clyde Yacht Clubs' Association in conjunction with the International Dragon Association and the number of participants was limited to 120.

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Denmark 30 2 0 32
2  West Germany 8 0 0 8
3  Germany 7 0 0 7
4  Netherlands 4 2 1 7
5  United Kingdom 4 1 1 6
6  Sweden 4 0 0 4
7  Norway 3 0 0 3
8  Ukraine 2 2 0 4
9  United States 2 0 0 2
10  Russia 1 0 2 3
11  Canada 1 0 0 1
 Italy 1 0 0 1
13  Finland 0 0 2 2
14  Portugal 0 0 1 1
66 6 6 78

References[edit]

  1. ^ "RYA Portsmouth Yardstick Scheme 2007". Royal Yachting Association. Retrieved 21 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "Keelboat Classes". US Sailing. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  3. ^ Olympic results
  4. ^ Results Vintage
  5. ^ World champions
  6. ^ European champions
  7. ^ Gold Cup winners

External links[edit]