Drohiczyn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Drohiczyn
Castle hill in Drohiczyn
Castle hill in Drohiczyn
Coat of arms of Drohiczyn
Coat of arms
Drohiczyn is located in Poland
Drohiczyn
Drohiczyn
Coordinates: 52°24′N 22°39′E / 52.400°N 22.650°E / 52.400; 22.650
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Podlaskie
County Siemiatycze
Gmina Drohiczyn
Area
 • Total 15.68 km2 (6.05 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 2,086
 • Density 130/km2 (340/sq mi)
Postal code 17-312
Website http://www.drohiczyn.pl
Drohiczyn Diocese buildings
All Saints church
Kościuszko Square
For the town in Belarus, see Drahichyn.

Drohiczyn ([drɔˈxʲit͡ʂɨn]) is a town in Siemiatycze County, Podlaskie Voivodeship, Poland. The town has a population of 2,110 and is situated on the bank of the Bug River.

History[edit]

A Neolithic settlement, La Tène culture crematoria, and ancient graves have been uncovered at Drohiczyn.

Drohiczyn lay astride a trade route between Ukraine and Poland, and in the 13th century was a part of Berestia Land of the principality of the Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia. It was annexed by Mazovia in 1230 but recaptured by the Russians in 1238. In 1253, prince Daniel of Halych was crowned by a papal archbishop in Drohiczyn as the first King of all Rus' (Latin: Rex Rusiae).

From 1443 it was a Lithuanian domain. After the 1569 Union of Lublin it was ceded to Poland.

City rights were granted to Drohiczyn by Alexander Jagiellon in 1498. From 1520 to 1795 it served as the capital of Podlaskie Voivodeship. On 14 January 1581 the Treaty of Drohiczyn was concluded between the Free imperial city of Riga and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. In 1795 annexed by Prussia. From 1807 to 1916 the town was part of the Russian Empire. In 1916 it was occupied by the Germans. In 1918 Drohiczyn returned to the Second Polish Republic.

In 1939-1940, when Poland was occupied by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, Drohiczyn became a border town between both countries. The Soviets plundered the town, destroyed the rich interior of both Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches and deported a number of the town inhabitants to Siberia. In the spring of 1940, Soviet authorities ordered the destruction of all buildings within 800 meters from the river Bug.

In 1991, the city was made the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Drohiczyn as part of the newly created Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Białystok.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 52°24′N 22°39′E / 52.400°N 22.650°E / 52.400; 22.650