Drohobych Ghetto or Drohobycz Ghetto was a World War II ghetto created by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland after the Nazi takeover of the region in Operation Barbarossa. The ghetto was liquidated in February, August, October and November 1942, when all Jews of Drohobycz were transported in Holocaust trains to the Belzec extermination camp.
Soviet occupation zone
Before the Nazi-Soviet invasion of Poland, Drohobycz (Drohobych) was a provincial city in the Second Polish Republic, the seat of Drohobycz county with an area of 1,499 km² and population of around 194,400. It belonged to Lwów Voivodeship region of south-eastern Kresy, with a sizable Jewish population; exceeding that of Ukrainian and Polish. Nowadays it is a city located in the Lviv Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. Drohobycz was the scene of Nazi atrocities against the local Jewish population concentrated within a newly established ghetto in the city.
Following the invasion of Poland in September 1939, the city was attached to Soviet Ukraine under the terms of the Ribbentrop-Molotov pact when the territory of the interwar Poland was divided between the Nazi Germany and the USSR. In Soviet Ukraine Drohobych became a center of the Drohobych Oblast (province). Its local Polish boyscouts created the White Couriers organization, which in late 1939 and early 1940 smuggled hundreds of people from Soviet Union to Hungary, across the Soviet-Hungarian border in the Carpathians.
One of the most famous inmates of the Drohobych Ghetto was Bruno Schultz, artist and author of the book "Street of Crocodiles." He painted murals for the childrens' room of one of the Nazi official's homes. (See the book "Hitler's Furies" by Wendy Lower).
The Nazi conquest
In early July 1941, during the first weeks of the Nazi invasion of the USSR, the city was occupied by Nazi Germany. As Drohobych had a significant Jewish population, it became the site of a large, open type ghetto housing around 10,000 Jews. The Nazis liquidated the ghetto before the end of 1942 by waves of mass deportations to Belzec extermination camp. Hundreds were executed by firing squads. One of the most notable persons detained and killed in the ghetto was Bruno Schulz. On August 6, 1944, Drohobych was liberated by the forces of the Red Army. Survivors include the writer Irene Frisch and her sister Pola Arbiser.
- "History of Jews in Drohobycz". Virtual Shtetl. Museum of the History of Polish Jews. Retrieved April 6, 2012.
- "Drohobycz – local history". Virtual Shtetl. Museum of the History of Polish Jews. Retrieved April 6, 2012.
- "Drohobych". Polacy na Wschodzie. KARTA Center with the Poles in the East Project. 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2012.
- The Nazi Crimes in the territory of the USSR
- Events of 1944 at hronos.ru