Driving etiquette

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Driving etiquette relates to the general courtesy rules which communities expect the operators of vehicles to follow while driving.[1][2][3] Use of the term dates back to the early 1900s and the use of horse-drawn carriages.[4] Good driving etiquette typically involves being courteous and staying alert which varies by vehicle, situation, and location (etiquette for driving an F1 car[5] involves different rules than etiquette for driving an RV[6]). Failure to adhere to this behavior can lead to increased risk of road collisions, anxiety, and to acts of road rage.[7] Driving etiquette can extend beyond in-vehicle actions:[8] "When a courteous driver scrapes the fender or inflicts minor damage to a parked car without its owner present, he leaves a note giving his name, his telephone number, and the name of the insurance company. If the owner is present, the courteous driver exchanges insurance information politely and contacts the proper authorities right away without incident". Breaches in driving etiquette can often be addressed amiably with a simple and immediate expression of apology.[9] The general guiding principle behind driver etiquette is "one good turn deserves another".[10] It is considered vital that everyone adheres to good driving etiquette.[11] Speeding and aggressive driving, both examples of poor driving etiquette, have been cited as negative factors related to rural highways.[12] Drivers need education about driving etiquette to prevent them getting into accidents.[13]

Driving etiquette by country[edit]

Motorists in the United States and northern Europe are described as "predictably law-abiding", while the driving in Russia and India is referred to as being in a "madcap road-rally style".[14]

Chile[edit]

"Many Chileans have tendency to speed, pull out of lanes without signalling, and rarely demonstrate driving etiquette when it comes to cyclists".[15]

China[edit]

Driving etiquette is still in its early stages in China,[citation needed] where people have driven vehicles for well over 3000 years.[16] As a result, traffic can at times be chaotic, and some road courtesies are often ignored.[17] Taxi and bus drivers will commonly aim their vehicles at pedestrians in order to get them to move out of the way more quickly, with regular honking of automobile horns the norm.[18]

Germany[edit]

After analyzing the culture of German driving, "taking all this into consideration, it is not surprising that the Germans developed a driving etiquette that varies from the American. The German driver is aggressive".[19]

Guatemala[edit]

Loud honking, always ceding the way to vehicles traveling on uphill mountainous passes, and passing on blind curves is considered normal driving etiquette in Guatemala.[20]

India[edit]

Hyderabad has "what could be considered the worst driving etiquette in the country".[21]

Kenya[edit]

It is considered good etiquette in Kenya to honk your horn to warn other vehicles of rocks or debris on the road ahead. Turn signals are commonly used to indicate if a driver wishes to be overtaken or not. At night, some drive with their right indicator on so as to show you the extended width of their cars to avoid collision on the narrow roads.[22]

Macedonia[edit]

Few Macedonias wear a seat belt, even though it is illegal not to in that country, or "follow any form of land discipline and driving etiquette".[23]

Puerto Rico[edit]

Puerto Rico's driving "tends towards mild anarchy". Speeding passed traffic on the shoulder of a road is "perfectly acceptable". After letting ambulances or police cars overtake them, it is common for drivers to heavily tailgate that car. "Merging into a throughfare from a side road is simply a matter of nosing your automobile into traffic until a generous fellow traveler waves you in or until you force them to a screeching halt".[14]

Turkey[edit]

In Turkey, flashing of headlights is commonly used to indicate that the driver intends to go first.[24]

South Africa[edit]

A "strange but pleasant bit of South African driving etiquette" involves "pulling over onto the tarred hard shoulder to let the car behind overtake in safety". This is done regardless of whether there is traffic or not. The overtaker is expected to flick their hazard lights as a sign of saying thanks.[25]

South Korea[edit]

Recently, South Korea has improved its driving etiquette. It has been suggested that it is as if South Korea is learning how to be a modern country.[26]

United States[edit]

72% of Americans believe that driving etiquette has worsened over the last 10 years.[27]

Examples of bad driving etiquette[edit]

The following acts are commonly cited as examples of bad driving etiquette.[28][29] In many cases, while the action does not pose any actual threat, it is considered to be a pet peeve of many drivers.

"Nudging" pedestrians
Involves drivers coaxing pedestrians who are trying to cross a crosswalk by honking or crowding them.
Tailgating
Involves driving dangerously close to the vehicle ahead (often in an attempt to encourage them to increase their speed). This action can distract the operator of the forward vehicle and reduces the stopping time of the rear vehicle in case of sudden speed changes.[13]
Driving below posted speed limits
Though a safe practice during extreme weather conditions, driving well below the posted speed limits or below the speed of traffic causes bottlenecks and can reduce traffic speeds considerably.
Double parking
Double-parked vehicles can disrupt traffic flow, causing other motorists to navigate their way around them.
Driving in busy areas with high beams on
At night this action can blind oncoming traffic, making it more difficult for vehicles to safely follow the road. When following another vehicle, glare from this action can reduce the effectiveness of the forward vehicle's mirrors — reducing situational awareness and increasing the likelihood of an accident.
Refusing to yield right-of-way to other vehicles
Merging vehicles must accelerate or brake unsafely or can be forced off the road at the end of a merging lane due to this action.
Driving with loud, distracting music
Reduces the driver's ability to hear and react to noises around the vehicle (including emergency-vehicle sirens).
Driving a vehicle with snow and ice covering it
Can endanger others if the snow-covered vehicle reaches highway speeds and chunks of ice/snow fly off behind the vehicle. Snow and ice can also slide down from the roof to block visibility from the rear window in the car, reducing the driver's situational awareness.
Changing lanes and turning without use of signals
Increases the likelihood of an accident by surprising other drivers with a lane change or turn unexpectedly.
Cutting off other motorists
Refers to a vehicle that enters a lane without proper caution, leaving a small amount of distance between other surrounding vehicles. This can be caused by unawareness of surroundings, impatience, and/or aggressiveness.[30]
Driving below the speed of traffic in center or passing lanes
Causes a disruption in traffic flow as other vehicles must either slow to match the offending vehicle's speed, and may be forced to pass on the wrong side.
Slowly passing another vehicle/Using cruise control to pass a vehicle rather than accelerating
Causes a disruption for other vehicles in the passing lane for the duration of the time the passing car occupies it.[31]
Distracted driving (includes talking on the phone, smoking, drinking, and eating)
Reduces driver awareness of the road and the likelihood of collision increase has been likened to drunk driving.[32]

Pet peeves[edit]

Although in some cases they pose no actual threat or danger, some actions are seen as unpleasant or pet peeves and thus classified as bad driving etiquette.

Ed Janicki of the October 1981 issue of Scouting, cites the following as driving pet peeves:[33]

  • drivers ahead of [him] who do not use turn signals before making a turn
  • teenage drivers who blare out music on the radio while they wait at a stop sign
  • women to apply lipstick at a red light
  • drivers who park in the middle of a yellow line ... taking up two car spaces
  • vans that tailgate [him] on the freeway
  • drivers who zigzag from left lane to middle lane to right lane...and exceed the speed limit because they're behind schedule.

Vicky Deoster, author of The Wacky World of Womanhood, cites "driving around the parking lot for an hour in order to get the closest spot" and insinuating that constantly pressing down on the pedal counts as exercise as driving pet peeve of hers.[34]

The poem "Car Complaints and Pet Peeves", by Michael Burdick, expresses the perspective of a car which explains how certain pet peeves cause it to "rust" and "overheat" etc. The piece mentions the following as driving pet peeves:[35]

  • traffic jams
  • cars stopping traffic to allow cars to enter traffic
  • cars not following zipper method when merging
  • parking-lot induced dents and scratches
  • people who drive irresponsibly and use their handicap plates as an excuse
  • pulling out in front of fellow drivers
  • driving well below the posted speed limits
  • weaving from lane to lane
  • driving too close to the centreline
  • terrible roads
  • flying debris from uncovered trucks
  • litter on the road
  • people blinding oncoming traffic with headlights.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "International Driving Etiquette". h2g2. Retrieved December 9, 2011. 
  2. ^ Driving Etiquette 101
  3. ^ Driving Etiquette | Etiquette School of Ohio
  4. ^ Encyclopaedia of Etiquette: A Book ... - Emily Holt - Google Books
  5. ^ Formula One racing for dummies - Jonathan Noble, Mark Hughes - Google Books
  6. ^ RVing Basics - Bill Moeller, Jan Moeller - Google Books
  7. ^ Cincinnati Magazine - Google Books
  8. ^ Driving Etiquette
  9. ^ Etiquette: reflections on ... - Ron Scapp, Brian Seitz - Google Books
  10. ^ Manitoba Public Insurance > Driving Tips
  11. ^ IEEE Xplore - Paradigm of information security as interdisciplinary comprehensive science
  12. ^ Transportation Research Board - Journal Article
  13. ^ a b LI_2009-08-04 - Motorcycles
  14. ^ a b Kurt Pitzer, Tara Stevens. Adventure Guide to Puerto Rico. Retrieved December 8, 2011. 
  15. ^ Nicholas Gill, Caroline Lascom, Christie Pashby (2009). Frommer's Chile & Easter Island. p. 68. Retrieved December 8, 2011. 
  16. ^ "Dynasties Witness Rise and Fall of Chariots". China Daily. 2001-03-14. Retrieved 2012-12-08. "Historical records show that chariots were already in extensive use in the Xia Dynasty (BC 21st-16th c.)." 
  17. ^ "Travelling to China for the Beijing 2008 Olympic and Paralympic Games". Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  18. ^ Inside the New China: An ... - Gene Ayres - Google Books
  19. ^ Michaël Byram, Carol Morgan (1994). Teaching-and-learning language-and-culture. p. 11. Retrieved December 8, 2011. 
  20. ^ Lonely Planet Guatemala - Lucas Vidgen, Daniel C Schechter - Google Books
  21. ^ Pippa deBruyn, Keith Bain, Niloufer Venkatraman, Shonar Joshi. Frommer's India. p. 291. Retrieved December 8, 2011. 
  22. ^ Rough guide to Kenya - Richard Trillo - Google Books
  23. ^ Evans, Thammy (2009). Macedonia. p. 88. Retrieved December 8, 2011. 
  24. ^ Turkey - Charlotte McPherson - Google Books
  25. ^ Noonan, Patrick (2003). Go to Google Books Home Advanced Book Search They're burning the churches: the final dramatic events that scuttled apartheid. p. 212. Retrieved December 8, 2011. 
  26. ^ Stephens, William (2003). Morality & Citizenship: England Compared With Underdeveloped Countries. p. 16. Retrieved December 8, 2011. 
  27. ^ The Etiquette Advantage: Rules for ... - June Hines Moore - Google Books
  28. ^ Top 10: Driving Etiquette Mistakes - AskMen
  29. ^ Driving Etiquette: Avoid These Common Driving Errors
  30. ^ "Aggressive Driving - Personal Injury Law". Pralaw.com. Retrieved December 9, 2011. 
  31. ^ Driving Etiquette Refresher | Car Pool with Bill
  32. ^ Drivers on Cell Phones Are as Bad as Drunks - University of Utah News Release: June 29th, 2006
  33. ^ Scouting - Google Books
  34. ^ The Wacky World of Womanhood: Essays ... - Vicky DeCoster - Google Books
  35. ^ Chrome Cadavers & Bullring Buddies - Michael Burdick - Google Books