Drilosphere

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The drilosphere is the part of the soil influenced by earthworm secretions and castings.[1] Specifically, it is the fraction of soil which has gone through the digestive tract of earthworms;[2] or the lining of an earthworm burrow.[3] The average thickness of the drilosphere (lining of an earthworm burrow) is 2mm.[4]

Through the drilosphere, earthworms influence soil microbial communities, with effects on microbial processes related to soil organic matter and nutrient dynamics.[5] A study of one soil type found contained within the drilosphere 40 per cent of the aerobic (and 13 per cent of anaerobic) nitrogen-fixing bacteria and 16 per cent of the denitrifiers.[6] The drilosphere is generally richer in nitrogen, phosphorus, and humified organic material than the surrounding soil. This is probably because earthworms preferentially ingest plant reside such as leaf and root litter, or occasionally fungi.[5]

The term was coined by M. B. Bouché.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biodiversity in Agroecosystems, Wanda Williams Collins, et al. Page 20. 1999.
  2. ^ Organic Phosphorus in the Environment, Turner, et al., Page 91. 2005
  3. ^ Earthworms in Australia, David Murphy, 1993
  4. ^ M. B. Bouché, Action de la faune sur les états de la matière organique dans les écosystèmes. 1975.
  5. ^ a b Earthworm Ecology By Clive Arthur Edwards. 2nd Ed. 2004. CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-1819-X
  6. ^ T. Bhatnagar, Lombriciens et humification: Un aspect nouveau de l'incorporation microbienne d'azote induite par les vers de terre.