Dresden Hauptbahnhof

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Dresden Hauptbahnhof
Operations
Category 1
Type Bf
Platforms in use 16
Daily trains 537, of which 53 are long distance[1]
Daily entry/exit 60,000 (daily)[1]
DS100 code DH
Station code 1343
Construction and location
Opened 23 April 1898
Location Dresden
State Saxony
Country Germany
Local authority Innere Altstadt
Home page www.bahnhof.de
51°02′25″N 13°43′54″E / 51.04028°N 13.73167°E / 51.04028; 13.73167Coordinates: 51°02′25″N 13°43′54″E / 51.04028°N 13.73167°E / 51.04028; 13.73167
Route information
List of railway stations in Saxony

Dresden Hauptbahnhof is one of two main inter-city transport hubs in the German city of Dresden. Designed by Ernst Giese and Paul Weidner, it was built between 1892 and 1897 at the southern border of the inner city and was important in the growth and development of the city.

Construction[edit]

Dresden Hauptbahnhof has 18 tracks. Eleven carry traffic through the station whilst the remaining seven, all from the west and located in the middle of the station, are terminal tracks. This layout makes Dresden Hbf unique among German railway stations named Hauptbahnhof. The station is divided into three halls, the central one of which is the biggest and covers the terminating tracks.

The arrivals hall is situated in front of the terminating tracks giving the station the character of a terminal station. The new 30,000 m² roof, covered by a canopy made from Teflon-coated fibre glass, was designed by Foster and Partners with fabric roof design by Buro Happold and other structural design by Schmitt Stumpf Fruehauf and Partner. The reconstructed building was nominated for the 2006 Stirling Prize and won the 2007 IStructE Award for Heritage Buildings.[2]

History[edit]

Aerial view

Dresden Hauptbahnhof is part of the railway system that provides direct connections to Berlin, Prague and Nuremberg. Opening in 1897, it replaced three stations in the south of the city.

The station was damaged by the bombing of Dresden starting in February 1945. This was limited in extent until a specific attack in April 1945.

The station was repaired after the war. It had suffered significant damage to the train sheds and the glazing that had previously covered the train sheds was replaced by timber.[3]

In the postwar era, Dresden Hauptbahnhof became one of the important railway stations in East Germany. However, the legacy of wartime damage subsequently compounded by poor maintenance saw the structure deteriorate to the point where remedial conservation was required.[3]

Assessments of the structure during its 1997-2006 refurbishment project further revealed that the steel arches of the train shed had even been distorted out of alignment by wartime damage. It was also discovered that the structure had been damaged by corrosion since the war, rendering it unsuitable to carry the weight of a glazed roof and leading architects to use lightweight fabric instead.[2]

During the floods in August 2002, the station hall was badly damaged by flooding from the river Weißeritz. The entrance hall and the lower platforms were flooded up to one metre by muddy water from the left tributary of the river Elbe coming from the Ore Mountains. Major damage to several tracks around Dresden closed the station for a month. The main reconstruction project was only temporarily interrupted.

In 2007, the station's reconstruction was a contender for the £20,000 Royal Institute of British Architects Stirling Prize for excellence in architecture in Europe.

Operational usage[edit]

The reconstructed station hall.

The station is operated and owned by the Deutsche Bahn Group subsidiary DB Station&Service.

Regional and long distance services call at the station. The station is part of the InterCity and ICE network. Night services are provided by DB NachtZug trains. EuroCity services also call, providing connections to Prague in the Czech Republic.

The daily passenger numbers of about 60,000 are relatively low compared to other German cities of the same size (Bremen Hauptbahnhof, a city of comparable size, handles around 100,000.) This is because Dresden has two stations at which long-distance trains call: Dresden Hauptbahnhof and Dresden-Neustadt.

Train services[edit]

The station is served by the following services (incomplete list):[4]

  • Intercity-express services (ICE 50) Wiesbaden/Saarbrücken - Frankfurt (Main) - Eisenach - Erfurt - Leipzig - Dresden
  • Intercity-express services (ICE 50) Düsseldorf - Dortmund - Kassel - Eisenach - Erfurt - Leipzig - Dresden
  • Intercity-express services (ICE 50) Oldenburg - Hanover - Magdeburg - Halle - Leipzig - Dresden
  • Intercity-express services (ICE 50) Munich - Nuremberg - Bamberg - Jena - Leipzig - Dresden
  • Intercity services (EC 27) Hamburg - Berlin - Dresden - Prague - Brno - Bratislava - Budapest
  • Intercity services (EC 27) Hamburg - Berlin - Dresden - Prague - Brno - Vienna - Villach
  • Intercity services (EC 27) Binz - Stralsund - Eberswalde - Berlin - Dresden - Prague - Brno
  • Intercity services (EC 27) Szczecin - Eberswalde - Berlin - Dresden - Prague
  • Intercity services (EC 27) Westerland (Sylt) - Hamburg - Berlin - Dresden
  • Intercity services (IC 50) Frankfurt Airport - Fulda - Eisenach - Erfurt - Naumburg - Leipzig - Dresden
  • Intercity services (IC 50) Düsseldorf - Dortmund - Kassel - Eisenach - Erfurt - Naumburg - Leipzig - Dresden
  • Intercity services (IC 55) Köln - Wuppertal - Dortmund - Hamm - Hannover - Braunschweig - Magdeburg - Halle - Leipzig - Dresden
  • Interregional express service IRE 1 Nürnberg - Bayreuth - Hof - Zwickau - Chemnitz - Freiberg - Dresden
  • Regional services RE 1 Dresden - Bischofswerda - Bautzen - Görlitz
  • Regional services RE 2 Dresden - Bischofswerda - Ebersbach - Zittau (- Liberec - Tanvald)
  • Regional services RE 3 Nürnberg - Marktredwitz - Hof - Zwickau - Chemnitz - Freiberg - Dresden
  • Regional services RE 15 Hoyerswerda - Großenhain - Cossebaude - Dresden
  • Regional services RE 18 Cottbus - Ruhland - Großenhain - Coswig - Dresden
  • Regional services RE 20 Wanderexpress Bohemica Dresden - Pirna - Bad Schandau - Děčín - Ústí nad Labem - Litoměřice (Summer weekends only)
  • Regional services RE 50 Leipzig - Wurzen - Riesa - Coswig - Dresden
  • Regional services RE 100 Dresden - Bautzen - Görlitz - Wrocław
  • Regional services SE 19 Wintersport Express Dresden - Heidenau - Glashütte - Altenberg (Winter weekends only)
  • Local services RB 30 Zwickau - Chemnitz - Freiberg - Dresden
  • Local services RB 31 Elsterwerda-Biehla - Großenhain - Coswig - Cossebaude - Dresden
  • Local services RB 60 Dresden - Bischofswerda - Bautzen - Görlitz
  • Local services RB 61 Dresden - Bischofswerda - Ebersbach - Zittau
  • Local services SB 34 Dresden - Arnsdorf - Kamenz
  • Dresden S-Bahn services S1 Meißen Triebischtal - Dresden - Pirna - Bad Schandau - Schöna
  • Dresden S-Bahn services S2 Dresden Flughafen - Dresden - Pirna
  • Dresden S-Bahn services S3 Tharandt - Freital - Dresden
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
ICE 50 Terminus
towards Oldenburg Hbf
ICE 50 Terminus
ICE 50 Terminus
towards Munich Hbf
ICE 50 Terminus
EuroCity
toward Budapest
EuroCity
toward Villach or Vienna
EuroCity
toward Brno or Prague
EuroCity Terminus
IC 50 Terminus
towards Cologne Hbf
IC 55 Terminus
RE IRE1 Terminus
Terminus RE 1
toward Görlitz
Terminus RE 2
toward Zittau or Tanvald
toward Hof Hbf
RE 3
Franken-Sachsen-Express
Terminus
toward Hoyerswerda
RE 15 Terminus
toward Cottbus
RE 18 Terminus
Terminus RE 20
Wanderexpress Bohemica
toward Leipzig Hbf
RE 50 Terminus
Terminus RE 100
toward Zwickau Hbf
RB 30 Terminus
RB 31 Terminus
Terminus RB 60
toward Görlitz
Terminus RB 61
toward Zittau
Preceding station   Städtebahn Sachsen   Following station
Terminus SE 19
Wintersport Express
Terminus SB 34
toward Kamenz
Preceding station   Dresden S-Bahn   Following station
S1
toward Schöna
S2
toward Pirna
toward Tharandt
S3 Terminus

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b DB – Die Bahnhöfe. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
  2. ^ a b "IStructE - Structural Awards 2008". The Institution of Structural Engineers - IStructE. Retrieved 2010-10-03. 
  3. ^ a b "Dresden Station Redevelopment Dresden, Germany, 1997-2006". Foster + Partners. Retrieved 2010-10-03. 
  4. ^ Timetables for Dresden Hbf station

External links[edit]