Dredd

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Dredd
A futuristic police officer in armour and a helmet that covers all but his mouth stands on the corner of a building roof with a gun in his hand as large tower blocks burn behind him. Above the man reads a tagline "Judgment is Coming".
Theatrical poster
Directed by Pete Travis
Produced by
Screenplay by Alex Garland
Based on Judge Dredd 
by John Wagner
Carlos Ezquerra
Starring
Music by Paul Leonard-Morgan
Cinematography Anthony Dod Mantle
Editing by Mark Eckersley
Studio
Distributed by
Release dates
  • 11 July 2012 (2012-07-11) (San Diego Comic-Con)
  • 7 September 2012 (2012-09-07) (United Kingdom)
  • 28 September 2012 (2012-09-28) (South Africa)
Running time 95 minutes[1]
Country
  • United Kingdom
  • South Africa[2]
Language English
Budget $45 million[3]
Box office $41 million[4][5][6]

Dredd is a 2012 science fiction action film directed by Pete Travis and written and produced by Alex Garland. It is based on the 2000 AD comic strip Judge Dredd and its eponymous character created by John Wagner and Carlos Ezquerra. Karl Urban stars as Judge Dredd, a law enforcer given the power of judge, jury and executioner in a vast, dystopic metropolis called Mega-City One that lies in a post-apocalyptic wasteland. Dredd and his apprentice partner, Judge Anderson (Olivia Thirlby), are forced to bring order to a 200-storey high-rise block of flats and deal with its resident drug lord, Ma-Ma (Lena Headey).

Garland began writing the script in 2006, although the development of a new Judge Dredd film adaptation, unrelated to the 1995 film Judge Dredd, was not announced until December 2008. Produced by British studio DNA Films, Dredd began principal photography, using 3D cameras throughout, in November 2010. Filming took place on practical sets and locations in Cape Town and Johannesburg.

Dredd was released on 7 September 2012 in the United Kingdom and on 21 September 2012 worldwide. Critics were generally positive about the film's visual effects, casting and action, while criticism focused on a perceived lack of the satirical elements that are found in the source comic and on excessive violence. Despite the positive critical response, the film earned just over $41 million at the box office on an estimated budget of $45 million. Dredd saw greater success following its home release, and has since been recognized as a cult film. The theatrical gross made a sequel unlikely, but home media sales and fan efforts endorsed by 2000 AD's publisher Rebellion have maintained the possibility of a second film.

Plot[edit]

The future United States is a dystopic irradiated wasteland known as the Cursed Earth. On the east coast lies Mega-City One, a violent metropolis with 800 million residents and 17,000 crimes reported daily. There, an addictive new drug called "Slo-Mo" has been introduced, which slows the user's perception of time to 1% of normal. The only force for order are the Judges, who act as judge, jury and executioner. Judge Dredd is tasked by the Chief Judge with evaluating new recruit Cassandra Anderson, a powerful psychic who failed the aptitude tests to be a Judge.

In Peach Trees, a 200-storey slum tower block, drug lord Madeline Madrigal, also known as "Ma-Ma", executes three rogue drug dealers by having them skinned, infused with Slo-Mo and thrown down the atrium from the top floor. Dredd and Anderson are sent in to investigate and learn of a drug den, which they raid. They arrest a thug named Kay, whom Anderson's mind probe reveals to be the one who carried out the drug dealers' executions. Dredd decides to take him in for questioning. In response, Ma-Ma's forces seize the tower's security control room and seal the building, using its blast shields under the pretence of a security test, preventing the Judges from leaving or summoning help.

Ma-Ma orders Dredd and Anderson killed, forcing the Judges to fight their way through dozens of armed thugs. Arriving at the 76th floor, the Judges are assaulted by Ma-Ma and her men with Vulcan cannons that rip through the walls, killing numerous residents. The Judges breach an outer wall and are able to call for backup. Meanwhile, Ma-Ma sends her henchman Caleb to confirm the Judges' deaths. When they meet, Dredd throws Caleb off the tower in full view of Ma-Ma.

Dredd suspects Ma-Ma is desperate to keep Kay quiet and beats him for information. Anderson intervenes and uses her psychic abilities to read Kay's mind, learning that Peach Trees is the centre of Slo-Mo production and distribution. Anderson suggests they hide while awaiting assistance but Dredd insists they move up the tower and pursue Ma-Ma. Judges Volt and Guthrie respond to Dredd's call, but Ma-Ma's computer expert denies them entry by persuading them the security system is malfunctioning. A pair of armed teens confront Dredd and Anderson, allowing Kay to disarm and overpower Anderson. Kay then escapes with her as hostage, and takes her to Ma-Ma's base on the top floor.

While Dredd works his way towards Ma-Ma, she calls in the corrupt Judges Lex, Kaplan, Chan and Alvarez. The four relieve Volt and Guthrie from duty and are allowed into the building. Dredd encounters Chan and is suspicious that he does not ask about Anderson's status. Seeing his cover blown, Chan attacks Dredd, who kills him. Meanwhile, Kay tries to execute Anderson with her own weapon, but the pistol's DNA scanner does not recognize him and explodes, taking his arm off. She escapes and later encounters Kaplan, whom she promptly kills after reading her mind. Elsewhere, Dredd kills Alvarez but runs out of ammunition, and is shot by Lex in the abdomen. Lex moves in to execute Dredd, but Dredd stalls him long enough for Anderson to arrive and kill Lex.

Anderson and Dredd obtain the code to Ma-Ma's apartment from her computer expert and confront her. Ma-Ma tells Dredd that in the case of her death, a device on her wrist will detonate explosives on the top floors, destroying the building. Dredd reasons that the detonator's signal will not reach the explosives from the ground floor, so he forces Ma-Ma to inhale Slo-Mo and throws her down the atrium to her death.

In the aftermath, Anderson accepts that she has failed her evaluation by getting disarmed, and leaves. The Chief Judge asks Dredd about Anderson's performance; he responds that she has passed.

Cast[edit]

Olivia Thirlby promoting the film at the 2012 Fantastic Fest
A famed and feared Judge.[7] Producer Allon Reich described Dredd as "an extreme character, and he administers justice with an extreme lack of prejudice". Urban approached the producers about joining the film. He found the role challenging because the character never removes his helmet, requiring Urban to convey emotion without using his eyes. He viewed the character as an average man with an insanely tough job in a fragmenting society and likened Dredd's heroism to that of a fireman.[8] The role also demanded physical preparation; Urban undertook intensive physical training to become a "beast of a man".[9] He also underwent weapons and technical training to learn how to operate under fire, how to arrest criminals and breach doors. He insisted on performing his own motorcycle stunts for the film. He played Dredd with a raspy and harsh vocal tone akin to "a saw cutting through bone", which he found difficult to sustain.[8]
A rookie Judge and genetic mutant with powerful psychic abilities.[10] Anderson can sense the thoughts and emotions of others.[11] Thirlby contrasted her character with Dredd's "black and white" perspective, describing Anderson as existing "in a grey area where everything is enhanced or clouded by the fact [that] she knows what is going on in the very interior of a person". She undertook weapons and combat training, learning to perform a roundhouse kick to make her believably physically commanding. The character was partially inspired by singer Debbie Harry.[12]
A former prostitute turned drug lord and criminal kingpin who is the sole supplier of Slo-Mo, a new and addictive drug.[13] Headey's performance was inspired by punk-rock singer Patti Smith. Reich described the character as someone who does "not care at all about what anybody thinks or feels and she will do, and behave, as she wants".[14] Headey said: "I think of [Ma-Ma] like an old great white shark who is just waiting for someone bigger and stronger to show up and kill her ... she’s ready for it. In fact, she can't wait for it to happen ... She's an addict, so she's dead in that way, but that last knock just hasn't come."[15] Before Headey's casting, the character was described as a heavily made-up, scarred and obese older woman.[16][17]
Ma-Ma's clansman.[18] Harris described the character as a villain, but one that sees himself as no worse than the Judges. Harris said: " ... Dredd goes around literally judging and killing people if they do wrong ... Anyone who goes against the system might end up the bad guy. So I think Kay has justified fighting that in his mind."[19]

The cast also includes: Domhnall Gleeson as the gang's unnamed computer expert, or "clan techie";[20] Warrick Grier as Ma-Ma's right hand man Caleb; Deobia Oparei as TJ, Peach Trees' medic; Francis Chouler as Judge Guthrie,[21] Daniel Hadebe as Judge Volt, and Rakie Ayola as the Chief Judge.[22] Langley Kirkwood, Edwin Perry, Karl Thaning, and Michele Levin portray, respectively, the corrupt Judges Lex, Alvarez, Chan, and Kaplan. Dredd also features Junior Singo as Amos and Luke Tyler as Freel, young boys who confront Dredd; Jason Cope as Zwirner, the thug executed by Dredd during the opening scene; Joe Vaz as Big Joe, the thug that leads the confrontation outside of the med station; Scott Sparrow as Japhet, Anderson's first execution, and Nicole Bailey as Cathy, Japhet's wife, in whose apartment the Judges take refuge.[23]

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

Development of the film was announced on 20 December 2008, although writer Alex Garland had begun working on the script in 2006.[24] British studio DNA Films produced the film, and partnered with sales agency IM Global to sell the worldwide distribution rights.[25][26] By May 2010, this partnership saw IM Global and its owner Reliance Big Pictures agree to co-finance the 3-D project with a $45 million production budget, and a schedule to begin filming in Johannesburg, South Africa in late 2010.[27][28] Pete Travis was named as the film's director and Garland, Andrew Macdonald and Allon Reich would produce it.[28][29] Duncan Jones had previously been offered the role of director.[30] In a 2010 interview, Jones said that his vision for the film was unconventional—describing it as weird, dark, and funny—and it did not mesh well with Garland's script.[31] In September 2010, it was reported that the film would be titled Dredd.[32]

Pre-production commenced on 23 August 2010 at Cape Town Film Studios in Cape Town, South Africa.[33] During the 2010 San Diego Comic-Con International in July, Urban confirmed that he had been offered the role of Judge Dredd and on 18 August 2010 it was reported that Urban officially had the role.[34] In September 2010, it was announced that Thirlby would play Dredd's telepathic rookie Cassandra Anderson.[3] In the same month during the Toronto International Film Festival, the film attracted $30 million in worldwide pre-sales to distributors in 90% of theatrical markets.[35][36] The sales included a $7 million deal with British distributor Entertainment Film Distributors.

On 2 November 2010, Lions Gate Entertainment secured the North American distribution rights to Dredd.[37] Headey joined the cast as drug-dealer Ma-Ma in January 2011.[16] Judge Dredd creator John Wagner acted as a consultant on the film.[38] In 2012 he confirmed that it was a new adaptation of the comic material and was not a remake of the 1995 adaptation Judge Dredd, which starred Sylvester Stallone.[24]

Writing[edit]

"...what John [Wagner] does [in the comic] is have Dredd evolve, in the way that a glacier moves: you look a year later and something actually has shifted! I tried to be true to that."

Alex Garland concerning writing Dredd's character.[24]

Garland began writing Dredd during post-production of his other writing credit Sunshine, and completed his first draft while serving as an executive producer during filming of 28 Weeks Later. Garland's draft revolved around one of Dredd's main enemies, the undead Judge Death. He described the story as a "riff on the whole Judge system", but that it did not work because the Judge system had not yet been established and required too much knowledge about the Judge Dredd comic from the audience. He also considered the end result too surreal and extreme. From this script, Garland decided that the story needed to be more focused and grounded. He instead considered adapting some of the notable Judge Dredd storylines, including "Democracy" (1986) and "Origins" (2006). He decided to avoid these lengthy tales in favour of a shorter, day-in-the-life story about Dredd and his function as a cop in the dystopian environment of Mega-City One. When developing the Judge Dredd character, Garland tried to closely follow that of the comic-book character, who undergoes only small personality changes over a lengthy period of time. He said: "I didn’t think Dredd could have a great epiphany, but there is definitely a change in him over the course of the movie. He makes a very clear statement at the beginning of the film which he then contradicts at the end. That’s about as far as the shift goes."[24] Garland intentionally gave the traditional character development to Anderson to compensate for Dredd's character stability.[26]

Discussing the film's setting within the Peach Tree Block tower, Garland said the buildings were "like micro city states ... you could live and die in those buildings". He also considered that the setting met Wagner's suggestion that the future portrayed in Dredd should relate to modern ways of living. Garland named the tower after a restaurant called "The Peach Tree", where he first met with Wagner. The budget limited his ability to represent some of the comic aspects of Mega-City One, such as robots and aliens.[24] Throughout the production, Garland would send his script to Wagner, who would revise some of the dialogue. Urban would then further revise the script during his performance.[24]

Design[edit]

The Slo-Mo sequences were designed over several years with the intention of replicating the effects of hallucinogenic drugs, combining high-speed photography and colour saturation. Alex Garland questioned if the effect could make the film's violence beautiful.[26][39][40]

The filmmakers decided that Dredd should appear lean and fast like a boxer rather than bulky like "someone who spends hours sort of steroiding himself up." His Judge uniform was altered from the comic version; an extruded eagle statuette was removed from his shoulder pad to emphasise the outfit's functionality and give it a sense of realism.[24] Garland said: "If you did a very faithful adaptation of the uniform you'd have someone who if he got stabbed in the stomach he’d be in big trouble. Dredd is out there on the frontline so he needed protection."[26] Remaining faithful to the comic,[38] Dredd's face, except for his mouth, is never shown and his helmet is not removed throughout the film.[41] Urban said: "He is supposed to be the faceless representative of the law and I think that is part of his enigma ... You wouldn't get to the end of a Sergio Leone Western and go, 'God, I didn't even know the character's name!' It's irrelevant."[42]

Dredd's signature weapon, the "Lawgiver" was developed as a fully operational weapon based on a 9mm firing system, capable of firing ammunition and being changed from automatic to semi-auto fire.[43] His motorcycle "Lawmaster" was a modified 500cc motorcycle. A large fairing was added over the motorcycle with machine guns, an extended wheel base and the largest functional tyres possible. The vehicle was also operational and Urban insisted on riding it himself rather than relying on Chroma key visual effects. Wagner described the necessity of adaptation from the source material and said that the 1995 film's attempt to directly replicate the comic's motorcycle was unable to steer because the tyres were too large.[43]

Garland and VFX supervisor Jon Thum began developing the Slo-Mo concept sequences in 2009 during filming for Never Let Me Go. They experimented with an effect to replicate the visual effects of hallucinogenic drugs to see how long it could be used before it distracted the viewer from the story or action sequence. They continued to develop and modify the effect until the end of post-production, tweaking colours, colour saturation, image framing and camera motion.[26] Slo-Mo scenes also feature a rainbow colour scheme and sparkle highlights to create an unreal and otherworldly effect. The filmmakers experimented with blood bags, prosthetics, shooting real bullets, and compressed air to see the effect of direct body hits in slow motion. In the finished film, compressed air was used to create impact ripples on flesh.[40] Garland said the concept was inspired by nature documentaries that used high-speed photography to capture animals in slow motion. He said, "You see a whale or a shark breach the water ... then you'd stop thinking about the animal and you get transfixed by ... how water droplets connect and touch against each other. Somehow like a real [drug] trip, sort of stepping outside it but staying attached at the same time." He questioned whether the technique could be used with violence to make it purely aesthetic. He said: "Can it be so abstract that it becomes genuinely beautiful? ...really aesthetically beautiful even if someone is having their cheek blown out or their head crushing into concrete."[39] Comic artist Jock provided concept art for the film design.[44][45]

Filming[edit]

Final art of the city by VFX Art Director Neil Miller; Peach Trees is on the left. The "micro-city state"-like towers were gradually positioned further apart to emphasise their size and allow for a more detailed city to exist between them; highlighting the scale of Mega-City One.

With a $45 million production budget, filming began on 12 November 2010 in Cape Town and took approximately 13 weeks, with second unit photography occurring over seven weeks.[3][37][46] Filming locations included Johannesburg and Cape Town Film Studios (Dredd was the first project filmed at the studio).[2][47] The project involved a majority of Cape Town crew members and about 40 imported crew. The producers chose to film in South Africa because of the lowered cost of employing cast and crew compared locations in Europe and North America, and government incentives that offered to rebate up to 25% of the production costs.[47] The film was shot digitally and primarily in 3D using RED MX, SI2K and Phantom Flex high-speed cameras. Multiple camera rigs were used.[46][48] Some 2D elements were converted to 3D in post production.[49]

DNA Films' co-founder Andrew Macdonald engaged cinematographer Anthony Dod Mantle to manage the shoot; it was the first time Mantle had worked with 3D.[46][50] The filmmakers wanted Dredd to have a realistic, visceral look and drew inspiration from crime and gangster films. For scenes conveying the time and space altering effects of Slo-Mo, Mantle aimed to create images that would be beautiful but disorienting.[51]

Mega-City One and its high rise towers were created in Cape Town Film Studios. A key sequence involving Ma-Ma and her gang killing hundreds of people in their attempt to kill Judge Dredd required ten days of filming and eight different sets inside and outside the studio which were blended together with visual effects.[51] Finding a suitable set for the expansive Peach Trees atrium proved difficult, and the producers did not want to build an expensive set. While observing scouting photos of Cape Town, the filmmakers noticed a large three-walled external space that looked like an interior when filmed at night. Visual effects supervisor Jon Thum was unable to accompany a helicopter flight to obtain planned aerial shots of Johannesburg due to last-minute flight permissions; the resulting shots were non-specific and Thum had to pick out ones that could tell the story.[40] Mantle had to develop new rigs to obtain close-up shots. Describing the aesthetic he aimed to achieve, he said: "I hope it will be more painterly. If we get it right, it will be a cross between Blade Runner and Clockwork Orange."[46] Garland was a constant presence on the shoot; Urban turned to Garland for direction instead of Travis.[52]

Post-production[edit]

The filmmakers experimented with the visuals of Mega-City One, including the design and positioning of the city's tower blocks, to create the impression that the city had risen out of the remains of another. They found that replicating the comic visuals of blocks close together made the blocks appear small. Instead they allowed more space between the buildings to emphasise the larger buildings and allow for the presence of roads and cars to allow for extrapolation outside of the picture. Outcrops and appendages were added to break up the buildings' straight lines.[26][40] On 7 October 2011, the Los Angeles Times reported that Travis was prohibited from participating in the editing process following creative disagreements between producers and executives. Garland took over the editing process; his contribution was considered significant enough for him to seek a co-director credit—a situation considered unusual as Garland had never directed a film before and had not been in charge of any filming. The disagreement concerned a disapproval over the footage that Travis was providing. Although Travis was removed from the editing process he was monitoring the progress of the film. On 10 October, Travis and Garland released a joint statement claiming that they had agreed on an "unorthodox collaboration" before production began, that Travis was still involved in the film and that Garland was not seeking a co-director credit.[53]

Music[edit]

Tracks matching the slow motion visuals of the film were composed with real instruments before being slowed down by thousands of percent (0:21).

Problems playing this file? See media help.

Paul Leonard-Morgan wrote the film's industrial music score.[54][55] Leonard-Morgan created music to suit the film's futuristic setting. He experimented with band-based music, but decided it sounded over-produced and too safe. He turned to electronic music and used 1980s-style synthesisers and modern sound modules to create various combinations and applied distortion and other effects to the result. Leonard-Morgan said, "I was looking to create a timeless score which couldn't be placed in any particular era. So it's ended up being a cross between a modern dance track and evocative soundscapes." For scenes conveying the effect of the Slo-Mo narcotic, he composed new music with real instruments and then slowed the songs down by thousands of percent to match the visuals, such that one second of his composed score could last 10 minutes. He then added additional real-time score to the slowed track.[56] An unofficially altered Justin Bieber song served as inspiration for the Slo-Mo theme. Garland said that Portishead instrumentalist Geoff Barrow "sent me a link to a Justin Bieber song slowed down 800 times and it became this stunning trippy choral music." Morgan then recreated the effect based on the modified track, which was used in the finished film. The film used Bieber's music as a temporary placeholder during editing before the score was finalized.[57]

The film also features songs by artists including: "Poison Lips" by Vitalic; "Dubstride" by Yann McCullough and Gemma Kicks; "Snuffbox" by Matt Berry; "Pontiac Moon" by Robert J. Walsh; and "Jubilee (Don't Let Nobody Turn You Around)" by Bobby Womack.[2]

All songs written and composed by Paul Leonard-Morgan. 

Marketing[edit]

External video
The "Big Addicted" trailer on YouTube.
The Dredd motion poster Flash format

In August 2012, the viral advertising site "Dredd Report" was launched, satirising the Drudge Report. The site featured a video condemning the use of Slo-Mo, and links to news about the film.[58] A tie-in comic book was published; its plot serves as a prequel to the film's narrative and follows Ma-Ma's life as a prostitute, controlled by her pimp Lester Grimes. Ma-Ma forms a relationship with Eric—the creator of Slo-Mo. Lester kills Eric for interfering with his business, Ma-Ma castrates Lester with her teeth in retaliation and Ma-Ma takes over the Slo-Mo operation.[17][59] The comic was written by Judge Dredd Megazine editor Matt Smith, drawn by 2000 AD artist Henry Flint and was released on 5 September 2012. An exclusive film poster featuring artwork by Jock was released by Mondo to promote the film's appearance at the 2012 Fantastic Fest in September 2012.[60] Dredd's marketing campaign won a Golden Trailer Award for Best Thriller TV Spot for the trailer "Big Addicted", and received nominations for: Best Action TV Spot, Most Original TV Spot, Best Graphics in a TV Spot, Best Music TV Spot, and Best Action Poster and Most Original Poster for the Dredd motion poster.[61] Reports indicate that Lionsgate contributed $25 million to advertising & print costs.[62]

Release[edit]

Dredd premiered at the 2012 San Diego Comic-Con International on 11 July 2012.[63] It was also screened at the Toronto International Film Festival on 6 September 2012,[64] and at the 2012 Fantastic Fest in late September.[65] The film was first theatrically released on 7 September 2012 in the UK and on 21 September 2012 worldwide.[66] A South African release followed on 28 September 2012.[67]

Box office[edit]

Dredd earned $27.6 million from markets outside of North America[5] and $13.4 million from North America, for a total of $41 million.[4] In the UK, Dredd grossed £1.05 million ($1.7 million) from 415 cinemas during its opening weekend. This made it the weekend's number-one film, the first film restricted to audiences over 18 years of age to do so since Saw 3D in 2010.[68][69] In its second weekend, the film placed number five, earning £769,381.[70] Dredd was primarily shown in 3D in the UK, and 2D screenings were notoriously limited as the distributor denied cinemas' requests for 2D prints; the decision was considered to have limited the film's audience where 2D was their preferred format.[71][72] Dredd earned a total of $6.9 million in the UK.[5]

In North America, pre-release tracking estimated that the film would gross between $8 and $10 million during its opening weekend based on its adult rating and the poor reputation of the 1995 adaptation.[73] The film earned $2.2 million on its opening day[74] and finished the weekend in sixth place, grossing $6.3 million from 2,506 cinemas—an average of $2,514 per cinema. The largest demographic of the opening weekend audience was over the age of 25 (69%) and male (75%).[4][75] The film's North American run ended on 1 November 2012, after 42 days.[4] Outside of the UK and North America, Dredd had its most successful total gross takings in China ($4.5 million), Russia ($4 million), and Australia ($2 million).[5]

Critical reception[edit]

Karl Urban promoting the film at the 2012 Fantastic Fest. Critics praised his performance.

The film received positive reviews from critics.[76][77][78] It garnered a 78% approval rating from 146 critics, with an average rating of 6.5 out of 10, on the review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes,[79] and Metacritic provides a score of 59 out of 100 which indicates "mixed or average" reviews—18 of the sampled critics gave the film a positive review, 7 mixed, and the remaining 4 negative.[80] CinemaScore polls reported that the average grade moviegoers gave the film was a "B" on a scale of A+ to F.[74]

At its premiere screening at the 2012 San Diego Comic-Con International, Dredd received positive reviews.[81] IGN awarded the film eight out of ten and said, "Dredd is a character study, primarily, one fuelled by violence and action, and we can't think of a better way to re-introduce this character to cinema audiences."[82] Indiewire said, "As Dredd, Urban either has a better character to play than [Sylvester Stallone] did, or simply has a better grasp on what makes him tick, but the actor continues to distinguish himself as a versatile performer who turns mimicry into emotional meaning."[83] Empire's Chris Hewitt scored the film three out of five stars, and said it gets the lead character "absolutely, incontrovertibly right" and that Urban's Dredd is "a deadpan delight—he doesn't grow as a person and he doesn't crack wise ... the movie generates its few laughs from his sheer intractability". Hewitt also called Thirlby's Anderson engaging and wrote that the film is "a solid, occasionally excellent take on [Judge Dredd], with Urban's chin particularly impressive."[84] Variety's Geoff Berkshire said the film is "Grim, gritty and ultra-violent", called Dredd a "badass of few words", and wrote that Urban "does a fine job embodying the more mythic qualities of Dredd as an upright law enforcer no lowlife would want to confront." He also praised Thirlby for carrying the film's emotional story and said, "one of the film's true thrills comes in watching Thirlby effortlessly balance the conflict between a Judge's merciless duties and a psychic's compassionate understanding."[85]

Entertainment Weekly's Darren Franich said that the film is a "darkly funny blood-soaked romp" and singled out Urban for his "credibly wry performance using little more than his gravelly, imitation-Eastwood voice—and his chin."[86] The Guardian's Phelim O'Neill scored the film 4 stars out of 5 and praised Urban's performance, saying, "The essence of Dredd is that he is almost an anti-character—he doesn't change or learn—and Urban nails it in an ego-free performance". He also wrote, "In a world of compromised adaptations, Dredd is something of a triumph."[87] The New Statesman's Laura Sneddon noted that Dredd passed the Bechdel test, lacking in sexism or misogyny and positively portraying female characters who are no weaker, more sexualized or shown less than their male counterparts. Sneddon described Anderson as repeatedly shown to have power over men who underestimate her, while Ma-Ma displays more intelligence and sadism than any of her male gang members, and neither woman interacts with the other on the basis of their gender.[88] The Hollywood Reporter's Stephen Dalton wrote that the "dark, ironic, very British humour of the original strip" was largely absent from the film and that "[t]he limited location, computer game-style plot and muted humour" of the film might disappoint some fans of the comic. Dalton also said that Urban's performance, while close to the comic, lacked something. Overall, however, Dalton said, "[p]itched at the right level to please original fans, but still slick and accessible enough to attract new ones, [Dredd] feels like a smart and muscular addition to the sci-fi action genre."[89]

Many US newspaper critics were less taken with the film. Mark Olsen of the Los Angeles Times called it "a clunk-headed action picture" that "simply becomes a monotonous series of bad-guy confrontations."[90] Frank Lovece of Newsday described it as a "soullessly gritty" film, which apart from one believable scene involving Thirlby, is "all tough-guy talk and humorless cynicism".[91] Kyle Smith of the New York Post, who found the police tactics distasteful, wrote, "Justice is supposed to be blind, but in this case I think what the Law really wants is unaccountability" and called Dredd a " thudding, repetitive movie", He also wrote, "It’s not that the movie is in bad taste or cheesy (though it is) but that all of its hyper-violence adds up to nothing".[92] Stephen Whitty of The Star-Ledger called it a "gray and ugly film", said that there was little to draw viewers in, and wrote that apart from the drug-induced slow-motion sequences, the film offers nothing new.[93]

The visual effects and slow-motion sequences induced by Slo-Mo received broad praise. Berkshire said that they are notable and eye-catching with "impressively utilized 3d."[85] Hewitt said the visuals were "genuinely surreal splashes of heightened colour that ... don’t outstay their welcome. The film's use of 3D is often excellent (including the credits) and it really comes to life in the Slo-mo scenes".[84] Dalton said the film "constantly impresses on a visual level, with a gritty style more akin to cult hits like District 9 or 28 Days Later than to standard Hollywood comic-book blockbusters." Dalton said, "[Mantle's] first venture into 3D is a blaze of saturated colours, gorgeous high-resolution close-ups and dazzling slow-motion sequences."[89] Dredd won The Art of 3D award at the 2013 Empire Awards, and was nominated for Best British Film and Best Science-fiction/Fantasy.[94]

Judge Dredd creator John Wagner, who had been critical of the 1995 adaptation, gave a positive review of Dredd. He said: "I liked the movie. It was, unlike the first film, a true representation of Judge Dredd ... Karl Urban was a fine Dredd and I'd be more than happy to see him in the follow-up. Olivia Thirlby excelled as Anderson ... The character and storyline are pure Dredd."[24][95] Dredd has been recognized as a cult film since its release.[96][97][98] Some reviewers drew comparisons between Dredd and The Raid: Redemption, another action film released a few months earlier, noting that similar elements in setting, story, and characters made Dredd appear derivative.[24][82][84][99][100]

Home media[edit]

Dredd was released on DVD, Blu-ray and Digital Download on 8 January 2013 in North America, and 14 January in the UK.[101] The Blu-ray edition contains the 2D and 3D versions of the film and a digital copy. The DVD and Blu-ray editions contain seven featurettes: "Mega-City Masters: 35 Years of Judge Dredd", "Day of Chaos: The Visual Effects of Dredd 3D", "Dredd", "Dredd's Gear", "The 3rd Dimension", "Welcome to Peachtrees", and a "Dredd Motion Comic Prequel" narrated by Urban.[102][103] During its first week on sale in the UK, Dredd was the number 1 selling DVD and Blu-ray.[104] During the week of its release in North America, it was the number 1 selling DVD and Blu-ray with approximately 650,000 units sold, and Blu-ray units accounting for nearly 50% of that figure. It was also the best-selling digital download for that period.[105] Sales spiked in the United Kingdom in June 2013, following a reported rumour that it could influence DNA Films' decision to pursue a sequel.[76] By September 2013, Dredd was estimated to have earned approximately $10 million in home media sales in North America, while in the UK it marked over 270 days in online-retailer Amazon's top 100 selling home media.[106]

Sequel[edit]

At the London Film and Comic Con in July 2012, Garland said that a North American gross of over $50 million for Dredd would make sequels possible and that he had plans for a trilogy of films. A second film would focus on the origins of Dredd and Mega-City One, and a third would introduce Dredd's nemeses, the undead Judge Death and his Dark Judges.[24][107] In August 2012, Garland said that a Judge Dredd television series would be a positive future step for the series.[108] In September 2012, Garland said that he would explore the "Origins" and "Democracy" storylines, would introduce characters Judge Cal and Chopper, and would pursue the concept that Judge Dredd is a fascist.[26] That same month, Macdonald said that further films would be made in partnership with IM Global and would likely be shot in South Africa.[109]

In March 2013, executive producer Adi Shankar said that a sequel was unlikely.[110] In May 2013, Urban said that a sequel was still possible, noting that the film had found an audience, and the response of fans could resurrect the project.[98] Dredd fans on Facebook launched a petition calling for a sequel. In July 2013, 2000 AD endorsed the fan petition, supporting the campaign by printing advertisements in their publications, and by September 2013, it had attracted over 80,000 signatures.[97][106][111][112][113]

In April 2013, 2000 AD released an image teasing a continuation of the film in comic book form with a release date scheduled for September 2013.[114] The comic, titled Dredd: Underbelly, began publication on 18 September 2013 in Judge Dredd Megazine #340.[115][116] In February 2014, Urban confirmed that discussions were taking place between the studio, and Garland.[117]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dredd". British Board of Film Classification. 29 August 2012. Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Production 2012, p. 31.
  3. ^ a b c Lodderhose, Diana (3 September 2010). "Thirlby joins 'Judge Dredd'". Variety. PMC. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Dredd". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. 25 October 2012. Archived from the original on 28 April 2013. Retrieved 25 October 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Dredd (2012) - International Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. 11 November 2012. Archived from the original on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2012. 
  6. ^ "Dredd". The Numbers. 23 December 2013. Archived from the original on 23 December 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  7. ^ Production 2012, p. 2.
  8. ^ a b Production 2012, pp. 7–9.
  9. ^ Stevens, Match. "Interview: Karl Urban". Shave. Shave Media Group. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  10. ^ Production 2012, pp. 3–4.
  11. ^ Production 2012, p. 11.
  12. ^ Production 2012, pp. 10–11.
  13. ^ Production 2012, pp. 3,11.
  14. ^ Production 2012, pp. 11–12.
  15. ^ Boucher, Geoff (7 May 2012). "‘Dredd’: ‘Game of Thrones’ star takes ‘mad’ sci-fi detour". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  16. ^ a b Lyttleton, Oliver (12 January 2011). "Confirmed: Lena Headey To Play Villain In 'Dredd'". Indiewire. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  17. ^ a b Williams, Owen (5 September 2012). "Dredd Prequel Comic Online". Empire. Bauer Media Group. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  18. ^ Production 2012, pp. 3,16.
  19. ^ Production 2012, p. 12.
  20. ^ "Domhnall Gleeson Interview – Star of True Grit, Never Let Me Go & the new Judge Dredd". Movies.ie. 16 February 2011. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. 
  21. ^ "Judge Dredd image shows Karl Urban as new superhero". Metro (dmg media). 18 July 2011. Archived from the original on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  22. ^ Thomas, Matt (21 January 2011). "Motherhood leaves Rakie with nothing to Dredd from acting". Western Mail (Trinity Mirror). Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 21 January 2011. 
  23. ^ Production 2012, p. 2, 20.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Williams, Owen (2012). "Exclusive: John Wagner And Alex Garland Talk Dredd". Empire. Bauer Media Group. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  25. ^ Anders, Charlie Jane (20 December 2008). "New Judge Dredd Movie Getting Danny Boyle Treatment?". io9. Gawker Media. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2012. 
  26. ^ a b c d e f g Young, Rob (4 September 2012). "Alex Garland Interview: Dredd 3D, SLO-MO, Sequel Ideas & More!". What Culture. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2012. 
  27. ^ Fleming, Mike (10 May 2010). "Reliance Big’s ‘Judge Dredd’ Deal Makes Scifi Film A Hot Cannes Pre-Sale Title". Deadline.com. PMC. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2012. 
  28. ^ a b "Judge Dredd to Start Filming this Fall". comingsoon.net. CraveOnline. 10 May 2010. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2012. 
  29. ^ Finke, Nikki (11 July 2011). "Lionsgate Skeds ‘Dredd’ Reboot For 2012". Deadline.com. PMC. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  30. ^ "Duncan Jones on Why He Passed on Directing the Judge Dredd Reboot". ReelzChannel. Hubbard Broadcasting. 15 August 2010. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  31. ^ Reynolds, Simon (28 July 2010). "Duncan Jones 'turned down Judge Dredd'". Digital Spy. Hearst Corporation. Archived from the original on 24 November 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  32. ^ Vejvoda, Jim (3 September 2010). "Judge Dredd Gets a New Title". IGN. j2 Global. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012. 
  33. ^ "Giant Judge Dredd Movie Update: New Title, Synopsis, Cast Addition, & Filming Location Revealed". ReelzChannel. Hubbard Broadcasting. September 4, 2010. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  34. ^ McNary, Dave (18 August 2010). "Karl Urban seals 'Judge Dredd' role". Variety. PMC. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2012. 
  35. ^ McClintock, Pamela; Lodderhose, Diana (14 September 2010). "'Dredd' pre-sale deal tops Toronto". Variety. PMC. Archived from the original on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 4 September 2012. 
  36. ^ Dawtry, Adam (16 September 2010). "Toronto film festival: the UK Film Council's finest hour?". theguardian.com (Guardian Media Group). Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  37. ^ a b McClintock, Pamela; McNary, Dave (2 November 2010). "Lionsgate, IM Global reach three-pic deal". Variety. PMC. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. 
  38. ^ a b Child, Ben (16 September 2010). "Can the new Judge Dredd excise all memories of Sly Stallone and Rob Schneider?". theguardian.com (Guardian Media Group). Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. 
  39. ^ a b Boucher, Geoff (10 September 2012). "[TIFF '12] BD Talks ‘Dredd’ With Karl Urban And Alex Garland!". Bloody Disgusting. Archived from the original on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 11 September 2012. 
  40. ^ a b c d Failes, Ian (4 October 2012). "In your face: Dredd 3D". Fxguide. FXGuide.com. Archived from the original on 29 June 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2013. 
  41. ^ Tilly, Chris (30 September 2010). "Exclusive: Urban Talks Dredd". IGN. j2 Global. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  42. ^ O'Hara, Helen (June 2012). "10 Things You Need To Know About Dredd". Empire. Bauer Media Group. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 12 September 2012. 
  43. ^ a b Production 2012, p. 9.
  44. ^ Connelly, Brendan (8 September 2009). "Comics Artist Jock Tweets Judge Dredd and The Losers Movie News". /Film. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012. 
  45. ^ "Alex Garland Writing Judge Dredd Script". ReelzChannel. Hubbard Broadcasting. 10 September 2009. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  46. ^ a b c d Prince, Ron (30 March 2011). "Camera Creative: Anthony Dod Mantle". BSCine.com. British Society of Cinematographers. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 21 May 2011. 
  47. ^ a b Perry, Alex (10 April 2011). "Africa's Starring Role". Time. Time Inc. Archived from the original on 14 November 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  48. ^ de Semlyen, Phil (17 September 2010). "Exclusive: Karl Urban Talks Dredd". Empire. Bauer Media Group. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  49. ^ Tustain, Jonathan (1 April 2011). "Prime Focus 3D Exclusive". 3D Focus. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  50. ^ Production 2012, pp. 12–13.
  51. ^ a b Production 2012, p. 13.
  52. ^ Bovingdon, Edward (15 August 2012). "New Judge Dredd film "more honest" than Stallone version". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2012. 
  53. ^ Zeitchik, Steven; Fritz, Ben (7 October 2011). "Director drama heats up on 'Dredd' (Updated)". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 11 October 2011. 
  54. ^ "Paul Leonard-Morgan Scoring 'Dredd'". FilmMusicReporter.com. 24 January 2012. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  55. ^ Reynolds, Simon (31 August 2012). "Exclusive: 'Dredd' soundtrack: Karl Urban's 2000AD movie score in full – listen". Digital Spy. Hearst Corporation. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 1 September 2012. 
  56. ^ "British Director Creates the Sound of Judge in Dredd". PRWeb. Vocus. 4 September 2012. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012. 
  57. ^ Alexander, Chris (18 September 2012). "Dredd 3D might make you a Belieber". Metro Canada (Metro International). Archived from the original on 25 December 2012. Retrieved 25 December 2012. 
  58. ^ "Dredd 3D Debuts Viral Websites". comingsoon.net. CraveOnline. 21 August 2012. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  59. ^ Smith, Matt (w), Flint, Henry (a), Blythe, Chris (col). "Top of the World Ma-Ma" Judge Dredd Megazine 328 (October 2012), Rebellion Developments
  60. ^ Wampler, Scott (20 September 2012). "Limited Paper: Mondo Kicks Off Fantastic Fest with Jock’s Dredd 3D Poster". Collider. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  61. ^ "Disney, ‘Iron Man 3′ Dominate 2013 Golden Trailer Awards". Deadline.com. PMC. 5 May 2013. Archived from the original on 5 May 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 
  62. ^ Fritz, Ben; Kaufman, Amy (20 September 2012). "'House' to top 'Dredd,' 'End of Watch,' Eastwood's 'Curve'". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 29 October 2013. 
  63. ^ Weintraub, Steve (3 July 2012). "Free Screening of Dredd 3D Wednesday Night at Comic-Con; Plus Karl Urban Moderates the Masters of the Web Panel Thursday". Collider. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  64. ^ Punter, Jennie (4 September 2012). "Toronto ups the volume". Variety. PMC. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  65. ^ Goldberg, Matt (30 July 2012). "First Wave of Fantastic Fest 2012 Line-Up Announced; Includes Dredd, Room 237, and The Shining". Collider. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  66. ^ Eames, Tom (9 August 2012). "Karl Urban, Wentworth Miller, Eric Stonestreet in 'The Loft' trailer". Digital Spy. Hearst Corporation. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012. 
  67. ^ Barodien, Shaheema (28 January 2012). "Karl Urban visits Cape Town and talks Dredd 3D and the Springboks". News24. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014. 
  68. ^ Kemp, Stuart (11 September 2012). "Around-the-World Roundup: 'Expendables' Back on Top". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2012. 
  69. ^ Gant, Charles (11 September 2012). "Dredd comes out top on weekend when audiences prefer the sun to the screen". theguardian.com (Guardian Media Group). Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2012. 
  70. ^ Gant, Charles (18 September 2012). "The Sweeney is off to a Flying Squad start at the UK box office". theguardian.com (Guardian Media Group). Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2012. 
  71. ^ Kermode, Mark (13 January 2013). "Mark Kermode's DVD round-up". theguardian.com (Guardian Media Group). Archived from the original on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  72. ^ Turner-Dave, Kieran (16 September 2012). "‘Dredd’ shows why the 3D film format is doomed... again". The Independent (Independent Print Limited). Archived from the original on 23 January 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  73. ^ "Forecast: Odds Favor Clint's 'Curve' on Competitive Weekend". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. 20 September 2012. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  74. ^ a b Fleming, Mike (22 September 2012). "Soft Friday Box Office: Clint Eastwood’s ‘Trouble With The Curve’ Disappoints; But ‘End Of Watch’ Strong Even If ‘House’ #1; Rebooted ‘Dredd’ Opens Just Dreadful". Deadline.com. PMC. Archived from the original on 22 September 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  75. ^ Subers, Ray (23 September 2012). "Weekend Report: Photo Finish in Slow Race to the Top". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. Archived from the original on 24 September 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2012. 
  76. ^ a b Armitage, Hugh (24 June 2013). "'Dredd 3D' sequel rumour causes DVD sales spike". Digital Spy. Hearst Corporation. Archived from the original on 25 July 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  77. ^ Gallagher, Brian (25 July 2013). "Dredd 3D Sequel Petition Launches Online". MovieWeb. WATCHR Media. Archived from the original on 15 August 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  78. ^ Sullivan, Kevin P. (21 September 2012). "'Dredd 3D': The Reviews Are In!". MTV. Viacom. Archived from the original on 15 August 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  79. ^ "Dredd 3D (2012)". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2012. 
  80. ^ "Dredd". Metacritic. Archived from the original on 28 April 2013. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  81. ^ Rosen, Christopher (12 July 2012). "'Dredd' Comic-Con Reviews: Premiere Draws Solid Notices From Critics". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  82. ^ a b Krupa, Daniel (12 July 2012). "The New Judge Dredd Movie is a Gripping Character Study That's Fueled by Action and Violence". IGN. j2 Global. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  83. ^ Gilchrist, Todd (12 July 2012). "Comic-Con '12 Review: 'Dredd' A Visually Strong, Engaging But Ultimately Empty Cinematic Experience". Indiewire. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  84. ^ a b c Hewitt, Chris (2012). "Dredd". Empire. Bauer Media Group. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  85. ^ a b Berkshire, Geoff (12 July 2012). "Dredd". Variety. PMC. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  86. ^ Franich, Darren (19 September 2012). "Dredd 3D (2012)". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  87. ^ O'Neill, Phelim (6 September 2012). "Dredd – review". theguardian.com (Guardian Media Group). Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  88. ^ Sneddon, Laura (4 October 2012). "Why Dredd 3D gets women in comics right". New Statesman (Progressive Media International). Archived from the original on 28 April 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  89. ^ a b Dalton, Stephen (2 September 2012). "Dredd 3D: Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  90. ^ Olsen, Mark (22 September 2012). "Review: 'Dredd 3D' has the cast and the look but not the feel". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Archived from the original on 22 September 2012. Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  91. ^ Lovece, Frank (19 September 2012). "'Dredd' review: Satire played straight". Newsday. Archived from the original on 22 September 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  92. ^ Smith, Kyle (20 September 2012). "You’ll ‘Dredd’ this disaster". New York Post (Cablevision). Archived from the original on 22 September 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  93. ^ Whitty, Stephen (21 September 2012). "Lest ye be 'Judge': The 'Dredd'ed remake, reviewed". The Star-Ledger (Newark, New Jersey: Advance Publications). Archived from the original on 22 September 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  94. ^ Lachno, James (25 March 2013). "Empire Awards 2013: Skyfall and the Hobbit big winners". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). Archived from the original on 26 March 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2013. 
  95. ^ Keily, Karl (31 July 2012). "John Wagner Discusses 35 Years of Dredd". Comic Book Resources. Boiling Point Productions. Archived from the original on 15 November 2012. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  96. ^ Esposito, Joey (11 April 2010). "Dredd 3D Sequel Comic Teased". IGN. j2 Global. Archived from the original on 30 July 2013. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  97. ^ a b Keily, Karl (30 July 2013). "SDCC: "2000 AD" Endorses Unofficial "Dredd" Sequel Campaign". Comic Book Resources. Boiling Point Productions. Archived from the original on 30 July 2013. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  98. ^ a b Chitwood, Adam (15 May 2013). "Karl Urban Says a Dredd Sequel Is "Not Off the Agenda"". Collider. Archived from the original on 15 May 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  99. ^ Topel, Fred (19 September 2013). "He’s Not A Superhero: Alex Garland on Dredd 3D". CraveOnline. Archived from the original on 14 November 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  100. ^ Lussier, Germain (6 September 2012). "/Film Interview: Karl Urban, the Star of ‘Dredd 3D’". /Film. Archived from the original on 14 November 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  101. ^ Bradley, Dave (22 January 2013). "Dredd Review". SFX. Future plc. Archived from the original on 22 January 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  102. ^ Rawden, Jessica (15 November 2012). "Dredd Is Bringing Judgment To 3D, Blu-ray And DVD In January". Cinema Blend. Archived from the original on 15 November 2012. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  103. ^ Graham, Bill (17 January 2013). "Dredd 3D Blu-ray Review". Collider. Archived from the original on 22 January 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2013. 
  104. ^ Lane, Dan (22 January 2013). "Dredd debuts at Number 1 on the Official Video Chart". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 23 January 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  105. ^ Trumbdore, Dave (22 January 2013). "Dredd Tops Blu-ray, DVD and Digital Download Sales". Collider. Archived from the original on 22 January 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2013. 
  106. ^ a b Brew, Simon (18 September 2013). "Dredd 2: can fans make the sequel happen?". Den of Geek. Dennis Publishing. Archived from the original on 30 September 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2013. 
  107. ^ Armitage, Hugh (9 July 2012). "'Dredd': Alex Garland lines up sequels". Digital Spy. Hearst Corporation. Archived from the original on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  108. ^ Hoare, James (31 August 2012). "Judge Dredd TV series? Alex Garland hopes so...". SciFiNow. Imagine Publishing. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  109. ^ Macnab, Geoffrey (9 September 2012). "ADNA talks future of Dredd trilogy". Screen Daily. Screen International. Archived from the original on 10 September 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2012. 
  110. ^ "'Dredd 3D' Won't Get Sequel, Producer Adi Shankar Says It 'Totally Bombed'". The Huffington Post (AOL). 28 March 2013. Archived from the original on 28 April 2013. Retrieved 4 April 2013. 
  111. ^ Franich, Darren (25 July 2013). "There Should Be A Sequel: 'Dredd'". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Archived from the original on 30 July 2013. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  112. ^ "2000AD Launches Official Dredd Sequel Petition". SFX. Future plc. 25 July 2013. Archived from the original on 25 July 2013. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  113. ^ Armitage, Hugh (25 July 2013). "'Dredd' launches official sequel petition". Digital Spy. Hearst Corporation. Archived from the original on 25 July 2013. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  114. ^ Skinner, Kevin (11 April 2013). "Dredd 3D Sequel Coming This September In Comic Form". The Daily Blam. Archived from the original on 28 April 2013. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  115. ^ McMillan, Graeme (13 September 2012). "'Dredd' Continues in Comic Book 'Underbelly'". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Archived from the original on 24 November 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  116. ^ Keily, Karl (3 October 2013). "Wyatt Brings Back "Dredd 3D" In "Judge Dredd: Underbelly"". Comic Book Resources. Boiling Point Productions. Archived from the original on 24 November 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  117. ^ Biring, Amarpal (22 February 2014). "Destination Star Trek Frankfurt: Press Conference Report". What Culture. Archived from the original on 25 February 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
Documents

External links[edit]