DreamWorks Animation

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DreamWorks Animation
Type Public company
Traded as NASDAQDWA
Industry Animated films
Predecessor(s) Amblimation
Founded October 12, 1994 (1994-10-12)
Founder(s) Steven Spielberg
Jeffrey Katzenberg
David Geffen
Headquarters Glendale, California, United States
Number of locations Redwood City, California, United States
Key people Mellody Hobson
(Chairman)
Jeffrey Katzenberg
(CEO)
Lewis Coleman
(President and CFO)
Ann Daly
(COO)
Products Theatrical animated feature films
Television animated series
Revenue
  • Decrease$707 million (2013)[1]
  • $750 million (2012)[2]
Operating income
  • Increase$76 million (2013)[1]
  • -$65 million (2012)[2]
Net income
  • Increase$55 million (2013)[1]
  • -$36 million (2012)[2]
Total assets
  • Increase$2.274 billion (2013)[1]
  • $1.945 billion (2012)[2]
Total equity
  • Increase$1.406 billion (2013)[1]
  • $1.346 billion (2012)[2]
Owner(s) DreamWorks SKG (1994–2004)
Independent (2004–present)
Employees 2,050 (2013)[3][4]
Subsidiaries Pacific Data Images
DreamWorks Animation Television
DreamWorks Classics
DreamWorks Press
DreamWorks Animation Home Entertainment
Oriental DreamWorks (45%)
DreamWorks Animation Live Theatrical Productions[5]
Website www.dreamworksanimation.com

DreamWorks Animation SKG, Inc. (DWA) is an American animation studio based in Glendale, California that creates animated feature films, television programs, and online virtual worlds. They have released a total of twenty-eight feature films, including the franchises of Shrek, Madagascar, Kung Fu Panda, Monsters vs. Aliens, and How to Train Your Dragon. As of June 2013, its feature films have made $11 billion worldwide,[6] with its $430 million average gross surpassing all other studios besides Pixar ($595 million).[7] Shrek 2 and Shrek the Third are among the 50 highest-grossing films of all time, and fourteen of the films are among the 50 highest-grossing animated films, with Shrek 2 being the sixth all-time highest. Even though the studio also made traditionally-animated films earlier, as well as a co-production with Aardman Animations, all of their films now utilise computer-animation. The studio has so far received two Academy Awards along with numerous Annie & Emmy Awards; as well as multiple Golden Globe & BAFTA nominations. In recent years the animation studio has acquired and created new divisions in an effort to diversify beyond the high-risk movie business.

The studio was formed by the merger of the feature animation division of DreamWorks and Pacific Data Images (PDI). Originally formed under the banner of DreamWorks in 1997 by some of Amblin Entertainment's former animation branch Amblimation alumni, it was spun off into a separate public company in 2004. DreamWorks Animation currently maintains two campuses: the original DreamWorks feature animation studio in Glendale, California and the PDI studio in Redwood City, California.

Films produced by DreamWorks Animation were formerly distributed worldwide by the live-action DreamWorks studio, then by Paramount Pictures, a subsidiary of Viacom, who acquired the live-action DreamWorks studio in February 2006, spinning it off again in 2008. In 2013, 20th Century Fox, a subsidiary of 21st Century Fox, took over distribution of DreamWorks Animation films for a 5-year-deal that will last until 2018.

History[edit]

DreamWorks SKG[edit]

On October 12, 1994, DreamWorks SKG was formed and founded by a trio of entertainment players, director and producer Steven Spielberg, music executive David Geffen, and former Disney executive Jeffrey Katzenberg.

The new studio has attracted many artists from Spielberg's animation studio Amblimation. They first joined in 1995, when the last feature was completed,[8] and the rest came in 1997, when the studio had shut down.

In 1995, DreamWorks signed a co-production deal with Pacific Data Images to form subsidiary PDI, LLC (PDI owned 60% of PDI, LLC, while DreamWorks SKG owned 40%). The new unit would produce computer-generated feature films beginning with Antz in 1998. In the same year DreamWorks SKG produced The Prince of Egypt, which used both CG technology and traditional animation techniques.

In 1997, DreamWorks partnered with Aardman Animations, a British stop-motion animation studio, to co-produce and distribute Chicken Run, a stop-motion film already in pre-production.[9] Two years later they extended the deal for an additional four films. With Aardman doing stop-motion, they covered all three major styles, beside traditional and computer animation.[10] This partnership had DreamWorks participating in the production of stop-motion films in Bristol, and also had Aardman participating in some of the CGI films made in the US.

In 2000, DreamWorks SKG created a new business division, DreamWorks Animation, that would regularly produce both types of animated feature films. The same year DW acquired majority interest (90%) in PDI, reforming it into PDI/DreamWorks, the Northern California branch of its new business division.[11] Next year, Shrek was released and went on to win the first Academy Award for Best Animated Feature Film. Due to the success of CGI animated films, DWA decided the same year to exit hand-drawn animation business after the next two of total four hand-drawn films. Beginning with Shrek 2, all released films, other than some co-produced with Aardman, were expected to be produced in CGI.[12] Release of Shrek 2 and Shark Tale also made DWA the first studio to produce two CG animated features in a single year.[13]

Public corporation[edit]

The animation division was spun-off on October 27, 2004 into a publicly traded company named DreamWorks Animation SKG, Inc. and headed by Katzenberg. Spielberg and Geffen remained on board as investors and consultants.[14] DWA also inherited interests in PDI/DreamWorks. They made an agreement with their former parent to distribute all of their films until they deliver twelve new films, or December 12, 2010, whatever comes last.[13]

On January 31, 2006, DWA entered into a distribution agreement with Paramount Pictures, which acquired DWA's former parent and distribution partner, DreamWorks SKG. The agreement granted Paramount the worldwide rights to distribute all animated films, including previously released until the delivery of thirteen new animated feature films or December 31, 2012, whatever comes last.[15]

Delivering three out five films, the partnership with Aardman ended after the release of Flushed Away in November 2006. The announcement was made before the film's release, on October 3, citing "creative differences" as the reason.[16] DWA retained the co-ownership of rights to all films co-produced with Aardman, with an exception for Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit, for which they only kept rights for worldwide distribution.[12]

On March 13, 2007, DreamWorks Animation announced it would release all of its films, beginning with Monsters vs. Aliens (2009), in stereoscopic 3D.[17] Together with Intel they co-developed a new 3-D film-making technology InTru3D.[18]

In 2008, DWA extended its production into India, where they established a special unit within Technicolor, named DreamWorks Dedicated Unit. DDU at first worked only on TV specials, such as Merry Madagascar, and Scared Shrekless, and DVD projects.[19] With animating part of Puss in Boots (2011), they also started contributing to the feature films.[20]

Since 2009, the studio has been a regular guest on the list of Fortune Magazine's 100 Best Companies to Work For. As the only entertainment company on the list, they ranked 47th in 2009,[21] 6th in 2010,[22] 10th in 2011,[23] 14th in 2012,[24] and 12th in 2013.[25] The company is praised by its employees for its openness, culture of collaboration, and a free breakfast and lunch, a perk not found at many other companies.

With 2010, the studio had planned to release five feature films over the course of every two years,[26] but the next year the studio revisited their plans, "But beyond 2012, Katzenberg said the studio will play it by ear, even if that means abandoning his proclamation that DWA would try to release three pictures in a single year, every other year."[27] In 2010, DWA became the first studio that released three feature-length CG-animated films in a year.[28] The company purchased the film rights to Trolls franchise in 2010.[29]

Diversification and expansion[edit]

In August 2012, DreamWorks Animation formed a joint venture with Chinese investment companies to establish a Shanghai based entertainment company, named Oriental DreamWorks, to develop and produce original Chinese films and their derivatives.[30] In July 2012, DreamWorks Animation won a $155 million bid to acquire Classic Media,[31] which has since been renamed to DreamWorks Classics.[32]

According to a Los Angeles Times report, DreamWorks Animation was in talks with Sony Pictures to distribute its upcoming films, such as The Croods and Turbo. The report also mentioned a possibility where Sony would handle the United States distribution while 20th Century Fox would handle the international distribution. Renewal of the deal with Paramount was also open, but only with more favorable terms for Paramount.[33] But in August 2012, DreamWorks Animation signed a five-year distribution deal with 20th Century Fox for both domestic and international markets.[34] However, the deal does not include the distribution rights of previously released films. Rise of the Guardians was the last DreamWorks Animation film to be distributed by Paramount Pictures, and The Croods became the first DreamWorks Animation film to be distributed by 20th Century Fox.

On April 11, 2013, DreamWorks Animation announced that it has acquired the intellectual property for the Trolls franchise from the Dam Family and Dam Things. DreamWorks Animation, which has "big plans for the franchise," has become the exclusive worldwide licensor of the merchandise rights, except for Scandinavia, where Dam Things remains the licensor.[29] On May 1, Katzenberg and DWA announced their intent to purchase YouTube channel AwesomenessTV, expected to be finalized later in the month.[35]

On June 17, 2013, DWA announced a multi-year content deal to provide 300 hours of exclusive original content to the video on demand Internet streaming media provider, Netflix.[36] Part of the intent of the deal was in part to establish a more reliable income for DWA to defray the financial risk of solely relying on the theatrical film market.[37] DWA on June 18 completed a five year licensing agreement with Super RTL that starts in September for the Classic Media library and the Netflix slate.[38] With the Netflix and Super RTL deals in place for TV, DWA announced executive hiring for its new television group, DreamWorks Animation Television in late July.[39]

On September 17, 2013, DreamWorks has announced that it has acquired the TV library of London-based Chapman Entertainment with the programs to distributed through DWA’s UK-based TV distribution operation.[40]

On February 9, 2014, DreamWorks announced the foundation of a new publishing division called "DreamWorks Press", which will publish books in print and digital form.[41]

Partnerships[edit]

DreamWorks Animation has an on-going partnership with HP, and the studio exclusively uses HP workstations and servers. In 2005, DWA partnered with HP to introduce HP Halo Telepresence Solutions, technologies that allow people in different locations to communicate in a face-to-face environment in real time.[42]

In 2005, AMD signed a 3-year deal to provide processors to the studio. This relationship ended in 2008, and DreamWorks announced that they will use Intel processors for future productions.[43]

The DreamWorks Experience[edit]

The DreamWorks Experience is a package of character interactions and experiences, including shows, meet and greets, and character dining, featuring Shrek, Po the Panda, Alex the Lion, The Penguins, and other DreamWorks Animation characters. The DreamWorks Experience was announced for Royal Caribbean cruise ships, including ships of the Freedom and Oasis class, in June 2010.[44] In April 2011, the DreamWorks Experience was announced for resorts owned by Gaylord Entertainment in Nashville, Orlando, Dallas, and Washington D.C.[45]

Board of directors[edit]

The following executives are on the DreamWorks Animation SKG, Inc.'s board of directors:[46][47]

Productions[edit]

Feature films[edit]

# Title Release date Budget Gross RT MC
1 Antz October 2, 1998 $105,000,000 $171,757,863 95% 72
2 The Prince of Egypt December 18, 1998 $70,000,000 $218,613,188 79% 64
3 The Road to El Dorado March 31, 2000 $95,000,000 $76,432,727 49% 51
4 Chicken Run June 23, 2000 $45,000,000 $224,834,564 97% 88
5 Shrek May 18, 2001 $60,000,000 $484,409,218 88% 84
6 Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron May 24, 2002 $80,000,000 $122,563,539 69% 52
7 Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas July 2, 2003 $60,000,000 $80,767,884 45% 48
8 Shrek 2 May 19, 2004 $150,000,000 $919,838,758 89% 75
9 Shark Tale October 1, 2004 $75,000,000 $367,275,019 36% 48
10 Madagascar May 27, 2005 $75,000,000 $532,680,671 55% 57
11 Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit October 7, 2005 $30,000,000 $192,610,372 95% 87
12 Over the Hedge May 19, 2006 $80,000,000 $336,002,996 75% 67
13 Flushed Away November 3, 2006 $149,000,000 $178,120,010 72% 74
14 Shrek the Third May 18, 2007 $160,000,000 $798,958,162 40% 58
15 Bee Movie November 2, 2007 $150,000,000 $287,594,577 51% 54
16 Kung Fu Panda June 6, 2008 $130,000,000 $631,744,560 87% 73
17 Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa November 7, 2008 $150,000,000 $603,900,354 64% 61
18 Monsters vs. Aliens March 27, 2009 $175,000,000 $381,509,870 72% 56
19 How to Train Your Dragon March 26, 2010 $165,000,000 $494,878,759 98% 74
20 Shrek Forever After May 21, 2010 $165,000,000 $752,600,867 58% 58
21 Megamind November 5, 2010 $130,000,000 $321,885,765 73% 63
22 Kung Fu Panda 2 May 26, 2011 $150,000,000 $665,692,281 81% 67
23 Puss in Boots October 28, 2011 $130,000,000 $554,987,477 84% 65
24 Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted June 8, 2012 $145,000,000 $746,921,274 79% 60
25 Rise of the Guardians November 21, 2012 $145,000,000 $306,941,670 74% 57
26 The Croods March 22, 2013 $135,000,000 $587,204,668 70% 55
27 Turbo July 17, 2013 $135,000,000 $282,570,682 67% 58
28 Mr. Peabody & Sherman March 7, 2014 $145,000,000 $249,212,777 78% 60

Upcoming feature films

Title Release date Ref(s)
How to Train Your Dragon 2 June 13, 2014 [52]
Home November 26, 2014 [53][54][55][56]
The Penguins of Madagascar March 27, 2015 [53][57][58]
B.O.O.: Bureau of Otherworldly Operations June 5, 2015 [53][59][60][61][62][63][64]
Kung Fu Panda 3 December 23, 2015 [53][65][66]
Bollywood Superstar Monkey March 18, 2016 [53][67][68][69][70][71]
How to Train Your Dragon 3 June 17, 2016 [53][72][73]
Trolls November 4, 2016 [53][61][74][75]
The Croods 2 June 16, 2017 [76]

Feature films in development

Title Ref(s)
Captain Underpants [77]
Everest [78]
Me and My Shadow [79][80][81][82][83]
Pig Scrolls [84]
Dinotrux [85][86]
Truckers [59]
Imaginary Enemies [87]
Trollhunters [88][89]
Alma [90]
Maintenance [91]
Lidsville [92]
Flawed Dogs [93][94]
Rumblewick [95]
The Grimm Legacy [96]
Puss in Boots 2 [89]
Larrikins [97][98]
Untitled Blue-footed Booby film [99]
Hot Stuff [100]

Direct-to-video films[edit]

# Title Release date
1 Joseph: King of Dreams November 7, 2000

Specials[edit]

# Title Release date
1 Shrek the Halls November 28, 2007
2 Monsters vs. Aliens: Mutant Pumpkins from Outer Space October 28, 2009
3 Merry Madagascar November 17, 2009
4 Scared Shrekless October 28, 2010
5 Kung Fu Panda Holiday November 24, 2010
6 Dragons: Gift of the Night Fury November 15, 2011
7 Madly Madagascar January 29, 2013

Short films[edit]

# Title Release date
1 Shrek in the Swamp Karaoke Dance Party November 2, 2001
2 Shrek 4-D May 23, 2003
3 Cyclops Island November 18, 2003
4 Far Far Away Idol November 5, 2004
5 Club Oscar February 8, 2005
6 The Madagascar Penguins in a Christmas Caper October 7, 2005
7 First Flight May 19, 2006
8 Hammy's Boomerang Adventure October 17, 2006
9 Secrets of the Furious Five November 9, 2008
10 B.O.B.'s Big Break September 29, 2009
11 Legend of the Boneknapper Dragon October 15, 2010
12 Donkey’s Caroling Christmas-tacular December 7, 2010
13 Megamind: The Button of Doom February 25, 2011
14 Thriller Night September 13, 2011
15 The Pig Who Cried Werewolf October 4, 2011
16 Night of the Living Carrots October 13, 2011
17 Book of Dragons November 15, 2011
18 Kung Fu Panda: Secrets of the Masters December 13, 2011
19 Puss in Boots: The Three Diablos February 24, 2012
20 Almost Home March 7, 2014
21 Rocky & Bullwinkle TBA

Television series[edit]

# Title Premiere date End date Network
1 Toonsylvania[101] February 14, 1998 December 21, 1998 Fox Kids
2 Invasion America[102] June 8, 1998 July 7, 1998 The WB/Kids' WB
3 Alienators: Evolution Continues[103] September 15, 2001 June 22, 2002 Fox Kids
4 Father of the Pride August 31, 2004 May 27, 2005 NBC
5 The Penguins of Madagascar November 29, 2008 present Nickelodeon
6 Neighbors from Hell June 7, 2010 July 26, 2010 TBS
7 Kung Fu Panda: Legends of Awesomeness September 19, 2011 present Nickelodeon
8 DreamWorks Dragons August 7, 2012 present Cartoon Network
9 Monsters vs. Aliens March 23, 2013 February 8, 2014 Nickelodeon
10 Turbo FAST[104][105] December 24, 2013 present Netflix
11 King Julien [106] 2014
12 Puss in Boots [106] 2014
13 VeggieTales in the House [106] 2014
14 Untitled The Croods television series [107][108] TBA TBA

Awards and nominations[edit]

Edwin R. Leonard, CTO of DreamWorks Animation, won a special achievement award at the 2008 Annies for driving their innovative work with Open Source Software and Linux.[109]

Academy Awards[edit]

Year Film Category Winner/Nominee(s) Result
1998 The Prince of Egypt Best Original Score Hans Zimmer Nominated
Best Original Song "When You Believe" Won
2001 Shrek Best Animated Feature Aron Warner Won
Best Adapted Screenplay Ted Elliott & Terry Rossio and Joe Stillman and Roger S.H. Schulman Nominated
2002 Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron Best Animated Feature Jeffrey Katzenberg Nominated
2004 Shrek 2 Best Animated Feature Andrew Adamson Nominated
Best Original Song "Accidentally in Love" Nominated
Shark Tale Best Animated Feature Bill Damaschke Nominated
2005 Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit Best Animated Feature Nick Park and Steve Box Won
2008 Kung Fu Panda Best Animated Feature John Stevenson and Mark Osborne Nominated
2010 How to Train Your Dragon Best Animated Feature Chris Sanders and Dean DeBlois Nominated
Best Original Score John Powell Nominated
2011 Kung Fu Panda 2 Best Animated Feature Jennifer Yuh Nelson Nominated
Puss in Boots Best Animated Feature Chris Miller Nominated
2013 The Croods Best Animated Feature Chris Sanders, Kirk DeMicco and Kristine Belson Nominated

Golden Globes[edit]

Year Film Category Winner/Nominee(s) Result
1998 The Prince of Egypt Best Original Score Hans Zimmer Nominated
Best Original Song "When You Believe" Nominated
2000 Chicken Run Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy Nominated
2001 Shrek Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy Nominated
2002 Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron Best Original Song "Here I Am" Nominated
2004 Shrek 2 Best Original Song "Accidentally in Love" Nominated
2007 Bee Movie Best Animated Feature Film Nominated
2008 Kung Fu Panda Best Animated Feature Film Nominated
2010 How to Train Your Dragon Best Animated Feature Film Nominated
2011 Puss in Boots Best Animated Feature Film Nominated
2012 Rise of the Guardians Best Animated Feature Film Nominated
2013 The Croods Best Animated Feature Film Nominated

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]