Dresden, Ontario

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Dresden
Incorporated community
Dresden ON.JPG
Motto: Discover Dresden: The Charm, The Beauty, The Lifestyle
Coordinates: 42°35′25″N 82°10′54″W / 42.59028°N 82.18167°W / 42.59028; -82.18167
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Municipality Chatham-Kent
Population
 • Total 2,800
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Forward sortation area N0P 1M0
Area code(s) 519 and 226
NTS Map 040J09
GNBC Code FAZSG
Website www.exploredresden.ca

Dresden is an agricultural community in southwestern Ontario, Canada, part of the municipality of Chatham-Kent. Dresden is best known as the home of Josiah Henson, the former U.S. slave whose life story was the inspiration for the novel Uncle Tom's Cabin. It has been, therefore, characterized as the "Terminus of the Underground Railroad", although many escaped slaves were known to gather, at least to worship, as far south and east as what is today Chatham, Ontario. The Henson homestead is a historic site located near what is today the town of Dresden, and is owned and operated by the Ontario Heritage Trust. Dresden is located on the Sydenham River. The community is named after Dresden, Germany. The major crops in the area are wheat, soybeans, corn and tomatoes.

Culture[edit]

Dresden is rich in features of interest to visitors and the local population. As an important terminus of the Underground Railroad via overland and marine routes the town was part of a settlement formerly known as the Dawn Settlement. It is the site of Uncle Tom's Cabin Historic Site, which lies just outside its borders at the corner of Park St. and Uncle Tom's Road (the former 3rd concession). The town and its many organizations including the Horticultural Society, Rotary and IODE, have striven to develop the town's historical legacy and its natural features, particularly the Sydneham River. Dresden's floodplain area, since a 100 year flood in 1968, has been constantly improved with the addition of beautifully landscaped parklands, an arboretum featuring the area's original and diverse Carolinian flora, and the Trillium Trail which includes a historical walk portion. The gateway to the Trillium Trail with its eight interpretive signs can be accessed at St. George St. in the heart of the town, near the bridge. The trail itself features 20 plaques which point out historical sites along a bricked path. The trail celebrates history which is both typical to small rural towns of the period and unique to Dresden's ties to the Underground Railroad story. Guides to the trail are available at the town's Service Centre at the corner of Main and St. George St.

Dresden was once home to not only Rev. Josiah Henson famous because of his association with the title character of Harriett Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin, but a variety of prominent figures from the Underground Railroad period. A recent discovery through the Trillium Trail Project which has been verified by research done in partnership with the Promised Land Project, headed by Boulou de B'beri of the University of Ottawa, is that large sections of the original town site were owned between 1853 and 1873 by William Whipper, a prominent member of the William Still Underground Railroad network. Today a number of artifact houses from this time period are still extant in the community. The local Catherine McVean Chapter of the IODE offers historical tours to visitors who wish to know more of the town's history. The town is also home to civil rights actions both in the 1850s and 1950s, and this and other historical events are commemorated on various Ontario Heritage historical plaques in the town.

The Sydenham River which flows through the town, is known for its rare fauna, and the Trillium Trail, particularly in the downtown's arboretum area features signage that educates on rare plants and animals that live here.

The town features a number of special events each year, including a Show and Shine for classic autos, and weekly concerts on Thursday evenings during the summer months at Rotary Park.

Dresden is also the location of the Dresden Raceway, the only harness racing facility in the municipality of Chatham-Kent. It features a 1/2-mile track and modern grandstand facility. The track also serves as a training facility for young pacers and trotters. Dresden is also home to the Dresden Slots operated by the Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation. It is also the only slots facility in the municipality.

The downtown area runs for about 3 blocks, with stores and businesses that serve the local and surrounding community and tourists. For a bit of colour, the streets are lined with planters courtesy of the Dresden Horticultural Society and many volunteers. In October, just before Halloween, there are cornstalk and scarecrow decorations on the lampposts. There is a grocery store, a drug store, jewellery and gifts, photography studio, a Sears outlet, post office, automotive supplies, dentist, doctors, optometrist, a gym, legal advice, and more. A new medical facility is being built with an expected completion of September 2012.

Climate and Geography[edit]

The climate is mild, being classified as humid continental (Köppen climate classification Dfb) that closely borders on the Dfa climate type. Summer days can be hot and humid with a July high of 27.1 °C (80.8 °F) and a low of 15.7 °C (60.3 °F) . In an average summer, temperatures exceed or reach 30 °C (86.0 °F) on 16 days per year.[1] Winters are cold with a January high of −2.3 °C (27.9 °F) and a low of −9.0 °C (15.8 °F). Occasionally, mild spells of weather can make the temperature exceed 10 °C (50.0 °F) for 1 or 2 days while arctic air masses from the north can bring temperatures below −20 °C (−4.0 °F) for 1–3 days during winter.[1] Dresden is not located in the snowbelt region which begins near London, Ontario, causing winter precipitation to be generally low and snow cover to be intermittent throughout the season. The average annual snowfall is only 84.6 centimetres (33.3 in).

Climate data for Dresden, Ontario
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
15.0
(59)
24.4
(75.9)
30.0
(86)
35.5
(95.9)
38.0
(100.4)
36.5
(97.7)
36.5
(97.7)
34.4
(93.9)
30.6
(87.1)
22.8
(73)
17.8
(64)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) −2.3
(27.9)
−1.2
(29.8)
4.8
(40.6)
12.1
(53.8)
19.9
(67.8)
24.8
(76.6)
27.1
(80.8)
26.1
(79)
21.8
(71.2)
14.8
(58.6)
7.2
(45)
1.0
(33.8)
13.0
(55.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.6
(21.9)
−4.8
(23.4)
0.8
(33.4)
7.2
(45)
14.0
(57.2)
19.1
(66.4)
21.4
(70.5)
20.5
(68.9)
16.3
(61.3)
10.1
(50.2)
3.8
(38.8)
−1.9
(28.6)
8.4
(47.1)
Average low °C (°F) −9.0
(15.8)
−8.4
(16.9)
−3.2
(26.2)
2.2
(36)
8.1
(46.6)
13.4
(56.1)
15.7
(60.3)
14.9
(58.8)
10.8
(51.4)
5.3
(41.5)
0.4
(32.7)
−4.8
(23.4)
3.8
(38.8)
Record low °C (°F) −30.0
(−22)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−22.2
(−8)
−13.0
(8.6)
−3.5
(25.7)
0.0
(32)
5.5
(41.9)
0.0
(32)
−3.0
(26.6)
−8.0
(17.6)
−12.0
(10.4)
−25.0
(−13)
−30.0
(−22)
Precipitation mm (inches) 48.5
(1.909)
45.6
(1.795)
61.3
(2.413)
77.1
(3.035)
69.9
(2.752)
85.1
(3.35)
76.7
(3.02)
76.4
(3.008)
96.4
(3.795)
62.0
(2.441)
76.9
(3.028)
68.2
(2.685)
844.0
(33.228)
Rainfall mm (inches) 25.3
(0.996)
26.8
(1.055)
48.5
(1.909)
72.6
(2.858)
69.9
(2.752)
85.1
(3.35)
76.7
(3.02)
76.4
(3.008)
96.4
(3.795)
61.8
(2.433)
72.7
(2.862)
47.5
(1.87)
759.5
(29.902)
Snowfall cm (inches) 23.3
(9.17)
18.8
(7.4)
12.5
(4.92)
4.5
(1.77)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.08)
4.3
(1.69)
20.8
(8.19)
84.6
(33.31)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 11.5 9.9 12.0 12.7 10.4 9.7 9.6 9.9 10.6 10.6 11.9 13.3 132.1
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 4.2 4.5 8.6 11.9 10.4 9.7 9.6 9.9 10.6 10.5 10.5 7.7 108.0
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 7.9 6.0 4.4 1.3 0 0 0 0 0 0.08 1.8 7.2 28.6
Source: Environment Canada[1]

Education[edit]

Dresden has one secondary school, Lambton-Kent Composite School (LKCS), one elementary school, Dresden Area Central School (DACS), that serve Dresden and the surrounding communities.

Industry and Small Business[edit]

Dresden features a number of small businesses from gas stations to small specialty stores. Dresden is home to ConAgra Foods canning plant; where they produce many canned vegetables as well as Aylmer Ketchup. Martinrea Fabco auto parts manufacturer, Richcote Metal Coating, Waste Wood Disposal, MPT Automation Technologies, as well as many other retail stores.

In 2007, Dresden celebrated the 125th year since its founding.

Human Rights History[edit]

Hugh Burnett returned to his home town of Dresden, after serving his country in World War II. However, he was not served in some restaurants because he was black. So, in 1948, he and other African Canadians founded the National Unity Association. They collected 115 names on a petition to end discrimination. This resulted in a referendum in Dresden which asked “Do you approve of the council passing a bylaw licensing restaurants in Dresden and restraining the owner or owners from refusing service regardless of race, colour or creed?” 108 voted that restaurant owners should serve everyone. 517 voted against.[2]

In 1954 Burnett was part of a delegation to Ontario Premier Leslie Frost and the cabinet. Soon after that the Ontario Fair Accommodation Practices Act passed. It stated that “"no one can deny to any person or class of persons the accommodation, services or facilities  usually available to members of the public." [3]

However some restaurants and barber shops still refused to serve African Canadians. Justice William F. Schwenger investigated the complaints as a one-man commission. On the basis of his recommendations, Charles Daley, the minister of labour, refused to prosecute the two Dresden restaurant owners who had refused to serve black people. Daley said “I understand these people will in future obey the law”.[4]

On October 29, 1954, Hugh Burnett, Bromley Armstrong and Ruth Lor Malloy went to Morley McKay's restaurant with a reporter. They were denied service.[5] Mr. McKay was the first person to be charged under the Act.[6] After a long legal battle, Mr. McKay opened his restaurant to everyone.

The conflicting attitudes of white and black Dresden residents over the issue was recorded in the National Film Board's documentary the Dresden Story in 1954.[7]

On July 31, 2010, a plaque was installed in Dresden that honoured Hugh Burnett and the National Unity Association. It reads:

HUGH BURNETT AND THE NATIONAL UNITY ASSOCIATION

Between 1948 and 1956, the National Unity Association (NUA) of Chatham, Dresden and North Buxton, under the leadership of Hugh R. Burnett, waged a campaign for racial equality and social justice. Their efforts led to the passage of Ontario’s Fair Employment Practices Act (1951) and Fair Accommodation Practices Act (1954), and laid the groundwork for subsequent human rights legislation in Ontario and across Canada. Traditional Anglo-Canadian rights, such as freedom of association and freedom of commerce, had historically been interpreted to permit discrimination on grounds of race, colour or creed in providing services to the public. The NUA inspired recognition of freedom from discrimination as a fundamental principle; this led to a revolutionary change to the course of Canadian law and Canadian history. Hugh Burnett and the NUA were early pioneers in the articulation of equality rights for all Canadians, now constitutionally inscribed in the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.[2]

Tractor Parade[edit]

Dresden is home of the Dresden Exhibition and is listed in the Guinness Book of world records for having the WORLD'S LONGEST TRACTOR PARADE. The tractor parade was used as a fundraiser for the Canadian Cancer Society. 1,232 was the number of tractors it took to claim the Guinness Book of World Records title for the world’s largest parade of tractors, a number which beat the old record by 601.

On July 24, 2010, Area farmers converged on the Southwestern community of Dresden to take part in the “Greatest Tractor Parade: Farmers Driving out Cancer”. Big, small, new and antique tractors of all shapes, sizes, makes and models assembled in a local farmer’s field in preparation for the parade. Many tractor drivers were inspired to fight back against cancer by taking part in honour or memory of loved ones touched by cancer. Others made the event a family affair with husbands, wives, sons, daughters, brothers and sisters all behind the wheel in support of the cause.

The concept for the event came from Ken Richards, a local prostate cancer survivor. To promote the event, Richards painted his 1944 Cockshutt 60 tractor yellow, blue and pink to represent various cancer awareness colours.

The turn out surpassed even the expectations of event organiser Richards, "I thought we might get 800 tractors - but seeing approximately 1,200 tractors on parade blows me away,” he commented. The parade made its way through the town of Dresden to its final destination of the local fairgrounds complex and was a fitting way to celebrate the 135th annual Dresden Fair.

“The event committee was dedicated to making this world record happen, they put their whole heart into the event,” said Rachel MacLeod, the Fundraising Coordinator. “The Canadian Cancer Society is so fortunate to have the support of such a wonderful community.” she added.

To date, “Greatest Tractor Parade: Farmers Driving out Cancer” has raised a total of $104,000 plus dollars for the Society.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Dresden, Ontario". Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000 (in English & French). Environment Canada. Retrieved February 23, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Heritage Trust". 
  3. ^ "Canadian Human Rights Commission". 
  4. ^ Toronto Star. page 1. October 20, 1954. 
  5. ^ Toronto Star, page 1. October 30, 1954. 
  6. ^ Toronto Star, page 2. November 17, 1954. 
  7. ^ "National Film Board". 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°35′25″N 82°10′54″W / 42.59028°N 82.18167°W / 42.59028; -82.18167