Drosophila melanogaster species subgroup

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Drosophila melanogangster species subgroup
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Drosophilidae
Genus: Drosophila
Subgenus: Sophophora
Species group: melanogaster group

The Drosophila melanogaster species subgroup contains 9 species, including the best known species Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans. The subgroup belongs to the Drosophila melanogaster species group within the subgenus Sophophora.

Phylogeny[edit]




 D. (S.) melanogaster




 D. (S.) simulans



 D. (S.) mauritiana



 D. (S.) sechellia








 D. (S.) yakuba



 D. (S.) santomea




 D. (S.) teissieri





 D. (S.) orena



 D. (S.) erecta





melanogaster complex

simulans complex

  • D. (S.) simulans Sturtevant, 1919
  • D. (S.) mauritiana Tsacas and David, 1974
  • D. (S.) sechellia Tsacas and Bächli, 1981

yakuba complex

  • D. (S.) yakuba Burla, 1954
  • D. (S.) santomea Lachaise and Harry, 2000
  • D. (S.) teissieri Tsacas, 1971

erecta complex

  • D. (S.) erecta Tsacas and Lachaise, 1974
  • D. (S.) orena Tsacas and David, 1978

The species of the simulans complex form a hard polytomy. Most likely, the island species D. (S.) mauritiana (Mauritius) and D. (S.) sechellia (Seychelles) branched of from the mainland species D. (S.) simulans in such a narrow time frame that it is impossible to distinguish which species branched off first and which second.

References[edit]

  • J. A. Coyne, S. Elwyn, S. Y. Kim & A. Llopart 2004. Genetic studies of two sister species in the Drosophila melanogaster subgroup, D. yakuba and D. santomea. Genetical Research 84: 11-26.
  • R. M. Kliman, P. Andolfatto, J. A. Coyne, F. Depaulis, M. Kreitman, A. J. Berry, J. McCarter, J. Wakeley & J. Hey 2000. The population genetics of the origin and divergence of the Drosophila simulans complex species. Genetics 156: 1913-1931.