Castle hill in Drohiczyn
|• Total||15.68 km2 (6.05 sq mi)|
|• Density||130/km2 (340/sq mi)|
Drohiczyn lay astride a trade route between Ukraine and Poland, and in the 13th century was a part of Berestia Land of the principality of the Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia. It was annexed by Mazovia in 1230 but recaptured by the Russians in 1238. In 1253, prince Daniel of Halych was crowned by a papal archbishop in Drohiczyn as the first King of all Rus' (Latin: Rex Rusiae).
From 1443 it was a Lithuanian domain. After the 1569 Union of Lublin it was ceded to Poland.
City rights were granted to Drohiczyn by Alexander Jagiellon in 1498. From 1520 to 1795 it served as the capital of Podlaskie Voivodeship. On 14 January 1581 the Treaty of Drohiczyn was concluded between the Free imperial city of Riga and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. In 1795 annexed by Prussia. From 1807 to 1916 the town was part of the Russian Empire. In 1916 it was occupied by the Germans. In 1918 Drohiczyn returned to the Second Polish Republic.
In 1939-1940, when Poland was occupied by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, Drohiczyn became a border town between both countries. The Soviets plundered the town, destroyed the rich interior of both Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches and deported a number of the town inhabitants to Siberia. In the spring of 1940, Soviet authorities ordered the destruction of all buildings within 800 meters from the river Bug.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Drohiczyn.|
- Encyclopedia of Ukraine (online)
- http://www.drohiczyn.opoka.org.pl/1/1.htm (Polish)
- http://kacper854.cba.pl/index_pliki/Page577.htm photos from Drohiczyn
- Drohiczyn - history, monuments, photographs