Driver's licence in Canada

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Driving licence in Canada)
Jump to: navigation, search

In Canada, driver's licences are issued by the government of the province or territory in which the driver is residing. Thus, specific regulations relating to driver's licences vary province to province, though overall they are quite similar. All provinces have provisions allowing non-residents to use licences issued by other provinces and territories, out-of-country licences, and International Driving Permits. Many provinces also allow non-residents to use regular licences issued by other states and countries. Canadian driving licences are also valid in many other countries due to various international agreements and treaties.

Age of eligibility[edit]

Canada's driving age is determined on a province-by-province basis; generally it is 16 to learn and the solo driving age.

The driving age in the various Canadian provinces is:

Alberta[1][2][edit]

  • Learner's Permit (Class 7): This permit can be obtained at 14 years of age, and can only be used when a non-probationary licensed driver (see below) over the age of 18 is accompanying the driver. However, mopeds may be driven without an accompanying driver. A knowledge test requiring a mark of at least 80% as well as a vision test must be passed.
  • Motorcycle / Moped (Class 6): This permit allows an operator to drive a motorcycle or moped. Minimum licensing age is 16.You Must have a class 7 for 1 year before getting a class 6.
  • Probationary Driver's Licence (Class 5-GDL, Probationary): This licence can be obtained at age 16 if the driver has had a Learner's Permit for at least two months. This licence allows one to drive without an accompanying fully licensed adult, although it has more restrictions than a non-probationary licence, including fewer allowed demerit points, have a zero alcohol level, and cannot serve as an accompanying driver to a learner. A road test is required to obtain this licence.
  • Non-probationary Driver's Licence (Class 5): This licence can be obtained after having had the probationary Driver's Licence for two years without suspension, therefore the applicant must be at least 18 years of age. An advanced road test must be passed to obtain this licence. A driver with this licence is referred to as a "fully licensed driver".
  • Class 4: This permit allows the operator to drive a taxi, ambulance, or bus with seats for up to 24 passengers. Minimum learning or licensing age is 18.
  • Class 3: This permit allows an operator to drive a single motor vehicle with 3 or more axles, or a motor vehicle with 3 or more axles pulling a trailer with one or more axles (assuming the trailer does not have airbrakes).
  • Class 2: This permit allows an operator to operate any bus, in addition to the vehicles permitted by holders of class 3/4/5 permits. Minimum learning or licensing age is 18.
  • Class 1: This permit allows an operator to operate any motor vehicle except a motorcycle. Minimum learning or licensing age is 18.

Endorsement

  • Air Brakes: Air Brake endorsements are required for any driver of a vehicle with an air only system or a combination air and hydraulic braking system.[3] Any driver in Alberta may obtain an Air Brake endorsement after completing an approved Air Brake course, which includes a practical exam, and writing the written knowledge test at the registry. On all classes, except Class 1, the endorsement will be represented as a Q on the licence. It is not shown on the Class 1 licence because all Class 1 driver's licenced in Alberta are required to have attended an approved Air Brake course - Class 1 operators licence can't be obtained without it. Note: The written knowledge test for Class 1 can be taken prior to having attended an Air Brake course, however driver training can't commence until after the course is completed.
  • Transportation of Dangerous Goods: TDG is NOT an endorsement placed on an operator licence, but rather is required training received generally from the employer for anyone who offers for transport, transports or handles dangerous goods. Both employees and self employed persons must have a Dangerous Goods training certificate to transport Dangerous Goods. It is employer offered because of the variety of Dangerous Goods being transported, so the training is employer and good specific.

British Columbia[4][5][edit]

  • Class 8L (Motorcycle Learner's Permit): This permit can be first obtained at age 16, just as the Class 7L. There are many restrictions until the rider passes a "Motorcycle skills Test," which is conducted on a parking lot and involves basic manoeuvring skills. After this test, the rider can ride alone, with much fewer restrictions.
  • Class 7L (Learner's Permit): This permit can first be obtained at age 16, and requires a person under the age of 19 to obtain consent from a parent or legal guardian. To obtain this permit, one must take a knowledge test, which requires 80% to pass. A person holding this licence must be accompanied by a fully licensed driver over 25. They may have one additional passenger, in addition to the supervisor. The driver must maintain a blood-alcohol count of 0 (i.e. none in their blood), display a large 'L' decal on the back of their vehicle, have no more than two passengers (including the supervisor), and must not drive between 12AM-5AM. The 7L licence is good for two years. After 12 months, the driver may take a 45 minute driving test to advance to the next level.
  • Class 7 (Novice Permit): Also called the "N" stage minimum age 17, the permit is obtained after completion of the Class 7L driving test. A Class 7 licence is good for five years, and the stage takes a minimum of two years to complete (Unless the person graduates from an accredited driving course, then it's 1.5 years). Drivers must display a large 'N' decal on the back of their vehicle. Restrictions include 0 blood alcohol and a limit of one passenger (the limit being waived for anyone in the immediate family, and entirely if a supervisor over the age of 25 with a valid class 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 license is in the vehicle[6]) Furthermore, any infraction of the traffic law by the possessor of a Class 7 Licence can result in a prohibition, after which the possessor must begin the Class 7N program from the start. After two years, the licence-holder may take the 45 minute Class 5 road test. Passage grants a full licence (a Class 5 passenger vehicle licence).
  • Class 6 (Motorcycle Licence): This licence allows the holder to operate a motorcycle with no restrictions.
  • Class 5 (Full Vehicle Licence): This is a full passenger-vehicle licence. It has no additional restrictions, unlike the Class 7 licences.
  • Class 4 (Commercial licence): Permits the holder to operate taxis, limousines, ambulances, special buses used to transport people with disabilities and other special vehicles - also permits the holder to operate vehicles in Class 5. Minimum age: 19.
  • Class 3 (Commercial licence, heavy trucks): Permits the holder to operate trucks with more than two axles, including dump trucks and large tow trucks - also permits the holder to operate vehicles in Class 5. Minimum age: 18.
  • Class 2 (Commercial licence, buses): Permits the holder to operate buses, including school buses, special activity buses and special vehicles - also permits the holder to operate vehicles in Classes 4 and 5. Minimum age: 19.
  • Class 1 (Commercial licence, semi-trailer): Permits the holder to operate semi-trailer trucks - also, permits the holder to operate all motor vehicles or combinations of vehicles except motorcycles. Minimum age: 19.

British Columbia has been using a graduated licensing system since August 1998.[7] The program was last revised in October 2003, which involved large changes in the time it took to acquire a licence (previously, a person could complete the Class 7L stage in as little as 3 months, and the Class 7N in 12, and no passenger limit was enforced above Class 7L). Except for people holding a valid driver's licence from other Canadian jurisdictions, Austria, Australia, France, Germany, Guernsey, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, South Korea, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States, British Columbia requires all new residents to take a driving knowledge test and a road test in order to get a BC driver's licence.[8]

Manitoba[7][9][10][edit]

  • Class 6M (Motorcycle Training Course Licence): Must pass a knowledge test and enables the driver to take a motorcycle training course. Minimum age: 16.
  • Class 6L (Motorcycle Learner's Stage Licence): Issued after completing a motorcycle training course. Must maintain 0 BAC. No passengers and no nighttime driving is allowed at this stage. After 9 months, the rider is eligible to take a road test to graduate to the intermediate stage.
  • Class 6I (Motorcycle Intermediate Stage Licence): Issued after completing a Class 6 road test. Must maintain 0 BAC.
  • Class 6F (Motorcycle Full Stage Licence): Issued after 15 months in the Intermediate Stage. Must have 0 BAC for the first 36 months of this stage.
  • Class 5L (Vehicle Learner's Licence): Must have a supervising driver in the front seat who has held a full licence for at least 3 years and has a BAC less than 0.05, can have as many passengers as there are working seat belts in rear. Eligible to take the class 5I road test after a minimum of 9 months. Minimum age: 16 (15.5 if entered in high school driver's education program)
  • Class 5I (Vehicle Intermediate Stage Licence): Acquired upon successful completion of road test. Must have 0 BAC. Only passenger restrictions are from midnight to 5 a.m., when there can be only 1 front seat passenger, or a supervising driver plus as many seatbelts as there are in the rear.
  • Class 5F (Vehicle Full Stage Licence): This is a full passenger-vehicle licence. Acquired after a minimum of 15 months with a class 5I licence. After 36 months with this licence, the driver is allowed to have up to 0.05 BAC and be a supervising driver. The licence holder is now eligible to upgrade to a class 1-4 licence if 18 years of age or older.
  • Class 4: Permits the holder to operate taxis, ambulances, other emergency vehicles, busses with a passenger capacity of 10-24, and school busses with a capacity of 10-36. Also permits the holder to operate vehicles in Class 5. Minimum age: 18.
  • Class 3: Permits the holder to operate trucks with more than two axles, including dump trucks and large tow trucks. Also permits the holder to operate vehicles in Class 4 and 5. Minimum age: 18.
  • Class 2: Permits the holder to operate buses with a seating capacity of over 24, and school busses with a seating capacity of over 36. Also permits the holder to operate vehicles in Classes 3, 4 and 5. Minimum age: 18.
  • Class 1: Permits the holder to operate semi-trailer trucks. Also permits the holder to operate all motor vehicles or combinations of vehicles except motorcycles. Minimum age: 18

New Brunswick[11][edit]

  • Class 9 - Motor driven cycle licence - authorizes the holder to drive a motor-driven cycle and a farm tractor.
  • Class 8 - Farm Tractor licence - authorizes the holder to drive a farm tractor only.
  • Class 7

Level 1 – Learners license authorizes a person who is receiving instructions in the operation of a motor vehicle to drive a motor vehicle. Level 2 - authorizes the holder to drive vehicles described in Class 5 with the exception of class 9 (motor driven cycles).

  • Class 6 authorizes the holder to drive a motorcycle or any of the vehicles described in Class 9.
  • Class 5 authorizes the holder to drive any motor vehicle including:

- any vehicle from Class 9 - any two-axle motor vehicle except an ambulance, a taxicab or a bus, - any three-axle motor vehicle, other than a truck, of a type designed for use in the construction, maintenance and repair of highways, whether or not the vehicle is to be so used, and - to tow a towed vehicle which is registered up to and including 4,500 kg gross vehicle mass behind a motor vehicle or motor home referred to herein but not equipped with air brakes.

  • Class 4 authorizes the holder to drive:

- any vehicle from Class 5 - an ambulance, - a taxicab, and - bus with a capacity of less than 25 passengers.

  • Class 3 licence authorizes the holder to drive:

- motor vehicle which the holder of a Class 5 licence may operate - two-axle motor vehicle towing a towed vehicle, the towed vehicle being registered for over 4,500 kg gross vehicle mass but not equipped with air brakes, - motor vehicle with three or more axles, and - motor vehicle with three or more axles, towing a towed vehicle not equipped with air brakes.

  • Class 3/4 licence authorizes the holder to drive:

- motor vehicle which the holder of a Class 3 or 4 licence may operate.

  • Class 2 licence authorizes the holder to drive any:

- motor vehicle which the holder of a Class 3, 4 or 5 licence may operate, and - bus with a capacity of more than 24 passengers

  • Class 1 licence authorizes the holder to drive:

- motor vehicle which the holder of a Class 2, 3, 4 or 5 licence may operate, - truck tractor, - truck tractor towing a semi-trailer, - truck tractor towing a semi-trailer and a trailer, - any truck towing a trailer equipped with air brakes, and - truck tractor towing a trailer equipped with air brakes. -truck

All applicants for Class 1, 2, 3, and 4 must have completed the Graduated License Program and have a completed medical.

In addition to a class, a driver's licence may be endorsed with a letter to expand on the types of vehicles that can be driven by the holder of the licence. The endorsements are as follows:

A - valid for all motorcycle B - valid for school bus C - valid for motorcycle and school bus D - valid for motorcycle with engine size exceeding 50 cubic centimetres, but not exceeding 550 cubic centimetres E - valid for vehicles equipped with air brakes F - valid for vehicles equipped with air brakes 21 - valid for motor driven scooters not exceeding 50 cubic centimetres

Newfoundland and Labrador[12][edit]

In Newfoundland and Labrador, one can apply for a learner's licence for Class 5 vehicles (passenger car or light truck) at the age of 16 and cannot obtain their licence until turning 17,(unless you are a graduate of Young Drivers of Canada) as well as Class 6 vehicles (motorcycles).[13] Upon completion and pass of a written knowledge test and a vision test, a Class 5 Level I licence will be issued. This licence, commonly referred to as a "learner's permit" restricts holders to one passenger in the vehicle, a licensee of no less than 4 years, a blood alcohol level of 0% and no driving between 12am and 5am. A "novice driver" sign must also be placed on the rear windshield. Parental consent is required for applicants under the age of 19.[14]

After 12 months in Level I, or 8 months with the completion of a government-approved driving school program containing both classroom and in-car training, a road test can be taken to advance to Level II. Upon successful completion of the road test, one is advanced to Level II of the graduated licensing program. Level II lasts for 12 months and carries less restrictions than the initial stage. Passengers are permitted during the day but between 12am and 5am, the Level II driver must be accompanied by a licensed driver with 4 years driving experience and cannot have any other passengers in the vehicle. The drivers' Blood Alcohol Content must remain at 0% in this stage.

After 12 months in Level II, the driver is automatically advanced to a full Class 5 licence (unless their licence was suspended in the learners stage).

Newfoundland and Labrador uses a demerit point system. In two years, a driver can accumulate a maximum of 12 points, although in the novice stage, a maximum of 6 points can be accumulated.[15]

The classes in Newfoundland and Labrador are as follows:[13]

  • Class 1 - permitted to operate semi-trailer trucks
  • Class 2 - permitted to operate buses over 24 passengers
  • Class 3 - permitted to operate trucks with 3 or more axles
  • Class 4 - permitted to operate taxis, ambulances, all Class 5 motor vehicles and buses up to 24 passengers
  • Class 5 - permitted to operate all motor vehicles with no more than 2 axles and combination of vehicles where the towed vehicle doesn't exceed 4500 kg. Buses, taxis and ambulances while not carrying passengers, self propelled motor homes with 2 or more axles, farm tractors, fork lifts and emergency vehicles excluding ambulances, trucks designed for off highway use and vehicles commonly known as backhoes. A minimum of 1 year with a class 5 licence is required before one can apply for a commercial class licence.
  • Class 6 - permitted to operate motorcycles
  • Class 7 (phased out) - former learner stage of classes 5, 6 and 8
  • Class 8 - permitted to operate traction engine vehicles

Nova Scotia[16][edit]

  • Age: you must be least 16 years old, with the passing of a multiple choice road theory test and an eye vision test, a driving permit is issued which allows the learning driver to drive on roads accompanied by someone with full valid driver's licence whose blood alcohol content (BAC) is less than 0.05 [17]
  • For Class 7 or 8 licences shows, the Learner's stage of the system lasts for 6 months, which may be reduced to three months if a recognized driver education or training program is taken. Operating conditions at this stage include: No passengers, except an experienced driver who holds at least a Class 5 licence; and, zero blood alcohol level for the learning driver. suspensions will delay graduation to the newly licensed driver stage by the minimum time requirement; that is, three months if a recognized driver education or training program was taken, six months if not. Once a road test has been successfully completed, the learner becomes Newly Licensed for a minimum of two years. Operating conditions include: Zero blood alcohol level for the newly licensed driver; Only one front seat passenger and rear seat(s) passengers limited to the number of available seat belts; No upgrade beyond a Class 5 driver's licence; and, No driving between midnight and 5:00AM, unless accompanied by an experienced driver. A newly licensed driver may apply for an exemption from the night time driving curfew for employment purposes. The driver must take the most direct route to and from work, and is not permitted to have any passengers in the vehicle.
    • To "graduate" from the newly licensed driver stage, the driver must successfully complete a 6 hour Defensive Driving course or complete the full Driver Training Course (25 hours theory, 10 hours driving time). A copy of your graduation certificate must be provided, in person or by mail, to any Registry of Motor Vehicles office for recording purposes. Licence suspensions will delay graduation to the regular driver stage by two years from the date the licence is reinstated.

Ontario[18][edit]

Graduated Licensing System for Passenger Vehicles

  • Learner's permit (G1): Available at the age of 16, with the passing of a multiple choice road theory test and an eye vision test(G1 test), a G1 licence is issued which allows the learning driver to drive on roads accompanied by someone over the age of 18 whose blood alcohol content (BAC) is less than 0.05, this applies solely on low traffic roads which maximize to 4 lanes; a full drivers license is not required.The driver also cannot drive on 400-series highways and other high-speed expressways (unless accompanied by a licensed instructor) or between 12:00 AM – 5:00 AM and must maintain their own BAC at zero.
  • Probationary licence (G2): Available after having held a G1 licence for 12 months, or eight months if the driver has completed and passed a ministry-approved driver education course. Probationary licence is acquired after successfully completing a road test. At this point, the driver must still maintain a BAC of zero. As of September, 2005, teenage drivers with a G2 licence are restricted in the number of passengers under 19 that they can carry during night-time driving.[19]
  • Full licence (G): After 1 year of possessing the G2 licence, a driver can take an additional road test that often includes driving on a four lane divided highway. With successful completion, they will obtain a full licence, which carries no restrictions and are not required to take any further tests until the age of 80, provided they renew their licence every five years.[20] Drivers aged 21 and under must still have a blood alcohol level of 0, even with a full G licence. Drivers 80 and over must complete a vision and knowledge test and participate in a 90-minute group education session to renew their licence, and the maximum number of years that a licence can be issued for is two years.

Graduated Licensing System for Motorcycles:

  • Class M1: Motorcycles, including a limited-speed motorcycle (motor scooter) and a motor-assisted bicycle (moped). Level 1 of graduated licensing. Holders may drive a motorcycle under certain conditions, which are: Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) must be zero, riders can only ride during daylight hours (1/2 hour before sunrise to 1/2 hour after sunset), cannot ride on any highway with speeds of greater than 80 km/h except Highways 11, 17, 61, 69, 71, 101, 102, 144 and 655 and no passengers.
  • Class M2: Motorcycles, including a limited-speed motorcycle (motor scooter) and a motor-assisted bicycle (moped). Level 2 of graduated licensing. Holders may drive a motorcycle but only with a zero blood alcohol level. Holders may also drive a Class G vehicle under the conditions that apply to a class G1 licence holder.
  • Class M2 with Condition L: Limited-speed motorcycle (LSM) or moped only. Holders may also drive a Class G vehicle under the conditions that apply to a Class G1 licence holder.
  • Class M2 with Condition M: Three-wheeled motorcycles only. Holders may also drive a Class G vehicle under the conditions that apply to a Class G1 licence holder.
  • Class M: Motorcycles, including a limited-speed motorcycle (motor scooter) and a motor-assisted bicycle (moped). Holders may also drive a Class G vehicle under the conditions that apply to a class G1 licence holder
  • Class M with Condition L: Limited-speed motorcycle (LSM) or mopeds only. Limited-speed motorcycles are motorcycles with a maximum speed of 70 km/h. If manufactured after 1988 they are identified by a label on the vehicle that indicates it to be a "LSM/MVL". Holders may also drive a Class G vehicle under the conditions that apply to a Class G1 licence holder.
  • Class M with Condition M: Three-wheeled motorcycles only. Holders may also drive a Class G vehicle under the conditions that apply to a Class G1 licence holder.

Additional Licensing Types for Ontario:

  • Class F: Regular bus maximum of 24 passenger capacity and ambulances. Can also operate vehicles in Class 'G'
  • Class E: School purposes bus - maximum of 24 passenger capacity. Can also operate vehicles in Class 'F' and 'G'
  • Class D: Any truck or motor vehicle combination exceeding 11,000 kg provided the towed vehicle is not over 4,600 kg. Can also operate vehicles in Class 'G'
  • Class C: Any regular bus with designed seating capacity for more than 24 passengers. Can also operate vehicles in Class 'D', 'F' and 'G'
  • Class B: Any school purposes bus with designed seating capacity for more than 24 passengers. Can also operate vehicles in Class 'C', 'D', 'E', 'F' and 'G'
  • Class A with Condition R: Drivers with a restricted Class A licence condition would be prevented from operating a motor vehicle pulling double trailers or a motor vehicle pulling a trailer with air-brakes.
  • Class A: Any tractor-trailer or combination of motor vehicle and towed vehicles where the towed vehicles exceed a total gross weight of 4,600 kilograms. Can also operate vehicles in Class 'A with Condition R', 'D' and 'G'

Ontario has used a graduated licensing system since 1994. A driver can take as little as 20 months to get a full licence, however a driver must have a full (G) licence within five years of obtaining a learners permit (G1).

In 2006, Ontario passed legislation that would allow a court to suspend the licence of high school dropout until they turn 18. But the Act did not receive royal assent until December 2009 and is now in effect.[21][22]

Traffic violation convictions usually come with demerit points against your licence. While the demerit points have no official impact on insurance rates, most insurance providers will increase the rate charged to a driver in response to demerit points. The demerit points are used by the Ministry of Transportation to determine licence suspensions due to repeated traffic violations (Effects on Ontario insurance rates and eligibility are typically measured by the number of tickets received in recent years, rather than the associated points).

Drivers from out of province must obtain an Ontario driver's licence if staying more than 90 days. New residents of Ontario may only apply after residing in the province for 60 days.

Starting June 2009, Ontario began issuing Enhanced Drivers Licences (EDLs) as an option to residents upon request. These licence while almost visually identical to regular drivers licences contained 2 distinct differences. The first being a machine readable code printed on the back of the card (visually similar to the same coding on a Canadian Passport). The second: an embedded RFID microchip. These changes were made in response to the heightened security precautions at US land border crossings. The changes allow for quicker procedures at a border crossing as well as a cheaper alternative to a Canadian Passport ($40 vs. $100).

Prince Edward Island[23][edit]

If you are 16 years or older, you may apply for an Instruction Permit. A instruction permit allows you to drive under supervision to receive instruction. This type of licence is valid for two years. Testing Requirements for a Driver's Licence are a written or oral exam, road sign, driving, vision test and Novice Driving or Driver Education Course is required for first-time drivers. An eye test is required if your license is expired more than one year. An odd addition with the eastern provinces licenses, is they are shown fogged and/or rearranged through certain camera lenses. The classes of licence that can be obtained with appropriate training and required testing are as follows:

  • Class 1 - authorizes a person to drive any motor vehicle which the holder of a Class 3, 5, 8, and 9

may operate, any truck-tractor, any truck-tractor towing a semi-trailer, any truck-tractor towing a semi-trailer and a trailer;

  • Class 2 - authorizes a person to drive any motor vehicle which the holder of a Class 3, 4, 5, 8 and 9

may operate, any bus with a capacity of more than 24 passengers, including a school bus.

  • Class 3 - authorizes a person to drive any motor vehicle which the holder of a Class 5, 8, and 9 may

operate, any motor vehicle exceeding 14,000 kg gross mass, but not including a truck-tractor towing a semi-trailer, any truck-trailer combination exceeding 14,000 kg gross mass, any truck tractor without a trailer, any special mobile equipment;

  • Class 4 - authorizes a person to drive

any motor vehicle which the holder of a Class 5, 8 and 9 may operate, any ambulance, any taxi, any bus with a capacity of fewer than 25 passengers;

  • Class 5 - authorizes a person to drive

any motor vehicle which the holder of a Class 8 and 9 may operate, any motor vehicle not exceeding 14,000 kg gross mass, except an ambulance, taxi, motorcycle, bus or a truck-tractor, any motor vehicle not exceeding 14,000 kg gross mass towing a vehicle which does not exceed the gross mass of 4,500 kg;

  • Class 6 - authorizes a person to drive

any motor vehicle which the holder of a Class 8 and 9 may operate any motorcycle;

  • Class 7 - authorizes a person to drive

a motor vehicle requiring a Class 5, 6 or 8 driver’s licence without holding such a licence if the person is receiving instruction in the operation of the motor vehicle and is accompanied by another person who holds a valid driver’s licence of the class required for the vehicle

  • Class 8 - authorizes a person to drive

any moped;

  • Class 9 - authorizes a person to drive

any farm tractor.

Quebec[24][edit]

  • Farm Tractor (Class 8): Minimum age: 16.
  • Moped or Motorized Scooter (class 6D): Minimum age: 14.
  • Motorcycle (classes 6A, 6B and 6C): Minimum age: 16.
    • Class 6A: all motorcycles
    • Class 6B: cylinder size of 400 cc or less
    • Class 6C: cylinder size of 125 cc or less
    For all classes:
    • You must first obtain and hold a class 6R Learner's Licence for at least one month; allows motorcycle operation only for purposes of a driving course or an official closed track test.
    • Have held a class 6A learner's licence for at least 11 months and have passed the road test.
    • Have held a probationary licence (class 5) for 24 months, if you do not already hold a full class 5 licence.
  • Probationary Driver's licence (Class 5): Minimum age: 16.
    Levels/Steps of Class 5 Licensing (Comparable to a GLP):
    • Step 1:Register for a driving course at a driving school approved by the SAAQ/AQTR which includes both theory and practical lessons/instruction.
    • Step 2:Obtain a Class 5 Learner's Licence; must have passed Phase 1 of approved driving course (5 theory modules). To obtain this licence one must pass a multiple choice road theory test. The permit issued allows the learning driver to drive on roads accompanied by someone with a full valid driver's licence. While driving, the learner must maintain a 0% Blood Alcohol Content level and is limited to 4 demerit points, which when reached, incurs a 3 month suspension and extension of the learning period by the same amount of time.
    • Step 3:Pass the knowledge/theory test; must have held a learner's licence for at least 10 months.
    • Step 4:Pass the road/practical test; must have successfully completed the above mentioned driving course, have already passed the knowledge test and have held a Class 5 Learner's Licence for at least 12 months
    • Step 5:Obtain a Probationary Licence; must have passed the road test. Valid for 24 months after which time you are eligible for a full Class 5 Driver's License.
    Restrictions: Probationary licence holders must have fewer than 4 demerit points entered on their driving record and are prohibited from driving after drinking alcohol. In addition, they may not serve as an accompanying rider to assist a learner.
  • Driver's Licence (Class 5): Must have successfully completed the above steps and held a Probationary Driver's Licence for 24 months.
    This Licence allows you to operate the following types of vehicles:
    • Passenger vehicle, or any double-axle truck or road tractor with a net mass of less than 4,500 kg.
    • Motor home
    • Tool vehicle: motor vehicle, other than a vehicle mounted on a truck chassis, in which the work station is contained within the driver's compartment (for the purposes of this definition, a truck chassis is a frame equipped with the combination of mechanical components required for a vehicle that is manufactured for the purpose of transporting people, goods or equipment)
    • Service vehicle: vehicle equipped to supply, repair or tow road vehicles;
    • Any vehicle covered by this class hauling a trailer or in the case of a motor home, another vehicle.
    • Vehicles covered under Classes 6D and 8
  • Taxicab (Class 4C): Requirements:
    • Must have held a Probationary Class 5 Licence for a minimum of 12 months.
    • Understand, speak and read French
    • Pass a test on regulations governing transportation by taxi
  • Small Bus or Minibus [Less than 25 passengers] (Class 4B):
    • Must have 1 year of experience with a Class 5 licence.
    • School Minibus: An additional 'certificate of competence' is required.
  • Emergency Vehicle (Class 4A):
    • Have two years experience under a probationary licence or class 5 driver's licence,
    OR
    • Currently hold a probationary licence or Class 5 driver's licence AND have passed an emergency vehicle driving course recognized by the SAAQ
  • Straight-Body Truck (Class 3): Requirements:
    • Must have 24 months cumulative Class 5 experience
    • Must have fewer than 4 demerit points on record
    • Not have had licence suspended or revoked during the previous two years as the result of accumulating demerit points or a driving-related Criminal Code offence
    • Pass the SAAQ's vision test;
    • Submit a satisfactory medical report;
    • Pass the knowledge test
    • Pass both road tests. [Pre-trip inspection test+Heavy vehicle road test]

During the Learning period the applicant must have held a Class 3 learner's licence for 3 months OR for 1 month if the applicant is aged 25 or over; or has 60 months cumulative experience as a holder of a Class 5 licence.

    • Endorsements involve Air brake system (F endorsement)and Manual transmission (M endorsement)
  • Bus (Class 2) [Seating capacity of more than 24 passengers]: Requirements:
    • Must have 24 months cumulative Class 5 experience
    • Must have fewer than 4 demerit points on record
    • Not have had licence suspended or revoked during the previous two years as the result of
      accumulating demerit points or a driving-related Criminal Code offence
    • Pass the SAAQ's vision test;
    • Submit a satisfactory medical report;
    • Pass the knowledge test
    • Pass both road tests. [Pre-trip inspection test+Heavy vehicle road test]

During the Learning period the applicant must have held a Class 2 learner's licence for 3 months OR for 1 month if aged 25 or over; or has 60 months cumulative experience as a holder of a Class 5 licence. Note: For an applicant who meets one of these three requirements, the one-month period may be substituted by a training program that includes at least 20 driving hours on the public roadway with a vehicle covered by a class 2 licence. An additional 'certificate of competence' is required in the case of a school bus, and there are endorsements for Air brake system (F endorsement) Manual transmission (M endorsement)

  • Heavy Vehicle Combination (Class 1): Requirements:
    • Must have 36 months cumulative experience as a holder of a Class 5 licence OR
    • 24 months cumulative experience if he or she has completed the following training:
      • the truck driving training program which leads to the Diploma of Vocational Studies issued by the Ministère de l'Éducation, du Loisir et du Sport; or
      • a 300-hour driving course on the public roadway for heavy vehicles covered by class 1.
    • Must have fewer than 4 demerit points on record
    • Not have had licence suspended or revoked during the previous two years as the result of accumulating demerit points or a driving-related Criminal Code offence
    • Pass the SAAQ's vision test;
    • Submit a satisfactory medical report;
    • Pass the knowledge test
    • Pass both road tests. [Pre-trip inspection test+Heavy vehicle road test]

During the Learning period the applicant must have held a class 1 learner's licence for 3 months OR for 1 month if the applicant is aged 25 or over; or has 60 months cumulative experience as a holder of a class 5 licence; or is registered in the truck driving training program which leads to the Diploma of Vocational Studies issued by the Ministère de l'Éducation, du Loisir et du Sport and has successfully completed all mandatory sections of the program required to drive on the road without an accompanying rider; or already has a class 2 or 3 driver's licence.

    • Endorsements involve Air brake system (F endorsement) and Manual transmission (M endorsement)
    • Quebec is the only province which DOES NOT suspend driver's licences as a child support enforcement measure.

Saskatchewan[25][edit]

Classes

  • Class 1 - power units and semi-trailers, and trucks (except two-axle trucks with farm-class plates) that have a trailer(s) or vehicle(s) in tow where the gross weight of the towed unit(s) exceeds 4,600 kg. Motor vehicles in classes 2, 3, 4 and 5.
  • Class 2 - buses having a seating capacity in excess of 24 passengers while carrying a passenger or passengers. Motor vehicles in classes 3, 4 and 5. Class 1 vehicles as a learner with an appropriate endorsement.
  • Class 3 - trucks with more than two axles (except those with farm-class plates) and trucks with more than two axles that have a trailer(s) or vehicle(s) in tow, where the gross weight of the towed units does not exceed 4,600 kg. Motor vehicles in classes 4 and 5. Class 1 or 2 vehicles as a learner with an appropriate endorsement.
  • Class 4 - taxis (must also have a Certificate of Approval and a Certificate of Good Moral Character), ambulances and buses having a seating capacity of 24 or fewer passengers while carrying passengers. Motor vehicles in class 5. Class 1, 2 or 3 vehicles as a learner with appropriate endorsement.
  • Class 5 - cars, vans, two-axle vehicles having a trailer(s) or vehicle(s) in tow where the gross weight of the towed vehicle(s) does not exceed 4,600 kg, buses when not transporting passengers, three-axle motorhomes, taxis and ambulances when not used for hire. Two-axle farm trucks towing any vehicle. Trucks with more than two axles registered in the farm class. Trucks with more than two axles registered in the farm class when towing vehicle(s) where the weight of the towed vehicle(s) does not exceed 4,600 kg. Class 1, 2, 3 or 4 vehicles as a learner with appropriate endorsement (minimum age 18 and not a novice driver). Vehicles registered in Class PB or PC when used exclusively to transport, for hire, not more than 24 passengers with a disability and any attendants to those passengers.
  • Class 6 - Learners for Motorcycles.
  • Class 7 - Class 5 vehicles as a learner. Class 6 vehicles under certain circumstances with appropriate endorsement (minimum age 16).

Endorsements

  • Air brakes “A”
  • Detailed Endorsement "G" (heavy trailer, northern above 55th parallel, and well service rigs)
  • Motorcycle “M” (full licence, 16 years of age)
  • School bus “S” (full licence, if applying for a school bus endorsement card, one must be at least 18 years of age and cannot be a novice driver)
  • Learners “1”, “2”, “3”, “4”, “6”, "7"
  • Snowmobile and ATV (all-terrain vehicle - must be at least 16 years old, or if less than 16 years old, must be supervised)

Class 5 - Novice 1 (6 months)

  • 16 years of age
  • Pass Class 5 road test
  • Excludes interruptions (non-renewal, refusal, licence suspension)

Class 5 - Novice 2 (12 months)

  • Completed Novice 1
  • Excludes interruptions (non-renewal, refusal, licence suspension)
  • Free of at-fault collision, traffic conviction and licence suspension

Class 6 - Motorcycle learner

  • Must have a Class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 7 licence.
  • Pass the required supplementary knowledge tests.
  • File a medical report if requested.
  • Be at least 16 years of age.
  • May not operate a motorcycle from half an hour after sunset until half an hour before sunrise.
  • May not carry passengers.
  • Must operate within a 100 km radius of the address shown on their registration.

Class 7 - Learner (9 months)

  • 16 years of age (15 years of age high school program)
  • Pass written test
  • Excludes interruptions (non-renewal, refusal, licence suspension)
  • Mandatory education – high school training (30 hours in-class, six hours in-car) or commercial training (six hours in-class, six hours in-car)

Department of National Defence[edit]

The Department of National Defence issues a special driving licence known as DND 404 to Canadian Forces military personnel driving CF vehicles or vehicles rented by DND, and the issue is contingent on possession of a provincial driving licence and passing of a defensive driving course.[26] Between 2011 and 2012, all DND 404 permits were replaced with modern photo ID cards.[27] Provincial law enforcement agencies do enforce highway traffic laws against such permit holders, and DND 404 permits can be accordingly suspended.[28][29]

Enhanced driver's licences[edit]

Along with numerous U.S. states, several provinces have implemented their own Enhanced Driver's Licence (EDL) programmes for Canadian citizens that includes proof of citizenship to comply with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative for entering the United States. Provinces issuing EDLs include Manitoba,[30] Quebec,[31] British Columbia [32] and Ontario.[33]

Licence suspensions and revocations[edit]

Although licence suspensions and revocations are generally a matter for the territorial and provincial government departments of motor vehicles, some driving offences (e.g. dangerous driving and impaired driving) are criminal offences, set down in Canada's Criminal Code. Prison sentences are often given to repeat offenders and to drivers convicted of causing death or grievous bodily harm via Criminal Code driving offences.

External links[edit]

References[edit]