Drepana

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For the moth genus, see Drepana (moth).
For the city in Bithynia, see Helenopolis.
Drepana
Comune
Drepana (modern-day Trapani)
Drepana is located in Italy
Drepana
Drepana
Location of Drepana in Italy
Coordinates: 38°01′N 12°31′E / 38.017°N 12.517°E / 38.017; 12.517
Country Italy
Region Sicily
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Drepana (Latin: Drepanum; Greek: Drepanon, sing., Drepana, pl.), a harbour-town on the west-coast of Sicily, was the site of a crushing Roman defeat by the Carthaginians, in 249 BC.

History[edit]

Was founded by the Elymians to serve as the port of the nearby city of Erice (ancient Eryx), which overlooks it from Monte San Giuliano. The city sits on a low-lying promontory jutting out into the Mediterranean Sea. The town, twenty-five miles north of Lilybaeum, had been fortified by the Carthaginians, who resettled part of the population to Eryx. In 241 it was besieged by Gaius Lutatius Catulus.[1] and later used as a naval base

It was originally named Drépanon from the Greek word for "sickle", because of the curving shape of its harbour. Carthage seized control of the city in 260 BC, subsequently making it an important naval base. The naval battle of Drepanum, took place in 249 BC between the fleets of Carthage and the Roman Republic.

Was ceded it to Rome in 241 BC following the Battle of the Aegates in the First Punic War.

Named Drepanum from the Romans. It never achieved the status of a civitas in Roman times.

Today, the town is called Trapani.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dillon, Matthew; Garland, Lynda (2005). Ancient Rome: From the Early Republic to the Assassination of Julius Caesar. London: Routledge. p. 190. ISBN 0-415-22458-6. 

See also[edit]