Dragon Quest V: Hand of the Heavenly Bride

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Dragon Quest V: Hand of the Heavenly Bride
Dragon Quest V Hand of the Heavenly Bride Game Cover.png
Box art of the enhanced remake, Dragon Quest V: Hand of the Heavenly Bride, for the Nintendo DS
Developer(s) Chunsoft (SFC)
ArtePiazza, Matrix Software[1] (PS2)
ArtePiazza (NDS)
Publisher(s) Enix Corporation (SFC)
Square Enix (PS2, NDS)
Director(s) Manabu Yamana
Producer(s) Yukinobu Chida
Designer(s) Yuji Horii
Artist(s) Akira Toriyama
Writer(s) Yuji Horii
Composer(s) Koichi Sugiyama
Series Dragon Quest
Platform(s) Super Famicom, PlayStation 2, Nintendo DS, Android, iOS
Release date(s) Super Famicom
  • JP September 27, 1992
PlayStation 2
  • JP March 25, 2004
Nintendo DS
Android & iOS
Genre(s) Role-playing video game
Mode(s) Single player
Distribution 12-megabit cartridge (SFC), DVD (PS2), Nintendo DS Game Card, digital download

Dragon Quest V: Hand of the Heavenly Bride (ドラゴンクエストV 天空の花嫁 Doragon Kuesuto Faibu Tenkū no Hanayome?, lit. "Dragon Quest V: The Heavenly Bride"), known as Dragon Quest: The Hand of the Heavenly Bride in Europe,[7] is a role-playing video game and the fifth installment in the Dragon Quest video game series. Originally developed by Chunsoft and published by Enix Corporation, Dragon Quest V was the first title in the series to be released for the Nintendo Super Famicom (SFC) video game console in Japan on September 27, 1992. It has since been remade for the PlayStation 2 in 2004; which was developed by ArtePiazza and Matrix Software,[1] and published by Square Enix only in Japan. Another remake was made for the Nintendo DS,[8] and was released on July 17, 2008 in Japan.[2] The remake was also released in North America[9] and Europe,[7] marking the first time the game had an official release in either territory. The game was released on February 17, 2009 for the North American market. A version of the game for Android and iOS has been announced for release in Japan in Winter 2014.[6]

Along with Dragon Quest VI: Realms of Revelation, the original Super Famicom release never reached North America. In the absence of an official translation, several fan translations were created between 1998 and 2002,[10] followed by a more recent fan translation of the PlayStation 2 remake.[11]

Dragon Quest V takes place over roughly thirty years of the main character's life, from when he is born through to when he gets married and has a family. The title introduced a gameplay dynamic in which monsters from random encounters may offer to join the player's party. This concept was used in later Dragon Quest games, and in the Dragon Quest Monsters series constituted the primary way to form a party.

The game's monster-collecting concept has since become influential, appearing in many later franchises such as Pokémon, Digimon and Dokapon[citation needed]. In turn, the concept of collecting everything in a game, in the form of achievements or similar rewards, has since become a common trend in video games.[12] Dragon Quest V has also been credited as the first known video game to feature a playable pregnancy, a concept that has since appeared in later games such as Harvest Moon, The Sims 2 and Fable II.[13]

Gameplay[edit]

Dragon Quest V uses basic role-playing video game mechanics seen in the rest of the series, which includes leveling up by gaining experience points through battle, first person turn-based battles, and equipping weapons and armor. Something new to the Dragon Quest series is the ability to tame monsters into the player's party. The monsters can be used in battle and level-up like the human characters. Monsters sometimes request to join the Hero after battles if the party is strong enough. There are a total of 40 monsters that are capable of joining the Hero's party in the Super Famicom version, with 71 in the PlayStation 2 remake.[14][15]

Like IV and VI, this game has a wagon where members of the Hero's party can rest while exploring the world, but in the original Super Famicom version it was only possible to have a maximum of three active party members (those who actively participate in the monster battles), while in IV and VI it was up to four. This was changed in the remakes on the PlayStation 2 and Nintendo DS to include up to four members in an active party. The tactics system first introduced in Dragon Warrior IV was brought back in this game, but with the added option of controlling allies manually for the entire game (whereas Dragon Quest IV only let you control them for four out of five chapters). It also expanded the tactics system by allowing the artificial intelligence routines to be set individually for each ally rather than for the party as a whole.[16]

After beating the game, players can gain access to the bonus dungeon. Dragon Quest V was the first Dragon Quest game to have a bonus dungeon (although the remakes of Dragon Quest III and IV added bonus dungeons later).

Story[edit]

Characters[edit]

The DS version uses both screens to depict a battle.
  • The Hero (主人公 shujinkō?) is, in the early chapters of the game, a six-year-old boy who travels all around the world along with his father, Pankraz. After Pankraz's death, the Hero becomes enslaved and is forced to undergo hard labor in the building of a great temple. Ten years later, he finally escapes, and he starts a journey to find out the secrets of his father's past. Soon he finds out that his mother, Mada (マーサ Māsa?, originally fan translated as Martha), who was said to have died soon after the Hero was born, is still alive and so he sets forth to locate the fabled Legendary Hero and rescue her from the underworld. She came from Lofty Peak[17] (エルヘブン Eruhebun?, originally fan translated as Elhaven) and hence kept power to tame monsters.
  • Pankraz Gotha (パパス Papasu?, originally fan translated as Papas)[18][19] is the father of the Hero. Though he was once the king of Gotha[17] (グランバニア Guranbania?, originally fan translated as Granbania), he left his homeland to search for his wife and for the Legendary Hero. His attendant, Sancho, usually stays in Whealbrook (サンタローズ Santarōzu?, originally fan translated as Santa Rosa). He is killed trying to protect his son and Prince Harry.
  • Bianca Whitaker (ビアンカ Bianka?, originally fan translated as Bianca)[20] is the tomboy daughter of innkeepers of Roundbeck[17] (アルカパ Arukapa?, originally fan translated as Alkapa) and a childhood friend of the Hero. She first teams up with the Hero in a nighttime-adventure to the haunted Uptaten Towers (the game's first dungeon) and helps the Hero save the Great Sabercub from two bullies, and asks the Hero to take it with him.[14] After growing up, she moves to a mountainside village to aid in her father's recuperation, during which time her mother died. After meeting the grown-up Hero, Bianca briefly joins him in his quest to obtain the Ring of Water and follow him to Mostroferrato. Bianca is one of two (three in the Nintendo DS version) women whom the player can choose to marry the Hero.
  • Nera Briscoletti (フローラ Furōra?, originally fan translated as Flora)[18][20] is a daughter of Rodrigo Briscoletti (ルドマン Rudoman?, originally fan translated as Ludman),[20] who recently got back from a religious house. She is first encountered as a child in the first Littlehaven scene of the game, where she and her father board the ship the Hero and Pankraz were riding on. Her father is a wealthy man living in Mostroferrato[17] (サラボナ Sarabona?, originally fan translated as Salabona). He seeks his daughter's bridegroom, but will only accept a man who is able to pass his trial, which is to collect the Ring of Fire and Ring of Water. She is the second choice for becoming the Hero's bride.[14] She grows to be a strong sorceress if she accompanies the Hero.[20]
  • Debora Briscoletti (デボラ Debora?)[18][20] is Nera's haughty and materialistic sister who treats the Hero as her "servant". Like Nera, she is first encountered at Littlehaven, where she calls Pankraz an old man. Debora constantly berates the hero and makes it evident that she is the dominant one in the relationship. She even makes the Hero sleep on the floor during their honey moon. However, she expresses her love in humorous ways such as telling him he is the best servant she has had and would never replace him. Debora actually has a motherly side when with the children and truly supports the Hero in his quest to save his mother. She was neither in the original version nor the PS2 remake, but was added as a third choice for becoming the Hero's bride in the Nintendo DS remake. She is a rare hybrid of a melee & damage caster and is the only character able to equip the Akillics & Diamond ackillics weapons (both of which allow her to strike a single enemy twice).
  • Prince Harry (ヘンリー Henrī?, originally fan translated as Henry) is the elder son of the King of Coburg(Reinhart). As a child he has a the reputation of being a bit of a prankster, and loves putting frogs on people. When he first met the hero, he was initially very mean to him and stuck up. After Pankraz's death he is sold into slavery along with the Hero. As a result of his time as a slave, he becomes more responsible and forms a strong friendship with the Hero. He is with the Hero when he begins his quest to find his mother, but the responsibility to his people keeps him from staying on the team for very long. He also falls in love with Maria (the slave he & the Hero saved) and shortly after restoring order to Coburg, he returns to Heaven's Above Abbey riding a white horse & proposed to her. Their wedding occurs while the Hero is off searching the area of Northern Zephyrus. Both Harry and Maria attend the Hero's wedding. Harry and his wife later has a son named Kendrick, who resembles Harry as a boy (in both appearance & personality).[17]
  • The Boy (男の子 otokonoko?) (Default name: Parry)[21] is a strong support and attack magic user, and the one that eventually can equip the legendary Zenithian sword and armor. He is the Legendary Hero Pankraz was originally searching for, but was not born until much later.[17]
  • The Girl (女の子 onnanoko?) (Default name: Madchen)[21] is the sister of the Boy. She also has a variety of spells, but her skills are geared more towards attacking monsters (which is ironic as she dislikes fighting monsters). She possesses the ability to understand animals or monster; like her father (the Hero) & grandmother (Mada), possesses the power to tame monsters.[17]

Plot[edit]

Dragon Quest V begins with a brief scene of the Hero's birth in which the player gives the Hero a name. Afterwards, the Hero, as a child, and his father, Pankraz travel to meet Sancho, an old friend. The Hero meets Bianca and the two explore the haunted Uptaten Towers (レヌール Renūru?), where they obtain a mysterious Golden Orb. The next day, the Hero notices a man in the town who looks very similar to him only older. That man asks the Hero to show him the Golden Orb and, after returning it, asks him to take care of his father Pankraz. The first section of the story ends with Pankraz being killed by powerful foes when he tries to protect his son and Prince Harry. They are then both sold into slavery.

The Hero walks by himself in his hometown (Super Famicom version).

The story continues ten years later, and the player finds that the Hero and Harry have grown up working on a giant temple, but escape as the scene opens. The Hero travels to the west to the town of Mostroferrato, where the wealthy nobleman Rodrigo Briscoletti and his daughter Nera live. Rodrigo sends the Hero on a quest to retrieve two magic rings, called the Circle of Fire and the Circle of Water, as a test of his worthiness as a suitor for Nera. The Hero accomplishes this and Rodrigo offers the Hero the chance to marry Nera, but it is also possible for him to marry Bianca or Debora (DS). After the marriage, the Hero travels to his homeland of Gotha, where they make him king. His wife has two children, but is kidnapped by monsters. When the Hero comes to rescue her, both are turned to stone by the monsters.

The Hero is found by his two children eight years later and is revived. Travelling the world to collect the legendary Zenithian armaments for the Legendary Hero, it is discovered that the Hero's son is indeed the Legendary Hero sought by Pankraz almost twenty years ago. During this stage of the journey, the Hero avenges Pankraz by killing Ladja (ゲマ Gema?), and restores the Dragon God, as well as Zenithia castle, to their proper homes in the sky. To accomplish this, the Hero has to enter a time warp to retrieve the Golden Orb from his child self.

After returning to the temple the Hero helped build as a slave, the Zenithian armor is found, as well as the statue of his wife. After the final source of evil is eradicated from the world, the party is told that Mada (Martha) remains in the Demon World, and that the final source of evil, Nimzo (ミルドラース Mirudorāsu?), is lying in wait for the Legendary Hero. The Hero, his wife, and their children agree not to leave Mada in the demon world, so together they travel there via a portal near Lofty Peak, and reach the Evil Mountain. Mada is found inside, but dies shortly after meeting the Hero and his family. The party continues on to confront and destroy the lord of evil, Nimzo. They return to Gotha, and have a joyful party. As the family celebrates, Pankraz and Mada watch their son and his family from the heavens, happy and content with their progeny.

Setting[edit]

Like the first Dragon Quest trilogy, where Alefgard appeared in games I, II, and III with roughly similar geography in each game, the worlds of IV, V, and VI are connected in that the sky castle Zenithia appears in each game, although the base geography is largely different between the three games. Like all other Dragon Quest games, this one takes place in a medieval world, with no real modern technology, such as cars or electricity. Characters fight with swords, clubs, and magic instead of guns or other modern weapons.

The quest takes the Hero and his party to many exotic locations, such as a fairy village, a mansion made of ice, several caves, and a volcano. The party eventually makes its way to Zenithia, which is a castle in each game of the Zenithia trilogy. Like a few other Dragon Quest games, the final enemies reside in a dark world, separate from the main map.

Development[edit]

Production[edit]

As with the other main games in the Dragon Quest series, Dragon Quest V's scenario was designed by Yuji Horii,[22] whereas the artwork was done by Akira Toriyama, of Dragon Ball fame.[23] Koichi Sugiyama composed all the music for Dragon Quest V.

PlayStation 2 remake[edit]

The PlayStation 2 version features updated graphics.

Square Enix released a PlayStation 2 enhanced remake of Dragon Quest V on March 25, 2004, with first day sales of 722,000.[24] As of April 2004, the game has sold over 1.5 million copies making it the top selling Dragon Quest remake game of all-time, and is available in Japan as an Ultimate Hits title. The remake was developed by former Dragon Quest VII art directors, Artepiazza. It features 3D graphics that are similar to Dragon Quest VII, but it utilizes the extra PlayStation 2 graphical capabilities. The Hero and his companions have to fight more monsters in the PlayStation 2 remake than they did in the Super Famicom original, but the character limit on the party has been increased from three to four. Also, there were only 40 monsters available to the player's party in the Super Famicom version of Dragon Quest V due to ROM limitations. The PlayStation 2 remake, however, does not suffer from this restriction. The music is performed by the NHK Symphony.

Another new feature in the remake is the famous local trinkets museum where the player has to collect local specialties from all around the world, return the items back to a character named "Yuujii" (literally old man ghost), and receive rewards for them. The Dragon Quest V remake was the third Dragon Quest to be released in the Square Enix name (after Kenshin Dragon Quest and Slime Morimori Dragon Quest). Lastly, a Dragon Quest VIII preview video disc was included in the Japanese release of the Dragon Quest V remake.[25]

A fan translation of the PS2 version was started by Kojiro Translations[26] and an independent team, which later released two patches in 2010 as DQ Translations.[27]

Nintendo DS remake[edit]

The Dragon Quest V remake for the Nintendo DS was announced in late 2007 by Square Enix, to be developed by ArtePiazza.[8] The game uses the same engine as the DS remake of Dragon Quest IV.[14]

On April 23, 2008, it was reported that Square Enix had applied for the trademark "Hand of the Heavenly Bride" at the United States Patent and Trademark Office.[28] It was confirmed to be a reference to Dragon Quest V by a listing from Nintendo of third-party titles for Nintendo platforms.[29] On May 20, 2008, Square Enix opened up the North American site featuring the three Dragon Quest DS remakes, acknowledging the game would see a release in North America.[30] On the following day, Square Enix sent out a press release saying that the game would be released in Europe under the name Dragon Quest: The Hand of the Heavenly Bride.[7] It was released on July 17, 2008 in Japan.,[2] February 17, 2009 in North America, and February 20, 2009 in Europe.

Included with the remake is the PlayStation 2 update of being able to have four members in a party at a time instead of just three.[31] Also, there is a new third girl Debora Briscoletti (Deborah in Japan), who is available for the Hero to marry.[32] Yuji Horii described her as a character "nobody in their right mind would pick!" and that "it was the perfect way to torment players just a little more."[33]

Other media[edit]

Soundtrack[edit]

As with every Dragon Quest, Koichi Sugiyama composed the music and directed all the associated spinoffs. A compilation of Dragon Quest V's music was put on the album Dragon Quest V ~Bride of the Heavens~ Symphonic Suite, was released in 1992 and then again in 2000. The first version features an extra disc with the original soundtrack as well as the symphonic one.[34] Here is the tracklisting of the Symphonic Suite:

Manga[edit]

Doragon Kuesuto Tenkū Monogatari (ドラゴンクエスト天空物語 lit. Dragon Quest: Tale of Heaven?, Dragon Quest: Tale of Zenithia) is an eleven volume manga series based on Dragon Quest V by Chino Yukimiya, which ran in 1997, and again in 2001.[35] The story follows the travels of the Hero's children Sora (空),the daughter, and Ten (天), the son, along with retainer Sancho (サンチョ) to find the Hero, who has been turned to stone. This manga fills in the 10-year gap presented between generations two and three in the game Dragon Quest V.

Reception[edit]

 Reception
Review scores
Publication Score
DS PS2 SNES
1UP.com A+[36]
Edge 8 / 10[37][38]
Eurogamer 8 / 10[39]
Famitsu 36 / 40[42] 34 / 40 36 / 40[40][41]
GameSpot 8.5 / 10[43]
IGN 8.9 / 10[15]
Nintendo Power 8.5 / 10[44][38]
Official Nintendo Magazine 90%[45]
Dengeki PlayStation 36.5 / 40
Aggregate scores
Metacritic 84 / 100[46]

Like the other games in the series, Dragon Quest V was very popular in Japan. The original Super Famicom version sold nearly 3 million copies.[47] In 2006, the Japanese gaming magazine Famitsu had readers vote on the top one hundred games of all time, Dragon Quest V coming in at number 11 and the PS2 remake at number 40.[48] The way the story is divided by different periods of time has been praised, something that has appeared in very few video games.[14][15][49] The game's execution of its coming of age theme has also been praised, with Gamasutra stating that "never has it been executed so magnificently as Dragon Quest V."[50] Dragon Quest V has also been acknowledged as Yuji Horii's favourite in the series.[14]

The Nintendo DS remake of Dragon Quest V: Hand of the Heavenly Bride is the seventh best-selling game of Japan in 2008, selling 1,176,082 copies.[51] The game has sold 1.35 million copies worldwide.[52] It has been called one of the best RPGs on the DS and has been said to have "some of the best story telling on the system".[15][53] Although critics agreed that the game's interface feels archaic and overly simple at times, many cite that the emotional plot more than makes up for the game's flaws, stated that it is one of the "greatest classic RPGs".[15][36] Other critics note that this installment of the series particularly stands out from the rest because of its story telling, differentiating it from other Dragon Quest games, which are all more similar.[54] 1UP praised it for its mature storytelling that "gets better with age" and resonates with players with a "more mature and experienced" perspective going through similar phases in their own life.[55] The updated 3D environments with rotable camera have also received praise.[53]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Dragon Quest V for the PS2". 2004. Archived from the original on 2007-11-13. Retrieved 2007-08-28. 
  2. ^ a b c "『ドラゴンクエストV 天空の花嫁』が2008年7月17日に発売決定!". Famitsu.com. 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  3. ^ "Square Enix Updates 2009 Q1 Lineup". 2008-11-11. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  4. ^ "New Dragon Quest DS in Feb". 2009-01-08. Retrieved 2009-02-08. 
  5. ^ Dragon Quest V: Hand of the Heavenly Bride for DS - Dragon Quest V: Hand of the Heavenly Bride DS Game - Dragon Quest V: Hand of the Heavenly Bride DS Video Game
  6. ^ a b "SQUARE ENIX announces DRAGON QUEST titles including DRAGON QUEST VIII for smartphones (For Japan)" (in Japanese). Square Enix. 2013-10-08. Retrieved 2013-10-08. 
  7. ^ a b c "Experience Dragon Quest in the Palm of Your Hand Zenithia Trilogy Announced for Europe". MCV. 2008-05-21. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  8. ^ a b Kalata, Kurt (2007). "Dragon Quest 4 to 6". Retrieved 2007-08-28. 
  9. ^ Joe Keiser (2008-05-21). "Square Enix Brings Dragon Quest DS West". Next Generation. Retrieved May 21, 2008. 
  10. ^ "Romhacking.net Dragon Quest V Translations". 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-28. 
  11. ^ "Dragon Quest 5 (PS2) Translation Project". 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-28. 
  12. ^ Gaming's most important evolutions, GamesRadar
  13. ^ A. J. Glasser, Knocked Up: A Look At Pregnancy In Video Games, Kotaku
  14. ^ a b c d e f Kurt Kalata (2007). "Dragon Quest V". Retrieved January 29, 2008. 
  15. ^ a b c d e Bozon, Mark (February 11, 2009). "Dragon Quest V: Hand of the Heavenly Bride". IGN. Retrieved 2009-09-30. 
  16. ^ Glenn Wilson, Dragon Quest V: Hand of the Heavenly Bride - Staff Review, RPGamer, accessed 2011-02-23
  17. ^ a b c d e f g Lummis, Michael and Owen, Michael (2009). BradyGames: Dragon Quest V: Hand of the Heavenly Bride Official Strategy Guide. Strategy Guides. Brady Games. ISBN 978-0-7440-1098-5. 
  18. ^ a b c Square-Enix (2009). "Dragon Quest V (Official Site)". Retrieved January 28, 2009. 
  19. ^ ArtePiazza (2009-02-17). "Dragon Quest V: Hand of the Heavenly Bride". Nintendo DS. Square Enix. "I am Pankraz Gotha of Whealbrook." 
  20. ^ a b c d e Loe, Casey (February 2009). "Days of Slimes and Roses". Nintendo Power (Future USA, Inc) (238): 56–60. 
  21. ^ a b Only in the Nintendo DS rerelease.
  22. ^ "Dragon Quest V at IMDb". 2007. Retrieved August 29, 2007. 
  23. ^ "Akira Toriyama at IMDb". 2007. Retrieved August 29, 2007. 
  24. ^ Rob Parton (2004). "Japandemonium". Retrieved August 28, 2007. 
  25. ^ Hirohiko Niizumi (2004). "Dragon Quest V to Have DQ VIII Trailer". Retrieved August 30, 2007. 
  26. ^ "Dragon Quest Translations". 2007. Retrieved August 29, 2007. 
  27. ^ "Dragon Quest Translations". 2010. Retrieved January 23, 2010. 
  28. ^ United States Patent and Trademark Office (2008). "Latest Status". Retrieved April 23, 2008. 
  29. ^ Nintendo Co.,LTD (2008). "Financial Results Briefing for Fiscal Year Ended March 2008" (PDF). Retrieved April 23, 2008. 
  30. ^ Square Enix (2008). "DRAGON QUEST". Retrieved May 20, 2008. 
  31. ^ Nintendo Power, volume 230. Future USA, Inc., article "A flight of Dragons" by Casey Loe Pages 50-57. Retrieved 2008-6-21.
  32. ^ RMC (2008). "GoNintendo » Blog Archive » Dragon Quest V - another scan (with a second look at Deborah)- What are you waiting for?". Retrieved June 21, 2008. 
  33. ^ Casey Loe, ed. (2009). Nintendo Power volume 238. Future US, Inc. p. 60. 
  34. ^ Patrick Gann (2006). "Dragon Quest V soundtrack". Retrieved August 28, 2007. 
  35. ^ "Dragon Quest Manga". 2003. Retrieved August 29, 2007. 
  36. ^ a b Parish, Jeremy (February 13, 2009). "Dragon Quest V Review". 1UP.com. Archived from the original on 2012-10-11. Retrieved 2014-11-15. 
  37. ^ Edge staff (April 2009). "Dragon Quest V: Hand of the Heavenly Bride". Edge (200): 123. 
  38. ^ a b http://www.gamerankings.com/ds/942423-dragon-quest-v-hand-of-the-heavenly-bride/articles.html
  39. ^ http://www.eurogamer.net/articles/dragon-quest-v-hand-of-the-heavenly-bride-review
  40. ^ "スーパーファミコン SUPER FAMICOM - ドラゴンクエストV 天空の花嫁". Weekly Famicom Tsūshin 225: 90. April 9, 1993. 
  41. ^ List of Weekly Famitsu software Hall of Fame (translation), Geimin.net
  42. ^ How Do Dragon Quest's Famitsu Scores Stack Up?, Kotaku
  43. ^ http://www.gamespot.com/reviews/dragon-quest-v-hand-of-the-heavenly-bride-review/1900-6204690/
  44. ^ "Dragon Quest V: Hand of the Heavenly Bride". Nintendo Power 238: 90. March 2009. 
  45. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20090224193715/http://www.officialnintendomagazine.co.uk/article.php?id=7246
  46. ^ Metacritic staff. "Dragon Quest V at Metacritic". Metacritic. Retrieved 2009-09-30. 
  47. ^ "International Outlook". Electronic Gaming Monthly (53) (EGM Media, LLC). December 1993. p. 100. 
  48. ^ Colin Campbell (3 March 2006). "Japan Votes on All Time Top 100". Edge. Retrieved 2014-11-15. 
  49. ^ Kalata, Kurt. "The History of Dragon Quest". Features. Gamasutra. p. 1. Retrieved 2009-09-20. 
  50. ^ Kurt Kalata, A Japanese RPG Primer: The Essential 20 - Dragon Quest V, Gamasutra
  51. ^ "JAPANESE 2008 MARKET REPORT". MCVUK. Retrieved 2009-01-09. 
  52. ^ "Results Briefing: Fiscal Year ended May 31, 2009". Square-Enix.com. May 19, 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  53. ^ a b Edey, Brian (March 16, 2009). "Review: Dragon Quest V". Gamefocus.com.com. Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
  54. ^ Chadwell, Dustin (March 25, 2009). "Dragon Quest V". gaming-age.com. Retrieved 2009-09-30. 
  55. ^ Jeremy Parish, Dragon Quest V and the Maturation of Perspective, 1UP, March 16, 2009

External links[edit]