Drayton, Vale of White Horse
St Peter's parish church
Drayton shown within Oxfordshire
|Population||2,353 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|District||Vale of White Horse|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|Website||Drayton near Abingdon|
Drayton is a village and civil parish about 2 miles (3 km) south of Abingdon, Oxfordshire. It was part of Berkshire until the 1974 boundary changes transferred it to Oxfordshire. The 2011 Census recorded its population as 2,353.
Two sites of former settlements in the parish are scheduled monuments. One is about 1⁄2 mile (800 m) north of the village at Sutton Wick, overlapping the parish boundary with Abingdon. The other is around Brook Farm, about 1⁄2 mile (800 m) southeast of the village.
An episode of the Channel 4 television series Time Team called "In the Halls of a Saxon King", first transmitted on 5 September 2010, investigated archaeological sites from various periods between Drayton and its eastern neighbour Sutton Courtenay. They included a Neolithic site called the Drayton Cursus.
The earliest known forms of Drayton's toponym are the Old English Drægtune and Draigtun from the 10th century. It evolved through Draitune in the 10th and 11th centuries, Draitun from the 11th to the 13th century and Drettun in the 12th century. The current spelling of the name has been used since the 13th century.
In AD 955 King Eadred granted 10 hides of land at Drayton to a thegn called Eadwold. Eadred's successors confirmed the grant. Eadwold left the estate to Abingdon Abbey but King Æthelred II, who was crowned in 978, seems to have held the manor, as in 983 he granted three hides of it to his butler, Wulfgar. In 1000 Æthelred granted the same three hides plus a watermill at Drayton to Abingdon Abbey. In the 11th century the land seems to have been divided into two manors: West and East Drayton.
Church of England
St Peter's was restored again in 1959 after it was damaged by fire. It is a Grade II* listed building.
The tower has a ring of eight bells. Mears and Stainbank of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry cast a ring of six for the tower in 1871. The same founders added the present treble and tenor bells in 1880, increasing the ring to eight. There is also a Sanctus bell that one of the Wells family of bellfounders of Aldbourne, Wiltshire cast in about 1780.
Other historic buildings
Drayton has two pubs, the Red Lion (controlled by Greene King Brewery) and the Wheatsheaf. Morland Brewery of Abingdon, which Greene King took over and closed down in 2000, used to control both pubs.
- "Area: Drayton (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Sutton Wick settlement site". Historic England. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Settlement site". Historic England. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "In The Halls Of A Saxon King (Sutton Courtenay, Oxfordshire)". Time Team Series 17. Wessex Archaeology. 15 April 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- Hinton 1970, p. 1.
- Page & Ditchfield 1924, pp. 341–344.
- Historic England. "The Manor House (Grade II*) (1052737)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- Pevsner 1966, p. 130.
- Historic England. "Church of Saint Peter (Grade II*) (1052771)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- Hedgecock, James (27 February 2008). "Drayton S Peter". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Drayton (nr Abingdon)". Oxfordshire Churches & Chapels. Brian Curtis. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- Fletcher 1968, p. 86.
- Historic England. "69, High Street (Grade II) (1052735)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- The Red Lion
- Wheatsheaf Public House in Drayton
- Drayton Community Primary School
- Regal, Propos Georges (27 April 2010). "Subventions à la baisse, la grogne des associations". Journal Sud Ouest (in French). Retrieved 29 December 2010.
- Fletcher, John (1968). "Crucks In the West Berkshire and Oxford Region" (PDF). Oxoniensia (Oxford Architectural and Historical Society). XXXIII: 86.
- Hinton, David A (1970). "Two Late Saxon Swords" (PDF). Oxoniensia (Oxford Architectural and Historical Society) XXXV: 1–5.
- Page, W.H.; Ditchfield, P.H., eds. (1924). A History of the County of Berkshire. Victoria County History 4. assisted by John Hautenville Cope. London: The St Katherine Press. pp. 341–344.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1966). Berkshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 130.
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