Dreieichenhain Castle ruins
|• Mayor||Dieter Zimmer (SPD)|
|• Total||53.328 km2 (20.590 sq mi)|
|Elevation||140 m (460 ft)|
|• Density||750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Dialling codes||06103, 06074|
Dreieich is a town in the Offenbach district in the Regierungsbezirk of Darmstadt in Hesse, Germany. It lies roughly 10 km south of Frankfurt am Main and with more than 40,000 inhabitants is the district’s second biggest town.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Politics
- 4 Culture and sightseeing
- 5 Economy and infrastructure
- 6 Famous people
- 7 Further reading
- 8 External links
- 9 References
Dreieich borders in the north on the town of Neu-Isenburg, in the northeast on the district-free city of Offenbach, in the east on the towns of Heusenstamm, Dietzenbach and Rödermark, in the south on the community of Messel (Darmstadt-Dieburg) and the district-free city of Darmstadt and in the southwest on the town of Langen. To the west lies Frankfurt Airport.
The town of Dreieich came into being on 1 January 1977 in the framework of municipal restructuring in the Offenbach district, bringing together five communities which until then had been self-administering. At the time of the merger, their population figures were as follows:
- Sprendlingen 21,351
- Dreieichenhain 8,020
- Buchschlag 2,984
- Götzenhain 4,696
- Offenthal 3,020
Today, 40,666 people live in Dreieich, counting only those with their main residences in the town, although this figure jumps to 43,742 if people with a second home in town are counted. Inhabitants here come from 117 different nations (as of 30 July 2007).
In 1977, Dreieich hosted the 17th Hessentag state festival.
The town’s name comes from a royal hunting forest – the Wildbann Dreieich – which had its first documentary mention as early as the 9th century. It was a forest whose hunting rights were exclusively the Emperor’s. This forest stretched along the lower Main from Aschaffenburg to Rüsselsheim and from Vilbel to the Neunkircher Höhe (heights) in the Odenwald. The oaktrees in many communities’ coats of arms in this area point to this origin. In the middle of this royal hunting forest in the 11th century rose Dreieichenhain, when the Lords of Hagen built a tower castle here in 1075.
This place was founded only in 1904 as a Villenkolonie (“villa colony”, a form of town planning once popular among the well-to-do in Germany) by the Frankfurt salesman Jakob Latscha in the wooded Gemarkung (a cadastral unit) of Mitteldick. The first mayor was Rudolf Bindung. In 1909, Buchschlag already had 343 inhabitants. By the time it was merged with the other communities in 1977, this had risen to 2,984. Buchschlag has largely managed to keep its Villenkolonie character: many old Art Nouveau villas in the middle of the community are still preserved today and collectively are under heritage protection. The newer parts of Buchschlag likewise consist of fully detached houses. There are only scattered terraced houses and on the main street, Buchschlager Allee, a few blocks of flats.
In the 11th century, a tower castle (Burg Hayn) was built from which the Lords of Hagen, later Hagen-Münzenberg (1075–1255), administered the Imperial hunting forest of Dreieich. The settlement beside the castle was first mentioned as a town on 23 September 1256 (cives in hagen in Latin, meaning “Citizens in Hagen”), allowing the town to celebrate 750 years of having town rights in 2006.
The Falkensteins, who inherited the land from the Hagen-Münzenberg family, died out in 1418, and the Counts of Isenburg managed in time to acquire the lordship over Dreieichenhain. In 1549, the Reformation was introduced into the town. In 1816, the Isenburg-Birstein Oberamt of Offenbach passed along with Dreieichenhain to Hesse. The placename Hain in der Dreieich was changed in 1840 to Dreieichenhain. In 1834 the town had 998 inhabitants, and at the time of the merger on 1 January 1977 about 8,000.
After the Falkenstein family had died out, Götzenhain found itself under the ownership of the County of Isenburg in 1418, and in the 16th century, the Reformation was introduced.
Count Johann Philipp of Isenburg-Birstein built the palatial castle Schloss Phillipseich in Götzenhain about 1715. The new estate was built as an archetypal Isenburg estate. Only in 1724 did Götzenhain become an independent parish.
In 1816, Götzenhain passed together with the Oberamt of Offenbach to Hesse. The Dreieichbahn (railway) was opened in 1905 with a railway station in Götzenhain. In 1834, the community had 705 inhabitants, and by 1977 this had grown to 4,696.
In a Langen boundary description, Ovemdan was mentioned about 834, making Offenthal the oldest settlement in the Dreieich area after Sprendlingen. The Counts of Isenburg owned Offenthal as of 1489. As an important building monument, the Gothic church of Offenthal has been preserved. It was endowed about 1400 and thereby belongs among the Offenbach district’s oldest churches. After the Reformation’s introduction in 1528, the parish became Lutheran. Beginning in 1596, attempts were made to introduce Calvinism. In 1816, Offenthal became Hessian. In 1834 the community had 441 inhabitants, and by 1977 this had grown to 3,020.
Offenthal lies on the Deutsche Fachwerkstraße (“German Timber Framing Road”) and on the Hessian Apple Wine and Orchard Route.
In the early 1990s arose the Borngarten and Tannenstumpf new development areas. The rural calm and the proximity to Frankfurt am Main saw to it that Offenthal grew quickly.
Offenthal has a particularly wide choice of different clubs. The biggest clubs are the SUSGO, the FCO, the TTCO and the Offenthal Volunteer Fire Brigade (535 members as of 31 December 2007).
In 880, King Ludwig documented a donation by his father through the church in Sprendilingun to the Salvatorkapelle in Frankfurt (“with appurtenances”). The Counts of Isenburg acquired in 1486 from the Falkenstein inheritance the lordship over Sprendlingen. In 1528 the Reformation was introduced and in 1816 Sprendlingen passed to Hesse. In 1871, the Buchschlag-Sprendlingen station on the Main-Neckar-Bahn (railway) was opened, as was the Dreieichbahn to Ober-Roden in 1905. In 1834, Sprendlingen had 1,788 inhabitants, and by 1977 this had grown to 21,351.
The municipal election held on 26 March 2006 yielded the following results:
|Parties and voter communities||%
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||36.5||17||43.1||19|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||33.4||15||33.8||15|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||6.4||3||5.8||3|
|GRÜNE/Bi||GRÜNE und Bürgerinitiativen-Liste Dreieich||16.1||7||12.7||6|
|FWG||Freie Wählergemeinschaft Dreieich||7.5||3||4.6||2|
|Voter turnout in %||47.5||48.0|
Foreigners’ advisory council
Dreieich has an Ausländerbeirat – a foreigners’ advisory council – made up of 15 persons representing various nationalities with people from Turkey, Serbia, Italy, and Russia. As with town council itself, there is a foreigners’ advisory council session, which takes place a fortnight before the town council session.
The current chairman is Tindaro Canciglia.
Dreieich’s mayor is Dieter Zimmer (SPD), who comes from Offenthal.
- Montier-en-Der, Haute-Marne, France
- Joinville, Haute-Marne, France
- Bleiswijk, South Holland, Netherlands
- Oisterwijk, North Brabant, Netherlands
- Stafford, Staffordshire, England, United Kingdom
Culture and sightseeing
Dreieichenhain is above all known for the Haaner Kerb (kermis) at Whitsun, and it hosts a Christmas market, which thanks to Dreieichenhain’s lovely Old Town is famous countrywide. The Haaner Kerb is Southern Hesse’s biggest kermis and yearly draws 80,000 visitors. The highlights are the fireworks on Saturday evening and the traditional Kerbborschemarsch on the Monday. Furthermore there are the yearly castle festival games and Jazz in der Burg (“Jazz at the Castle”).
The Burg Hayn is a castle ruin from the High Middle Ages. The oldest part of the castle complex – the dwelling tower – was built in Salian times. It is one of the few secular architectural witnesses to Salian times in Germany. Cultural events at the castle are the nationally known Burgfestspiele (castle festival games) and the jazz festival Jazz in der Burg.
Within the framework of the regional park initiative, a sculpture designed by the landscape architects Ipach and Dreisbusch was built north of Dreieichenhain and is part of the regional park route. This work, called the Stangenpyramide (“Post Pyramid”), is made up of 450 bonded round wooden posts, each 24 cm in diameter. The sculpture is built in two sections and is accessible on foot. It forms a sightline with the Taunus and Frankfurt’s skyline.
Buchschlag on Dreieich’s western outskirts has outstanding buildings in the Art Nouveau style by such architects as Wilhelm Koban, Ludwig Bernoully and Alois Beck, which as a contiguous ensemble are under monumental protection.
Götzenhain is worth seeing above all for the Neuhof. Here is an old estate expanded with timber-frame buildings. These newer buildings also house an inn. Around the Neuhof, a golf course has been established.
Also worth seeing is Schloss Phillipseich, a palatial residence lying between Götzenhain and Offenthal, although unfortunately it cannot be visited because it is in private ownership.
Economy and infrastructure
Local public transport
Dreieich lies within the area covered by the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund. At Dreieich-Buchschlag station there are connections to S-Bahn lines S3 and S4. The Dreieichbahn (Dieburg – Rödermark-Ober Roden – Dreieich-Buchschlag) with the stations Dreieich-Offenthal, Dreieich-Götzenhain, Dreieich-Dreieichenhain, Dreieich-Weibelfeld, Dreieich-Sprendlingen and Dreieich-Buchschlag also serves the town. The DB Regio Regionalbahnen run half-hourly on weekdays and hourly on weekends. In rush hours a few trains run directly to Frankfurt Main Railway Station from Dreieich-Buchschlag. Furthermore, some buslines serve the town:
- Dreieich-Offenthal - Dreieich-Buchschlag - Frankfurt Airport (OF-64; Stadtbus)
- Dreieich-Buchschlag - Langener Waldsee – seasonal only, during the Hesse school summer holiday (OF-65)
- Looping route Sprendlingen Bürgerhaus - Berliner Ring - Am Hirschsprung - Im Gefierth - Sprendlingen Bürgerhaus (OF-67; Stadtbus)
- Cross-district route Langen - Dreieich - Dietzenbach - Rodgau - Seligenstadt (OF-99)
- Dreieich-Offenthal - Dietzenbach - Heusenstamm (OF-96)
- Dreieich-Götzenhain station - Neu-Isenburg - Frankfurt South station (653)
- Darmstadt-Arheilgen - Langen - Dreieich-Sprendlingen - Neu-Isenburg station (662)
- Mörfelden railway station - Langen - Dreieich - Neu-Isenburg station (663)
- Langen - Dreieich - Neu-Isenburg - Offenbach/Main station (661)
- Frankfurt night bus - Neu-Isenburg - Dreieich-Sprendlingen - Langen - Darmstadt (n71)
The Bundesautobahn 661 with its Dreieich interchange affords a road link to Frankfurt am Main. Moreover, the L 3262 state road links Dreieich to the A 5 (Hattenbach–Basel) to the west. Also, Bundesstraße 486 runs through the constituent community of Offenthal and likewise runs to the A 5, by way of Langen.
The community thoroughfare in Offenthal is heavily used in both the morning and evening rush hours, resulting rather often in traffic jams towards Rödermark-Urberach and Langen. Thus far, a long planned bypass has failed to win approval owing to objections from a few in Offenthal. Currently a new variant is undergoing the approval process. At the same time, though, in late 2006, a new bypass on the cross-district link around the constituent community of Götzenhain opened, relieving Götzenhain noticeably of everyday through traffic. Furthermore, there has been a lengthy dispute over the Sprendlingen south bypass, which is to become part of Landesstraße 3262. It is meant to relieve downtown Sprendlingen of traffic.
Through Sprendlingen runs the former Bundesstraße 3 – now part of Bundesautobahn 661 – which begins south of Hamburg (Buxtehude) and ends at the border with Switzerland near Basel (Weil-Otterbach). Furthermore, Bundesstraße 46 to Offenbach begins in Sprendlingen.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (February 2011)|
Dreieich’s original focus lay in the field of textile manufacture and processing. In the last five or ten years, though, Dreieich has developed itself into a central agglomeration of the information technology service provision industry. Important businesses in that field established here are, among others:
Furthermore, the town is a regional hub for all kinds of shopping. Besides branches of OBI, Real (formerly Walmart) and Mann Mobilia (furniture chain), the biggest BMW dealership outside Munich can be found here. It is the Frankfurt location.
Other important employers in Dreieich are:
- Volkswagen Zubehör GmbH (accessories, until autumn 2007 VOTEX GmbH), wholly owned daughter company of VW AG Wolfsburg
- ADTECH AG
- ARROW Electronics (Spoerle)
- CWS-boco Deutschland GmbH
- Wingert-Schule in Dreieich-Offenthal
- Karl-Nahrgang-Schule in Dreieich-Götzenhain
- Ludwig-Erk-Schule in Dreieich-Dreieichenhain
- Schiller-Schule in Dreieich-Sprendlingen
- Gerhardt-Hauptmann-Schule in Dreieich-Sprendlingen
- Erich-Kästner-Schule in Dreieich-Sprendlingen
- Selma-Lagerlöf-Schule in Dreieich-Buchschlag
- Weibelfeldschule in Dreieich-Dreieichenhain
- Heinrich-Heine-Schule in Dreieich-Sprendlingen
- Ricarda-Huch-Schule in Dreieich-Sprendlingen
- Max-Eyth-Schule in Dreieich-Sprendlingen (with mit Gymnasium upper level; currently being converted into a lifelong learning campus)
- Georg-Büchner-Schule in Dreieich-Sprendlingen
- Volkshochschule in Dreieich-Sprendlingen (folk high school)
- Musikschule der Stadt Dreieich
The town of Dreieich also has its own television transmitter, the Stadt-Fernsehen-Dreieich (SFD). This transmits from the Weibelfeldschule and can be received over the local cable television network. Dreieich’s town library maintains four branches in the centres of Sprendlingen, Dreieichenhain, Götzenhain and Offenthal.
- Johann Philipp Holzmann was born on 22 April 1805 in the Kreuzmühle – the mill then belonged to the Götzenhain municipal area. He laid the groundwork here in 1849 for his later building company, the worldwide company Philipp Holzmann AG.
- Ludwig Erk (1807–1883), musical educator, folksong collector and researcher, spent his childhood (1813 to 1820) in Dreieichenhain in the timber-frame house at Schulgasse 4 (today Alte Schulgasse).
- Henri Vieuxtemps (1820–1881), famous Belgian violinist and composer, was – when he lived with his family from 1855 to 1864 in Dreieichenhain – at the high point of his career as the “Travelling Violin Vituoso”.
- Jean Ruhl (1877–1957) was born in Götzenhain and was in the early 1930s a Member of the Reichstag.
- Horst Ludwig Störmer (b. 1949 in Frankfurt am Main). In 1998 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics and in his youth lived in the constituent community of Sprendlingen.
- Alfred Kurt: Stadt und Kreis Offenbach in der Geschichte, 1998, Bintz-Verlag, ISBN 3-87079-009-1
- Eberhard Morell & Peter Hörr: Dreieich - Bilder einer Stadt,1996, ImHayn Verl., ISBN 3-928149-05-9
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dreieich.|
- "Die Bevölkerung der hessischen Gemeinden". Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). July 2013.
- "Contact Us." Hahn Air. Retrieved on 7 February 2011. "Head Office: Hahn Air Lines GmbH An der Trift 65 63303 Dreieich Germany."
- This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.