||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Norwegian (bokmål) Wikipedia. (May 2012)|
Draumkvedet (The Dream Poem) is a Norwegian visionary poem, probably dated from the late medieval age. It is one of the best known medieval ballads in Norway. The first written versions are from Lårdal and Kviteseid in Telemark in the 1840s.
The protagonist, Olav Åsteson, falls asleep on Christmas Eve and sleeps until the twelfth day of Christmas. Then he wakes, and rides to church to recount his dreams to the congregation, about his journey through the afterlife. The events are in part similar to other medieval ballads like the Lyke Wake Dirge: a moor of thorns, a tall bridge, and a black fire. After these, the protagonist is also allowed to see Hell and some of Heaven. The poem concludes with specific advice of charity and compassion, to avoid the various trials of the afterlife.
The poem was set to music by Norwegian composer Arne Nordheim in 1994 as Draumkvedet (The Dream Ballad). He scored it for solo singing voices, speakers, Hardanger fiddle, electronics, chorus and orchestra. The work was composed in honor of the millennium of the city of Trondheim in 1997. It was recorded in 2001 and released on a two CD set in 2006. Norwegian composer David Monrad Johansen is perhaps the first composer to treat the poem text musically with his op. 7 for male choir from the 1920s. His son, the composer Johan Kvandal wrote his "Draumkvædet" op. 15 in 1955, based on the Draumkvedet texts and melodies. This work is available in two versions, one for soprano solo and mixed choir with piano/ organ and another for soprano, mixed choir, flute, clarinet, bassoon, horn, viola, cello and double bass. It has been recorded by Bergen Domkantori (Bergen Digitalstudio BD7011). Eivind Groven, another famous Norwegian composer, made in 1963 a composition for soloists, choir and symphony orchestra, built on Draumkvedet. The work is available on CD (Aurora 1988).
- Knut Liestøl: "Draumkvedet. A Visionary Poem from the Middle Ages", Studia Norvegica 3, 1946
- "The Dream Lay" – Listen to Norway, Vol.9 - 2001 No. 1 (Retrieved on February 18, 2008)
- «Draumkvedet». From Fragments of a Folk Song to a National Cultural Treasure(PDF)
- Carlsen, Christian, "Draumkvedet and the Medieval English Dream Vision: A Study of Genre" (2008). University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations. Paper 867
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