Drayton, Vale of White Horse

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Drayton
Drayton StPeter southeast.jpg
St Peter's parish church
Drayton is located in Oxfordshire
Drayton
Drayton
 Drayton shown within Oxfordshire
Population 2,353 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SU4794
Civil parish Drayton
District Vale of White Horse
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Abingdon
Postcode district OX14
Dialling code 01235
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Wantage
Website Drayton near Abingdon
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Coordinates: 51°38′49″N 1°18′47″W / 51.647°N 1.313°W / 51.647; -1.313

Drayton is a village and civil parish about 2 miles (3 km) south of Abingdon, Oxfordshire. It was part of Berkshire until the 1974 boundary changes transferred it to Oxfordshire. The 2011 Census recorded its population as 2,353.[1]

Archaeology[edit]

Two sites of former settlements in the parish are scheduled monuments. One is about 12 mile (800 m) north of the village at Sutton Wick, overlapping the parish boundary with Abingdon.[2] The other is around Brook Farm, about 12 mile (800 m) southeast of the village.[3]

An episode of the Channel 4 television series Time Team called "In the Halls of a Saxon King", first transmitted on 5 September 2010, investigated archaeological sites from various periods between Drayton and its eastern neighbour Sutton Courtenay. They included a Neolithic site called the Drayton Cursus.[4]

In 1965 a late Saxon sword was found during ploughing on a field beside Barrow Lane. It is similar to swords found at Windsor, Berkshire and Gooderstone, Suffolk.[5]

Toponym[edit]

The earliest known forms of Drayton's toponym are the Old English Drægtune and Draigtun from the 10th century. It evolved through Draitune in the 10th and 11th centuries, Draitun from the 11th to the 13th century and Drettun in the 12th century. The current spelling of the name has been used since the 13th century.[6]

Drayton Manor House. The wing on the left is 18th-century. The range on the right is 15th-century, behind an early 20th-century front.

Manor[edit]

In AD 955 King Eadred granted 10 hides of land at Drayton to a thegn called Eadwold. Eadred's successors confirmed the grant. Eadwold left the estate to Abingdon Abbey but King Æthelred II, who was crowned in 978, seems to have held the manor, as in 983 he granted three hides of it to his butler, Wulfgar. In 1000 Æthelred granted the same three hides plus a watermill at Drayton to Abingdon Abbey. In the 11th century the land seems to have been divided into two manors: West and East Drayton.[6]

The oldest parts of Drayton's current Manor House are 15th-century. A wing was added in the 18th century and the front is early 20th-century. The house is a Grade II* listed building.[7]

Churches[edit]

Church of England[edit]

The oldest parts of the Church of England parish church of Saint Peter are Norman, built about AD 1200. The Perpendicular Gothic west tower and four-bay north aisle were added in the 15th century.[8]

The south transept was rebuilt about 1855 and the chancel was rebuilt in 1872. In 1879 the church was restored and south porch added, both to designs by the Gothic Revival architect Edwin Dolby.[8]

St Peter's was restored again in 1959 after it was damaged by fire. It is a Grade II* listed building.[9]

Drayton Baptist Church

The tower has a ring of eight bells. Mears and Stainbank of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry cast a ring of six for the tower in 1871. The same founders added the present treble and tenor bells in 1880, increasing the ring to eight. There is also a Sanctus bell that one of the Wells family of bellfounders of Aldbourne, Wiltshire cast in about 1780.[10]

Chapels[edit]

A Baptist chapel was built in 1834 and is now Drayton Baptist Church.[6]

A Wesleyan chapel was built in 1870[6] but is no longer used for worship.[11]

Other historic buildings[edit]

69 High Street, a thatched 15th-century cruck cottage

69 High Street is a 15th-century cruck cottage.[12][13] In 1780 an extensive fire destroyed a number of homes in the village.[6]

Amenities[edit]

Drayton has two pubs, the Red Lion[14] (controlled by Greene King Brewery) and the Wheatsheaf.[15] Morland Brewery of Abingdon, which Greene King took over and closed down in 2000, used to control both pubs.

Drayton has a Community Primary School.[16]

Twinning[edit]

Since 2000 Drayton has been twinned with Lesparre-Médoc, a commune in the French département of Gironde.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

The Wheatsheaf
  1. ^ "Area: Drayton (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  2. ^ "Sutton Wick settlement site". Historic England. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  3. ^ "Settlement site". Historic England. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  4. ^ "In The Halls Of A Saxon King (Sutton Courtenay, Oxfordshire)". Time Team Series 17. Wessex Archaeology. 15 April 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  5. ^ Hinton 1970, p. 1.
  6. ^ a b c d e Page & Ditchfield 1924, pp. 341–344.
  7. ^ Historic England. "The Manor House  (Grade II*) (1052737)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  8. ^ a b Pevsner 1966, p. 130.
  9. ^ Historic England. "Church of Saint Peter  (Grade II*) (1052771)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  10. ^ Hedgecock, James (27 February 2008). "Drayton S Peter". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  11. ^ "Drayton (nr Abingdon)". Oxfordshire Churches & Chapels. Brian Curtis. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  12. ^ Fletcher 1968, p. 86.
  13. ^ Historic England. "69, High Street  (Grade II) (1052735)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  14. ^ The Red Lion
  15. ^ Wheatsheaf Public House in Drayton
  16. ^ Drayton Community Primary School
  17. ^ Regal, Propos Georges (27 April 2010). "Subventions à la baisse, la grogne des associations". Journal Sud Ouest (in French). Retrieved 29 December 2010. 

Sources[edit]

The Red Lion

External links[edit]