Dragsholm courtyard in 2009
|Town or city||Dragsholm, Odsherred, Zealand|
|Client||Peder Sunesen (original)
Frederik Christian Adeler (current building)
For about 800 years there has been a building on the islet by the “drag”. From the original palace over the medieval castle to the current baroque style, Dragsholm Castle has had an influence on and been influenced by changing times and the surrounding community. Today, Dragsholm Castle has restaurant and hotel facilities.
The name Dragsholm
Prior to the damming of Lammefjord, Odsherred was connected to the rest of Zealand by a narrow stretch. A ”draugh” or ”drag” means a small stretch of land, which in this case connected Odsherred to the rest of Zealand. The stretch of land was located east of Dragsholm where the mill, Dragsmølle, lies today. In the Viking Age, “drag” meant that you could drag the ships across the land and thereby avoid the dangerous waters north of Zealand. The islet on which Dragsholm Castle was built is surrounded by lakes and meadows just south of the border moraine deposit, which ends at Vejrhøj (123 m) to the north. Consequently, Dragsholm means the islet by the ”drag”.
Dragsholm Slot is one of the oldest secular buildings in Denmark. The original Dragsholm Castle was built around 1215 by the Bishop of Roskilde. During the Middle Ages, the building was modified from the original palace to a fortified castle. During the Count's Feud (1534–36) (Grevens Fejde) it was so strong that it was the only castle on Zealand to withstand the armies of Count Christoffer.
Crownland and prison, 1536–1664
In connection with the Reformation, Dragsholm was passed on to the Crown. As Crownland during the period from 1536 to 1664, Dragsholm Castle was used as a prison for noble and ecclesiastical prisoners. In the large tower at the northeast corner of the medieval castle, prison cells were made and equipped with toilets and windows depending on the prisoner’s crimes, behaviour and the seriousness of his insults towards the King.
Some of the most well-known prisoners at Dragsholm Castle include the last Catholic Bishop in Roskilde, the former owner of the castle, Joachim Rønnow; the 4th Earl of Bothwell, third husband of Mary, Queen of Scots; and the seemingly raving mad squire, Ejler Brockenhuus.
The Baroque castle
During the wars against Charles X Gustav of Sweden, an attempt was made to blow up Dragsholm Castle, and the place was a ruin until the King as part payment of his outstanding debts gave the castle to the grocer Heinrich Müller, and he started the restoration.
In 1694, Dragsholm Castle was sold to the nobleman Frederik Christian Adeler and finally rebuilt as the baroque castle we see today. Several owners from that family have made a lasting imprint on the development, including G. F. O. Zytphen Adeler, who took the initiative to drain the Lammefjord. The family line became extinct in 1932, and Dragsholm Castle passed over to the Central Land Board which sold the place to J.F. Bøttger, but only with the land belonging to the main estate.
Today, the baroque style of the castle still remains intact, but the interior of the Castle has been subject to restorations and modernisations over the years. The most recent major restoration took place after the first world war, where the Baron aimed for a Late Romantic Style, which still prevails in the salons and ballrooms.
Numerous witnesses and psychics have claimed that there are three ghosts who are residents at the castle: a grey lady, a white lady and James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell. The Earl is said to ride through the courtyard with a full horse and carriage.
Dragsholm Castle today
In recent years, the Bøttger family has managed the running of the castle after a number of minor restorations, which in addition to general conservation of the building has had the purpose of raising the level of quality of the castle as a hotel, restaurant and attraction. The hotel rooms at the castle have been refurbished and modernised, and more rooms have been added in the porter’s lodge on the other side of the moat.
- "Dragsholm Slot". Gyldendal.
- Erikson, Lars (February 13, 2011). "There is nothing like a Dane: Denmark may be at the forefront of a cooking revolution, but a night spent in a 13th-century castle eating foraged food proves the new Nordic cuisine has ancient roots". The Observer.
- Cheung, Theresa (2006). The Element Encyclopedia of the Psychic World (in English). Harper Element. p. 166. ISBN 978-0-00-721148-7.
- "Bothwell's bones rattle in Denmark". Daily Mail. February 5, 2005. p. 103.
- O'Donnell, Frank (April 16, 2001). "Even Bothwell Deserves a Dececnt Burial". The Scotsman.
- Womersley, Tara (April 17, 2001). "Queen of Scots' bigamist earl 'is really a hero'". The Daily Telegraph. p. 5.
- Dragsholm Castle official website
- History of Dragsholm Castle official website
- Ellingelyng.dk (Odsherred history website): Dragsholm Castle: history and images (Danish)
- Dragsholm Castle in Guide to Denmark