Drosophila (subgenus)

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Drosophila
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Drosophilidae
Subfamily: Drosophilinae
Genus: Drosophila
Subgenus: Drosophila
Sturtevant, 1939
Type species
Musca funebris
Fabricius, 1787
species groups

virilis-repleta radiation

immigrans-tripunctata radiation

Hawaiian Drosophila

unplaced species groups

The paraphyletic subgenus Drosophila of the genus Drosophila was first described by Alfred Sturtevant in 1939.[1]

Phylogeny[edit]



 immigrans-tripunctata radiation





 D. quadrilineata species group



 Samoaia





 Zaprionus




 D. tumiditarsus species group



 Liodrosophila








 Dichaetophora



 Hirtodrosophila




 Mycodrosophila



 Paramycodrosophila







 virilis-repleta radiation (in part)




 subgenus Siphlodora



 virilis-repleta radiation (in part)






 Hawaiian Drosophila



 Scaptomyza




 D. polychaeta species group



Most species are within three major groups, the virilis-repleta radiation, the immigrans-tripunctata radiation and the Hawaiian Drosophila. Additionally, several smaller species groups are recognized consisting of smaller number of species, like the tumiditarsus species group and the polychaeta species group.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sturtevant, A. H. (1939). On the subdivision of the genus Drosophila. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 25, 137–141.